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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Full Multiple Scattering Analysis Of Xanes At The Cd L 3- And O K- Edges In Cdo Films Combined With A Soft-X-Ray Emission Investigation, I. N. Demchenko, J. D. Denlinger, M. Chernyshova, K. M. Yu, D. T. Speaks, P. Olalde-Velasco, Oliver Hemmers, W. Walukiewicz, A. Derkachova, K. Lawniczak-Jablonska Aug 2010

Full Multiple Scattering Analysis Of Xanes At The Cd L 3- And O K- Edges In Cdo Films Combined With A Soft-X-Ray Emission Investigation, I. N. Demchenko, J. D. Denlinger, M. Chernyshova, K. M. Yu, D. T. Speaks, P. Olalde-Velasco, Oliver Hemmers, W. Walukiewicz, A. Derkachova, K. Lawniczak-Jablonska

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) at the cadmium L3 and oxygen K edges for CdO thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition method, is interpreted within the real-space multiple scattering formalism, FEFF code. The features in the experimental spectra are well reproduced by calculations for a cluster of about six and ten coordination shells around the absorber for L3 edge of Cd and K edge of O, respectively. The calculated projected electronic density of states is found to be in good agreement with unoccupied electronic states in experimental data and allows to conclude that the orbital character of the ...


Stability And Equation Of State Of A Nanocrystalline Ga-Ge Mullite In A Vitroceramic Composite: A Synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction Study, Kristina E. Lipinska-Kalita, Patricia Kalita, Cedric Gobin, Oliver Hemmers, Thomas Hartmann, Gino Mariotto Apr 2008

Stability And Equation Of State Of A Nanocrystalline Ga-Ge Mullite In A Vitroceramic Composite: A Synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction Study, Kristina E. Lipinska-Kalita, Patricia Kalita, Cedric Gobin, Oliver Hemmers, Thomas Hartmann, Gino Mariotto

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Synchrotron x-ray diffraction and diamond anvil cell techniques were used to characterize the phase transformations and to evaluate the structural stability at elevated pressures of a developed nanocrystalline composite. The optically transparent material was built of a germanium oxide-based amorphous host matrix with homogeneously dispersed 13±3 nm Ga-Ge mullite-type nanocrystals, which had a structure similar to the conventional Al2O3-SiO2 mullite. The equation of state of the nanocrystals and the overall structural integrity of the nanocomposite were investigated in quasihydrostatic conditions on compression to 36 GPa and on the following decompression to ambient conditions. The ...


Equation Of State Of Gallium Oxide To 70 Gpa: Comparison Of Quasihydrostatic And Nonhydrostatic Compression, Kristina E. Lipinska-Kalita, Patricia Kalita, Oliver Hemmers, Thomas Hartmann Mar 2008

Equation Of State Of Gallium Oxide To 70 Gpa: Comparison Of Quasihydrostatic And Nonhydrostatic Compression, Kristina E. Lipinska-Kalita, Patricia Kalita, Oliver Hemmers, Thomas Hartmann

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Synchrotron x-ray diffraction and diamond-anvil cell techniques were used to characterize pressure induced structural modifications in gallium oxide. Gallium oxide was studied on compression up to 70 GPa and on the following decompression. The effect of the pressure-transmitting medium on the structural transformations was investigated in two sets of compression and decompression runs, one with nitrogen as a quasihydrostatic pressure-transmitting medium and the other in nonhydrostatic pressure conditions. The x-ray diffraction data showed gradual phase transition from a low-density, monoclinic β-Ga2O3 to a high-density, rhombohedral α-Ga2O3. With the use of nitrogen as a pressure ...


Fragmentation Of Methyl Chloride Studied By Partial Positive And Negative Ion Yield Spectroscopy, D. Ceolin, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, S-W Yu, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle Feb 2007

Fragmentation Of Methyl Chloride Studied By Partial Positive And Negative Ion Yield Spectroscopy, D. Ceolin, Maria Novella Piancastelli, Renaud Guillemin, Wayne C. Stolte, S-W Yu, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

The authors present partial-ion-yield experiments on the methyl chloride molecule excited in the vicinity of the Cl2p and C1s inner shells. A large number of fragments, cations produced by dissociation or recombination processes, as well as anionic species, have been detected. Although the spectra exhibit different intensity distributions depending on the core-excited atom, general observations include strong site-selective fragmentation along the C–Cl bond axis and a strong intensity dependence of transitions involving Rydberg series on fragment size.


