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Full-Text Articles in Physics

A Model For The Hysteresis Observed In Gating Of Lysenin Channels, Eric Krueger, Radwan Al Faouri, Daniel Fologea, Ralph Henry, David Straub, Greg J. Salamo Dec 2013

A Model For The Hysteresis Observed In Gating Of Lysenin Channels, Eric Krueger, Radwan Al Faouri, Daniel Fologea, Ralph Henry, David Straub, Greg J. Salamo

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

The pore-forming toxin lysenin self-inserts to form conductance channels in natural and artificial lipid membranes containing sphingomyelin. The inserted channels exhibit voltage regulation and hysteresis of the macroscopic current during the application of positive periodic voltage stimuli. We explored the bi-stable behavior of lysenin channels and present a theoretical approach for the mechanism of the hysteresis to explain its static and dynamic components. This investigation develops a model to incorporate the role of charge accumulation on the bilayer lipid membrane in influencing the channel conduction state. Our model is supported by experimental results and also provides insight into the temperature ...


Direct Coupling Of Photonic Modes And Surface Plasmon Polaritons Observed In 2-Photon Peem, Robert Campbell Word, Joseph Fitzgerald, Rolf Könenkamp Dec 2013

Direct Coupling Of Photonic Modes And Surface Plasmon Polaritons Observed In 2-Photon Peem, Robert Campbell Word, Joseph Fitzgerald, Rolf Könenkamp

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

We report the direct microscopic observation of optical energy transfer from guided photonic modes in an indium tin oxide (ITO) thin film to surface plasmon polaritons (SPP) at the surfaces of a single crystalline gold platelet. The photonic and SPP modes appear as an interference pattern in the photoelectron emission yield across the surface of the specimen. We explore the momentum match between the photonic and SPP modes in terms of simple waveguide theory and the three-layer slab model for bound SPP modes of thin metal films. We show that because the gold is thin (30- 40 nm), two SPP ...


A 4-Layer Method Of Developing Integrated Sensor Systems With Lab View, Jianghua Bai, Chen Jing-Wei, John L. Freeouf, Andres H. La Rosa Dec 2013

A 4-Layer Method Of Developing Integrated Sensor Systems With Lab View, Jianghua Bai, Chen Jing-Wei, John L. Freeouf, Andres H. La Rosa

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

System integrity is important for fast and accurate measurement and control. LabVIEW is widely used in education and industry. Many LabVIEW codes are hard to be read and shown because of their 2D topology. In order to simplify the programming, a 4-layer model of developing sensor or measurement systems with LabVIEW is proposed in this paper. The purpose of this paper is to show the readers how to design simple, clear and strong automated systems with LabVIEW. Using a Sensirion SHT75 humidity sensor and an NI USB6008 DAQ board as an example, this paper describes the steps of developing a ...


Molecular Fluorescence In The Vicinity Of A Charged Metallic Nanoparticle, H. Y. Chung, P. T. Leung, D. P. Tsai Nov 2013

Molecular Fluorescence In The Vicinity Of A Charged Metallic Nanoparticle, H. Y. Chung, P. T. Leung, D. P. Tsai

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

The modified fluorescence properties of a molecule in the vicinity of a metallic nanoparticle are further studied accounting for the possible existence of extraneous charges on the particle surface. This is achieved via a generalization of the previous theory of Bohren and Hunt for light scattering from a charged sphere, with the results applied to the calculation of the various decay rates and fluorescence yield of the admolecule. Numerical results show that while charge effects will in general blue-shift all the plasmonic resonances of the metal particle, both the quantum yield and the fluorescence yield can be increased at emission ...


Multi-Level Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering Using AgoX Thin Film, Ming Lun Tseng, Chia Min Chang, Bo Han Cheng, Pin Chieh Wu, K. S. Chung, M. K. Hsiao, H. W. Huang, D. W. Huang, Hai-Pang Chiang, P.T. Leung, D. P. Tsai Oct 2013

Multi-Level Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering Using AgoX Thin Film, Ming Lun Tseng, Chia Min Chang, Bo Han Cheng, Pin Chieh Wu, K. S. Chung, M. K. Hsiao, H. W. Huang, D. W. Huang, Hai-Pang Chiang, P.T. Leung, D. P. Tsai

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Ag nanostructures with surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) activities have been fabricated by applying laser-direct writing (LDW) technique on silver oxide (AgOx) thin films. By controlling the laser powers, multi-level Raman imaging of organic molecules adsorbed on the nanostructures has been observed. This phenomenon is further investigated by atomic-force microscopy and electromagnetic calculation. The SERS-active nanostructure is also fabricated on transparent and flexible substrate to demonstrate our promising strategy for the development of novel and low-cost sensing chip.


