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2017

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1652

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Electrical Properties Of Metal Semiconductor Contacts - Metals On Mos2: A Case Study, Xiao Chang Dec 2017

Electrical Properties Of Metal Semiconductor Contacts - Metals On Mos2: A Case Study, Xiao Chang

Theses

Properties of monolayer semiconductor, MoS2, are presented in the research. Schottky barrier height and Schottky-Mott rules are discussed. The current-voltage measurement and capacitance-voltage measurement are analyzed considering the role of the work


Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy Of "-Fe2o3, Imran Ahamed, Rohilt Pathak, Arti Kashyap Dec 2017

Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy Of "-Fe2o3, Imran Ahamed, Rohilt Pathak, Arti Kashyap

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

The epsilon Fe2O3 phase of iron oxide has been studied to understand the spin structure and the magnetocrystalline anisotropy in the bulk and in thin films of "-Fe2O3 and Co-doped "-Fe2O3. The preferential magnetization direction in the nanoparticles of "-Fe2O3 is along the a-axis [M. Gich et al., Chem. Mater. 18, 3889 (2006)]. Compared to the bulk band gap of 1.9 eV, the thin-film band gap is reduced to 1.3 eV in the Co-free films and to 0.7 eV in the film with partial ...


Measurement Of The Helicity Asymmetry E In ΩΠ+ΠΠ0 Photoproduction, Z. Akbar, P. Roy, S. Park, V. Crede, A. V. Anisovich, I. Denisenko, E. Klempt, V. A. Nikonov, A. V. Sarantsev, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, M. J. Amaryan, S. Anefalos Pereira, H. Avakian, J. Ball, M. Battaglieri, V. Batourine, I. Bedlinskiy, S. Boiarinov, W. J. Briscoe, J. Brock, W. K. Brooks, V. D. Burkert, F. T. Cao, C. Carlin, D. S. Carman, A. Celentano, G. Charles, T. Chetry, G. Ciullo, Wesley P. Gohn Dec 2017

Measurement Of The Helicity Asymmetry E In Ω → Π+Π−Π0 Photoproduction, Z. Akbar, P. Roy, S. Park, V. Crede, A. V. Anisovich, I. Denisenko, E. Klempt, V. A. Nikonov, A. V. Sarantsev, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, M. J. Amaryan, S. Anefalos Pereira, H. Avakian, J. Ball, M. Battaglieri, V. Batourine, I. Bedlinskiy, S. Boiarinov, W. J. Briscoe, J. Brock, W. K. Brooks, V. D. Burkert, F. T. Cao, C. Carlin, D. S. Carman, A. Celentano, G. Charles, T. Chetry, G. Ciullo, Wesley P. Gohn

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The double-polarization observable E was studied for the reaction γp using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) in Hall B at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility and the longitudinally polarized frozen-spin target (FROST). The observable was measured from the charged decay mode of the meson, ωπ+ππ0, using a circularly polarized tagged-photon beam with energies ranging from the ω threshold at 1.1 to 2.3 GeV. A partial-wave analysis within the Bonn-Gatchina framework found dominant contributions from the 3/2+ partial wave near threshold, which is identified with the subthreshold N(1720)3/2 ...


Texture Development And Coercivity Enhancement In Cast Alnico 9 Magnets, Wenyong Zhang, Shah Valloppilly, Xingzhong Li, Lanping Yue, Ralph Skomski, Iver Anderson, Matthew Kramer, Wei Tang, Jeff Shield, David J. Sellmyer Dec 2017

Texture Development And Coercivity Enhancement In Cast Alnico 9 Magnets, Wenyong Zhang, Shah Valloppilly, Xingzhong Li, Lanping Yue, Ralph Skomski, Iver Anderson, Matthew Kramer, Wei Tang, Jeff Shield, David J. Sellmyer

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience

The effect of Y addition and magnetic field on texture and magnetic properties of arc-melted alnico 9 magnets has been investigated. Small additions of Y (1.5 wt.%) develop a (200) texture for the arc-melted alnico 9 magnet. Such a texture is hard to form in cast samples. To achieve this goal, we set up a high-field annealing system with a maximum operation temperature of 12500 C. This system enabled annealing in a field of 45 kOe with subsequent draw annealing for the solutionized buttons; we have been able to substantially increase remanence ratio and coercivity, from 0.70 ...


