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Wayne State University

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

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Articles 1 - 30 of 151

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Transformational Leadership Practice In The World’S Leading Academic Libraries, Patrick Lo, Bradley Allard, Hermina G.B. Anghelescu, Yawei Xin, Dickson K. W Chiu, Andrew J. Stark Jan 2020

Transformational Leadership Practice In The World’S Leading Academic Libraries, Patrick Lo, Bradley Allard, Hermina G.B. Anghelescu, Yawei Xin, Dickson K. W Chiu, Andrew J. Stark

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

This article analyzes 12 semi-structured interviews within the framework of transformational leadership, using a set of open-ended questions addressed to 12 directors (six men and six women) of academic libraries in high-ranking universities in four different countries (Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America). It also investigates the interviewees’ approach to managing and leading their library organizations within the context of the opportunities and challenges facing their organizations as well as their parent institutions. The interpretation of the participants’ responses is based on the four ‘I’s, the four dimensions of the concept of transformational ...


Macro-Level Diffusion Of A Methodological Knowledge Innovation: Research Synthesis Methods, 1972-2011, Laura Sheble Dec 2017

Macro-Level Diffusion Of A Methodological Knowledge Innovation: Research Synthesis Methods, 1972-2011, Laura Sheble

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

Use of research synthesis methods has contributed to changes in research practices. In disciplinary literatures, authors indicate motivations to use the methods include needs to (a) translate research-based knowledge to inform practice and policy decisions, and (b) integrate relatively large and diverse knowledge bases to increase the generality of results and yield novel insights or explanations. This review presents two histories of the diffusion of research synthesis methods: a narrative history based primarily in the health and social sciences; and a bibliometric overview across science broadly. Engagement with research synthesis was strongly correlated with evidence-based practice (EBP), and moderately with ...


Using Course-Subject Co-Occurrence (Csco) To Reveal The Structure Of An Academic Discipline: A Framework To Evaluate Different Inputs Of A Domain Map, Peter A. Hook Jan 2017

Using Course-Subject Co-Occurrence (Csco) To Reveal The Structure Of An Academic Discipline: A Framework To Evaluate Different Inputs Of A Domain Map, Peter A. Hook

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

This article proposes, exemplifies, and validates the use of course-subject co-occurrence (CSCO) data to generate topic maps of an academic discipline. A CSCO event is when two course-subjects are taught in the same academic year by the same teacher. 61,856 CSCO events were extracted from the 2010-11 directory of the American Association of Law Schools and used to visualize the structure of law school education in the United States. Different normalization, ordination (layout), and clustering algorithms were compared and the best performing algorithm of each type was used to generate the final map. Validation studies demonstrate that CSCO produces ...


Teaching Race In Cyberspace: Reflections On The “Virtual Privilege Walk” Exercise, Kafi D. Kumasi Jan 2017

Teaching Race In Cyberspace: Reflections On The “Virtual Privilege Walk” Exercise, Kafi D. Kumasi

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

Teaching for Justice describes the efforts of LIS faculty and instructors who feature social justice theory and strategies in their courses and classroom practices


Their Eyes Are Watching Us: Serving Racialized Youth In An Era Of Protest., Kafi D. Kumasi, Sandra Hughes-Hassell Jan 2017

Their Eyes Are Watching Us: Serving Racialized Youth In An Era Of Protest., Kafi D. Kumasi, Sandra Hughes-Hassell

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

This article comes at a critical juncture in US's history as racialized people continue to fight for protection of their human and civil rights, many of which were legally gained only with passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 1965 Voter Rights Act. Despite decades of legislative promises to end discrimination in educational opportunities, employment, housing, and the judicial system, racialized youth are more likely to attend schools that lack quality resources, including credentialed teachers, rigorous courses, qualified guidance counselors, and extracurricular activities; to face harsher disciplinary actions; and to drop out of school. The unemployment rate ...


Shifting Lenses On Youth Literacy And Identity, Kafi D. Kumasi, Sandra Hughes-Hassell Jan 2017

Shifting Lenses On Youth Literacy And Identity, Kafi D. Kumasi, Sandra Hughes-Hassell

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

Racialized youth, especially those who attend chronically underperforming schools in US's poor and urban communities, can be likened to singing canaries. These young people risk their lives by entering educational institutions that are not equipped to properly prepare them for the future. Historically, the canary served to warn coal miners of the presence of dangerous gases. When the canary stopped singing or was found dead, the miners knew a serious problem required immediate attention. Like canaries, racialized youth in inner-city schools are a litmus test for the health of the entire educational system in the US. In this article ...


