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Selected Works

Dennis P. Culhane

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Articles 1 - 30 of 103

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Latinx Homelessness In Philadelphia: Rates Of Services Use, Perceived Barriers And Assets, And Potential Opportunities For Leveraging City Reform Efforts To Address Service Gaps, Dennis P. Culhane, Stephen Metraux, Dan Treglia, Kim Lowman, Angel Ortiz-Siberon Oct 2019

Latinx Homelessness In Philadelphia: Rates Of Services Use, Perceived Barriers And Assets, And Potential Opportunities For Leveraging City Reform Efforts To Address Service Gaps, Dennis P. Culhane, Stephen Metraux, Dan Treglia, Kim Lowman, Angel Ortiz-Siberon

Dennis P. Culhane

In this report we examine the differential use of homeless services by the Latinx populationcompared to other racial and ethnic groups in the City of Philadelphia from several perspectives. First, we undertake a systematic, empirical examination to confirm the existence of such a “Latinx paradox” among Philadelphia homeless services. In doing so, we analyze service utilization data to document the extent to which race and ethnic groups, stratified by age and sex, are served by emergency shelter, transitional housing and street outreach programs, after adjusting for poverty status. Second, we seek to better understand possible dynamics that might contribute to ...


When Crises Converge: Hospital Visits Before And After Shelter Use Among Homeless New Yorkers, Dan Treglia, Eileen L. Johns, Maryanne Schretzman, Jacob Berman, Dennis P. Culhane, David C. Lee, Kelly M. Doran Aug 2019

When Crises Converge: Hospital Visits Before And After Shelter Use Among Homeless New Yorkers, Dan Treglia, Eileen L. Johns, Maryanne Schretzman, Jacob Berman, Dennis P. Culhane, David C. Lee, Kelly M. Doran

Dennis P. Culhane

People who are homeless use more hospital-based care than average, yet little is known about how hospital and shelter use are interrelated. We examined the timing of emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations relative to entry into and exit from New York City homeless shelters, using an analysis of linked health care and shelter administrative databases. In the year before shelter entry and the year following shelter exit, 39.3 percent and 43.3 percent, respectively, of firsttime adult shelter users had an ED visit or hospitalization. Hospital visits—particularly ED visits—began to increase several months before shelter entry ...


Suicidality And The Onset Of Homelessness: Evidence For A Temporal Association From Vha Treatment Records, Dennis P. Culhane, Dorota Szymkowiak, John A. Schinka Jul 2019

Suicidality And The Onset Of Homelessness: Evidence For A Temporal Association From Vha Treatment Records, Dennis P. Culhane, Dorota Szymkowiak, John A. Schinka

Dennis P. Culhane

Objective:

This study examined the temporal sequencing of a first-recorded episode of homelessness and treatment for suicidal ideation or attempt.

Methods:

Data were from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Corporate Data Warehouse and contained medical records of service use dates and associated ICD codes for care provided by the Veterans Health Administration. The analysis examined treatment for suicidality before and after a first record of homelessness (“onset”) among 152,519 veterans. The second analysis examined the rate of treatment for suicidality among 156,288 veterans with any indication of homelessness. The third analysis examined the rate of homelessness ...


An Evaluation Of The City Of Philadelphia's Kensington Encampment Resolution Pilot, Stephen Metraux, Meagan Cusack, Fritz Graham, David S. Metzger, Dennis P. Culhane Mar 2019

An Evaluation Of The City Of Philadelphia's Kensington Encampment Resolution Pilot, Stephen Metraux, Meagan Cusack, Fritz Graham, David S. Metzger, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

This evaluation is an independent examination of the City of Philadelphia’s Encampment Resolution Pilot (ERP), an initiative to shut down two homeless encampments located in the Kensington section of Philadelphia. The closure process involved an extended period of active outreach that facilitated access to housing, substance use treatment, and other services to people who stayed in the encampments and faced displacement. We examined two primary outcomes: first, whether the encampments were closed as scheduled and remained closed; and, second, the extent to which the people who were sleeping in the encampments (i.e., the target population) received needed services ...


