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Theses/Dissertations

2013

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Full-Text Articles in Library and Information Science

Knowledge Organization Practices In Everyday Life: Divergent Constructions Of Healthy Eating, Jill R. Mctavish Dec 2013

Knowledge Organization Practices In Everyday Life: Divergent Constructions Of Healthy Eating, Jill R. Mctavish

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background. To “classify” in Library and Information Sciences (LIS) usually involves an engagement with formally established classification systems, such as the Dewey Decimal Classification. In this dissertation I suggest an alternative path for LIS scholars – one that considers the application of LIS theories about classification to the investigation of everyday life “classification” processes and technologies. Focusing on the knowledge domain of food, health, and eating, I consider how food experts and non-experts divide foods into groups according to their health properties and how closely these groups reflect the “classification” of food presented in Canada’s Food Guide. Method. The research …


Historic Museum Collections As Primary Sources: Thomas Wilson's Robenhausen Material At The Smithsonian Institution's National Museum Of Natural History, Kathryn G. Maxwell Dec 2013

Historic Museum Collections As Primary Sources: Thomas Wilson's Robenhausen Material At The Smithsonian Institution's National Museum Of Natural History, Kathryn G. Maxwell

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis investigates the role of early museum curators and their collecting practices in the construction and transmission of archaeological knowledge. During the late 19th century, artifacts from Swiss lake-dwelling sites, including Robenhausen, a Neolithic and early Bronze Age site located on Lake Pfäffikon in Switzerland, were sold and traded in a "lake-dwelling diaspora" to many collectors and museums in the US and UK (Arnold 2013:877). A collection of Robenhausen material acquired by the Smithsonian Institution's (SI) United States National Museum (USNM) in 1904 is used as a proxy for the collecting practices of the time and serves as a …


Vessel Form And Function In The Ceramic Assemblages From Bilbao And Santa Lucia Cotzumalhuapa, Guatemala, Amy Kaczmarek Dec 2013

Vessel Form And Function In The Ceramic Assemblages From Bilbao And Santa Lucia Cotzumalhuapa, Guatemala, Amy Kaczmarek

Theses and Dissertations

My investigation of two ceramic assemblages from Santa Lucia Cotzumalhuapa in the Guatemala piedmont zone builds on previous ceramic studies; however, my research focuses on vessel form and decoration as possible indicators related to human activity and site development in the region. I compared data from the Pacific Coast Archaeological Project Relational Database (2002), which include type names, vessel forms, dimensions, and contextual information, with Parsons' findings from the Milwaukee Public Museum Bilbao Project (1967). My quantitative analysis focused on functional vessel attributes related to ceramic types, forms, and decorations from the Santa Lucia Cotzumalhuapa ceramic assemblages to examine the …


Diagnóstico De La Situación Actual De Las Bibliotecas Escolares De Las Upz 2 La Academia 17 San José De Bavaria Y 19 El Prado De La Localidad De Suba, Carolina Rodriguez Silva Dec 2013

Diagnóstico De La Situación Actual De Las Bibliotecas Escolares De Las Upz 2 La Academia 17 San José De Bavaria Y 19 El Prado De La Localidad De Suba, Carolina Rodriguez Silva

Sistemas de Información, Bibliotecología y Archivística

No abstract provided.


Preserving Artifacts: A Survey And Research Into The Struggle Of Smaller Institutions' Need For Budgeting, Emily Busch Dec 2013

Preserving Artifacts: A Survey And Research Into The Struggle Of Smaller Institutions' Need For Budgeting, Emily Busch

Museum Studies Theses

This paper will discuss the budgeting and preservation problems that are prevalent in institutions specializing in historical collections. The sizes of the institutions that will be reviewed include small and medium-sized specialized museums along with local and regional historical societies, based on research and a survey sent to these kinds of institutions. Three types of artifacts that are commonly found in these institutions – paper, photographs, and textiles- will be examined to get a clear understanding of their preservation problems and needs. This is followed by reviews of proper storage techniques for artifacts and descriptions where the institutions can acquire …


