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Articles 1 - 30 of 4606

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Understanding Indigenous And Non-Indigenous Perspectives Of Reconciliation: A Case Study, Kaitlyn Watson Jun 2020

Understanding Indigenous And Non-Indigenous Perspectives Of Reconciliation: A Case Study, Kaitlyn Watson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Reconciliation in the Canadian context is difficult to define (Graeme & Mandawe, 2017; Martin, 2009), but is often linked to the residential school system (Chrisjohn & Wasacase, 2011; Nagy, 2012). This instrumental case study examines how reconciliation is understood and activated among a group of educators and community members involved with a professional learning event held in Southern Ontario inspired by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Employing narrative inquiry, and informed by decolonizing methodologies, seven event organizers, four presenters, and five attendees participated in conversational interviews. Two main themes were uncovered from the interview data. The first, reconciliation is difficult, includes consideration of the ...


Pregnancy In Peril: The Impact Of Conflict On Antenatal Care And Skilled Birth Attendant Utilization In The Democratic Republic Of The Congo And Burundi, Bianca R. Ziegler Jun 2020

Pregnancy In Peril: The Impact Of Conflict On Antenatal Care And Skilled Birth Attendant Utilization In The Democratic Republic Of The Congo And Burundi, Bianca R. Ziegler

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

As of 2019, over two billion people globally reside in conflict-affected areas, and as a result, face negative health implications. Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are among those countries classified as fragile and conflict-affected situations, resulting in disproportionally high maternal mortality rates. Grounded in Andersen’s Model of Healthcare Utilization, this thesis employed multivariate binary logistic regressions to examine factors which influence antenatal care and skilled birth attendant usage in these two countries. Findings indicate that women living in high conflict regions were significantly less likely than those in low conflict regions to have their first antenatal ...


Exploring The Impacts Of Learning Challenges For Children Not Yet Identified With A Learning Disability, Giuseppe D. Capozza Jun 2020

Exploring The Impacts Of Learning Challenges For Children Not Yet Identified With A Learning Disability, Giuseppe D. Capozza

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Significant learning challenges can manifest years before children are often eligible to be diagnosed with a Learning Disability (LD). Without a formal diagnosis, many children are often limited in the resources and supports that may receive and critical opportunities for early intervention are missed. This study sought to understand and assess the impact of learning challenges experienced by school-aged children (Grades 1 to 9) who had not yet formally received a diagnosis. Ten parents were recruited from London, Ontario and its surroundings counties (Elgin, Middlesex, Oxford) who were caring for children with significant learning challenges. Data were collected using a ...


Essays On Housing Markets, Yuxi Yao Jun 2020

Essays On Housing Markets, Yuxi Yao

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Housing assets have long been the most important assets in household portfolios. Therefore, understanding the long-run trends of the key indicators in the housing market is important for understanding household housing tenure choice and asset allocation, evaluating household welfare, and analyzing financial stability. My thesis consists of three chapters accounting for the changes in homeownership rates, cross-city distribution of prices and rents, and aggregate housing prices in the United States for the past several decades.

Chapter 2 focuses on the decline in the homeownership rate among young households since 1980. I find that while some of the college graduates merely ...


Investigating Elementary School Food Programs: Impacts On Child Knowledge And Dietary Behaviours, Paige Colley Jun 2020

Investigating Elementary School Food Programs: Impacts On Child Knowledge And Dietary Behaviours, Paige Colley

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Good nutrition is an important part of maintaining a healthy lifestyle. A balanced diet can promote positive health outcomes, protecting against health problems caused by nutritional deficiencies. Canada has reported poor diet quality and high rates of overweight and obesity among children. Obesity has been linked to several non-communicable diseases including type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and some forms of cancer. Efforts to improve lifelong, healthy eating behaviours must be implemented.

This dissertation investigated the impacts of school food programming on child nutrition. A Centrally Procured School Food Program (CPSFP) was implemented at 30 elementary schools in Southwestern Ontario, Canada ...