Texture Development And Coercivity Enhancement In Cast Alnico 9 Magnets, Wenyong Zhang, Shah Valloppilly, Xingzhong Li, Lanping Yue, Ralph Skomski, Iver E. Anderson, Matthew J. Kramer, Wei Tang, Jeff Shield, David J. Sellmyer Dec 2017

Texture Development And Coercivity Enhancement In Cast Alnico 9 Magnets, Wenyong Zhang, Shah Valloppilly, Xingzhong Li, Lanping Yue, Ralph Skomski, Iver E. Anderson, Matthew J. Kramer, Wei Tang, Jeff Shield, David J. Sellmyer

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The effect of Y addition and magnetic field on texture and magnetic properties of arc-melted alnico 9 magnets has been investigated. Small additions of Y (1.5 wt.%) develop a (200) texture for the arc-melted alnico 9 magnet. Such a texture is hard to form in cast samples. To achieve this goal, we set up a high-field annealing system with a maximum operation temperature of 1250 °C. This system enabled annealing in a field of 45 kOe with subsequent draw annealing for the solutionized buttons; we have been able to substantially increase remanence ratio and coercivity, from 0.70 and ...


Emergent Ising Degrees Of Freedom Above A Double-Stripe Magnetic Ground State, Guanghua Zhang, Rebecca Flint Dec 2017

Emergent Ising Degrees Of Freedom Above A Double-Stripe Magnetic Ground State, Guanghua Zhang, Rebecca Flint

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Double-stripe magnetism [ Q = ( π / 2 , π / 2 ) ] has been proposed as the magnetic ground state for both the iron-telluride and BaTi 2 Sb 2 O families of superconductors. Double-stripe order is captured within a J 1 − J 2 − J 3 Heisenberg model in the regime J 3 ≫ J 2 ≫ J 1 . Intriguingly, besides breaking spin-rotational symmetry, the ground-state manifold has three additional Ising degrees of freedom associated with bond ordering. Via their coupling to the lattice, they give rise to an orthorhombic distortion and to two nonuniform lattice distortions with wave vector ( π , π ) . Because the ground state is fourfold ...


Prediction Of A Mobile Two-Dimensional Electron Gas At The Lasco3/Basno3(001) Interface, Tula R. Paudel, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal Dec 2017

Prediction Of A Mobile Two-Dimensional Electron Gas At The Lasco3/Basno3(001) Interface, Tula R. Paudel, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal

Evgeny Tsymbal Publications

Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEG) at oxide interfaces, such as LaAlO3/SrTiO3 (001), have aroused significant interest due to their high carrier density (∼1014 cm−2) and strong lateral confinement (∼1 nm). However, these 2DEGs are normally hosted by the weakly dispersive and degenerate d bands (e.g., Ti-3d bands), which are strongly coupled to the lattice, causing mobility of such 2DEGs to be relatively low at room temperature (∼1 cm2/Vs). Here, we propose using oxide host materials with the conduction bands formed from s electrons to increase carrier mobility and soften its temperature dependence. Using ...