Low-Energy Nondipole Effects In Molecular Nitrogen Valence-Shell Photoionization, Oliver Hemmers, Renaud Guillemin, D. Rolles, A. Wolska, Dennis W. Lindle, E. P. Kanter, B. Krassig, S. H. Southworth, R. Wehlitz, B. Zimmermann, V. Mckoy, P. W. Langhoff Sep 2006

Low-Energy Nondipole Effects In Molecular Nitrogen Valence-Shell Photoionization, Oliver Hemmers, Renaud Guillemin, D. Rolles, A. Wolska, Dennis W. Lindle, E. P. Kanter, B. Krassig, S. H. Southworth, R. Wehlitz, B. Zimmermann, V. Mckoy, P. W. Langhoff

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Observations are reported for the first time of significant nondipole effects in the photoionization of the outer-valence orbitals of diatomic molecules. Measured nondipole angular-distribution parameters for the 3σg, 1πu, and 2σu shells of N2 exhibit spectral variations with incident photon energies from thresholds to ∼200  eV which are attributed via concomitant calculations to particular final-state symmetry waves arising from (E1)⊗(M1,E2) radiation-matter interactions first-order in photon momentum. Comparisons with previously reported K-edge studies in N2 verify linear scaling with photon momentum, accounting in part for the significantly enhanced nondipole behavior observed in inner-shell ionization ...


Nondipole Effects In The Photoionization Of Xe 4d5/2 And 4d3/2: Evidence For Quadrupole Satellites, Oliver Hemmers, Renaud Guillemin, D. Rolles, A. Wolska, Dennis W. Lindle, K. T. Cheng, W. R. Johnson, H. L. Zhou, S. T. Manson Sep 2004

Nondipole Effects In The Photoionization Of Xe 4d5/2 And 4d3/2: Evidence For Quadrupole Satellites, Oliver Hemmers, Renaud Guillemin, D. Rolles, A. Wolska, Dennis W. Lindle, K. T. Cheng, W. R. Johnson, H. L. Zhou, S. T. Manson

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Measurements of nondipole parameters in spin-orbit-resolved Xe 4d photoionization demonstrate dynamical differences arising from relativistic effects. The experimental data do not agree with relativistic random-phase approximation calculations of single ionization dipole and quadrupole channels. It is suggested that the discrepancy is due to the omission of multiple-excitation quadrupole channels, i.e., quadrupole satellite transitions.


Nearest-Neighbor-Atom Core-Hole Transfer In Isolated Molecules, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, D. Rolles, S. W. Yu, A. Wolska, I. Tran, A. C. Hudson, J. Baker, Dennis W. Lindle Jun 2004

Nearest-Neighbor-Atom Core-Hole Transfer In Isolated Molecules, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, D. Rolles, S. W. Yu, A. Wolska, I. Tran, A. C. Hudson, J. Baker, Dennis W. Lindle

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

A new phenomenon sensitive only to next-door-neighbor atoms in isolated molecules is demonstrated using angle-resolved photoemission of site-selective core electrons. Evidence for this interatomic core-to-core electron interaction is observable only by measuring nondipolar angular distributions of photoelectrons. In essence, the phenomenon acts as a very fine atomic-scale sensor of nearest-neighbor elemental identity.


Dramatic Nondipole Effects In Low-Energy Photoionization: Experimental And Theoretical Study Of Xe 5s, Oliver Hemmers, Renaud Guillemin, E. P. Kanter, B. Krassig, Dennis W. Lindle, S. H. Southworth, R. Wehlitz, J. Baker, A. C. Hudson, M. Lotrakul, D. Rolles, Wayne C. Stolte, I. Tran, A. Wolska, S. Yu, M. Ya Amusia, K. T. Cheng, L. V. Chernysheva, W. R. Johnson, S. T. Manson Aug 2003

Dramatic Nondipole Effects In Low-Energy Photoionization: Experimental And Theoretical Study Of Xe 5s, Oliver Hemmers, Renaud Guillemin, E. P. Kanter, B. Krassig, Dennis W. Lindle, S. H. Southworth, R. Wehlitz, J. Baker, A. C. Hudson, M. Lotrakul, D. Rolles, Wayne C. Stolte, I. Tran, A. Wolska, S. Yu, M. Ya Amusia, K. T. Cheng, L. V. Chernysheva, W. R. Johnson, S. T. Manson

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

The Xe 5s nondipole photoelectron parameter γ is obtained experimentally and theoretically from threshold to ∼200  eV photon energy. Significant nondipole effects are seen even in the threshold region of this valence shell photoionization. In addition, contrary to previous understanding, clear evidence of interchannel coupling among quadrupole photoionization channels is found.