Recognizing Relational Boredom And Coping With It Through The Introduction Of Novelty, Kiersten Dobson Jun 2020

Recognizing Relational Boredom And Coping With It Through The Introduction Of Novelty, Kiersten Dobson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Relational boredom is a pervasive and potentially damaging relationship experience, but accurately perceiving these experiences in one’s partner may offer the opportunity for corrective action. The current studies examine whether romantic partners are accurate and biased in their perceptions of each other’s relational boredom (Studies 1-3), how these (in)accurate perceptions are associated with relationship quality (Studies 1-3), and the best practices for incorporating relationship maintenance behaviours to cope with the knowledge of one’s partner’s boredom (Studies 4-6). Studies 1 and 2 examine romantic couples’ accuracy, bias, and the consequences of these constructs on relationship quality ...


A Longitudinal Person-Centred Investigation Of Commitment In Newcomers To The Military, Brittney K. Anderson Jun 2020

A Longitudinal Person-Centred Investigation Of Commitment In Newcomers To The Military, Brittney K. Anderson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Organizational commitment is a force that binds individuals to their company through their desire, obligation, and need to stay. Employees who are committed to the organization are more likely to demonstrate higher engagement, greater satisfaction, and fewer intentions to leave their company. Research has also demonstrated that investigating how each of the three forms of commitment – affective, normative, and continuance – interact allows for better prediction of employee outcomes. Using person-centred approaches, previous research has shown that there are typically five to seven profiles of commitment, and that membership in these profiles has implications for employee behaviours. However, little research has ...


The Measurement Of Job Satisfaction Among Workplace Leaders: Scale Development And Validation Of The Leader Satisfaction Assessment, Erica A. Sutherland Jun 2020

The Measurement Of Job Satisfaction Among Workplace Leaders: Scale Development And Validation Of The Leader Satisfaction Assessment, Erica A. Sutherland

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

As one of the most well-researched constructs in I/O psychology, the job attitudes literature is saturated with assessments of job satisfaction. However, none of these measures have explicitly examined the nature of job satisfaction among workplace leaders, a subset of employees who have the potential to influence organizations in substantive and meaningful ways. As such, the purpose of this dissertation was to examine the measurement of job satisfaction among leaders. A series of interviews and open-ended survey questionnaires were administered to a diverse group of leaders, employed across a variety of organizations and industries, to identify what facets contributed ...


Resonance, A Step Towards A Fluency For Complexity: The Science, Language, And Epistemology Of Gregory Bateson, Won Jeon Jun 2020

Resonance, A Step Towards A Fluency For Complexity: The Science, Language, And Epistemology Of Gregory Bateson, Won Jeon

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis confronts the urgency with which new language and vocabulary is required to move beyond linear assumptions in mainstream science and humanities, as well as global policy making. I examine Gregory Bateson’s body of work in history and philosophy of science, psychiatry and psychotherapy, anthropology, biology and ecology designed to communicate the necessarily interdisciplinary consideration for a nonlinear and recursive investigation of the self, other, and environment. Such intellectual forays cannot be dismissed as non-scientific. I offer definitions and contextualizations of key terms derived from cybernetics, new materialisms, and posthumanism (such as emergence, process, paradox, metaphor, fractality) to ...


Considerations For School Reopening In Ontario: Building A More Resilient Education System For Recovery, Prachi Srivastava Jun 2020

Considerations For School Reopening In Ontario: Building A More Resilient Education System For Recovery, Prachi Srivastava

Education Publications

School closures in Ontario affect over 2 million elementary and secondary school students. Ontario issued the first school closure announcement on 12 March 2020 to take effect for an initial period from 14 March to 4 April 2020, compelling all publicly funded elementary and secondary schools to close during this time.On 17 March 2020, the government declared an official state of emergency under s 7.0.1 (1) of the Emergency Management and Civil Protection Act. This required the immediate closure of all private schools as defined in the Education Act and of all licensed child care centres, amongst ...


