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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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2004

University of Nebraska - Lincoln

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Articles 1 - 30 of 464

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Lake Mcconaughy: Who Gets The Water?*, J. David Aiken Dec 2004

Lake Mcconaughy: Who Gets The Water?*, J. David Aiken

Cornhusker Economics

Nebraska is in a drought of historic proportions. Because of this, water levels in Lake McConaughy near Ogallala are falling to near-record lows. This has led to an active debate regarding how water in McConaughy should be managed, and (in my opinion) unfair criticism of how the lake has been managed. This column takes a quick look at the water rights dimension of McConaughy water levels.


December 2004 - Staff Meeting Minutes Dec 2004

December 2004 - Staff Meeting Minutes

ALEC Committee Minutes

No abstract provided.


Nebraska Hospital Preparedness For Psychological Consequences Of Public Health Emergencies (Survey Results Summary), Denise Bulling Dec 2004

Nebraska Hospital Preparedness For Psychological Consequences Of Public Health Emergencies (Survey Results Summary), Denise Bulling

Publications of the University of Nebraska Public Policy Center

The University of Nebraska Public Policy Center recently surveyed hospitals across Nebraska to evaluate behavioral health readiness in the event of a disaster, act of terrorism (including bioterrorism) or other mass-casualty incident. The survey also asked about hospitals’ ability to effectively coordinate with other emergency service providers, such as law enforcement, in the event of a critical incident.

Behavioral health readiness refers to a hospital’s capacity to effectively manage and respond to the psychological needs of patients, staff, and their families resulting from a large scale event or emergency. In many hospitals in Nebraska this capacity is not maintained ...


Community Capital: More Than Just Money, Cheryl A. Burkhart-Kriesel Dec 2004

Community Capital: More Than Just Money, Cheryl A. Burkhart-Kriesel

Cornhusker Economics

When you think of the word, capital, dollars or money probably comes to mind. What if I told you there were at least six kinds of capital within every community? Capital is more than just... capital. Cornelia and Jan Flora, in their recent book, Rural Communities: Legacy and Change (2003), identify several kinds of capital that are present in varying degrees in all communities. You might think of it as layers on an onion, with each layer relying on the next (Figure 1). These layers of capital are the building blocks or assets within communities. These common elements can be ...


Jefferson County Visitors Survey Dec 2004

Jefferson County Visitors Survey

Rural Initiative Publications and Reports

Between the months of June and December, 2004, the Jefferson County Visitors Committee, with the assistance of the University of Nebraska’s Rural Initiative and Nebraska Cooperative Extension, conducted a survey of visitors to Fairbury and the Jefferson County area.

The survey was designed to provide information related to the activities and experiences of tourists and other visitors to the Jefferson County area, especially as related to the hospitality industry.


Understanding The Economic Factors Influencing Farm Policy Preferences, Keith H. Coble, Thomas O. Knight, George F. Patrick, Alan E. Baquet Dec 2004

Understanding The Economic Factors Influencing Farm Policy Preferences, Keith H. Coble, Thomas O. Knight, George F. Patrick, Alan E. Baquet

Faculty Publications: Agricultural Economics

A survey conducted in Mississippi, Texas, Indiana, and Nebraska elicited producers’ preferences for various farm policy changes. This permitted examination of the diversity of preferences that single-state studies have not allowed. Five policy choices, including deficiency payments, loan programs, crop insurance, export programs, and disaster payments were examined. Logit model results predicting producer preferences for each of the five dichotomous policy choices are reported. Explanatory variables based on expected utility theory such as risk aversion, price and yield variability, and price–yield correlation are significant in various models.


The Market And Consumer Welfare Effects Of The Introduction Of Second-Generation Gmps, Amalia Yiannaka Dec 2004

The Market And Consumer Welfare Effects Of The Introduction Of Second-Generation Gmps, Amalia Yiannaka

Cornhusker Economics

The introduction of genetically modified products (GMPs) into the food system and the significant growth of organic agriculture are among the most notable features of the increasingly industrialized agri-food sector. They have both received considerable attention in the agricultural economics literature, with the main focus being on the optimal regulatory responses as they relate to the introduction of standards for, and labeling of, GM and organic food products.


Federal Indian Law Internet Tools: Indian Territory Cases At The Oklahoma State Courts Network And Kappler’S Indian Affairs: Laws And Treaties At The Oklahoma State University, Charles D. Bernholz Dec 2004

Federal Indian Law Internet Tools: Indian Territory Cases At The Oklahoma State Courts Network And Kappler’S Indian Affairs: Laws And Treaties At The Oklahoma State University, Charles D. Bernholz

Faculty Publications, UNL Libraries

No abstract provided.