Native American Empowerment Through Digital Repatriation, Michelle L. Fitch Dec 2013

Native American Empowerment Through Digital Repatriation, Michelle L. Fitch

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Following the Enlightenment, Western adherence to positivist theory influenced practices of Western research and documentation. Prior to the introduction of positivism into Western scholarship, innovations in printing technology, literary advancements, and the development of capitalism encouraged the passing of copyright statutes by nation-states in fifteenth century Europe. The evolution of copyright and positivism in Europe influenced United States copyright and its protection of the author, as well as the practice of archiving and its role in interpreting history. Because Native American cultures practiced orality, they suffered the loss of their traditional knowledge and cultural expressions not protected by copyright. By …


Mixing The Emic And Etic Perspectives: A Study Exploring Development Of Fixed-Answer Questions To Measure In-Service Teachers' Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge, M. Brooke Robertshaw Dec 2013

Mixing The Emic And Etic Perspectives: A Study Exploring Development Of Fixed-Answer Questions To Measure In-Service Teachers' Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge, M. Brooke Robertshaw

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Using a sequential mixed-method methodology, this dissertation study set out to understand the emic and etic perspectives of the knowledge encompassed in the technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) framework and to develop fixed answer questions based on that knowledge. While there have been many studies examining ways to measure TPACK in in-service and pre-service teachers, very few have addressed measuring TPACK using fixed-answer questions. Through the use of the mixed-methods, a snapshot of the emic (inside) and etic (outside) perspectives on the TPACK framework was obtained. This study used a focus group with in-service teachers (emic perspective) and interviews with …


Understanding Wisconsin Legislators' Use Of Social Media, Christian T. Moran Dec 2013

Understanding Wisconsin Legislators' Use Of Social Media, Christian T. Moran

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis used quantitative and qualitative methods to examine the use of social media by legislative offices of the Wisconsin State Assembly. A survey of legislators and their staff documented the extent to which each office uses Facebook or Twitter. In addition, multivariate analysis of the survey data provided an understanding of which kinds of legislators are more likely to use Facebook or Twitter. There were three important findings. First, most Wisconsin legislators whose offices use Facebook or Twitter do not seem to be doing so to reach the news media. Second, overall, the characteristics of a Wisconsin legislator are …


Investigating User Search Tactic Patterns And System Support In Using Digital Libraries, Soohyung Joo Dec 2013

Investigating User Search Tactic Patterns And System Support In Using Digital Libraries, Soohyung Joo

Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to investigate users' search tactic application and system support in using digital libraries. A user study was conducted with sixty digital library users. The study was designed to answer three research questions: 1) How do users engage in a search process by applying different types of search tactics while conducting different search tasks?; 2) How does the system support users to apply different types of search tactics?; 3) How do users' search tactic application and system support for different types of search tactics affect search outputs? Sixty student subjects were recruited from different disciplines in a state …


Análisis Y Diseño De Una Herramienta Clearinghouse Para La Red De Centros De Documentación Del Sistema Nacional Ambiental De Colombia, Consuelo Gauta Gómez Nov 2013

Análisis Y Diseño De Una Herramienta Clearinghouse Para La Red De Centros De Documentación Del Sistema Nacional Ambiental De Colombia, Consuelo Gauta Gómez

Sistemas de Información, Bibliotecología y Archivística

No abstract provided.


Diseño Y Evaluación De Un Programa De Formación De Usuarios Basado En Medios Tecnológicos Web Para La Biblioteca De La Corporación Universitaria Iberoamericana, Lina Pamela Acosta Forero Nov 2013

Diseño Y Evaluación De Un Programa De Formación De Usuarios Basado En Medios Tecnológicos Web Para La Biblioteca De La Corporación Universitaria Iberoamericana, Lina Pamela Acosta Forero

Sistemas de Información, Bibliotecología y Archivística

No abstract provided.