Visualization Of Optical Wave Propagation In Femtosecond Photoemission Electron Microscopy, Rolf Kӧnenkamp, Robert Campbell Word, Joseph Fitzgerald Oct 2013

Visualization Of Optical Wave Propagation In Femtosecond Photoemission Electron Microscopy, Rolf Kӧnenkamp, Robert Campbell Word, Joseph Fitzgerald

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) combines in a unique way photon probing and electron imaging. The imaging electrons are generated in a photoelectric process by illuminating the sample with ultra-violet or x-ray light. After generation these electrons are accelerated and introduced into an electron-optical system to produce a microscopic image of the specimen surface. The advantages of PEEM are manifold:

The avoidance of electron beam exposure makes PEEM a much gentler method than standard electron microscopy. This advantage is important when fragile organic or biological structures are studied. PEEM is also highly surface sensitive, since the photoelectrons typically escape the sample ...


Zno Nanoneedle/H2o Solid-Liquid Heterojunction-Based Self-Powered Ultraviolet Detector, Qinghao Li, Lin Wei, Yanru Xie, Kai Zhang, Lei Liu, Dapeng Zhu, Jun Jiao, Yanxue Chen, Shishen Yan, Guolei Liu, Liangmo Mei Oct 2013

Zno Nanoneedle/H2o Solid-Liquid Heterojunction-Based Self-Powered Ultraviolet Detector, Qinghao Li, Lin Wei, Yanru Xie, Kai Zhang, Lei Liu, Dapeng Zhu, Jun Jiao, Yanxue Chen, Shishen Yan, Guolei Liu, Liangmo Mei

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

ZnO nanoneedle arrays were grown vertically on a fluorine-doped tin oxide-coated glass by hydrothermal method at a relatively low temperature. A self-powered photoelectrochemical cell-type UV detector was fabricated using the ZnO nanoneedles as the active photoanode and H2O as the electrolyte. This solid-liquid heterojunction offers an enlarged ZnO/water contact area and a direct pathway for electron transport simultaneously. By connecting this UV photodetector to an ammeter, the intensity of UV light can be quantified using the output short-circuit photocurrent without a power source. High photosensitivity, excellent spectral selectivity, and fast photoresponse at zero bias are observed in this UV ...


Adsorption-Controlled Growth Of Bivo4 By Molecular-Beam Epitaxy, D. A. Hillsberry, D. A. Tenne Oct 2013

Adsorption-Controlled Growth Of Bivo4 By Molecular-Beam Epitaxy, D. A. Hillsberry, D. A. Tenne

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Single-phase epitaxial films of the monoclinic polymorph of BiVO4 were synthesized by reactive molecular-beam epitaxy under adsorption-controlled conditions. The BiVO4 films were grown on (001) yttria-stabilized cubic zirconia (YSZ) substrates. Four-circle x-ray diffraction, scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), and Raman spectroscopy confirm the epitaxial growth of monoclinic BiVO4 with an atomically abrupt interface and orientation relationship (001)BiVO4 ∥ (001)YSZ with [100]BiVO4 ∥ [100]YSZ. Spectroscopic ellipsometry, STEM electron energy loss spectroscopy (STEM-EELS), and x-ray absorption spectroscopy indicate that the films have a direct band gap of 2.5 ± 0.1 eV.


Fluctuant Magnetism In Metal Oxide Nanocrystals Capped With Surfactants, Aaron Thurber, Michael S. Jones, Dmitri Tenne, Charles B. Hanna, Alex Punnoose Aug 2013

Fluctuant Magnetism In Metal Oxide Nanocrystals Capped With Surfactants, Aaron Thurber, Michael S. Jones, Dmitri Tenne, Charles B. Hanna, Alex Punnoose

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

We demonstrate experimentally that magnetism in ZnO, TiO2, CeO2, andSnO2 nanocrystals (NCs) has a fluctuant nature that varies with capping surfactant type and concentration. By developing a forced hydrolysis approach with additional postprocessing for the synthesis and surfactant capping of these NCs, we effectively avoid the influence of size, shape, and magnetic impurities on the magnetic behavior of NCs, thus revealing the systematic influence of the capping surfactants on the NC magnetism. The x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy results and theoretical calculations clearly show that the magnetism fluctuation with surfactant concentration can be attributed to the periodic variation of ...