Final Report: A Review Of Year Two Of Los Angeles County's Homeless Initiative, Halil Toros, Stephen Metraux, Dennis P. Culhane Feb 2019

Final Report: A Review Of Year Two Of Los Angeles County's Homeless Initiative, Halil Toros, Stephen Metraux, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

In February 2016, the LA County Board of Supervisors formally approved a comprehensive set of strategies, administered under the County’s Chief Executive Office (CEO), that provide the framework for LA County’s Homeless Initiative (HI). The HI strategies are the product of a collaborative planning process that involved the participation of multiple County departments, cities and community organizations.
The core of the initiative is 51 strategies that create or expand a range of client-centered services and are structured to produce measurable outcomes. These strategies are grouped into six focus areas seeking to do the following:

➢ Prevent Homelessness;
➢ Subsidize Housing ...


A Professional Service For Housing Stabilisation, Dennis P. Culhane Jan 2019

A Professional Service For Housing Stabilisation, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

As countries with advanced economies have come to reconcile with an indefinite future of housing affordability shortages, the need for a formallyorganised sector of social work practice in housing stabilization has been recognised as necessary for addressing an expected and periodic rate of housing emergencies and homelessness.


The Emerging Crisis Of Aged Homelessness: Could Housing Solutions Be Funded From Avoidance Of Excess Shelter, Hospital And Nursing Home Costs?, Dennis P. Culhane, Dan Treglia, Thomas Byrne, Stephen Metraux, Randall Kuhn, Kelly Doran, Eileen Johns, Maryanne Schretzman Jan 2019

The Emerging Crisis Of Aged Homelessness: Could Housing Solutions Be Funded From Avoidance Of Excess Shelter, Hospital And Nursing Home Costs?, Dennis P. Culhane, Dan Treglia, Thomas Byrne, Stephen Metraux, Randall Kuhn, Kelly Doran, Eileen Johns, Maryanne Schretzman

Dennis P. Culhane

The population of individuals who are homeless and elderly is expected to nearly triple over the next decade. The projected upturn of the aging homeless population—concentrated among those born between 1955­ – 1966—will also lead to a surge of cost increases associated with health care and shelter needs. The multi-site study includes Boston, New York City, and Los Angeles County, but is indicative of growth that is expected to take place across the country.  More specifically, the national population of people 65 or older experiencing homelessness is estimated to grow from 40,000 today to 106,000 by ...


A Data-Based Re-Design Of Housing Supports And Services For Aging Adults Who Experience Homelessness In Los Angeles, Dennis P. Culhane, Stephen Metraux, Randall Kuhn Jan 2019

A Data-Based Re-Design Of Housing Supports And Services For Aging Adults Who Experience Homelessness In Los Angeles, Dennis P. Culhane, Stephen Metraux, Randall Kuhn

Dennis P. Culhane

This report examines health services use and population dynamics among the aging homeless population in Los Angeles. Evidence suggests that adverse health outcomes lead to homelessness, and the conditions related to homelessness lead to or exacerbate a range of health problems (Hwang, 2001). In addition, the barriers to accessing preventative and primary care while homeless lead to receipt of healthcare only when morbidities are more acute, (Reid, Vittinghoff, & Kushel, 2008; Kushel, Gupta, Gee, & Haas, 2006; Lim, Andersen, Leake, Cunningham, & Gelberg, 2002) meaning that there is a disproportionate use of inpatient hospitalization and other costly medical and behavioral health services among ...


A Data-Driven Re-Design Of Housing Supports And Services For Aging Adults Who Experience Homelessness In New York City, Dennis P. Culhane, Dan Treglia, Randall Kuhn, Kelly Doran, Eileen Johns, Maryanne Schretzman Jan 2019

A Data-Driven Re-Design Of Housing Supports And Services For Aging Adults Who Experience Homelessness In New York City, Dennis P. Culhane, Dan Treglia, Randall Kuhn, Kelly Doran, Eileen Johns, Maryanne Schretzman

Dennis P. Culhane

This report examines health services use and population dynamics among the aging homeless population in New York City. Evidence suggests that adverse health outcomes lead to homelessness, and the conditions related to homelessness lead to or exacerbate a range of health problems (Hwang, 2001). In addition, the barriers to accessing preventative and primary care while homeless lead to receipt of healthcare only when morbidities are more acute, (Reid, Vittinghoff, & Kushel, 2008; Kushel, Gupta, Gee, & Haas, 2006; Lim, Andersen, Leake, Cunningham, & Gelberg, 2002) meaning that there is a disproportionate use of inpatient hospitalization and other costly medical and behavioral health services ...