Diseño De Una Ontología De Representación Del Conocimiento Desde El Dominio De La Lectura, Catalina Gamba Castro Nov 2013

Diseño De Una Ontología De Representación Del Conocimiento Desde El Dominio De La Lectura, Catalina Gamba Castro

Sistemas de Información, Bibliotecología y Archivística

No abstract provided.


Diagnóstico De La Situación Actual De Las Bibliotecas Escolares De Las Upz 21 Andes, 22 Doce De Octubre, 98 Los Alcázares Y 103 Parque Salitre De La Localidad De Barrios Unidos En Bogotá Basado En Las Directrices De La Ifla/Unesco Para La Biblioteca Escolar, Nazly Viviana Arévalo Chaparro Nov 2013

Diagnóstico De La Situación Actual De Las Bibliotecas Escolares De Las Upz 21 Andes, 22 Doce De Octubre, 98 Los Alcázares Y 103 Parque Salitre De La Localidad De Barrios Unidos En Bogotá Basado En Las Directrices De La Ifla/Unesco Para La Biblioteca Escolar, Nazly Viviana Arévalo Chaparro

Sistemas de Información, Bibliotecología y Archivística

No abstract provided.


Mispronunciation Detection For Language Learning And Speech Recognition Adaptation, Zhenhao Ge Oct 2013

Mispronunciation Detection For Language Learning And Speech Recognition Adaptation, Zhenhao Ge

Open Access Dissertations

The areas of "mispronunciation detection" (or "accent detection" more specifically) within the speech recognition community are receiving increased attention now. Two application areas, namely language learning and speech recognition adaptation, are largely driving this research interest and are the focal points of this work.

There are a number of Computer Aided Language Learning (CALL) systems with Computer Aided Pronunciation Training (CAPT) techniques that have been developed. In this thesis, a new HMM-based text-dependent mispronunciation system is introduced using text Adaptive Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (AFCCs). It is shown that this system outperforms the conventional HMM method based on Mel Frequency Cepstral …


Innovation In Academic Libraries During A Time Of Crisis, Dane Michael Ward Sep 2013

Innovation In Academic Libraries During A Time Of Crisis, Dane Michael Ward

Theses and Dissertations

During a period of rapid social and technological change, academic Academic libraries and librarianship are experiencing a period of great change, or crisis, influenced by multiple factors including emerging technologies, declining budgets, and changing information. More than a transitory historical phase, these changes represents a fundamental transition between paradigms (Kuhn, 1962). Academic libraries and librarianship are moving from a paradigm focused on collections and books to a paradigm focused on learning. Within this context, innovations are new processes, services and products that facilitate this transition to the new paradigm.

Beyond this definitional work, the work serves as an exploration of …


Plan De Promoción De Lectura, Para El Fortalecimiento Del Programa Institucional Del Inpec Fomento Y Promoción De Lectura, Organización Y Manejo De Bibliotecas En El Establecimiento Penitenciario De Mediana Seguridad Y Carcelario Epmsc De Zipaquirá Cundinamarca, Amanda Sánchez Calderón Sep 2013

Plan De Promoción De Lectura, Para El Fortalecimiento Del Programa Institucional Del Inpec Fomento Y Promoción De Lectura, Organización Y Manejo De Bibliotecas En El Establecimiento Penitenciario De Mediana Seguridad Y Carcelario Epmsc De Zipaquirá Cundinamarca, Amanda Sánchez Calderón