Optimization Of Force Sensitivity In Q-Controlled Amplitude-Modulation Atomic Force Microscopy, Jongwoo Kim, Baekman Sung, Byung I. Kim, Wonho Jhe Aug 2013

Optimization Of Force Sensitivity In Q-Controlled Amplitude-Modulation Atomic Force Microscopy, Jongwoo Kim, Baekman Sung, Byung I. Kim, Wonho Jhe

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

We present control of force sensitivity in Q-controlled amplitude-modulation atomic force microscopy (AM-AFM) that is based on the high-Q quartz tuning-fork. It is found that the phase noise is identical to the amplitude noise divided by oscillation amplitude in AM-AFM. In particular, we observe that while Q-control does not compromise the signal-to-noise ratio, it enhances the detection sensitivity because the minimum detectable force gradient is inversely proportional to the effective quality factor for large bandwidths, which is due to reduction of frequency noise. This work demonstrates Q-control in AM-AFM is a useful technique for enhancement of ...


Direct Observation Of Self-Assembled Chain-Like Water Structures In A Nanoscopic Water Meniscus, Byung I. Kim, Ryan D. Boehm, Jeremy R. Bonander Aug 2013

Direct Observation Of Self-Assembled Chain-Like Water Structures In A Nanoscopic Water Meniscus, Byung I. Kim, Ryan D. Boehm, Jeremy R. Bonander

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Sawtooth-like oscillatory forces generated by water molecules confined between two oxidized silicon surfaces were observed using a cantilever-based optical interfacial force microscope when the two surfaces approached each other in ambient environments. The humidity-dependent oscillatory amplitude and periodicity were 3-12 nN and 3-4 water diameters, respectively. Half of each period was matched with a freely jointed chain model, possibly suggesting that the confined water behaved like a bundle of water chains. The analysis also indicated that water molecules self-assembled to form chain-like structures in a nanoscopic meniscus between two hydrophilic surfaces in air. From the friction force data measured simultaneously ...


Direct Imaging Of Optical Diffraction In Photoemission Electron Microscopy, Robert Campbell Word, Joseph Fitzgerald, Rolf Kӧnenkamp Jul 2013

Direct Imaging Of Optical Diffraction In Photoemission Electron Microscopy, Robert Campbell Word, Joseph Fitzgerald, Rolf Kӧnenkamp

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

We report the visualization of optical diffraction at the boundaries of semiconductor and metal nanostructures in non-linear photoemission electron microscopy. We observe light diffracting into photonic and plasmonic modes of planar samples, and into photonic vacuum modes above sample surfaces. In either case, the electron photoemission rate from the sample material is spatially modulated resulting in photoemission images with information on the electric field distribution at the sample/vacuum interface. The resolution in these images is typically ∼30 nm, i.e., significantly below the wavelengths of the exciting light. Optical phase shifts and absorption losses for the diffracted modes can ...


Collimated Blue Light Generation In Rubidium Vapor, Marcus B. Kienlen, Noah T. Holte, Hunter A. Dassonville, Andrew M. C. Dawes, Kurt D. Iverson, Ryan M. Mclaughlin, Shannon K. Mayer Jun 2013

Collimated Blue Light Generation In Rubidium Vapor, Marcus B. Kienlen, Noah T. Holte, Hunter A. Dassonville, Andrew M. C. Dawes, Kurt D. Iverson, Ryan M. Mclaughlin, Shannon K. Mayer

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

We describe an experiment for generating and characterizing a beam of collimated blue light (CBL) in a rubidium vapor.Two low-power, grating-feedback diode lasers, operating at 780.2 nm (5S3/2 → 5D5/2) and 776.0 nm (5P3/2 → 5D5/2), respectively, provide step-wise excitation to the 5D excited state in rubidium. Under the right experimental conditions, cascade decay through the 6P excited state will yield a collimated blue (420-nm) beam of light with high temporal and spatial coherence. We investigate the production of a blue beam under a variety of experimental ...