Career Conundrums Require Self- Examination, Carla Kimbrough Dec 2004

Career Conundrums Require Self- Examination, Carla Kimbrough

Faculty Publications, College of Journalism & Mass Communications

It's Monday morning: How do you feel about going to work today?
Are you excited about the challenges ahead, or are you dreading the next assignment?
Now, imagine you have to remain there for the rest of your career.
Those Monday-morning feelings or the rest-of-your-life musings may give you a hint about whether it's time to make a career move — or not.
Fortunately, we can use logic and feelings to decide whether to stay or go.
We also can be confident that we're not alone. Career moves are something we all consider.


The Adaptiveness Of Punishing Behavior: A Baseline Study, Levente Littvay Dec 2004

The Adaptiveness Of Punishing Behavior: A Baseline Study, Levente Littvay

Political Science Department -- Theses, Dissertations, and Student Scholarship

This study sheds light on the current patterns of punishing behavior. Experimental work with ultimatum bargaining shows that individuals have a high sensitivity to fairness, and when taken advantage of, are willing to endure costs to punish deviant behavior. Third party observers of the unfair behavior asked to represent ultimatum recipients are more hesitant to engage in such punishment. This becomes ever more puzzling when we consider individuals’ high value of their own reputation in similar settings. This leaves both rational choice modelers and political psychologists puzzled. This study presents the baseline model for a research agenda proposing a multi-agent ...


Academic Library Web Sites For Distance Learners In Greater Western Library Alliance Member Institutions, Mary Cassner, Kate E. Adams Nov 2004

Academic Library Web Sites For Distance Learners In Greater Western Library Alliance Member Institutions, Mary Cassner, Kate E. Adams

Faculty Publications, UNL Libraries

Through the library web site, academic libraries present extensive resources and a suite of services to support distance learners. The web site is a vital communication link between the distance student and reference-based instructional component that the librarian provides. This article examines web sites and distance learning library services pages of Greater Western Library Alliance members.


November 2004 - Staff Meeting Minutes Nov 2004

November 2004 - Staff Meeting Minutes

ALEC Committee Minutes

No abstract provided.


Help-Seeking Patterns Among Subfecund Women, Arthur L. Greil, Julia Mcquillan Nov 2004

Help-Seeking Patterns Among Subfecund Women, Arthur L. Greil, Julia Mcquillan

Bureau of Sociological Research - Faculty Publications

A random sample of women in the midwestern United States was studied in order to provide a fuller picture of the ways in which US women responded to subfecundity. Using a biomedical definition of infertility, we examined women who did not conceive within 12 months of unprotected intercourse whether they were trying to get pregnant or not. Of the 196 ever-subfecund women in our sample, 123 experienced subfecundity while trying to get pregnant; we called these “subfecund with intent.” Another 73 women experienced subfecundity while not actively trying to get pregnant; we called these “subfecund without intent.” Of the 196 ...


Women In Agriculture, Karrie Blake Nov 2004

Women In Agriculture, Karrie Blake

Cornhusker Economics

Although farm numbers continue to decline, women in agriculture are increasing their responsibility in decision making and management on the farm. According to the 2002 U.S. Agricultural Census the number of farms in Nebraska was 49,355, down 10 percent from 1997. However, the number of female principle operators in Nebraska was up from 2,948 in 1997 to 3,005 in 2002 according to the census. T his is a small increase compared to the 13 percent jump of women operating farms in the nation (209,784 in 1997 to 237,819 in 2002). Of those principal female ...


Evaluating Multi-Peril Crop Insurance Coverage, Roger Selley Nov 2004

Evaluating Multi-Peril Crop Insurance Coverage, Roger Selley

Cornhusker Economics

Past issues of this newsletter have addressed the assessment of crop insurance needs (March 11 and November 11, 1998). The approach suggested was to identify the cash flow commitments for the year and then to prioritize those commitments. The latter step was suggested recognizing that: 1) insurance coverage may not be available to cover all commitments, 2) even if sufficient coverage is available, premiums increase substantially as coverage is increased, and 3) the more insurance purchased the more risk transferred to the insurance company and the less profit potential retained by the farm operation. In a more recent issue the ...


Crop Price Declines Could Trigger Revenue Insurance Indemnities, H. Douglas Jose Nov 2004

Crop Price Declines Could Trigger Revenue Insurance Indemnities, H. Douglas Jose

Cornhusker Economics

Two occurrences that could affect grain producers’ incomes this year have just come into play. The first is the establishment of the harvest price for the crop insurance revenue programs. The second is the counter cyclical payments for the farm commodity program.


Start Improving Today The Next Year Of Your Life, Carla Kimbrough Nov 2004

Start Improving Today The Next Year Of Your Life, Carla Kimbrough

Faculty Publications, College of Journalism & Mass Communications

Is your life better today than it was a year ago?
That may sound similar to the political quip used during political debates, but the question is meant lo prompt thought about you and your life — professionally and personally.
Are you growing and learning? Has your reporting or editing improved? How about your knowledge ot the newsroom? Is it stagnant or alive? How are your leadership skills? Has your work been memorable this year? Has your work changed the way people live, work or play?