Extraction Of The Neutron Electric Form Factor From Measurements Of Inclusive Double Spin Asymmetries, V. Sulkosky, G. Jin, E. Long, Y. -W. Zhang, M. Mihovilovic, A. Kelleher, B. Anderson, D. W. Higinbotham, S. Širca, K. Allada, J. R. M. Annand, T. Averett, W. Bertozzi, W. Boeglin, P. Bradshaw, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, G. D. Cates, C. Chen, J. -P. Chen, E. Chudakov, R. De Leo, X. Deng, A. Deur, C. Dutta, L. El Fassi, D. Flay, S. Frullani, F. Garibaldi, Wolfgang Korsch Dec 2017

Extraction Of The Neutron Electric Form Factor From Measurements Of Inclusive Double Spin Asymmetries, V. Sulkosky, G. Jin, E. Long, Y. -W. Zhang, M. Mihovilovic, A. Kelleher, B. Anderson, D. W. Higinbotham, S. Širca, K. Allada, J. R. M. Annand, T. Averett, W. Bertozzi, W. Boeglin, P. Bradshaw, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, G. D. Cates, C. Chen, J. -P. Chen, E. Chudakov, R. De Leo, X. Deng, A. Deur, C. Dutta, L. El Fassi, D. Flay, S. Frullani, F. Garibaldi, Wolfgang Korsch

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Background: Measurements of the neutron charge form factor, GnE, are challenging because the neutron has no net charge. In addition, measurements of the neutron form factors must use nuclear targets which require accurately accounting for nuclear effects. Extracting GnE with different targets and techniques provides an important test of our handling of these effects.

Purpose: The goal of the measurement was to use an inclusive asymmetry measurement technique to extract the neutron charge form factor at a four-momentum transfer of 1 (GeV/c)2. This technique has very different systematic uncertainties than traditional exclusive measurements and ...


Origin Of The Exciton Mass In The Frustrated Mott Insulator Na2Iro3, Zhanybek Alpichshev, Edbert J. Sie, Fahad Mahmood, Gang Cao, Nuh Gedik Dec 2017

Origin Of The Exciton Mass In The Frustrated Mott Insulator Na2Iro3, Zhanybek Alpichshev, Edbert J. Sie, Fahad Mahmood, Gang Cao, Nuh Gedik

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We use a three-pulse ultrafast optical spectroscopy to study the relaxation processes in a frustrated Mott insulator Na2IrO3. By being able to independently produce the out-of-equilibrium bound states (excitons) of doublons and holons with the first pulse and suppress the underlying antiferromagnetic order with the second one, we were able to elucidate the relaxation mechanism of quasiparticles in this system. By observing the difference in the exciton dynamics in the magnetically ordered and disordered phases we found that the mass of this quasiparticle is mostly determined by its interaction with the surrounding spins.


Low Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation From Gravitational Waves Generated By Neutron Stars, Preston Jones, Andri Gretarsson, Douglas Singleton Dec 2017

Low Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation From Gravitational Waves Generated By Neutron Stars, Preston Jones, Andri Gretarsson, Douglas Singleton

Publications

We investigate the possibility of observing very low frequency (VLF) electromagnetic radiation produced from the vacuum by gravitational waves. We review the calculations leading to the possibility of vacuum conversion of gravitational waves into electromagnetic waves and show how this process evades the well-known prohibition against particle production from gravitational waves. Using Newman-Penrose scalars, we estimate the luminosity of this proposed electromagnetic counterpart radiation coming from gravitational waves produced by neutron star oscillations. The detection of electromagnetic counterpart radiation would provide an indirect way of observing gravitational radiation with future spacecraft missions, especially lunar orbiting probes.


Influence Of Classical Anisotropy Fields On The Properties Of Heisenberg Antiferromagnets Within Unified Molecular Field Theory, David C. Johnston Dec 2017

Influence Of Classical Anisotropy Fields On The Properties Of Heisenberg Antiferromagnets Within Unified Molecular Field Theory, David C. Johnston

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

A comprehensive study of the influence of classical anisotropy fields on the magnetic properties of Heisenberg antiferromagnets within unified molecular field theory versus temperature T , magnetic field H , and anisotropy field parameter h A 1 is presented for systems comprised of identical crystallographically-equivalent local moments. The anisotropy field for collinear z -axis antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering is constructed so that it is aligned in the direction of each ordered and/or field-induced thermal-average moment with a magnitude proportional to the moment, whereas that for XY anisotropy is defined to be in the direction of the projection of the moment onto the ...


