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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Velocity-Map Imaging Photoelectron Spectroscopy Of Small Molecular Anions, Allan Maple De Oliveira Jan 2018

Velocity-Map Imaging Photoelectron Spectroscopy Of Small Molecular Anions, Allan Maple De Oliveira

Chemistry & Biochemistry Graduate Theses & Dissertations (1986-2018)

Gas phase anion photoelectron spectroscopy presents an opportunity for investigating molecules that are inaccessible by other experimental techniques, by providing data on the structure, reactivity and energetics of short-lived radicals and transition state species. Our recent development of a novel, plasma entrainment source of cold, weakly-bound anions opens a door to new exotic species to be investigated. In this thesis, I explore the capabilities of photoelectron spectroscopy and its application to small exotic molecular anions, while further developing and employing the novel dual-valve ion source.

The thesis begins with a brief history of photoelectron spectroscopy, followed by a description of ...


Photoelectron Spectroscopy Of Organic Aromatic Anions, Daniel John Nelson Jan 2017

Photoelectron Spectroscopy Of Organic Aromatic Anions, Daniel John Nelson

Chemistry & Biochemistry Graduate Theses & Dissertations (1986-2018)

Nelson, Daniel John (Ph.D. Chemical Physics)

Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Organic Aromatic Anions

Thesis directed by Professor W. Carl Lineberger

This dissertation reports and interprets the results of experiments in which photoelectron spectroscopy was performed on a variety of aromatic anions. In addition to these photoelectron studies, the results and conclusions of an experiment in which HCl is scattered off atomically flat Au (111) surfaces are also presented.

Photoelectron spectroscopy of the isomers of methylphenoxide reveals that these molecules display minimal vibrational excitation upon photodetachment, accessing the electronic ground and first excited state of the corresponding radicals. The photoelectron spectra ...


Nearest-Neighbor-Atom Core-Hole Transfer In Isolated Molecules, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, D. Rolles, S. W. Yu, A. Wolska, I. Tran, A. C. Hudson, J. Baker, Dennis W. Lindle Jun 2004

Nearest-Neighbor-Atom Core-Hole Transfer In Isolated Molecules, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, D. Rolles, S. W. Yu, A. Wolska, I. Tran, A. C. Hudson, J. Baker, Dennis W. Lindle

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

A new phenomenon sensitive only to next-door-neighbor atoms in isolated molecules is demonstrated using angle-resolved photoemission of site-selective core electrons. Evidence for this interatomic core-to-core electron interaction is observable only by measuring nondipolar angular distributions of photoelectrons. In essence, the phenomenon acts as a very fine atomic-scale sensor of nearest-neighbor elemental identity.


Relativistic Effects On Interchannel Coupling In Atomic Photoionization: The Photoelectron Angular Distribution Of Xe, Oliver Hemmers, S. T. Manson, M. M. Sant'anna, P. Focke, H. Wang, I. A. Sellin, Dennis W. Lindle Jul 2001

Relativistic Effects On Interchannel Coupling In Atomic Photoionization: The Photoelectron Angular Distribution Of Xe, Oliver Hemmers, S. T. Manson, M. M. Sant'anna, P. Focke, H. Wang, I. A. Sellin, Dennis W. Lindle

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Measurements of the photoelectron angular-distribution asymmetry parameter β for Xe 5s photoionization have been performed in the 80–200 eV photon-energy region. The results show a substantial deviation from the nonrelativistic value of β=2 and provide a clear signature of significant relativistic effects in interchannel coupling.


High-Resolution Electron Time-Of-Flight Apparatus For The Soft-X-Ray Region, Oliver Hemmers, S. B. Whitfield, P. Glans, H. Wang, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, I. A. Sellin Nov 1998

High-Resolution Electron Time-Of-Flight Apparatus For The Soft-X-Ray Region, Oliver Hemmers, S. B. Whitfield, P. Glans, H. Wang, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, I. A. Sellin

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

A gas-phase time-of-flight (TOF) apparatus, capable of supporting as many as six electron-TOF analyzers viewing the same interaction region, has been developed to measure energy- and angle-resolved electrons with kinetic energies up to 5 keV. Each analyzer includes a newly designed lens system that can retard electrons to about 2% of their initial kinetic energy without significant loss of transmission; the analyzers can thus achieve a resolving power (EE) greater than 104 over a wide kinetic-energy range. Such high resolving power is comparable to the photon energy resolution of state-of-the-art synchrotron–radiation beamlines in the soft x-ray ...


Auger Resonance Decay Process In Ar 2p Shell Excitation And Ionization, Y. Lu, Wayne C. Stolte, J.A. R. Samson Oct 1998

Auger Resonance Decay Process In Ar 2p Shell Excitation And Ionization, Y. Lu, Wayne C. Stolte, J.A. R. Samson

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

The production and subsequent autoionization of the Ar+ (1D2)6d1 satellite state that is formed either by shake-up or recapture during the Auger decay of a 2p vacancy in Ar has been studied by photoelectron spectroscopy in the energy region from 243 to 256 eV. The creation of near zero energy electrons below and immediately above the Ar 2p ionization threshold is discussed. Some ambiguous points in previous studies are clarified.