The Contribution Of Social Partnership And Activity Settings To The Emergence Of Sex Differences, Carolyn P. Edwards Nov 2004

The Contribution Of Social Partnership And Activity Settings To The Emergence Of Sex Differences, Carolyn P. Edwards

Faculty Publications, Department of Child, Youth, and Family Studies

Certain sex differences are observable in children’s behavior in social interaction in many cultures worldwide. Age 3-6: Insulting, rough and tumble play, and dominating egoistically are the most clearly masculine behaviors, and seeking or offering physical contact, dominating prosocially, and seeking help the most feminine. These differences are strengthened or weakened, magnified or reduced according to cultural context. (They are smallest in Orchard Town and Nyansongo).

Together with colleagues, we reexamined these conclusions in The Children of Different Worlds project, which drew upon the running record observations from 12 communities to get a much larger data set also based ...


Mental Disorder, Subsistence Strategies, And Victimization Among Gay, Lesbian, And Bisexual Homeless And Runaway Adolescents, Les B. Whitbeck, Xiaojin Chen, Dan R. Hoyt, Kimberly A. Tyler, Kurt D. Johnson Nov 2004

Mental Disorder, Subsistence Strategies, And Victimization Among Gay, Lesbian, And Bisexual Homeless And Runaway Adolescents, Les B. Whitbeck, Xiaojin Chen, Dan R. Hoyt, Kimberly A. Tyler, Kurt D. Johnson

Sociology Department, Faculty Publications

This study compares participation in deviant subsistence strategies, street victimization, and lifetime prevalence of five mental disorders (conduct disorder, major depressive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, alcohol abuse, and drug abuse) among heterosexual males and females (n = 366) and gay, lesbian, and bisexual (n = 63) homeless and runaway adolescents from the first wave of a longitudinal study of homeless youth in four Midwestern states. The results indicate that gay, lesbian, and bi¬sexual adolescents were more likely to have been physically and sexually abused by caretakers, were more likely to engage in risky survival strategies when on their own (including survival ...


2004 Ballot Proposals, J. David Aiken Oct 2004

2004 Ballot Proposals, J. David Aiken

Cornhusker Economics

The November 2, 2004 general election ballot has eight ballot questions. Amendments 1-4 (all proposed amendments to the Nebraska Constitution) were adopted by the Nebraska Unicameral. Initiatives 417-420 (two constitutional amendments and two citizen-initiated statutes) are a four-part citizen initiative petition package supported by a gambling coalition. The eight proposals are briefly discussed in the order they will appear on the ballot.


October 2004 - Staff Meeting Minutes Oct 2004

October 2004 - Staff Meeting Minutes

ALEC Committee Minutes

No abstract provided.


Poverty In Nebraska, Richard K. Perrin, Lilyan E. Fulginiti, Avinash Alok Oct 2004

Poverty In Nebraska, Richard K. Perrin, Lilyan E. Fulginiti, Avinash Alok

Cornhusker Economics

“Five Nebraska counties are among the nation's poorest 12 counties" (Lincoln Journal Star, July 18, 2004) Y" 'Some of the bigger ranchers here, they didn't like it at all being called the poorest,' said Van Diest, 68, (Loup County Commissioner, Wade) adding that he's been puzzled by how Loup County got the No.1 ranking." (Omaha World Herald, July 17, 2004). These comments were typical of those in response to a federal report released in July, 2004. Some people are indignant, others are puzzled. Which areas of Nebraska really are the poorest, how poor are they, and ...


2004 Hog Prices - The “Perfect Storm”?, Al Prosch Oct 2004

2004 Hog Prices - The “Perfect Storm”?, Al Prosch

Cornhusker Economics

In 2004 we’ve had the highest hog prices since 1997 (Figure 1). At the same time, we have had record hog slaughter. Perhaps the most telling comment for this year was made by Glen Grimes at the National Pork Board Educators Seminar in September. Glen stated that in all his years he has never seen anything like this. Supply has been up and price has been up more.


Start-Up Strategies For Beginning Farmers, David J. Goeller Oct 2004

Start-Up Strategies For Beginning Farmers, David J. Goeller

Cornhusker Economics

Preliminary information from the U.S. 2002 Agricultural Census has recently been released. The chart groups U.S. census data for Nebraska farmers into three categories: under 34 years of age, 35 to 64 and over 65. The data indicates a 20 year trend of fewer farmers, older farmers and very few beginning farmers. A farmer is defined, for purposes of this census, as anyone producing or selling at least $1,000 of agricultural commodities annually. The average age of Nebraska farmers continues to rise. The average age in 1982 was 48.5 compared to 53.9 in 2002. The ...