Developing A Feasible Survey For Community Organizations To Evaluate A Healthy Relationships Program, Maria C. Ibanez May 2020

Developing A Feasible Survey For Community Organizations To Evaluate A Healthy Relationships Program, Maria C. Ibanez

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

For community-based organizations that work with vulnerable youth, evaluation measures and activities are important strategies for assessing a program’s impact on youth on different outcomes. However, rigorous program evaluation involving pretest-posttest measures and control trials are impractical to implement in community settings. It is critical for organizations to continuously measure programming efficacy, as it is an issue of accountability, ethical responsibility, and program improvement. Additionally, funders, policymakers, and stakeholders typically require organizations to monitor the effects of programming in their setting to continue receiving support. However, organizations conduct program evaluation under many constraints. There is an emergent need for ...


Implementation Adherence And Perspectives Of The Physical Activity (Play) Policy Study: A Process Evaluation, Monika B. Szpunar May 2020

Implementation Adherence And Perspectives Of The Physical Activity (Play) Policy Study: A Process Evaluation, Monika B. Szpunar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study entailed a process evaluation of the Childcare PhysicaL ActivitY (PLAY) Policy. Early childhood educators (ECEs) in childcare centres (n = 5) delivered the policy (which included 8 recommendations) and documented adherence (i.e., dose) in daily implementation logs. Program evaluation surveys (n = 21) and interviews (n = 10) were completed post-intervention to assess barriers/facilitators, feasibility, enjoyment, and likelihood of future implementation. Descriptive statistics and thematic analysis were conducted. Adherence was highest for delivery of child-directed play (85.9%) and lowest for delivery of frequent outdoor periods (16.5%). Participants reported they were likely to continue policy implementation, excluding frequent ...


Can Community Gardens Improve Food Banks And Food Centers? Lessons From Two Southwestern Ontario Cases, Sydney Phillips May 2020

Can Community Gardens Improve Food Banks And Food Centers? Lessons From Two Southwestern Ontario Cases, Sydney Phillips

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis examines the efforts of the Local Community Food Center in Stratford, Ontario and the Women’s Rural Resource Center in Strathroy, Ontario to establish community gardening programs. The research centers on qualitative interviews with 9 key informants and 16 participants conducted from June to August of 2019, as well as participant observation in the gardens and the day-to-day operations of the institutions. The primary aim of this research was to understand how relationships between food banks, food centers, and community gardens function, and how community gardens can affect the food choices of regular users of food banks and ...


Characterizing Putative Sexually Dimorphic Effects Of A Propionic Acid Induced Autism Spectrum Disorder Phenotype In Adult Male And Female Rats, Katie C. Benitah May 2020

Characterizing Putative Sexually Dimorphic Effects Of A Propionic Acid Induced Autism Spectrum Disorder Phenotype In Adult Male And Female Rats, Katie C. Benitah

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Research suggests that certain gut and dietary factors may worsen symptoms in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Studies have shown that treatment with the bacterial product, propionic acid (PPA), elicits neuroinflammatory and behavioral responses in rats that are characteristic of ASD in humans. A consistent male bias in ASD prevalence has been observed, and several sex-differential genetic and hormonal factors have been suggested to contribute. However, most studies of ASD, including those involving PPA, focus on males. The present study explored putative sex differences in the effects of PPA (500mg/kg) on a rat behavioral ASD phenotype and the influence of ...


What Moves, Why, And How: The Contribution Of Austronesian, Lisa Demena Travis, Diane Massam May 2020

What Moves, Why, And How: The Contribution Of Austronesian, Lisa Demena Travis, Diane Massam

Austronesian Formal Linguistics Association (AFLA)

No abstract provided.


Subjecthood And Unmarkedness In Niuean, Rebecca Tollan May 2020

Subjecthood And Unmarkedness In Niuean, Rebecca Tollan

Austronesian Formal Linguistics Association (AFLA)

No abstract provided.


V=Nya In Colloquial Malay, Mathieu Paillé May 2020

V=Nya In Colloquial Malay, Mathieu Paillé

Austronesian Formal Linguistics Association (AFLA)

No abstract provided.


Relative Clause Processing In Tongan: An Effect Of Syntactic Ergativity On The Object Preference, Hajime Ono, Koichi Otaki, Manami Sato, 'Ana Heti Veikun, Peseti Vea, Yuko Otsuka, Masatoshi Koizumi May 2020

Relative Clause Processing In Tongan: An Effect Of Syntactic Ergativity On The Object Preference, Hajime Ono, Koichi Otaki, Manami Sato, 'Ana Heti Veikun, Peseti Vea, Yuko Otsuka, Masatoshi Koizumi

Austronesian Formal Linguistics Association (AFLA)

No abstract provided.


