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Theses/Dissertations

2014

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 70

Full-Text Articles in Library and Information Science

The Effects Of Academic Libraries’ Resource, Expenditure, And Service Decisions On Library Use: An Analysis Of Acrl And Nces Data, Jody C. Fagan Dec 2014

The Effects Of Academic Libraries’ Resource, Expenditure, And Service Decisions On Library Use: An Analysis Of Acrl And Nces Data, Jody C. Fagan

Dissertations, 2014-2019

Academic libraries are key contributors to the instructional and research missions of their parent institutions, but often struggle to demonstrate specifically what they do and how that affects institutional outcomes. High-impact educational practices are one area where libraries make a difference, but where explicit connections between activities and outcomes are not always articulated. Faculty and graduate student research is another area where libraries’ contribution makes logical sense, but specific relationships are not necessarily drawn. Libraries may place different emphasis on these two areas, effectively choosing different business strategies, to support their institutions’ missions. Two national surveys collect data about library …


College Student Lay Health Information Mediary Behavior: An Examination Of Ehealth Literacy And Unrequested Health Advice, Andrew William Cole Dec 2014

College Student Lay Health Information Mediary Behavior: An Examination Of Ehealth Literacy And Unrequested Health Advice, Andrew William Cole

Theses and Dissertations

Lay health information mediary behavior (LHIMB) describes individuals seeking health information to relay to others. The current study examines LHIMB as a relationship between eHealth literacy and unrequested health advice (UHA). 254 undergraduate students completed a survey addressing eHealth literacy levels, general UHA behaviors and specific UHA episodes. Results on general UHA behaviors indicate no significant relationship exists between eHealth literacy and utilizing UHA in health decision-making or frequency of offering UHA. However, self-perceived health status and degree of health worry significantly predict using UHA in health decision-making. Further, as health worry increases, participants appear significantly more likely to receive …


Measuring The Norm Of Reciprocity On Data Sharing Practices: A Carrot Or Stick Approach?, Crystal Pleake Sherline Dec 2014

Measuring The Norm Of Reciprocity On Data Sharing Practices: A Carrot Or Stick Approach?, Crystal Pleake Sherline

Doctoral Dissertations

Based on the theory of the Norm of Reciprocity (NOR), this study is focused on an individual’s data sharing behavior with respect to academic research by investigating their attitude towards data sharing and external funding. A measure was developed for data sharing, and the Adjusted Eisenberger Scale was attuned for measuring the Norm of Reciprocity. The measures were distributed by a random numbers generator to academic researchers at research intensive universities. The results show that NOR does not correlate with data sharing. There was also a negative correlation between scientists’ willingness to share data and external funding. The results are …


Framing The Policy Debate: Competing Portrayals Of Technology In Online Content Regulation And Lessons From Science And Technology Studies, Jeremy John Mauger Dec 2014

Framing The Policy Debate: Competing Portrayals Of Technology In Online Content Regulation And Lessons From Science And Technology Studies, Jeremy John Mauger

Theses and Dissertations

In an effort to control access to certain online content, the U.S. Congress has repeatedly mandated the use of powerful regulatory technologies such as Domain Name System blocking, Internet Service Provider filtering, age verification systems, and commercial filtering software. The application of these enforcement mechanisms may have serious implications for constitutional rights, individual freedom, and autonomy. This research will show that policies including the Communications Decency Act, the Child Online Protection Act, the Children's Internet Protection Act, the Stop Online Piracy Act, and the PROTECT Intellectual Property Act all have the potential to negatively impact these rights. Although the motivations …


The Impact Of Culture And Religion On The Perception Of Freedom Of Expression Between Older And Younger Generations In South Africa And State Of Kuwait: An International And Comparative Study, Dalal Albudaiwi Dec 2014

The Impact Of Culture And Religion On The Perception Of Freedom Of Expression Between Older And Younger Generations In South Africa And State Of Kuwait: An International And Comparative Study, Dalal Albudaiwi

Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

THE IMPACT OF CULTURE AND RELIGION ON THE PERCEPTION OF FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION BETWEEN OLDER AND YOUNGER GENERATIONS IN SOUTH AFRICA AND STATE OF KUWAIT: AN INTERNATIONAL AND COMPARATIVE STUDY

by

Dalal Albudaiwi

The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 2014

Under the Supervision of Professor Johannes Britz

Freedom of expression as a right has been protected by many nations' Constitutions and human right organizations. Freedom of expression has a long history in both the Western and Islamic worlds. Each viewed, defined, and analyzed the term differently based on their values and principles. Unsurprisingly, the Western and Islamic worlds do not completely …


Diagnóstico Del Acceso Abierto Desde La Web A Las Publicaciones Oficiales De La Administración Pública De Bogotá, Wilson Enrique Colmenares Moreno Nov 2014

Diagnóstico Del Acceso Abierto Desde La Web A Las Publicaciones Oficiales De La Administración Pública De Bogotá, Wilson Enrique Colmenares Moreno

Sistemas de Información, Bibliotecología y Archivística

No abstract provided.


Preservación De Documentos Electrónicos En La Entidad Financiera Bancoldex, Bajo La Metodología De Interpares Creación De Parámetros, Diana Carolina Blanco Rodriguez Nov 2014

Preservación De Documentos Electrónicos En La Entidad Financiera Bancoldex, Bajo La Metodología De Interpares Creación De Parámetros, Diana Carolina Blanco Rodriguez

Sistemas de Información, Bibliotecología y Archivística

No abstract provided.


Guía Archivística De Procesos Judiciales Del Fondo Juicios Criminales De 1750 A 1800, Adriana Patricia Bustos Rincón Nov 2014

Guía Archivística De Procesos Judiciales Del Fondo Juicios Criminales De 1750 A 1800, Adriana Patricia Bustos Rincón

Sistemas de Información, Bibliotecología y Archivística

No abstract provided.


Empowering Women Entrepreneurs In Africa: Investigating Information Access And Use Of Information And Communication Technologies By Women-Owned Enterprises In Zambia, Daniel Mumba Sep 2014

Empowering Women Entrepreneurs In Africa: Investigating Information Access And Use Of Information And Communication Technologies By Women-Owned Enterprises In Zambia, Daniel Mumba

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the information seeking behaviour of Zambian women entrepreneurs, specifically focusing on their information needs, information sources, barriers to information access, and usage of information and communication technologies (ICTs). For conceptual framework, the social network approach, Chatman’s Information Poverty theory, and the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) were used to examine and understand the various characteristics of Zambian women entrepreneurs’ information seeking behaviour. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, five key questions were asked on the women’s information needs, information sources, barriers to information access, women’s level of knowledge and …


Biblioteca Pública Como Agente Democratizador. Enfoque Desde La Evaluación De Los Programas Y Servicios Que Ofrece La Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango, Jully Tatihana Martínez Ortíz Sep 2014

Biblioteca Pública Como Agente Democratizador. Enfoque Desde La Evaluación De Los Programas Y Servicios Que Ofrece La Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango, Jully Tatihana Martínez Ortíz

Sistemas de Información, Bibliotecología y Archivística

La biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango se expone como centro democratizador de la información, conocimiento y cultura que apoya el acceso igualitario para todas las personas. Además se fundamenta como institución pública de transformación social que promueve el desarrollo integral de los ciudadanos a través de los servicios y programas que ofrece. En ese sentido se enmarca la investigación para determinar en qué medida se cumple el rol democratizador de la biblioteca pública a partir de la evaluación de los programas y servicios que presta la biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango. Para el desarrollo de esta investigación se utilizó el enfoque mixto, …


Understanding Novice Users' Help-Seeking Behavior In Getting Started With Digital Libraries: Influence Of Learning Styles, Chunsheng Huang Aug 2014

Understanding Novice Users' Help-Seeking Behavior In Getting Started With Digital Libraries: Influence Of Learning Styles, Chunsheng Huang