Random Ramblings — Why Don’T Public Librarians Brag More About One Of Their Greatest Successes: Providing Pleasure Reading For Their Patrons?, Robert P. Holley Jan 2016

Random Ramblings — Why Don’T Public Librarians Brag More About One Of Their Greatest Successes: Providing Pleasure Reading For Their Patrons?, Robert P. Holley

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

The article offers the author's insights on various aspects related to public libraries. Topics discussed include various services offered in libraries such as reading and online searching, librarian courses offered at the Wayne State University, and several field covered in library courses such as history of public libraries, culture of library, and job responsibilities of librarians.


Search Committees: When Members Disagree On The Relative Importance Of Candidate Qualifications, Robert P. Holley Jan 2016

Search Committees: When Members Disagree On The Relative Importance Of Candidate Qualifications, Robert P. Holley

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

A factor not often mentioned in advice to job hunters is that members of search committees may be looking for different types of candidates even with an agreed upon job description and may also have dissimilar views on the importance of the search. This article describes a role playing exercise that I devised to demonstrate this point in my management class. The five members of the search committee, each representing a librarian stereotype, must decide between two candidates with diametrically opposed skills. Candidates will learn that this factor means that no one set of qualifications may satisfy everyone on the ...


Finding And Reading Reports Of Research: How Academic Librarians Can Help Students Be More Successful, Dian Walster, Deborah Charbonneau, Kafi D. Kumasi Jan 2016

Finding And Reading Reports Of Research: How Academic Librarians Can Help Students Be More Successful, Dian Walster, Deborah Charbonneau, Kafi D. Kumasi

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

No abstract provided.


Random Ramblings — Scholarly Publishing In Retirement, Robert P. Holley Nov 2015

Random Ramblings — Scholarly Publishing In Retirement, Robert P. Holley

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

In the article, the author discusses whether it is easier for academics to continue publishing scholarly articles when they retire, particularly in the U.S. He cites his own experiences to discuss the issue. He also cites his retirement as faculty at Wayne State University, his membership to the American Library Association (ALA) Retired Members Round Table (RMRT), and the survey he conducted on the issue.


Prologue, H.G.B. Anghelescu Oct 2015

Prologue, H.G.B. Anghelescu

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

No abstract provided.


Introduction, H.G.B. Anghelescu Oct 2015

Introduction, H.G.B. Anghelescu

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

No abstract provided.


Finding “Diversity Levers” In The Core Library And Information Science Curriculum: A Social Justice Imperative, Kafi D. Kumasi, Nichole Manlove Oct 2015

Finding “Diversity Levers” In The Core Library And Information Science Curriculum: A Social Justice Imperative, Kafi D. Kumasi, Nichole Manlove

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

In this exploratory study, the researchers examined the core library and information science (LIS) curriculum, looking for diversity levers, or conceptual access points, where transformative academic knowledge related to diversity and social justice could be meaningfully integrated. Multicultural curriculum reform, conceptualized as a social justice approach, was the guiding framework for the research design and analysis. The researchers began by establishing what constitutes the core curriculum and essential knowledge taught across thirty-six ALA-accredited master’s of library and information science degree programs. These data were then used to construct a survey that went to one hundred LIS faculty at ALA ...


The Challenges Of Teaching The Introductory Lis Management Course, Robert P. Holley Sep 2015

The Challenges Of Teaching The Introductory Lis Management Course, Robert P. Holley

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

Teaching the introductory LIS management course may be the most challenging assignment for LIS professors because of the breadth of the subject, the probabilistic nature of management principles, and the differing management environments of LIS organizations. The best teaching strategy is to describe honestly to students the benefits and limitations of the course and to focus on the achievable objectives of introducing students to core management concepts, providing skill enhancement, and encouraging them to evaluate their management potential. The article discusses the difficulties of teaching leadership skills, the limits imposed by student competencies, and the impact of the professor's ...