Statistical Biophysics Blog: Let’S Stop Being Sloppy About Uncertainty, Daniel M. Zuckerman Dec 2017

Statistical Biophysics Blog: Let’S Stop Being Sloppy About Uncertainty, Daniel M. Zuckerman

Scholar Archive

Molecular dynamics simulations often fail to reach timescales characteristic of equilibrum sampling, so great care must be taken in computing and reporting statistical uncertainty.


Underwater Acoustic Signal Analysis Toolkit, Kirk Bienvenu Jr Dec 2017

Underwater Acoustic Signal Analysis Toolkit, Kirk Bienvenu Jr

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

This project started early in the summer of 2016 when it became evident there was a need for an effective and efficient signal analysis toolkit for the Littoral Acoustic Demonstration Center Gulf Ecological Monitoring and Modeling (LADC-GEMM) Research Consortium. LADC-GEMM collected underwater acoustic data in the northern Gulf of Mexico during the summer of 2015 using Environmental Acoustic Recording Systems (EARS) buoys. Much of the visualization of data was handled through short scripts and executed through terminal commands, each time requiring the data to be loaded into memory and parameters to be fed through arguments. The vision was to develop ...


Automated Species Classification Methods For Passive Acoustic Monitoring Of Beaked Whales, John Lebien Dec 2017

Automated Species Classification Methods For Passive Acoustic Monitoring Of Beaked Whales, John Lebien

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

The Littoral Acoustic Demonstration Center has collected passive acoustic monitoring data in the northern Gulf of Mexico since 2001. Recordings were made in 2007 near the Deepwater Horizon oil spill that provide a baseline for an extensive study of regional marine mammal populations in response to the disaster. Animal density estimates can be derived from detections of echolocation signals in the acoustic data. Beaked whales are of particular interest as they remain one of the least understood groups of marine mammals, and relatively few abundance estimates exist. Efficient methods for classifying detected echolocation transients are essential for mining long-term passive ...


An Application Of M-Matrices To Preserve Bounded Positive Solutions To The Evolution Equations Of Biofilm Models, Richard S. Landry Jr. Dec 2017

An Application Of M-Matrices To Preserve Bounded Positive Solutions To The Evolution Equations Of Biofilm Models, Richard S. Landry Jr.

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

In this work, we design a linear, two step implicit finite difference method to approximate the solutions of a biological system that describes the interaction between a microbial colony and a surrounding substrate. Three separate models are analyzed, all of which can be described as systems of partial differential equations (PDE)s with nonlinear diffusion and reaction, where the biological colony grows and decays based on the substrate bioavailability. The systems under investigation are all complex models describing the dynamics of biological films. In view of the difficulties to calculate analytical solutions of the models, we design here a numerical ...


R14(Au, M)51 (R = Y, La−Nd, Sm−Tb, Ho, Er, Yb, Lu; M = Al, Ga, Ge, In,Sn, Sb, Bi): Stability Ranges And Site Preference In The Gd14ag51 Structure Type, Chris Celania, Volodymyr Smetana, Alessia Provino, Pietro Manfrinetti, Anja-Verena Mudring Dec 2017

R14(Au, M)51 (R = Y, La−Nd, Sm−Tb, Ho, Er, Yb, Lu; M = Al, Ga, Ge, In,Sn, Sb, Bi): Stability Ranges And Site Preference In The Gd14ag51 Structure Type, Chris Celania, Volodymyr Smetana, Alessia Provino, Pietro Manfrinetti, Anja-Verena Mudring

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Twenty new ternary representatives of the Gd14Ag51 structure type have been synthesized within the R-Au-M family (R = Y, La–Nd, Sm–Tb, Ho, Er, Yb, Lu; M = Al, Ga, Ge, In, Sn, Sb, Bi) using solid state synthesis techniques. The list of post transition metals (M) involved in the formation of this type of structure could be augmented by five new representatives. All compounds crystallize in the hexagonal space group P6/m (#175) with the unit cell ranges of a = 12.3136(2)–12.918(1) Å and c = 8.9967(3)–9.385(1) Å, and incorporate different ...