Theses and Dissertations

Users' information needs have to be fulfilled by providing a well-designed system. However, end users usually encounter various problems when interacting with information retrieval (IR) systems and it is even more so for novice users. The most common problem reported from previous research is that novice users do not know how to get started even though most IR systems contain help mechanisms. There is a deep gap between the system's help function and the user's need. In order to fill the gap and provide a better interacting environment, it is necessary to have a clearer picture of the problem and …


City2 Buffalo: A Smartphone App Designed To Establish A Mobile Museum Without Walls, Exhibiting The Living City Of Buffalo, Ny And Its Rich History And Environment, With A Purpose To Inform And Inspire All Toward Global Cultural Awareness And Civic Engagement, In Order To Collectively Create A Better Future., Deborah L. Russell Aug 2014

City2 Buffalo: A Smartphone App Designed To Establish A Mobile Museum Without Walls, Exhibiting The Living City Of Buffalo, Ny And Its Rich History And Environment, With A Purpose To Inform And Inspire All Toward Global Cultural Awareness And Civic Engagement, In Order To Collectively Create A Better Future., Deborah L. Russell

Museum Studies Theses

ABSTRACT OF THESIS

City2 Buffalo:

a smartphone app designed to establish a mobile museum without walls, exhibiting the living city of Buffalo, NY and its rich history and environment, with a purpose to inform and inspire all toward global cultural awareness and civic engagement, in order to collectively create a better future.

The present environment, including the technological capabilities inspired by the Information Revolution, requires American museums to reconsider their traditional practices. American history museums are specially challenged to address future possibilities and difficulties resulting from social, economic and demographic change. This paper proposes a new type of history …


Historiographical And Archaeological Study Of The M.S. Thomson Collection At The Milwaukee Public Museum, Sara T. Miller Aug 2014

Historiographical And Archaeological Study Of The M.S. Thomson Collection At The Milwaukee Public Museum, Sara T. Miller

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is a historiographical and archaeological study of artifacts collected by avocational archaeologist M.S. Thomson, focusing on sites in and near the Sheboygan Marsh, Wisconsin. Evidence from this indicates continuous occupation beginning as early as 12,000 years ago. The history of the acquisition of the collection by the Milwaukee Public Museum is summarized and a comprehensive description of the various kinds of materials in the collection is provided. The locations of sites where Thomson collected are mapped and then compared to other known collectors' assemblages from the area. These other known sites were documented as part of the Great …


Diagnóstico De La Situación Actual De Las Bibliotecas Escolares. Frente A Los Lineamientos Del Manifiesto Y Directrices De La Ifla Y La Unesco Para Este Tipo De Unidades De Información En Los Barrios De Gran Britalia, Corabastos Y Patio Bonito De La Localidad De Kennedy, Paola Alejandra Aponte Parra Aug 2014

Diagnóstico De La Situación Actual De Las Bibliotecas Escolares. Frente A Los Lineamientos Del Manifiesto Y Directrices De La Ifla Y La Unesco Para Este Tipo De Unidades De Información En Los Barrios De Gran Britalia, Corabastos Y Patio Bonito De La Localidad De Kennedy, Paola Alejandra Aponte Parra

Sistemas de Información, Bibliotecología y Archivística

No abstract provided.


Citizen Science: Framing The Public, Information Exchange, And Communication In Crowdsourced Science, Todd Ernest Suomela Aug 2014

Citizen Science: Framing The Public, Information Exchange, And Communication In Crowdsourced Science, Todd Ernest Suomela

Doctoral Dissertations

Citizen science, the participation of non-scientists in scientific research, has grown over the last 20 years. The current study explores the communication frames used to describe citizen science and how they are created. It also investigates the effects of citizen science on the relationship between the public and science. It also situates citizen science in a larger historical context that critques normal science and intersects with a number of other scholarly discussions including science and technology studies, citizenship, expertise, professionalism, and participation.