Inflection Points In Community-Level Homeless Rates, Chris Glynn, Thomas H. Byrne, Dennis P. Culhane Dec 2018

Inflection Points In Community-Level Homeless Rates, Chris Glynn, Thomas H. Byrne, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

Previous studies that quantify the relationship between homeless rates and features of a community typically assume a global linear relationship. This linear model assumption precludes the possibility of inflection points in homeless rates - thresholds in quantifiable metrics of a community which, once breached, are associated with large increases in homelessness. In this paper, we identifying points of structural change in the relationship between homeless rates and community-level measures of housing affordability and extreme poverty. We develop a Dirichlet process mixture model that allows clusters of communities with similar features to exhibit common patterns of variation in homeless rates. A main ...


The 2018 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report To The Congress, Meghan Henry, Anna Mahathey, Tyler Morrill, Anna Robinson, Azim Shivji, Rian Watt, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane Nov 2018

The 2018 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report To The Congress, Meghan Henry, Anna Mahathey, Tyler Morrill, Anna Robinson, Azim Shivji, Rian Watt, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

On a single night in 2018, roughly 553,000 people were experiencing homelessness in the United States. About two-thirds (65%) were staying in sheltered locations—emergency shelters or transitional housing programs—and about one-third (35%) were in unsheltered locations such as on the street, in abandoned buildings, or in other places not suitable for human habitation. Homelessness increased (though modestly) for the second year in a row. The number of homeless people on a single night increased by 0.3 percent between 2017 and 2018. The increase reflects declines in the number of people staying in emergency shelters and transitional ...


The 2017 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report To The Congress: Part 2, Meghan Henry, Korrin Bishop, Tanya De Sousa, Azim Shivji, Rian Watt, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane Sep 2018

The 2017 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report To The Congress: Part 2, Meghan Henry, Korrin Bishop, Tanya De Sousa, Azim Shivji, Rian Watt, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

This report is the second part of a two-part series. The first part is called The 2017 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR) to Congress, Part 1: Point-in-Time Estimates of Homelessness, and was published in December 2017. The Part 1 report provides estimates of homelessness based on PIT count data gathered by communities throughout the country in late January. The estimates are provided at the national-, state-, and CoC-levels. Part 2 of the 2017 AHAR builds on the Part 1 report by adding 1-year estimates of sheltered homelessness based on data from HMIS. The HMIS estimates provide detailed demographic information about ...


Employment And Earnings Trajectories During Two Decades Among Adults In New York City Homeless Shelters, Stephen Metraux, Jamison Fargo, Nicholas Eng, Dennis P. Culhane Jul 2018

Employment And Earnings Trajectories During Two Decades Among Adults In New York City Homeless Shelters, Stephen Metraux, Jamison Fargo, Nicholas Eng, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

In this study, we provide one of the most expansive and systematic views to date of the role of employment and earnings in a large, sheltered homeless population consisting of both individual and family households. Using matched and aggregated administrative data from SSA and the New York City (NYC) Department of Homeless Services (DHS), we juxtapose aggregated earnings and shelter-use data for 160,525 sheltered adults during two decades of followup. If employment represents a shock of sufficient magnitude to precipitate homelessness, then these data should show associations between declines in employment and earnings and onset of shelter use. Furthermore ...


Epidemiology Of Homelessness Among Veterans, Emily Brignone, Jamison Fargo, Dennis P. Culhane Dec 2017

Epidemiology Of Homelessness Among Veterans, Emily Brignone, Jamison Fargo, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

In this chapter, we address the epidemiology of homelessness among US Veterans, including a discussion of the methodological challenges relevant to the enumeration and description of homelessness as well as a presentation of current estimates and trends in homelessness among Veterans. The chapter begins with a brief overview of homelessness among Veterans historically, with the remainder of the chapter focusing on the prevalence and incidence of homelessness among Veterans over the past decade. The methodological considerations discussed in this chapter include issues surrounding conceptual definitions of homelessness, implications related to the time frame used for estimates, a comparison between point ...