Spin-Valley Coherent Phases Of The V = 0 Quantum Hall State In Bilayer Graphene, Ganpathy Murthy, Efrat Shimshoni, H. A. Fertig Dec 2017

Spin-Valley Coherent Phases Of The V = 0 Quantum Hall State In Bilayer Graphene, Ganpathy Murthy, Efrat Shimshoni, H. A. Fertig

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Bilayer graphene (BLG) offers a rich platform for broken-symmetry states stabilized by interactions. In this work, we study the phase diagram of BLG in the quantum Hall regime at filling factor ν = 0 within the Hartree-Fock approximation. In the simplest noninteracting situation, this system has eight (nearly) degenerate Landau levels near the Fermi energy, characterized by spin, valley, and orbital quantum numbers. We incorporate in our study two effects not previously considered: (i) the nonperturbative effect of trigonal warping in the single-particle Hamiltonian, and (ii) short-range SU(4) symmetry-breaking interactions that distinguish the energetics of the orbitals. We find within ...


Muon-Neutrino Electron Elastic Scattering And A Search For The Muon-Neutrino Magnetic Moment In The Nova Near Detector, Biao Wang Dec 2017

Muon-Neutrino Electron Elastic Scattering And A Search For The Muon-Neutrino Magnetic Moment In The Nova Near Detector, Biao Wang

Physics Theses and Dissertations

We use the NOvA near detector and the NuMI beam at Fermilab to study the neutrino-electron elastic scattering and the muon neutrino magnetic process beyond the Standard Model physics. The particle identifications of neutrino on electron elastic scattering are trained by using the multi-layer neural networks. This thesis provides a general discussion of this technique and shows a good agreement between data and MC for the neutrino-electron elastic weak scattering. By using 3.62e20 POT dataset in the NOvA near detector, we find 1.58e-9 Bohr magneton as the 90% C.L. upper limit. We also find a sensitivity of ...


Configuration–Interaction Wave Functions And Transition Probabilities For N Ii, Khulud Samnodi Dec 2017

Configuration–Interaction Wave Functions And Transition Probabilities For N Ii, Khulud Samnodi

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

The energy levels, lifetimes, oscillator strengths, and transition probabilities of N II lines have been reported in this thesis. We have used the Hartree-Fock (HF) and Multiconfiguration Hartree-Fock (MCHF) methods in our calculations. The relativistic operators mass correction, one-body Darwin term, spin-orbit interaction, and spin-other-orbit have been included in the Breit-Pauli Hamiltonian in our calculations of atomic parameters of singly-ionized nitrogen. We considered 70 levels of the 2s2 2p2, 2s2 2p3, 2s2 2p 3p, 2s2 2p 3s, 2s2 2p 4p, 2s2 2p 3d, 2s2 2p 4s, and 2s2 2p 4d ...


System Optimization And Iterative Image Reconstruction In Photoacoustic Computed Tomography For Breast Imaging, Yang Lou Dec 2017

System Optimization And Iterative Image Reconstruction In Photoacoustic Computed Tomography For Breast Imaging, Yang Lou

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Photoacoustic computed tomography(PACT), also known as optoacoustic tomography (OAT), is an emerging imaging technique that has developed rapidly in recent years. The combination of the high optical contrast and the high acoustic resolution of this hybrid imaging technique makes it a promising candidate for human breast imaging, where conventional imaging techniques including X-ray mammography, B-mode ultrasound, and MRI suffer from low contrast, low specificity for certain breast types, and additional risks related to ionizing radiation. Though significant works have been done to push the frontier of PACT breast imaging, it is still challenging to successfully build a PACT breast ...