The dissertation draws on theory from the social worlds analysis of Anselm Strauss, framing in science communication, the …


#Mplp: A Comparison Of Domain Novice And Expert User-Generated Tags In A Minimally Processed Digital Archive, Edward A. Benoit Iii Aug 2014

#Mplp: A Comparison Of Domain Novice And Expert User-Generated Tags In A Minimally Processed Digital Archive, Edward A. Benoit Iii

Theses and Dissertations

The high costs of creating and maintaining digital archives precluded many archives from providing users with digital content or increasing the amount of digitized materials. Studies have shown users increasingly demand immediate online access to archival materials with detailed descriptions (access points). The adoption of minimal processing to digital archives limits the access points at the folder or series level rather than the item-level description users' desire. User-generated content such as tags, could supplement the minimally processed metadata, though users are reluctant to trust or use unmediated tags. This dissertation project explores the potential for controlling/mediating the supplemental metadata from …


Putting The Dead On Display: An Exploration Of Visitor Perceptions And Motivations Regarding Preserved Human Remains In Museums With Particular Emphasis On The Museo De Las Momias De Guanajuato And Body Worlds & The Cycle Of Life, Amanda Balistreri Aug 2014

Putting The Dead On Display: An Exploration Of Visitor Perceptions And Motivations Regarding Preserved Human Remains In Museums With Particular Emphasis On The Museo De Las Momias De Guanajuato And Body Worlds & The Cycle Of Life, Amanda Balistreri

Theses and Dissertations

Viewing preserved human remains in museums can evoke visceral reactions of curiosity, awe, and repulsion. The popularity of sites and attractions where "the real dead are recreated, packaged up, and sold as an exhibitory experience" (Stone 2011:12) not only alludes to a contemporary fascination with death and dying but also to the economic benefit that institutions derive from providing such experiences. This study focuses on the institutional discourse and the public perception of two distinct exhibitions of relatively modern preserved human remains, the Museo de las Momias de Guanajuato in Mexico and the Body Worlds & the Cycle of Life …


How Context Matters In Digital Library Use, Swati Bhattacharyya Aug 2014

How Context Matters In Digital Library Use, Swati Bhattacharyya

Dissertations - ALL

This research investigates how organizational context contributes to the use of digital libraries, an ICT-enabled information infrastructure. Traditionally digital-library use is measured with the help of statistical analysis of download and other related data, but statistics alone have limited power to explain how such an expensive information infrastructure is used to meet organizational goals. Such limitation was overcome in this study by relating digital-library use to the context of such use.

In the last decade many Indian research organizations have witnessed the abundance of such information infrastructures accessible directly by end-users. The convergence of several phenomena such as current business …


Análisis De La Gestión Documental En La Contratación Electrónica En 5 Entidades Públicas Del Orden Nacional, Luis Alfonso Beltrán Martínez Jul 2014

Análisis De La Gestión Documental En La Contratación Electrónica En 5 Entidades Públicas Del Orden Nacional, Luis Alfonso Beltrán Martínez

Sistemas de Información, Bibliotecología y Archivística

La investigación se originó como trabajo inscrito en el macroproyecto llamado archivos y democracia (información, conocimiento y sociedad) para indagar acerca del impacto que conlleva la implementación de las TIC en la gestión documental en entidades públicas de orden nacional. Recopila los resultados de la investigación realizada con el fin de analizar los efectos de la contratación electrónica en la Gestión Documental de cinco (5) entidades públicas de orden nacional en Colombia, con los mejores niveles de desarrollo del programa de gobierno en línea. La contratación electrónica como parte de la implementación de la estrategia de gobierno en línea en …


A Cross-Site Study Of User Behavior And Privacy Perception In Social Networks, Yue Zhang Jul 2014

A Cross-Site Study Of User Behavior And Privacy Perception In Social Networks, Yue Zhang