Effects Of Extraneous Surface Charges On The Enhanced Raman Scattering From Metallic Nanoparticles, H. Y. Chung, P. T. Leung, D. P. Tsai Jun 2013

Effects Of Extraneous Surface Charges On The Enhanced Raman Scattering From Metallic Nanoparticles, H. Y. Chung, P. T. Leung, D. P. Tsai

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Motivating by recent experiments on surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) from colloidal solutions, we present here a simple model to elucidate the effects of extraneous surface charges on the enhanced Raman signal. The model is based on the well-established Gersten-Nitzan model coupled to the modified Mie scattering theory of Bohren and Hunt in the long wavelength approximation. We further introduce corrections from the modified long wavelength approximation to the Gersten-Nitzan model for the improvement of its accuracy. Our results show that the surface charge will generally lead to a blueshift in the resonance frequency and greater enhancements in the SERS ...


Local Quantum Protocols For Separable Measurements With Many Parties, Scott M. Cohen May 2013

Local Quantum Protocols For Separable Measurements With Many Parties, Scott M. Cohen

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

In a recent paper [ S. M. Cohen Phys. Rev. A 84 052322 (2011)], we showed how to construct a protocol for implementing a bipartite, separable quantum measurement using only local operations on subsystems and classical communication between parties (LOCC) within any fixed number of rounds of communication, whenever such a protocol exists. Here, we generalize that construction to one that applies for any number of parties. One important observation is that the construction automatically determines the ordering of the parties' measurements, overcoming a significant apparent difficulty in designing protocols for more than two parties. We also present various other results ...


Photonic Near-Field Imaging In Multiphoton Photoemission Electron Microscopy, Joseph Fitzgerald, Robert Campbell Word, S. D. Saliba, Rolf Kӧnenkamp May 2013

Photonic Near-Field Imaging In Multiphoton Photoemission Electron Microscopy, Joseph Fitzgerald, Robert Campbell Word, S. D. Saliba, Rolf Kӧnenkamp

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

We report the observation of optical near fields in a photonic waveguide of conductive indium tin oxide (ITO) using multiphoton photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM). Nonlinear two-photon photoelectron emission is enhanced at field maxima created by interference between incident 410-nm and coherently excited guided photonic waves, providing strong phase contrast. Guided modes are observed under both transverse magnetic field (TM) and transverse electric field (TE) polarized illuminations and are consistent with classical electromagnetic theory. Implications on the role of multiphoton PEEM in optical near-field imaging are discussed.


Role Of Oxygen Defects On The Magnetic Properties Of Ultra-Small Sn1−XFeXO2 Nanoparticles, Kelsey Dodge, Jordan Chess, Josh Eixenberger, Gordon Alanko, Charles B. Hanna, Alex Punnoose May 2013

Role Of Oxygen Defects On The Magnetic Properties Of Ultra-Small Sn1−XFeXO2 Nanoparticles, Kelsey Dodge, Jordan Chess, Josh Eixenberger, Gordon Alanko, Charles B. Hanna, Alex Punnoose

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Although the role of oxygen defects in the magnetism of metal oxide semiconductors has been widely discussed, it is been difficult to directly measure the oxygen defect concentration of samples to verify this. This work demonstrates a direct correlation between the photocatalytic activity of Sn1−xFexO2 nanoparticles and their magnetic properties. For this, a series of ~2.6 nm sized, well characterized, single-phase Sn1−xFexO2 crystallites with x = 0−0.20 were synthesized using tin acetate, urea, and appropriate amounts of iron acetate. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirmed the concentration and ...


Magnetic Properties Of Fe Doped, Co Doped, And Fe+Co Co-Doped Zno, J. J. Beltrán, J. A. Osorio, C. A. Barrero, Charles B. Hanna, A. Punnoose May 2013

Magnetic Properties Of Fe Doped, Co Doped, And Fe+Co Co-Doped Zno, J. J. Beltrán, J. A. Osorio, C. A. Barrero, Charles B. Hanna, A. Punnoose

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

The structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of Zn0.95Co0.05O, Zn0.95Fe0.05O, and Zn0.90Fe0.05Co0.05O nanoparticles prepared by a sol-gel method are presented and discussed. X-ray diffraction and optical analysis indicated that high spin Co2+ ions substitute for the Zn2+ ions in tetrahedral sites. 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy showed the presence of isolated paramagnetic Fe3+ ions in both Fe doped and Fe+Co co-doped ZnO, however, no evidence of ferromagnetically ordered Fe3+ ions is observed. In the Zn0 ...