Sistemas de Información, Bibliotecología y Archivística

El trabajo conllevó la estructuración y ejecución de un plan de promoción de lectura, el cual consistió en desarrollar tres talleres complementadas con quince actividades didácticas y un diagnóstico de los diez aspectos indicados en las “pautas para servicios bibliotecarios para reclusos”1 , de Vibeke Lehmann y Joanne Locke de la IFLA, para el Establecimiento Penitenciario de Mediana Seguridad y Carcelario de Zipaquirá -EPMSC-, a partir del cual se propone un plan de promoción de lectura adecuado, para fortalecer el programa institucional del INPEC denominado: “FOMENTO Y PROMOCIÓN DE LECTURA, ORGANIZACIÓN Y MANEJO DE BIBLIOTECAS”. Estas actividades se desarrollaron con …


Using Ontology-Based Approaches To Representing Speech Transcripts For Automated Speech Scoring, Miao Chen Aug 2013

Using Ontology-Based Approaches To Representing Speech Transcripts For Automated Speech Scoring, Miao Chen

School of Information Studies - Dissertations

Text representation is a process of transforming text into some formats that computer systems can use for subsequent information-related tasks such as text classification. Representing text faces two main challenges: meaningfulness of representation and unknown terms. Research has shown evidence that these challenges can be resolved by using the rich semantics in ontologies. This study aims to address these challenges by using ontology-based representation and unknown term reasoning approaches in the context of content scoring of speech, which is a less explored area compared to some common ones such as categorizing text corpus (e.g. 20 newsgroups and Reuters).

From the …


Addressing The Needs Of Students With Color Vision Deficiencies In The Elementary School Library, Karla Bame Collins Jul 2013

Addressing The Needs Of Students With Color Vision Deficiencies In The Elementary School Library, Karla Bame Collins

Teaching & Learning Theses & Dissertations

Color vision deficiencies affect approximately eight percent of the male population (Birch & Chisholm, 2008; Cole, 2007; Jenny & Kelso, 2007; Neitz & Neitz, 2000), yet the condition is often overlooked in the educational setting despite the pervasiveness of color in the school (Suero et al., 2004). The purpose of this study was to explore how elementary school librarians provide instruction and prepare the library environment to meet the needs of students with color vision deficiencies.

This mixed methods study consisted of two components. The first component was a questionnaire administered to elementary school librarians throughout Virginia to gather data …


The Twenty-First Century Black Bag: Mobile Delivery Of Health Care Information And Implications For Health Science Library Collection Development, Elizabeth Retzel Bucciarelli Jun 2013

The Twenty-First Century Black Bag: Mobile Delivery Of Health Care Information And Implications For Health Science Library Collection Development, Elizabeth Retzel Bucciarelli

Graduate Capstone Projects

Mobile devices such as electronic tablets and smart phones have had a tremendous impact on the delivery of health and medically-related information for health care professionals. These innovative information tools are now used regularly at the patient bedside and in clinical care settings to enhance patient education and to access information regarding best practices, and point-of-care diagnostics and treatments. Presumably, then, institutions which educate students in the health sciences must also teach and acclimate them throughout their allied health programs to integrate and apply these health information delivery tools into clinical practice. This project will review the last five years …


"Democracy" In A Virtual World: Eve Online's Council Of Stellar Management And The Power Of Influence, Jessica Ireland May 2013

"Democracy" In A Virtual World: Eve Online's Council Of Stellar Management And The Power Of Influence, Jessica Ireland

Theses and Dissertations

Interest in virtual worlds has grown within academia and popular culture. Virtual worlds are persistent, technologically-mediated, social spaces. Academic literature focuses on issues such as identity, sociality, economics, and governance. However studies of governance focus on internal or external modes of control; less attention has been paid to institutions of governance that operate within both the virtual and real worlds.