Multiscale Imaging Of The Mouse Cortex Using Two-Photon Microscopy And Wide-Field Illumination, Jonathan Richard Bumstead Dec 2017

Multiscale Imaging Of The Mouse Cortex Using Two-Photon Microscopy And Wide-Field Illumination, Jonathan Richard Bumstead

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

The mouse brain can be studied over vast spatial scales ranging from microscopic imaging of single neurons to macroscopic measurements of hemodynamics acquired over the majority of the mouse cortex. However, most neuroimaging modalities are limited by a fundamental trade-off between the spatial resolution and the field-of-view (FOV) over which the brain can be imaged, making it difficult to fully understand the functional and structural architecture of the healthy mouse brain and its disruption in disease. My dissertation has focused on developing multiscale optical systems capable of imaging the mouse brain at both microscopic and mesoscopic spatial scales, specifically addressing ...


System Characterizations And Optimized Reconstruction Methods For Novel X-Ray Imaging, Huifeng Guan Dec 2017

System Characterizations And Optimized Reconstruction Methods For Novel X-Ray Imaging, Huifeng Guan

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

In the past decade there have been many new emerging X-ray based imaging technologies developed for different diagnostic purposes or imaging tasks. However, there exist one or more specific problems that prevent them from being effectively or efficiently employed. In this dissertation, four different novel X-ray based imaging technologies are discussed, including propagation-based phase-contrast (PB-XPC) tomosynthesis, differential X-ray phase-contrast tomography (D-XPCT), projection-based dual-energy computed radiography (DECR), and tetrahedron beam computed tomography (TBCT). System characteristics are analyzed or optimized reconstruction methods are proposed for these imaging modalities. In the first part, we investigated the unique properties of propagation-based phase-contrast imaging technique ...


Investigation Of Neonatal Pulmonary Structure And Function Via Proton And Hyperpolarized Gas Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Nara Savoye Higano Dec 2017

Investigation Of Neonatal Pulmonary Structure And Function Via Proton And Hyperpolarized Gas Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Nara Savoye Higano

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a modality that utilizes the phenomenon of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to yield tomographic images of the body. Proton (1H) MRI has historically been successful in soft tissues but has suffered in the lung due to a variety of technical challenges, such as the low proton-density, rapid T2* relaxation time of the lung parenchymal tissue, and inherent physiological motion in the chest. Recent developments in radial ultrashort echo time (UTE) MRI have in part overcome these issues. In addition, there has been much progress in techniques for hyperpolarization of noble gases (3He and 129Xe) out ...


Assessing And Enhancing Nuclear Safety And Security Culture For Small Facilities That Handle Radioactive Material, Solymosi Máté Dec 2017

Assessing And Enhancing Nuclear Safety And Security Culture For Small Facilities That Handle Radioactive Material, Solymosi Máté

International Journal of Nuclear Security

The use of radioactive sources is expanding all over the world and abreast the necessity of the enhancement of its safe and secure application is increasing too. In the nuclear industry, the safety and security are top priorities since decades. They share the same goal, to protect humans from the negative affect of the ionizing radiation. The human component of them is a significant factor and technical solutions can protect us so far and thus the culture for safety and security become a major focus. On the other hand, there are still some contradiction between recommendations and international guidance of ...


The Future Of Nuclear Security In Moroccan Territory After The Creation Of The New Moroccan Agency Of Nuclear And Radiological Safety And Security: Opportunities And Challenges, Amal Touarsi, Amina Kharchaf Dec 2017

The Future Of Nuclear Security In Moroccan Territory After The Creation Of The New Moroccan Agency Of Nuclear And Radiological Safety And Security: Opportunities And Challenges, Amal Touarsi, Amina Kharchaf

International Journal of Nuclear Security

Nowadays, a security regime for protecting nuclear and radiological material—providing an intelligent national regulatory institution and establishing national security laws—is necessary in order for a state to ensure security of nuclear and radiological materials used within its borders.