Why Don’T Library Science Students Want To Become Managers?, Robert P. Holley Jul 2015

Why Don’T Library Science Students Want To Become Managers?, Robert P. Holley

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

Very few students who have taken Wayne State University's required management course from me have any interest in library careers in management. Some are even more firm in their decision after taking the course though most graduates will have management responsibilities in their first library position and some will manage a small library. I polled current students and recent graduates about this reluctance. The sixteen responses considered the following possible causes: personality traits, a preference for traditional library activities, a dislike of managerial responsibilities, prior management experience, and salary. Additional, more systematic research is needed to test this hypothesis.


Review Of "The Scholarly Kitchen," By David Crotty, Robert P. Holley Jul 2015

Review Of "The Scholarly Kitchen," By David Crotty, Robert P. Holley

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

No abstract provided.


Op Ed — Random Ramblings — Don’T Forget About Small Libraries, Robert P. Holley Jun 2015

Op Ed — Random Ramblings — Don’T Forget About Small Libraries, Robert P. Holley

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

Bob expands on the fact that small libraries don’t get the respect that they deserve.


Regime Change In Romania: A Quarter-Century Impact On Libraries, H.G.B. Anghelescu, Elena Chiaburu Apr 2015

Regime Change In Romania: A Quarter-Century Impact On Libraries, H.G.B. Anghelescu, Elena Chiaburu

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

This paper takes a fresh look at the transformative events that marked the development of the library scene at the twenty-fifth anniversary of regime change in Romania. It examines their significance for the country’s postcommunist trajectories by linking the past, present, and future of library development. Libraries of all types have been affected in either a positive or negative way during the past twenty-five years. Currently, there is no strategy at the national level to coordinate library development or to establish priorities and directions for growth. Due to significant financial aid from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the public ...


Libraries In Moldova: The Road To Renewal In Hard Economic Times, H.G.B. Anghelescu, Eugenia Bejan Apr 2015

Libraries In Moldova: The Road To Renewal In Hard Economic Times, H.G.B. Anghelescu, Eugenia Bejan

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

The transition from a communist to a democratic society has affected the entire social map of Moldova, including the library network. For over two and a half decades, Moldovan libraries have undergone major changes and reforms: from closed- to open-access stacks; from ideological institutions serving political platforms to public squares in support of democracy; from repositories of propaganda books to information centers serving the information needs of the communities they serve. This paper examines the changes in, and challenges faced by, Moldova’s libraries from 1991, the year that marks the country’s independence, to the present. Various projects—government-sponsored ...


Health Disclaimers And Website Credibility Markers: Guidance For Consumer Health Reference In The Affordable Care Act Era, Deborah H. Charbonneau Apr 2015

Health Disclaimers And Website Credibility Markers: Guidance For Consumer Health Reference In The Affordable Care Act Era, Deborah H. Charbonneau

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

This article reports on the current state of health disclaimers, online health resources, and credibility markers provided on public library websites (N = 105) for those seeking health information. In light of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), these findings have implications for consumer health reference services in public libraries. Approximately half of the public library websites in the study sample (n = 52, 49.5%) referred users to the ACA Health Insurance Marketplace website (HealthCare.gov). When referring to online consumer health resources, a small number of public library websites identified the authors of online health content (n = 16, 15.2%) or ...


Random Ramblings — Rational Individual Decisions That Lead To Irrational Global Consequences, Robert P. Holley Apr 2015

Random Ramblings — Rational Individual Decisions That Lead To Irrational Global Consequences, Robert P. Holley

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

Bob says that when making rational individual decisions one shouldn’t worry about diffuse global consequences.


Random Ramblings — One Small Step For Smashwords, One Giant Leap For Self-Publishing (Perhaps), Robert P. Holley Nov 2014

Random Ramblings — One Small Step For Smashwords, One Giant Leap For Self-Publishing (Perhaps), Robert P. Holley

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

The article focuses on the electronic publishing company Smashwords and is partnership with digital distributor OverDrive to offer electronic book packages to libraries. Topics include how the partnership will impact the distribution of self-published materials and the availability of self-published materials at academic libraries.


Library Planning And Budgeting: A Few Underappreciated Principles, Robert P. Holley Nov 2014

Library Planning And Budgeting: A Few Underappreciated Principles, Robert P. Holley

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

In this issue, Robert P. Holley, Professor of Library and Information Science at Wayne State University, looks at several important points about library planning and budgeting from his twenty five years’ experience as a library administrator. He chose these topics because they most often come as a surprise to students in his library management classes as well as his library colleagues. Understanding these few underappreciated and less than obvious management principles can help library managers grasp how libraries are different from for-profit organizations and how they can avoid some planning and budgeting traps.