The 2017 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (Ahar) To Congress: Part 1, Point-In-Time Estimates Of Homelessness, Meghan Henry, Rian Watt, Lily Rosenthal, Azim Shivji, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane Nov 2017

The 2017 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (Ahar) To Congress: Part 1, Point-In-Time Estimates Of Homelessness, Meghan Henry, Rian Watt, Lily Rosenthal, Azim Shivji, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

On a single night in 2017, 553,742 people were experiencing homelessness in the United States. For every 10,000 people in the country, 17 were experiencing homelessness. Approximately two thirds (65%) were staying in emergency shelters or transitional housing programs, and about one third (35%) were in unsheltered locations.

Homelessness increased for the first time in seven years. The number of people experiencing homelessness increased by a little less than one percent between 2016 and 2017. This increase reflected a nine percent increase in the number of people experiencing homelessness in unsheltered locations, which was partially offset by a ...


The 2016 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (Ahar) To Congress, Part 2, Claudia D. Solari, Azim Shivji, Tanya De Sousa, Rian Watt, Mark Silverbush, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane Oct 2017

The 2016 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (Ahar) To Congress, Part 2, Claudia D. Solari, Azim Shivji, Tanya De Sousa, Rian Watt, Mark Silverbush, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

This report is the second part of a two-part series. The first part is called The 2016 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR) to Congress, Part 1: Point-in-Time Estimates of Homelessness, and was published in November 2016. The Part 1 report provides estimates of homelessness based on PIT count data gathered by communities throughout the country in late January. The estimates are provided at
the national-, state-, and CoC-levels.

Part 2 of the 2016 AHAR builds on the Part 1 report by adding 1-year estimates of sheltered homelessness based on data from HMIS. The HMIS estimates provide detailed demographic information about ...


The 2016 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (Ahar) To Congress: Part 1, Point In Time Estimates, Megan Henry, Rian Watt, Lily Rosenthal, Azim Shivji, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane Oct 2016

The 2016 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (Ahar) To Congress: Part 1, Point In Time Estimates, Megan Henry, Rian Watt, Lily Rosenthal, Azim Shivji, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

On a single night in 2016, 549,928 people were experiencing homelessness in the United States. A majority (68%) was staying in emergency shelters, transitional housing programs, or safe havens, and 32 percent were in unsheltered locations.  Over one-fifth of people experiencing homelessness were children (22%), 69 percent
were over the age of 24, and nine percent were between the ages of 18 and 24. Between 2015 and 2016, the number of people experiencing homelessness declined by three percent. Declines were composed entirely of
people staying in sheltered locations (which declined by 5%).  Homelessness increased among people staying in unsheltered ...


The 2015 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report (Ahar) To Congress, Part 2, Claudia D. Solari, Sean Morris, Azim Shivji, Tanya De Souza, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane Oct 2016

The 2015 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report (Ahar) To Congress, Part 2, Claudia D. Solari, Sean Morris, Azim Shivji, Tanya De Souza, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

Since 2007, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development has released an annual report on the extent of homelessness in the United States—the Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR). The report documents how many people are experiencing sheltered homelessness and how many people are experiencing homelessness in unsheltered locations often referred to as “the street.” The AHAR is submitted each year to the U.S. Congress, and its contents are used to inform federal, state, and local policies to prevent and end homelessness.

This report is the second part of a two-part series. The first part is called ...


Homeless Veterans Eligible For Medicaid Under The Affordable Care Act 2015, Jack Tsai, Wesley J. Kasprow, Dennis P. Culhane, Robert Rosenheck Nov 2015

Homeless Veterans Eligible For Medicaid Under The Affordable Care Act 2015, Jack Tsai, Wesley J. Kasprow, Dennis P. Culhane, Robert Rosenheck

Dennis P. Culhane

Objective: Among homeless veterans and those at risk of homelessness currently enrolled in Veterans Affairs (VA)health care, this study examined the proportion likely to become eligible for Medicaid in 2014 and their health needs.

Methods: A total of 114,497 homeless and at-risk veterans were categorized into three groups: currently covered by Medicaid, likely to become eligible for Medicaid, and not likely.

Results: Seventy-eight percent of the sample was determined to be likely to become eligible for Medicaid in states that expand Medicaid. Compared with veterans not likely to become eligible for Medicaid, those likely to become eligible were ...


