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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Growth And Magnetooptical Properties Of Anisotropic Tbf3 Single Crystals, Uygun V. Valiev, Denis N. Karimov, Gary W. Burdick, Rakhim Rakhimov, Vasiliy O. Pelenovich, Dejun Fu Jun 2017

Growth And Magnetooptical Properties Of Anisotropic Tbf3 Single Crystals, Uygun V. Valiev, Denis N. Karimov, Gary W. Burdick, Rakhim Rakhimov, Vasiliy O. Pelenovich, Dejun Fu

Faculty Publications

The present paper investigates the Faraday effect and absorption and luminescence spectra of single-crystal TbF3 measured at 90 K and 300 K. The optical-quality single-phase TbF3 crystals (structural type β-YF3) were grown by the Bridgman technique. Faraday rotation angles were measured at remagnetization along the [100] crystallographic axis. Low temperature optical measurements were carried out along the [100] axis. “Quasi-doublet” sublevels with energy at 0 cm-1, 65 cm-1 and 190 cm-1, and also a singlet sublevel with energy at 114 cm-1 located in the ground 7F6 multiplet were determined from the low temperature ...


Searching For The Origins Of Matter, Joshua L. Barrow May 2017

Searching For The Origins Of Matter, Joshua L. Barrow

Andrews Research Conference

The big bang and inflation are experimentally confirmed by multitudes of astronomical observations, yet theoretical tension still exists upon a very important question: why is there something rather than nothing? In other words, why are there unequal amounts of matter and antimatter? Why did a supposedly initially symmetric state not annihilate perfectly?

The breaking of this symmetry has allowed for all of material existence--also known as baryogenesis, the prevalence of matter over antimatter--and yields the theoretical possibility of direct detection by observation of baryon number violating mechanisms, which have previously never been observed.

One such plausible mechanism can be found ...