The Structure And Evolution Of The Academic Discipline Of Law In The United States: Generation And Validation Of Course-Subject Co-Occurrence (Csco) Maps, Peter A. Hook Jul 2014

The Structure And Evolution Of The Academic Discipline Of Law In The United States: Generation And Validation Of Course-Subject Co-Occurrence (Csco) Maps, Peter A. Hook

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

This dissertation proposes, exemplifies, and validates the usage of course-subject co-occurrence (CSCO) data to generate topic maps of an academic discipline. CSCO is defined as course-subjects taught in the same academic year by the same teacher. This work is premised on the assumption that in the aggregate and for reasons of efficiency, faculty members teach course-subjects that are topically similar to one another. To exemplify and validate CSCO, more than 112,000 CSCO events were extracted from the annual directories of the American Association of Law Schools covering nearly eighty years of law school teaching in the United States. The ...


Random Ramblings — “You Can’T Always Get What You Want”: When Academic Libraries Say No, Robert P. Holley Jun 2014

Random Ramblings — “You Can’T Always Get What You Want”: When Academic Libraries Say No, Robert P. Holley

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

Does focusing on perceived needs lead to negative consequences?


Self-Publishing: A New Challenge For Universal Bibliographic Control, Robert P. Holley May 2014

Self-Publishing: A New Challenge For Universal Bibliographic Control, Robert P. Holley

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

Self-publishing in the United States has increased to between 50-75% of book titles published annually, facilitated by the popularity of ebooks and print-on-demand. Amazon.com and other companies have encouraged the trend by paying royalties and providing support to authors. This increase in self-published materials poses a new challenge for Universal Bibliographic Control (UBC). Today, UBC is much different in the age of information overload compared with the relative information scarcity before the arrival of the Internet. Libraries have nonetheless retained an interest in bibliographically controlling traditional books. Self-published books can be indistinguishable from trade publications but fall outside many ...


Copyright Awareness, Partnerships, And Training Issues In Academic Libraries, Deborah H. Charbonneau, Michael Priehs May 2014

Copyright Awareness, Partnerships, And Training Issues In Academic Libraries, Deborah H. Charbonneau, Michael Priehs

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

This article reports on the results of a national survey of academic librarians and library staff (N = 226) in the United States about their awareness of various copyright policies, partnerships with campus groups to address copyright issues, and training needs. A majority of the survey respondents reported that they have answered copyright-related questions in the workplace, yet only 49% (n = 98) of the respondents perceived they were prepared to provide copyright information to library users. Awareness of various copyright policies among librarians and staff members varied, including a reported minimal awareness of the T.E.A.C.H. Act. In ...


Sex And Intellectual Freedom, Robert P. Holley Apr 2014

Sex And Intellectual Freedom, Robert P. Holley

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

No abstract provided.


Altmetrics: New Trends In Tracking And Measuring Scholarly Impact, Deborah H. Charbonneau, Alexandra Sarkozy Mar 2014

Altmetrics: New Trends In Tracking And Measuring Scholarly Impact, Deborah H. Charbonneau, Alexandra Sarkozy

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

This invited presentation discusses the rising trend of altmetrics or "alternative metrics." The presentation introduces how altmetrics are shaping the scholarly landscape, their relationship to traditional metrics, and their potential uses for tracking scholarly influence. A diverse range of alternative tools for assessing scholarly impact and opportunities for library and information professionals are also described.


A Discussion And Suggestions On Ethical Barriers In Librarianship: Information Privacy, Controversial Materials, And Personal Beliefs, Spyros Tsompanakis Mar 2014

A Discussion And Suggestions On Ethical Barriers In Librarianship: Information Privacy, Controversial Materials, And Personal Beliefs, Spyros Tsompanakis

School of Information Sciences Faculty Research Publications

In this work, the author discusses three ethical issues that have become barriers in the library environment: information privacy, controversial materials, and personal beliefs. The specific issues are covered by the ALA Code of Ethics, which is a general but clear guideline. In the library’s everyday life, however, these guidelines are being challenged by the occasional or consistent behaviors of librarians, users, and administrators. The author has witnessed situations when the above mentioned ethical issues caused conflicts and threatened to challenge librarianship as a concept and the values that come with it. The author presents the LIS literature on ...