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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Quadrupole Collectivity In Neutron-Rich Fe And Cr Isotopes, H. L. Crawford, R. M. Clark, P. Fallon, A. O. Macchiavelli, T. Baugher, D. Bazin, C. W. Beausang, J. S. Berryman, D. L. Bleuel, C. M. Campbell, M. Cromaz, G. De Angelis, A. Gade, R. O. Hughes, I. Y. Lee, S. M. Lenzi, F. Nowacki, S. Paschalis, M. Petri, A. Poves, A. Ratkiewicz, T. J. Ross, E. Sahin, D. Weisshaar, K. Wimmer, R. Winkler Jun 2013

Quadrupole Collectivity In Neutron-Rich Fe And Cr Isotopes, H. L. Crawford, R. M. Clark, P. Fallon, A. O. Macchiavelli, T. Baugher, D. Bazin, C. W. Beausang, J. S. Berryman, D. L. Bleuel, C. M. Campbell, M. Cromaz, G. De Angelis, A. Gade, R. O. Hughes, I. Y. Lee, S. M. Lenzi, F. Nowacki, S. Paschalis, M. Petri, A. Poves, A. Ratkiewicz, T. J. Ross, E. Sahin, D. Weisshaar, K. Wimmer, R. Winkler

Physics Faculty Publications

Intermediate-energy Coulomb excitation measurements are performed on the N≥40 neutron-rich nuclei 66, 68Fe and 64Cr. The reduced transition matrix elements providing a direct measure of the quadrupole collectivity B(E2; 2+1→ 0+1) are determined for the first time in 68Fe42 and 64Cr40 and confirm a previous recoil distance method lifetime measurement in 66Fe40. The results are compared to state-of-the-art large-scale shell-model calculations within the full fpgd neutron orbital model space using the Lenzi-Nowacki-Poves-Sieja effective interaction and confirm the results of the calculations that show these nuclei are well ...


Structural And Magnetic Properties Of Ni And Cr Substituted La₀.₇Sr₀.₃Mno₃, Thomas Franklin Creel Jr. Jan 2013

Structural And Magnetic Properties Of Ni And Cr Substituted La₀.₇Sr₀.₃Mno₃, Thomas Franklin Creel Jr.

Doctoral Dissertations

"The La₁₋ₓSrₓMn1-yByO₃ perovskite systems where B represents a 3d transition metal such as Cr, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn, are of significant interest due to their large magnetoresistance, and electronic transport properties that change significantly, depending on values of x and which transition metal used. Their applications in technology include cathodes for solid oxide fuel cells, resistance random access memory and catalysis. At certain doping concentrations on the B-site, metal-to-semiconductor or metal-to-insulator transitions coupled with colossal magnetoresistance occur, decreasing the resistivity (up to six orders of magnitude) upon the application of an external magnetic ...


Magnetocaloric Properties Of Co/Cr Superlattices, Tathagata Mukherjee, Sarbeswar Sahoo, David J. Sellmyer, Christian Binek Mar 2012

Magnetocaloric Properties Of Co/Cr Superlattices, Tathagata Mukherjee, Sarbeswar Sahoo, David J. Sellmyer, Christian Binek

Christian Binek

Nanostructured materials for refrigeration applications are experimentally realized by molecular beam epitaxial growth of Co/Cr superlattices using mean-field theoretical concepts as guiding principles. Magnetocaloric properties are deduced from measurements of the temperature and field dependence of the magnetization of our samples. More generally, the potential of artificial antiferromagnets for near room-temperature refrigeration is explored. The effects of intraplane and interplane exchange interactions on the magnetic phase diagram in Ising-type model systems are revisited in mean-field considerations with special emphasis on tailoring magnetocaloric properties. The experimental results are discussed in light of our theoretical findings, and extrapolations for future improved ...


Quenching Of The Exchange Bias Training In Fe/Cr2o3/Fe Trilayer, S. Sahoo, Christian Binek Mar 2012

Quenching Of The Exchange Bias Training In Fe/Cr2o3/Fe Trilayer, S. Sahoo, Christian Binek

Christian Binek

Exchange bias (EB) and its associated training effects are studied in an epitaxial Fe(10 nm)/Cr2O3(2.7 nm)/Fe(10 nm) trilayer heterostructure grown by molecular beam epitaxy. The EB decreases linearly with increasing temperature from T = 5 K to T = 50 K. It changes sign and becomes positive within 50 K < T < 200 K, finally changing back to regular EB for T<200K up to the highest measured temperature of T = 395 K. Remarkably, the latter is far above the bulk Néel temperature TN = 307 K. EB training effects occur only at 5 K < T < 50 K ...


Magnetocaloric Properties Of Co/Cr Superlattices, Tathagata Mukherjee, Sarbeswar Sahoo, David J. Sellmyer, Christian Binek Apr 2009

Magnetocaloric Properties Of Co/Cr Superlattices, Tathagata Mukherjee, Sarbeswar Sahoo, David J. Sellmyer, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

Nanostructured materials for refrigeration applications are experimentally realized by molecular beam epitaxial growth of Co/Cr superlattices using mean-field theoretical concepts as guiding principles. Magnetocaloric properties are deduced from measurements of the temperature and field dependence of the magnetization of our samples. More generally, the potential of artificial antiferromagnets for near room-temperature refrigeration is explored. The effects of intraplane and interplane exchange interactions on the magnetic phase diagram in Ising-type model systems are revisited in mean-field considerations with special emphasis on tailoring magnetocaloric properties. The experimental results are discussed in light of our theoretical findings, and extrapolations for future improved ...


Quenching Of The Exchange Bias Training In Fe/Cr2o3/Fe Trilayer, Sarbeswar Sahoo, Christian Binek Oct 2008

Quenching Of The Exchange Bias Training In Fe/Cr2o3/Fe Trilayer, Sarbeswar Sahoo, Christian Binek

Christian Binek Publications

Exchange bias (EB) and its associated training effects are studied in an epitaxial Fe(10 nm)/Cr2O3(2.7 nm)/Fe(10 nm) trilayer heterostructure grown by molecular beam epitaxy. The EB decreases linearly with increasing temperature from T = 5 K to T = 50 K. It changes sign and becomes positive within 50 K < T < 200 K, finally changing back to regular EB for T<200K up to the highest measured temperature of T = 395 K. Remarkably, the latter is far above the bulk Néel temperature TN = 307 K. EB training effects occur only at 5 K < T < 50 K. We show that this training can be quenched by subjecting the system to DC magnetic field, µ0HDC <= 7 T. The applied field most likely induces a temperature dependent spin-flop transition. Upon its removal the antiferromagnetic Cr2O3 pinning layer evolves uniformly into its quasi-equilibrium spin configuration thus leading to quasi-equilibrium EB.