In EVE Online, the Council of Stellar Management (CSM) represents a joint venture between developers and users to shape the direction of EVE's virtual society. As a group of elected representatives, the CSM represents societal interests to the game's developer, …


Discovering Regalos: A Case Study Of Saint Anne's Middle School, Nicole Jenks May May 2013

Discovering Regalos: A Case Study Of Saint Anne's Middle School, Nicole Jenks May

Theses and Dissertations

Saint Anne's Middle School is a Catholic, bilingual, bicultural, middle school for girls that participates in the Milwaukee Parental School Choice Program. This case study explored reading and language arts as experienced in the school through the lens of a school library media specialist. The students’ social, emotional, and intellectual needs appeared to be met at the school for the most part. The school also exhibited best practices for teaching reading at the middle school level to bilingual students. However, to improve reading, the school would want to consider changing the school’s focus from reading comprehension to reading engagement so …


The Impact Of Cultural Assumptions About Technology On Choctaw Heritage Preservation And Sharing, Jake A. Dolezal May 2013

The Impact Of Cultural Assumptions About Technology On Choctaw Heritage Preservation And Sharing, Jake A. Dolezal

School of Information Studies - Dissertations

Neither the effects of information and communication technology (ICT) on culture nor the cultural roles of ICT are widely understood, particularly among marginalized ethno-cultures and indigenous people. One theoretical lens that has received attention outside of Native American studies is the theory of Information Technology Cultures, or "IT Culture," developed by Kaarst-Brown. This theory was a groundbreaking and foundational way to understand underlying assumptions about IT and the conflicts surrounding IT use. Kaarst-Brown identified five archetypal cultural patterns or sets of "underlying cultural assumptions" about IT that impacted strategic use, conflict, and technology innovation. These dimensions included assumptions about the …


An Investigation Of Digital Reference Interviews: A Dialogue Act Approach, Keisuke Inoue May 2013

An Investigation Of Digital Reference Interviews: A Dialogue Act Approach, Keisuke Inoue

School of Information Studies - Dissertations

The rapid increase of computer-mediated communications (CMCs) in various forms such as micro-blogging (e.g. Twitter), online chatting (e.g. digital reference) and community- based question-answering services (e.g. Yahoo! Answers) characterizes a recent trend in web technologies, often referred to as the social web. This trend highlights the importance of supporting linguistic interactions in people's online information-seeking activities in daily life - something that the web search engines still lack because of the complexity of this hu- man behavior. The presented research consists of an investigation of the information-seeking behavior of digital reference services through analysis of discourse semantics, called dialogue acts, …


A Theory Of Ict User Types: Exploring Domestication And Meaning Of Icts Through Comparative Case Studies, Johanna L. H. Birkland May 2013

A Theory Of Ict User Types: Exploring Domestication And Meaning Of Icts Through Comparative Case Studies, Johanna L. H. Birkland

School of Information Studies - Dissertations

The population in the United States is aging, with a predicted 147% increase in the number of older adults (those over age 65) from 2000- 2050 (U.S. Census Bureau, 2008). At the same time, Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are increasingly being used in work, leisure, and government. Despite these two trends towards an aging population and greater ICT use, very little is known about if and how older adults are using ICTs in their everyday lives (Birkland & Kaarst-Brown, 2011). Despite many calls for researchers to take a wider perspective (Bouwhuis, 2006; van Bronswijk, et al., 2009), most studies …


Towards A Service-Oriented Enterprise: The Design Of A Cloud Business Integration Platform In A Medium-Sized Manufacturing Enterprise, Paul John Stamas May 2013

Towards A Service-Oriented Enterprise: The Design Of A Cloud Business Integration Platform In A Medium-Sized Manufacturing Enterprise, Paul John Stamas

School of Information Studies - Dissertations

This case study research followed the two-year transition of a medium-sized manufacturing firm towards a service-oriented enterprise. A service-oriented enterprise is an emerging architecture of the firm that leverages the paradigm of services computing to integrate the capabilities of the firm with the complementary competencies of business partners to offer customers with value-added products and services. Design science research in information systems was employed to pursue the primary design of a cloud business integration platform to enable the secondary design of multi-enterprise business processes to enable the dynamic and effective integration of business partner capabilities with those of the enterprise. …