Open Access Theses

While online social networking sites have brought convenience and diversity in people's social lives, they have also been the source for information leakage. Researchers have been looking for ways to balance user privacy protection and information disclosure. However, literature suggested that many users either failed to perceive privacy risks correctly or they failed to behave in accordance with privacy awareness even they have already perceived potential risks. ^ This thesis conducted a survey to measure social network users' privacy attitude, privacy perception and their actual behavior when using social networking sites. The survey targeted at three populations of different cultural …


School Library Advocacy: Perceptions Of Building Influence, Elizabeth A. Burns Jul 2014

School Library Advocacy: Perceptions Of Building Influence, Elizabeth A. Burns

Teaching & Learning Theses & Dissertations

Hartzell (1997) suggests that many in the school community do not know the value the school library program contributes to the educational landscape, and stakeholders cannot articulate the roles and responsibilities of the school librarian. Advocacy for a school library program is the deliberate and sustained effort to foster understanding of the program while influencing the attitudes of key stakeholders. It includes raising awareness, increasing knowledge and gaining influence for the position of the school librarian. The national professional organization for school librarians, the American Association of School Librarians (AASL), maintains a multi-tiered definition of advocacy, with marketing and public …


Inter-Organizational Social Network Information Systems: Diagnosing And Design, Matthew T. Mullarkey Jun 2014

Inter-Organizational Social Network Information Systems: Diagnosing And Design, Matthew T. Mullarkey

USF Tampa Graduate Theses and Dissertations

While IS research into on-line Inter-Personal (IP) Social Networks (SN) is highly visible, there has been surprisingly little focus on the use of on-line social networks for Inter-Organizational (IO) communications, interactions, and goal achievement. We explore the issues and challenges facing organizations in their design and use of inter-organizational social network information systems (IO SNIS). Artifact design principles are drawn from a new and insightful model that contrasts the advantages of existing innovative inter-personal (IP) SNIS artifacts with Social Network Theory on differences between IP and IO Social Networks. This research extends the existing streams of IS social networking research …


Plan De Promoción De Lectura Para Bibliotecas Universitarias Con Énfasis En Enseñanza Musical En La Ciudad De Bogotá, Oscar Andres Reyes Rojas Jun 2014

Plan De Promoción De Lectura Para Bibliotecas Universitarias Con Énfasis En Enseñanza Musical En La Ciudad De Bogotá, Oscar Andres Reyes Rojas

Sistemas de Información, Bibliotecología y Archivística

No abstract provided.


Young Adults Reflect On The Experience Of Reading Comics In Contemporary Society: Overcoming The Commonplace And Recognizing Complexity, Lucia Cederia Serantes May 2014

Young Adults Reflect On The Experience Of Reading Comics In Contemporary Society: Overcoming The Commonplace And Recognizing Complexity, Lucia Cederia Serantes

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The purpose of this study was to explore and understand the role of comics as reading material for young people, emphasizing the experience of the readers themselves. The central research problem is concerned with how comics readers construct and understand their reading experience of comics as a reading material and what this says about reader identities and social contexts of reading comics. The focus on readers shifts the perspective from previous research that looked mainly at comics fans and comics as cultural products. Working in the tradition of qualitative inquiry, I adopted an approach informed by hermeneutical phenomenology because it …


Fire On The Mountain: The Bronze And Iron Alpine Ash Altar Material In The Frankfurth Collection At The Milwaukee Public Museum, William Arnold May 2014

Fire On The Mountain: The Bronze And Iron Alpine Ash Altar Material In The Frankfurth Collection At The Milwaukee Public Museum, William Arnold

Theses and Dissertations

Milwaukee Public Museum (MPM) Accession 213 is one of many collections orphaned by nineteenth century antiquarian collecting practices. Much of the European prehistoric and early historic material in MPM Accession 213 was collected in a single two-year period from December 1889 to December 1891, but the sudden death of the donor--William Frankfurth--and the passage of a decade between collection and donation left the museum without much context for the materials. Among the artifacts in MPM Accession 213 is a collection of almost 350 metal objects from prehistoric and early historic Europe that have yet to be examined or contextualized. Through …