The Prosodic Structure Of Pazeh, Benjamin Macaulay May 2020

The Prosodic Structure Of Pazeh, Benjamin Macaulay

Austronesian Formal Linguistics Association (AFLA)

No abstract provided.


Crossed-Control In Malay/Indonesian As Long-Distance Passivization, Paul Kroeger, Kristen Frazier May 2020

Crossed-Control In Malay/Indonesian As Long-Distance Passivization, Paul Kroeger, Kristen Frazier

Austronesian Formal Linguistics Association (AFLA)

No abstract provided.


Marking Accessible Information In Kimaragang, Paul Kroeger May 2020

Marking Accessible Information In Kimaragang, Paul Kroeger

Austronesian Formal Linguistics Association (AFLA)

No abstract provided.


On The Structure Of Tagalog Non-Dp Extraction, Henrison Hsieh May 2020

On The Structure Of Tagalog Non-Dp Extraction, Henrison Hsieh

Austronesian Formal Linguistics Association (AFLA)

No abstract provided.


Pseudo Noun Incorporation And Differential Object Marking: Object Licensing In Daakaka, Jens Hopperdietzel May 2020

Pseudo Noun Incorporation And Differential Object Marking: Object Licensing In Daakaka, Jens Hopperdietzel

Austronesian Formal Linguistics Association (AFLA)

No abstract provided.


Clause Truncation In South Sulawesi: Restructuring And Nominalization, Daniel Finer, Hasan Basri May 2020

Clause Truncation In South Sulawesi: Restructuring And Nominalization, Daniel Finer, Hasan Basri

Austronesian Formal Linguistics Association (AFLA)

No abstract provided.


The Typology Of Nominal Licensing In Austronesian Voice System Languages, Michael Yoshitaka Erlewine, Theodore Levin, Coppe Van Urk May 2020

The Typology Of Nominal Licensing In Austronesian Voice System Languages, Michael Yoshitaka Erlewine, Theodore Levin, Coppe Van Urk

Austronesian Formal Linguistics Association (AFLA)

No abstract provided.


Roviana Fronting And The Relationship Between Syntactic And Morphological Ergativity, James N. Collins, Peter Schuelke May 2020

Roviana Fronting And The Relationship Between Syntactic And Morphological Ergativity, James N. Collins, Peter Schuelke

Austronesian Formal Linguistics Association (AFLA)

No abstract provided.


Raising-To-Object In Amis, Tingchun Chen May 2020

Raising-To-Object In Amis, Tingchun Chen

Austronesian Formal Linguistics Association (AFLA)

No abstract provided.


Tsou Exclamatives In Comparative Syntax, Henry Y. Chang May 2020

Tsou Exclamatives In Comparative Syntax, Henry Y. Chang

Austronesian Formal Linguistics Association (AFLA)

No abstract provided.


Optional Wh-Movement And Topicalization In Eastern Cham, Kenneth Baclawski Jr. May 2020

Optional Wh-Movement And Topicalization In Eastern Cham, Kenneth Baclawski Jr.

Austronesian Formal Linguistics Association (AFLA)

No abstract provided.


Growing Relations: An Ethnographic Study On Rice, Vanilla, And Yams In Madagascar, Tyler Macintosh May 2020

Growing Relations: An Ethnographic Study On Rice, Vanilla, And Yams In Madagascar, Tyler Macintosh

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

I examine the various ways in which the rice, wild yams, and vanilla that grow in northern Madagascar feature in the lives of numerous people including rural community members, representatives of the Malagasy government, and foreigners, focusing especially on the distinctive networks of relationships entailed by each of these plants. Each case presents interesting dilemmas from which we can gain insight into the everyday lives and hardships faced by rural Malagasy. Rice is a staple crop which both feeds and employs many Malagasy. More importantly it is at the base of everyday life, sustaining and creating important social ties. Wild ...