This paper focuses on discussing the opportunities and challenges facing the future of nuclear security after the creation of the new Moroccan Agency of Nuclear and Radiological Safety and Security.


The Future Of Nuclear Security: A Medical Physicist’S Perspective, Katharine E. Thomson Dec 2017

The Future Of Nuclear Security: A Medical Physicist’S Perspective, Katharine E. Thomson

International Journal of Nuclear Security

Planning for the future of nuclear security is a vital and complex task, requiring cooperation and contribution from many disciplines and industries. This diversity of expertise should include the medical sector, which faces many of the same challenges as the nuclear industry: controlling access to dangerous material, creating a strong security culture, cooperating with the wider world and engaging the public.

Medical physicists, of which the author is one, oversee all aspects of small-scale radiation use. This paper discusses three key areas increasingly important to both medical and nuclear uses of radioactive materials: public engagement, prevention of nuclear and radiological ...


Structured Illumination Diffuse Optical Tomography For Mouse Brain Imaging, Matthew Reisman Dec 2017

Structured Illumination Diffuse Optical Tomography For Mouse Brain Imaging, Matthew Reisman

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As advances in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have transformed the study of human brain function, they have also widened the divide between standard research techniques used in humans and those used in mice, where high quality images are difficult to obtain using fMRI given the small volume of the mouse brain. Optical imaging techniques have been developed to study mouse brain networks, which are highly valuable given the ability to study brain disease treatments or development in a controlled environment. A planar imaging technique known as optical intrinsic signal (OIS) imaging has been a powerful tool for capturing functional ...


Fast Monte Carlo Simulations For Quality Assurance In Radiation Therapy, Yuhe Wang Dec 2017

Fast Monte Carlo Simulations For Quality Assurance In Radiation Therapy, Yuhe Wang

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Monte Carlo (MC) simulation is generally considered to be the most accurate method for dose calculation in radiation therapy. However, it suffers from the low simulation efficiency (hours to days) and complex configuration, which impede its applications in clinical studies. The recent rise of MRI-guided radiation platform (e.g. ViewRay’s MRIdian system) brings urgent need of fast MC algorithms because the introduced strong magnetic field may cause big errors to other algorithms. My dissertation focuses on resolving the conflict between accuracy and efficiency of MC simulations through 4 different approaches: (1) GPU parallel computation, (2) Transport mechanism simplification, (3 ...


Untangling The Mechanics Of Co-Entangled Cytoskeletal Networks, Shea Ricketts Dec 2017

Untangling The Mechanics Of Co-Entangled Cytoskeletal Networks, Shea Ricketts

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Active networks of interlinked protein filaments comprising the cytoskeleton largely control cellular mechanics and cell architecture. By forming cytoskeleton networks that combine motile, semiflexible actin with rigid, supportive microtubules, cells maintain structural integrity and shape while being able to flow and move. To elucidate the complex mechanical processes that arise between interacting networks of actin and microtubules within cells, we create a suite of randomly-oriented, well mixed networks of actin and microtubules by co-polymerizing varying ratios of both proteins in situ. We use optical tweezer microrheology in order to characterize the nonlinear mesoscale mechanics of in vitro co-entangled actin-microtubule composites ...


Velocity Space Degrees Of Freedom Of Plasma Fluctuations, Sean Walter Mattingly Dec 2017

Velocity Space Degrees Of Freedom Of Plasma Fluctuations, Sean Walter Mattingly

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis demonstrates a measurement of a plasma fluctuation velocity-space cross-correlation matrix using laser induced fluorescence. The plasma fluctuation eigenmode structure on the ion velocity distribution function can be empirically determined through singular value decomposition from this measurement. This decomposition also gives the relative strengths of the modes as a function of frequency. Symmetry properties of the matrix quantify systematic error. The relation between the eigenmodes and plasma kinetic fluctuation modes is explored. A generalized wave admittance is calculated for these eigenmodes. Since the measurement is a localized technique, it may be applied to plasmas in which a single point ...