Angle-Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy Of C60, T. Liebsch, O. Plotzke, Franz Heiser, U. Hergenhahn, Oliver Hemmers, R. Wehlitz, J. Viefhaus, B. Langer, S. B. Whitfield, U. Becker Jul 1995

Angle-Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy Of C60, T. Liebsch, O. Plotzke, Franz Heiser, U. Hergenhahn, Oliver Hemmers, R. Wehlitz, J. Viefhaus, B. Langer, S. B. Whitfield, U. Becker

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Angle-resolved photoelectron spectra of gaseous C60 were recorded in the photon energy regions from 21 to 108 eV and from 295 to 320 eV. Partial cross sections σ and the angular distribution anisotropy parameter β vary significantly with photon energy, particularly in the near-threshold region of the valence and the core ionization regimes. Some of these effects may be attributed to scattering of the outgoing photoelectron by the atoms of the ionized C60 molecule. Our results indicate that the observed satellites of the C(1s) main line are most likely of shake-up character. Low-energy electrons emitted below the ...


Observation Of Non-Isotropic Auger Angular Distribution In The C(1s) Shape Resonance Of Co, Oliver Hemmers, Franz Heiser, J. Eiben, R. Wehlitz, U. Becker Aug 1993

Observation Of Non-Isotropic Auger Angular Distribution In The C(1s) Shape Resonance Of Co, Oliver Hemmers, Franz Heiser, J. Eiben, R. Wehlitz, U. Becker

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Angle-resolved high-resolution C(KVV) Auger spectra of CO were taken in the vicinity of the C(1s) σ* shape resonance. These spectra show clear evidence for the theoretically predicted anisotropic K-shell Auger emission in molecules. Complementary results from angle-resolved photoion spectroscopy show that the small size of the observed effect is, besides the varying intrinsic anisotropy of the Auger decay, also due to a smaller anisotropy in the primary absorption process than originally predicted but in good agreement with more recent calculations. Contrary to this, satellite Auger transitions show unexpectedly large anisotropies.


Multiplet-Changing Auger Transitions In Valence Double Photoionization, U. Becker, Oliver Hemmers, B. Langer, I. Lee, A. Menzel, R. Wehlitz, M. Ya Amusia Feb 1993

Multiplet-Changing Auger Transitions In Valence Double Photoionization, U. Becker, Oliver Hemmers, B. Langer, I. Lee, A. Menzel, R. Wehlitz, M. Ya Amusia

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

The decay of valence satellite states in neon above the first double-ionization threshold has been studied experimentally and theoretically. Special emphasis was given to differentiate between two decay modes: valence Auger and valence-multiplet Auger decay. It is shown that the latter process is predominant in the low kinetic energy part of the spectrum. The main structures of this low-energy Auger spectrum could be designated by help of calculated transition energies and decay rates.


Evidence For Atomic Processes In Molecular Valence Double Ionization, U. Becker, Oliver Hemmers, B. Langer, A. Menzel, R. Wehlitz, W. B. Peatman Feb 1992

Evidence For Atomic Processes In Molecular Valence Double Ionization, U. Becker, Oliver Hemmers, B. Langer, A. Menzel, R. Wehlitz, W. B. Peatman

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Complete molecular valence-electron spectra were measured for CO. Unexpectedly, discrete lines at low kinetic energies were found, superimposed on a continuous energy spectrum representing direct double-ionization processes. The appearance of these lines is discussed in the context of the formation of the C++O+ ion pair near its associated threshold at 38.4 eV. It is ascribed to valence-excited repulsive (CO+)* states, which dissociate to a large part rapidly into atomic fragments before electronic relaxation takes place. From our spectra, partial cross sections for the different processes leading to dissociative valence double ionization are derived.


High-Resolution Photoelectron Spectrometry Study Of Conjugate Shakeup Processes In The Li 1s Threshold Region, B. Langer, J. Viefhaus, Oliver Hemmers, A. Menzel, U. Becker Feb 1991

High-Resolution Photoelectron Spectrometry Study Of Conjugate Shakeup Processes In The Li 1s Threshold Region, B. Langer, J. Viefhaus, Oliver Hemmers, A. Menzel, U. Becker

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Partial cross sections and angular-distribution asymmetry parameters of diagram and satellite lines associated with Li 1s photoionization were measured using synchrotron-radiation excitation. Special emphasis was given to a high-resolution study of the 1P and 3P conjugate shakeup satellite lines testing qualitative predictions of the conjugate shakeup model: increasing σ and decreasing β values towards threshold, both being verified. Comparison with recent relaxed Hartree-Fock calculations shows good agreement for the 1P satellite, but demonstrates also that the present theory does not seem to be able to describe the cross-section behavior of the 3P satellite correctly.