Social Technologies And Informal Knowledge Sharing Within And Across Organizations, Jarrahi Mohammad Hosein May 2013

Social Technologies And Informal Knowledge Sharing Within And Across Organizations, Jarrahi Mohammad Hosein

School of Information Studies - Dissertations

This doctoral dissertation is focused on both empirical and conceptual contributions relative to the roles social technologies play in informal knowledge sharing practices, both within and across organizations. Social technologies include (a) traditional social technologies (e.g., email, phone and instant messengers), (b) emerging social networking technologies commonly known as social media, such as blogs, wikis, major public social networking sites (e.g., Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn), and (c) enterprise social networking technologies controlled by a host organization ( e.g., SocialText). The rapid uptake of social technologies, combined with growing interest in their broader social implications, raises pertinent questions about uses for …


The Public Library As Health Information Resource?, Mary Grace Flaherty May 2013

The Public Library As Health Information Resource?, Mary Grace Flaherty

School of Information Studies - Dissertations

Public libraries have adapted a variety of services into their institutional missions, including: promoting early literacy, publicly available Internet access, children's summer reading programs, and the dissemination of tax forms. Libraries are disproportionately rural institutions, often serving people with limited health care access. Thus, by public demand they have evolved to become important resources for rural health consumers to acquire information. Some public libraries have approached this role by subscribing to health databases, or by providing a link on their homepage to a health resource such as MedlinePlus, but most have undertaken little organizational change to meet growing patron demand. …


Design Science In Human-Computer Interaction: A Model And Three Examples, Nathan Prestopnik May 2013

Design Science In Human-Computer Interaction: A Model And Three Examples, Nathan Prestopnik

School of Information Studies - Dissertations

Humanity has entered an era where computing technology is virtually ubiquitous. From websites and mobile devices to computers embedded in appliances on our kitchen counters and automobiles parked in our driveways, information and communication technologies (ICTs) and IT artifacts are fundamentally changing the ways we interact with our world. Indeed, the world itself changing, becoming ever more artificial. It is a designed world that we have created for ourselves.

Human-computer interaction (HCI) scholars are concerned with the interactions that occur between people and technology in this new world: how do IT artifacts impact the human experience, and how can knowledge …


Collaborative Estimation In Distributed Sensor Networks, Swarnendu Kar May 2013

Collaborative Estimation In Distributed Sensor Networks, Swarnendu Kar

Electrical Engineering and Computer Science - Dissertations

Networks of smart ultra-portable devices are already indispensable in our lives, augmenting our senses and connecting our lives through real time processing and communication of sensory (e.g., audio, video, location) inputs. Though usually hidden from the user's sight, the engineering of these devices involves fierce tradeoffs between energy availability (battery sizes impact portability) and signal processing / communication capability (which impacts the "smartness" of the devices). The goal of this dissertation is to provide a fundamental understanding and characterization of these tradeoffs in the context of a sensor network, where the goal is to estimate a common signal by coordinating …


Worked Examples In Teaching Queries For Searching Academic Databases, Mary Kickham-Samy Apr 2013

Worked Examples In Teaching Queries For Searching Academic Databases, Mary Kickham-Samy

STEMPS Theses & Dissertations

The worked-example effect, an application of cognitive load theory, is a well-supported method of instruction for well-structured problems (Chandler and Sweller, 1991; Cooper and Sweller, 1987; Sweller and Cooper, 1985; Tuovinen & Sweller, 1999; Ward and Sweller, 1990). One limitation is expertise-reversal effect, where advanced students perform less well when exposed to worked examples than when exposed to traditional problem solving (Kalyuga, Ayres, Chandler, & Sweller, 2003; Kalyuga, Chandler, & Sweller, 1998; Kalyuga, Chandler, Tuovinen, & Sweller, 2001). A possible alternative to the worked-example approach is the fading example, designed to transition intermediate students to solving well-structured problems without assistance …