National Program Assessment, Animal Health: 2000-2004, Cyril G. Gay Oct 2004

National Program Assessment, Animal Health: 2000-2004, Cyril G. Gay

Publications from USDA-ARS / UNL Faculty

National Program Assessments are conducted every five-years through the organization of one or more workshop. Workshops allow the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) to periodically update the vision and rationale of each National Program and assess the relevancy, effectiveness, and responsiveness of ARS research. The National Program Staff (NPS) at ARS organizes National Program Workshops to facilitate the review and simultaneously provide an opportunity for customers, stakeholders, and partners to assess the progress made through the National Program and provide input for future modifications to the National Program or the National Program’s research agenda. A workshop for Animal Health has ...


Chronic Strain, Daily Work Stress, And Pain Among Workers With Rheumatoid Arthritis: Does Job Stress Make A Bad Day Worse?, Judith Fifield, Julia Mcquillan, Stephen Armeli, Howard Tennen, Susan Reisine, Glenn Affleck Oct 2004

Chronic Strain, Daily Work Stress, And Pain Among Workers With Rheumatoid Arthritis: Does Job Stress Make A Bad Day Worse?, Judith Fifield, Julia Mcquillan, Stephen Armeli, Howard Tennen, Susan Reisine, Glenn Affleck

Bureau of Sociological Research - Faculty Publications

The structure of the job and the daily experience of work are challenges for workers with rheumatoid arthritis. Yet little is known about how these two factors interact to put workers with chronic pain at risk for worse pain on a given day. This exploratory 20 workday diary study of 27 workers with rheumatoid arthritis used hierarchical linear modeling to examine how the structure of the job and neuroticism moderate the relationship between daily undesirable work events (daily stressors), and pain reports within a day. On days with more undesirable work events compared to days with fewer events, individuals with ...


Strengths And Challenges In Chinese Immigrant Families, Xiaolin Xie, Yan Xia, Zhi Zhou Oct 2004

Strengths And Challenges In Chinese Immigrant Families, Xiaolin Xie, Yan Xia, Zhi Zhou

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

This qualitative study involved interviewing 40 Chinese Americans residing in Lincoln and Omaha, NE, and Naperville, IL, on their perceptions of family strengths and acculturative stress. Themes related to family strengths include family support leading to achieving a renewed sense of family, contextual support from friends and community, communication among family members, spiritual well-being, and balancing host and heritage cultures. Themes pertaining to acculturative stress are language barriers, loneliness, and loss of social status and identity at the early stage of immigration. New dimensions are being added to the current family strengths model. Implications for health professionals are provided.


New Immigrants In The Great Plains: Strengths And Challenges Oct 2004

New Immigrants In The Great Plains: Strengths And Challenges

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Our colleague and friend Dr. Nick Stinnett, a former faculty member at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, is a pioneer in research on strong families. Stinnett is now a professor in the Department of Human Development and Family Studies at the University of Alabama-Tuscaloosa. He has defined family strengths as:
those relationship patterns, interpersonal skills and competencies, and social and psychological characteristics which create a sense of positive family identity, promote satisfying and fulfilling interaction among family members, encourage the development of the potential of the family group and individual family members, and contribute to the family's ability to deal ...


Review Of Preserving The Sacred: Historical Perspectives On Ojibwa Midewiwin By Michael Angel, Katherine Pettipas Oct 2004

Review Of Preserving The Sacred: Historical Perspectives On Ojibwa Midewiwin By Michael Angel, Katherine Pettipas

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

This volume is a critical historiography of the nature and meaning of the Midewiwin as it was, and still is, practiced by southwestern, western, and northern Anishinaabeg (Ojibwa or Chippewa) in both Canada and the United States. A self-described "culturally sensitive outsider," Angel has approached his subject from an interdisciplinary perspective, drawing heavily from religious studies and historic and ethnographic documentation. The origins and functions of the Midewiwin are examined within the contexts of Anishinaabeg religion and society. Angel takes issue with the classification of the Midewiwin as a "revitalization movement" or a "crisis cult" by demonstrating that the "essential ...


A Charismatic Iranian American Engineer, Jane Meehan Oct 2004

A Charismatic Iranian American Engineer, Jane Meehan

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

This is the story of Iranian engineer Mostafa Jamshidi and his twenty-five years in Nebraska: his student days, his experiences with the immigration department and his eventual citizenship, his work history, and his personal life as told by his English teacher and surrogate mother, His language skills, soccer playing, and personality enabled him to combat his homesickness and the harassment of the immigration officials. The University of Nebraska at Omaha and the Nebraska Department of Roads gave him a place to learn and grow despite the time and geography in which he was born. The Great Plains, with its friendliness ...