Brisbane Common Ground Evaluation: Final Report, Cameron Parsell, Maree Petersen, Ornella Moutou, Dennis P. Culhane, Ed Lucio, Alan Dick Nov 2015

Brisbane Common Ground Evaluation: Final Report, Cameron Parsell, Maree Petersen, Ornella Moutou, Dennis P. Culhane, Ed Lucio, Alan Dick

Dennis P. Culhane

The purpose of the evaluation is to “examine whether the Brisbane Common Ground initiative has been successful in assisting tenants to maintain secure housing and improve health, wellbeing, social and economic outcomes” (Queensland Government 2012: 7). The evaluation was tasked with examining four dimensions of Brisbane Common Ground; these are:
• The implementation of the initiative and to identify key successes and areas for improvement;
• The design and performance of the building is meeting user requirements and supporting the achievement of the service’s objectives;
• The effectiveness of the Brisbane Common Ground supportive housing service in improving long-term tenant outcomes and ...


The 2015 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report (Ahar) To Congress, Part 1: Point-In-Time Estimates Of Homelessness, Meghan Henry, Azim Shivji, Tanya De Sousa, Rebecca Cohen, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane Oct 2015

The 2015 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report (Ahar) To Congress, Part 1: Point-In-Time Estimates Of Homelessness, Meghan Henry, Azim Shivji, Tanya De Sousa, Rebecca Cohen, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) releases the Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress (AHAR) in two parts. Part 1 provides Point-in- Time (PIT) estimates, offering a snapshot of homelessness—both sheltered and unsheltered— on a single night. The one-night counts are conducted in late January of each year. The PIT counts also provide an estimate of the number of people experiencing homelessness within particular subpopulations, such as people with chronic patterns of homelessness and veterans experiencing homelessness. For the first time this year, HUD reports on the subpopulation of people under the age of 25 who are ...


No Place To Call Home: Late Boomers Face Homelessness, End Of Life Difficulties, Dennis P. Culhane Oct 2015

No Place To Call Home: Late Boomers Face Homelessness, End Of Life Difficulties, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane


Among the more troubling aspects of contemporary homelessness is that the problem has been concentrated among people born between 1953 and 1965. This was true in 1990 when the peak age of adults who were homeless was 30, as it is today, with a peak age of 55. Adults who are homeless have a much reduced life expectancy compared to their housed peers, and can expect to live to a mere 64 years. That means that advanced aging-related illnesses and disabilities are confronting this population in increasing numbers, and end-of-life issues will soon come to the forefront of concerns.


The 2014 Homelessness Assessment Report To Congress Part 2: Estimates Of Homelessness In The United States, Claudia D. Solari, Stephanie Althoff, Korrin Bishop, Zachery Epstein, Sean Morris, Azim Shivji, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane Oct 2015

The 2014 Homelessness Assessment Report To Congress Part 2: Estimates Of Homelessness In The United States, Claudia D. Solari, Stephanie Althoff, Korrin Bishop, Zachery Epstein, Sean Morris, Azim Shivji, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

Since 2007, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development has released an annual report on the extent of homelessness in the United States—the Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR). The report documents how many people are using shelter programs for homeless people and how many people are in unsheltered locations often referred to as "the street." The AHAR is submitted each year to the U.S. Congress, and its contents are used to inform federal, state, and local policies to prevent and end homelessness.

This report is the second part of a two-part series. The first part is ...


Screening For Homelessness In The Veterans Health Administration: Monitoring Housing Stability Through Repeat Screening, Thomas Byrne, Jamison D. Fargo, Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, Christopher B. Roberts, Dennis P. Culhane, Vincent Kane Oct 2015

Screening For Homelessness In The Veterans Health Administration: Monitoring Housing Stability Through Repeat Screening, Thomas Byrne, Jamison D. Fargo, Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, Christopher B. Roberts, Dennis P. Culhane, Vincent Kane

Dennis P. Culhane

Objective. This study examined veterans’ responses to the Veterans Health Administration’s (VHA’s) universal screen for homelessness and risk ofhomelessness (hereinafter referred to as “risk”) during the first 12 months ofimplementation.

Methods. We calculated the baseline annual frequency of homelessness and risk among all veterans who completed an initial screen during the studyperiod. We measured changes in housing status among veterans who initiallyscreened positive and then completed a follow-up screen, assessed factorsassociated with such changes, and identified distinct risk profiles of veteranswho completed a follow-up screen.

Results. More than 4 million veterans completed an initial screen; 1.8% (n ...