Cantilever-Based Optical Interfacial Force Microscope In Liquid Using An Optical-Fiber Tip, Byung I. Kim, Luke Smith, Thanh Tran, Steven Rossland, Erik Parkinson Mar 2013

Cantilever-Based Optical Interfacial Force Microscope In Liquid Using An Optical-Fiber Tip, Byung I. Kim, Luke Smith, Thanh Tran, Steven Rossland, Erik Parkinson

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

We developed a novel cantilever-based optical interfacial force microscope (COIFM) to study molecular interaction in liquid environments. The force sensor was created by attaching a chemically etched optical-fiber tip to the force sensor with UV epoxy, and characterized by imaging on a calibration grid. The performance of the COIFM was then demonstrated by measuring the force between two oxidized silicon surfaces in 1 mM KCl as a function of distance. The result was consistent with previously reported electrical double layer forces, suggesting that a COIFM using an optical-fiber tip is capable of measuring force in a liquid environment.


Annealing Effect On Sb2s3-Tio2 Nanostructures For Solar Cell Applications, Yitan Li, Lin Wei, Ruizi Zhang, Yanxue Chen, Liangmo Mei, Jun Jiao Feb 2013

Annealing Effect On Sb2s3-Tio2 Nanostructures For Solar Cell Applications, Yitan Li, Lin Wei, Ruizi Zhang, Yanxue Chen, Liangmo Mei, Jun Jiao

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Nanostructures composited of vertical rutile TiO₂ nanorod arrays and Sb₂S₃ nanoparticles were prepared on an F:SnO₂ conductive glass by hydrothermal method and successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction method at low temperature. Sb₂S₃-sensitized TiO₂ nanorod solar cells were assembled using the SB₂S₃-TiO₂ nanostructure as the photoanode and a polysulfide solution as an electrolyte. Annealing effects on the optical and photovoltaic properties of SB₂S₃-TiO₂ nanostructure were studied systematically. As the annealing temperatures increased, a regular red shift of the bandgap of Sb₂S₃ nanoparticles was observed, where the bandgap decreased from 2.25 to 1.73 eV. At the same time ...


Efficient Pbs/Cds Co-Sensitized Solar Cells Based On Tio2 Nanorod Arrays, Yitan Li, Lin Wei, Xiya Chen, Ruizi Zhang, Xing Sui, Yanxue Chen, Jun Jiao, Liangmo Mei Feb 2013

Efficient Pbs/Cds Co-Sensitized Solar Cells Based On Tio2 Nanorod Arrays, Yitan Li, Lin Wei, Xiya Chen, Ruizi Zhang, Xing Sui, Yanxue Chen, Jun Jiao, Liangmo Mei

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Narrow bandgap PbS nanoparticles, which may expand the light absorption range to the near-infrared region, were deposited on TiO₂ nanorod arrays by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction method to make a photoanode for quantum dot-sensitized solar cells (QDSCs). The thicknesses of PbS nanoparticles were optimized to enhance the photovoltaic performance of PbS QDSCs. A uniform CdS layer was directly coated on previously grown PbS-TiO₂ photoanode to protect the PbS from the chemical attack of polysulfide electrolytes. A remarkable short-circuit photocurrent density (approximately 10.4 mA/cm²) for PbS/CdS co-sensitized solar cell was recorded while the photocurrent density of ...


Cancer Nanomedicine, Haiyan Li, Martin M. Pike, Xiliang Luo, Li-Hong Liu Feb 2013

Cancer Nanomedicine, Haiyan Li, Martin M. Pike, Xiliang Luo, Li-Hong Liu

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Editorial in the 2013 Journal of Nanomaterials special publication entitled "Cancer Nanomedicine".


Imaging Stability In Force-Feedback High-Speed Atomic Force Microscopy, Byung I. Kim, Ryan Boehm Feb 2013

Imaging Stability In Force-Feedback High-Speed Atomic Force Microscopy, Byung I. Kim, Ryan Boehm

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

We studied the stability of force-feedback high-speed atomic force microscopy (HSAFM) by imaging soft, hard, and biological sample surfaces at various applied forces. The HSAFM images showed sudden topographic variations of streaky fringes with a negative applied force when collected on a soft hydrocarbon film grown on a grating sample, whereas they showed stable topographic features with positive applied forces. The instability of HSAFM images with the negative applied force was explained by the transition between contact and noncontact regimes in the force-distance curve. When the grating surface was cleaned, and thus hydrophilic by removing the hydrocarbon film, enhanced imaging ...