Andean Archaeological Featherwork At The Milwaukee Public Museum: A Case Study In Researching Potential Context For Limited-Provenience Artifacts, Diane Kay Newbury May 2014

Andean Archaeological Featherwork At The Milwaukee Public Museum: A Case Study In Researching Potential Context For Limited-Provenience Artifacts, Diane Kay Newbury

Theses and Dissertations

The Milwaukee Public Museum (MPM) has a collection of 134 archaeological Peruvian featherworked items accessioned in the last century with minimal provenience information. The collection is composed primarily of feather fans and ornamental devices with the remainder being sections of tunics and smaller apparel items. Due to the long-standing prevalence of grave looting in Peru and subsequent sale to collectors, many ancient Andean examples in modern museums are bereft of contextual information. Archaeological collections with limited excavation provenience may be viewed as having less research potential. However, the artifacts themselves may carry indications of their original context. As a result, …


A Child-Driven Metadata Schema: A Holistic Analysis Of Children's Cognitive Processes During Book Selection, Jihee Beak May 2014

A Child-Driven Metadata Schema: A Holistic Analysis Of Children's Cognitive Processes During Book Selection, Jihee Beak

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to construct a child-driven metadata schema by understanding children's cognitive processes and behaviors during book selection. Existing knowledge organization systems including metadata schemas and previous literature in the metadata domain have shown that there is a no specialized metadata schema that describes children's resources that also is developed by children. It is clear that children require a new or alternative child-driven metadata schema. Child-driven metadata elements reflected the children's cognitive perceptions that could allow children to intuitively and easily find books in an online cataloging system. The literature of development of literacy skills claims …


Diagnóstico De La Situación Actual De Las Bibliotecas Escolares De La Localidad Santafé Y Usaquén Upz 1, Basado En Las Directrices De La Ifla Unesco Para La Biblioteca Escolar, Leydy Yisel Novoa Rincón May 2014

Diagnóstico De La Situación Actual De Las Bibliotecas Escolares De La Localidad Santafé Y Usaquén Upz 1, Basado En Las Directrices De La Ifla Unesco Para La Biblioteca Escolar, Leydy Yisel Novoa Rincón

Sistemas de Información, Bibliotecología y Archivística

No abstract provided.


Working Methods: The Howard D. Beach Photography Studio Of Gelatin Dry Plate Negatives, Noelle Wiedemer May 2014

Working Methods: The Howard D. Beach Photography Studio Of Gelatin Dry Plate Negatives, Noelle Wiedemer

Museum Studies Theses

In the spring of 2011, the Buffalo History Museum (BHM) received a donation of over 57,000 gelatin dry plate glass negatives from the Howard D. Beach Photography Studio located in Buffalo, New York and in operation in various manifestations from 1896 to 1954. Beach was a prominent portrait photographer of notable Buffalonians, including Darwin D. Martin, Ansley Wilcox, Katherine Cornell, Margaret Wendt, and F. Scott Fitzgerald.

This paper serves to explore the results of the pilot study of various physical and chemical properties of the gelatin dry plate negatives in order to understand Beach’s photographic working methods and compare them …


Google Books As Infrastructure Of In/Justice: Towards A Sociotechnical Account Of Rawlsian Justice, Information, And Technology, Anna Lauren Hoffmann May 2014

Google Books As Infrastructure Of In/Justice: Towards A Sociotechnical Account Of Rawlsian Justice, Information, And Technology, Anna Lauren Hoffmann

Theses and Dissertations

The Google Books project is germane for examining underappreciated dimensions of social justice and access to information from a Rawlsian perspective. To date, however, the standard account of Rawls as applied to information and technology has focused almost exclusively on rights to access and information as a primary good (Drahos 1996; van den Hoven and Rooksby 2008; Duff 2011). In this dissertation, the author develops an alternative to the standard account--the sociotechnical account--that draws on underappreciated resources available within discussions of Rawls' work. Specifically, the author focuses on the importance of Rawls' basic structure argument and the value of self-respect--two …