A Global Framework For Understanding And Measuring Homelessness, Volker Busch-Geertsema, Dennis P. Culhane, Suzanne Fitzpatrick Sep 2015

A Global Framework For Understanding And Measuring Homelessness, Volker Busch-Geertsema, Dennis P. Culhane, Suzanne Fitzpatrick

Dennis P. Culhane

No abstract provided.


Predictors Of Homelessness Among Families And Single Adults After Exit From Homelessness Prevention And Rapid Rehousing Programs: Evidence From The Department Of Veterans Affairs Supportive Services For Veteran Families Program, Thomas Byrne, Daniel Treglia, Dennis P. Culhane, John Kuhn, Vincent Kane Sep 2015

Predictors Of Homelessness Among Families And Single Adults After Exit From Homelessness Prevention And Rapid Rehousing Programs: Evidence From The Department Of Veterans Affairs Supportive Services For Veteran Families Program, Thomas Byrne, Daniel Treglia, Dennis P. Culhane, John Kuhn, Vincent Kane

Dennis P. Culhane

This article assesses the extent and predictors of homelessness among veterans (both veterans in families with children and single adults veterans) exiting the Supportive Services for Veteran Families (SSVF) program, which is a nationwide homelessness prevention and rapid re-housing programgeared primarily toward those experiencing crisis homelessness.Among rapid re-housing participants, 16%and 26%of single adult veterans experienced an episode of homelessness at 1 and 2 years post-SSVF exit; the comparable figures at those follow-up times for veterans in familieswere 9.4%and 15.5%, respectively. Relatively fewer single adult veterans and veterans in families receiving homelessness prevention services experienced ...


Military Misconduct And Homelessness Among Us Veterans Separated From Active Duty, 2001-2012, Adi V. Gundlapalli, Jamison D. Fargo, Stephen Metraux, Marjorie E. Carter, Matthew K. Samore, Vincent Kane, Dennis P. Culhane Aug 2015

Military Misconduct And Homelessness Among Us Veterans Separated From Active Duty, 2001-2012, Adi V. Gundlapalli, Jamison D. Fargo, Stephen Metraux, Marjorie E. Carter, Matthew K. Samore, Vincent Kane, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

Misconduct-related separations from the military are associated with subsequent adverse civilian outcomes that are of substantial public health concern.1 We investigated the association between misconduct-related separations and homelessness among recently returned active-duty military service members.


Book Review: How To House The Homeless. Edited By Ingrid Gould Ellen And Brendan O'Flaherty. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2010, Dennis P. Culhane Aug 2015

Book Review: How To House The Homeless. Edited By Ingrid Gould Ellen And Brendan O'Flaherty. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2010, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

No abstract provided.


Testing Alternative Definitions Of Chronic Homelessness, Thomas Byrne, Dennis P. Culhane Mar 2015

Testing Alternative Definitions Of Chronic Homelessness, Thomas Byrne, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

Objective: This study examined the potential impact of a proposed change to the official federal definition of chronic homelessness.
Methods: Using administrative data from the emergency shelters in a large U.S. city, this study estimated the number of persons identified as chronically homeless under the current definition of chronic homelessness, a proposed new federal definition, and two alternative definitions and examined shelter utilization for each group.
Results: Fewer than half as many people were considered chronically homeless under the proposed new federal definition compared with the current definition. Persons considered chronically homeless by the proposed new definition and, to ...


Childhood Adversity, Adult Homelessness And The Intergenerational Transmission Of Risk: A Population-Representative Study Of Individuals In Households With Children, J J. Cutuli, Ann Elizabeth Montgomer, Michelle Evans-Chase, Dennis P. Culhane Jan 2015

Childhood Adversity, Adult Homelessness And The Intergenerational Transmission Of Risk: A Population-Representative Study Of Individuals In Households With Children, J J. Cutuli, Ann Elizabeth Montgomer, Michelle Evans-Chase, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

This study tested for associations between childhood adversity, adult homelessness and contexts of developmental risk in households with children. Data were drawn from the 2010 Washington State Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, representative of the population of Washington State residents. Considering adults in households with children, those who experienced higher levels of childhood adversity were more likely to have experienced homelessness in adulthood. Meanwhile, a 10-factor index of cumulative developmental risk was independently associated with childhood adversity and with adult homelessness. Adult homelessness appears to represent a circumstance through which past childhood adversities are brought forward and associated with contexts ...