All Unitaries Having Operator Schmidt Rank 2 Are Controlled Unitaries, Scott M. Cohen, Li Yu Feb 2013

All Unitaries Having Operator Schmidt Rank 2 Are Controlled Unitaries, Scott M. Cohen, Li Yu

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

We prove that every unitary acting on any multipartite system and having operator Schmidt rank equal to 2 can be diagonalized by local unitaries. This then implies that every such multipartite unitary is locally equivalent to a controlled unitary with every party but one controlling a set of unitaries on the last party. We also prove that any bipartite unitary of Schmidt rank 2 is locally equivalent to a controlled unitary where either party can be chosen as the control, and at least one party can control with two terms, which implies that each such unitary can be implemented using ...


Enumerating Quasiplatonic Cyclic Group Actions, Robert Benim, Aaron Wootton Jan 2013

Enumerating Quasiplatonic Cyclic Group Actions, Robert Benim, Aaron Wootton

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

It is an open problem to determine the number of topologically distinct ways that a finite group can act upon a compact oriented surface X of genus g(X) ≥ 2. We provide an explicit answer to this problem for special classes of cyclic groups and illustrate our results with detailed examples.


Phase Transitions In The Two-Dimensional Superantiferromagnetic Ising Model With Next-Nearest-Neighbor Interactions, A. Saguia, B. Boechat, J. Florencio, O. F. De Alcantara Bonfim Jan 2013

Phase Transitions In The Two-Dimensional Superantiferromagnetic Ising Model With Next-Nearest-Neighbor Interactions, A. Saguia, B. Boechat, J. Florencio, O. F. De Alcantara Bonfim

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

We use Monte Carlo and transfer matrix methods in combination with extrapolation schemes to determine the phase diagram of the two-dimensional superantiferromagnetic (SAF) Ising model with next-nearest-neighbor (NNN) interactions in a magnetic field. The interactions between nearest-neighbor (NN) spins are ferromagnetic along x, and antiferromagnetic along Y. We find that for sufficiently low temperatures and fields, there exists a region limited by a critical line of second-order transitions separating a SAF phase from a magnetically induced paramagnetic phase. We did not find any region with either first-order transition or with reentrant behavior. The NNN couplings produce either an expansion or ...


A Gtc Study Of The Afterglow And Host Galaxy Of The Short-Duration Grb 100816a, J. P. Norris Jan 2013

A Gtc Study Of The Afterglow And Host Galaxy Of The Short-Duration Grb 100816a, J. P. Norris

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

We present the results from an optical monitoring campaign aimed at studying the afterglow properties of the short GRB 100816A. We implemented a new way of processing the Swift-BAT data, and based on it we reclassified this burst as short, discarding the initial classification as long. Observations were carried out mainly with the GTC Telescope within the four following days after the burst to investigate the optical photometry of its afterglow, and a year later to localize the host. We completed the optical imaging with the 1.23 m and 3.5 m CAHA Telescopes. We built and fitted ...


Cationic Polymers Inhibit The Conductance Of Lysenin Channels, Daniel Fologea, Eric Krueger, Steven Rossland, Sheenah Bryant, Wylie Foss Jan 2013

Cationic Polymers Inhibit The Conductance Of Lysenin Channels, Daniel Fologea, Eric Krueger, Steven Rossland, Sheenah Bryant, Wylie Foss

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

The pore-forming toxin lysenin self-assembles large and stable conductance channels in natural and artificial lipidmembranes.The lysenin channels exhibit unique regulation capabilities, which open unexplored possibilities to control the transport of ions and molecules through artificial and natural lipid membranes. Our investigations demonstrate that the positively charged polymers polyethyleneimine and chitosan inhibit the conducting properties of lysenin channels inserted into planar lipid membranes.The preservation of the inhibitory effect following addition of charged polymers on either side of the supporting membrane suggests the presence of multiple binding sites within the channel’s structure and a multistep inhibition mechanism that involves ...