E1-E2 Interference In The Vuv Photoionization Of He, E. P. Kanter, B. Krassig, S. H. Southworth, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, M. Ya Amusia, L. V. Chernysheva, N. L. S. Martin Jul 2003

E1-E2 Interference In The Vuv Photoionization Of He, E. P. Kanter, B. Krassig, S. H. Southworth, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, M. Ya Amusia, L. V. Chernysheva, N. L. S. Martin

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

We have measured the forward-backward asymmetry of photoelectron angular distributions produced in the vacuum ultraviolet photoionization of helium. This asymmetry, a consequence of the breakdown of the dipole approximation, measures the real part of the ratio of the quadrupole and dipole matrix elements. In the autoionization region, the strong energy dependence of the asymmetry permits an experimental separation of the ratio of those magnitudes from their phase difference. We experimentally determined the Fano parameters of the 2p21D2 quadrupole resonance, and report improved values of the width Γ and line profile parameter q from those previously available ...


Non-Dipolar Electron Angular Distributions From Fixed-In-Space Molecules, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle, E. Shigemasa, K. Le Guen, D. Ceolin, C. Miron, N. Leclercq, P. Morin, Marc Simon, P. W. Langhoff Jul 2002

Non-Dipolar Electron Angular Distributions From Fixed-In-Space Molecules, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle, E. Shigemasa, K. Le Guen, D. Ceolin, C. Miron, N. Leclercq, P. Morin, Marc Simon, P. W. Langhoff

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

The first indication of nondipole effects in the azimuthal dependence of photoelectron angular distributions emitted from fixed-in-space molecules is demonstrated in N2. Comparison of the results with angular distributions observed for randomly oriented molecules and theoretical derivations for the nondipole correction first order in photon momentum suggests that higher orders will be needed to describe distributions measured in the molecular frame.


Photoexcitation Of A Dipole-Forbidden Resonance In Helium, B. Krassig, E. P. Kanter, S. H. Southworth, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, N. L. S. Martin May 2002

Photoexcitation Of A Dipole-Forbidden Resonance In Helium, B. Krassig, E. P. Kanter, S. H. Southworth, Renaud Guillemin, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, N. L. S. Martin

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

We have observed photoexcitation of the dipole-forbidden 1s21S0→2p21D2 resonance in helium by measuring the nondipolar forward-backward asymmetry of photoelectron angular distributions in the 2ℓ2ℓ autoionizing region. By exploiting the electric dipole-quadrupole interference in the excitation of both the 2s2p1P1 and 2p21D2 levels, we have observed the quadrupole resonance in photoabsorption and extracted its Fano line shape parameters and the relative phase of the 1sEp and 1sEd continua. We find the quadrupole line profile index q2 to be markedly different from theoretical expectations.


Large Nondipole Effects In The Angular Distributions Of K-Shell Photoelectrons From Molecular Nitrogen, Oliver Hemmers, H. Wang, P. Focke, I. A. Sellin, Dennis W. Lindle, J. C. Arce, J. A. Sheehy, P. W. Langhoff Dec 2001

Large Nondipole Effects In The Angular Distributions Of K-Shell Photoelectrons From Molecular Nitrogen, Oliver Hemmers, H. Wang, P. Focke, I. A. Sellin, Dennis W. Lindle, J. C. Arce, J. A. Sheehy, P. W. Langhoff

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Measurements of angular distributions of K-shell electrons photoejected from molecular nitrogen are reported which reveal large deviations at relatively low photon energies ( ħω≤500eV) from emission patterns anticipated from the dipole approximation to interactions between radiation and matter. A concomitant theoretical analysis incorporating the effects of electromagnetic retardation attributes the observed large nondipole behaviors in N2 to bond-length-dependent terms in the E1⊗(E2,M1) photoelectron emission amplitudes which are indicative of a potentially universal nondipole behavior in molecular photoionization.


Dynamical Relativistic Effects In Photoionization: Spin-Orbit-Resolved Angular Distributions Of Xenon 4d Photoelectrons Near The Cooper Minimum, H. Wang, G. Snell, Oliver Hemmers, M. M. Sant'anna, I. A. Sellin, N. Berrah, Dennis W. Lindle, P. C. Deshmukh, N. Haque, S. T. Manson Sep 2001

Dynamical Relativistic Effects In Photoionization: Spin-Orbit-Resolved Angular Distributions Of Xenon 4d Photoelectrons Near The Cooper Minimum, H. Wang, G. Snell, Oliver Hemmers, M. M. Sant'anna, I. A. Sellin, N. Berrah, Dennis W. Lindle, P. C. Deshmukh, N. Haque, S. T. Manson

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Two decades ago, it was predicted [Y. S. Kim et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 1326 (1981)] that relativistic effects should alter the dynamics of the photoionization process in the vicinity of Cooper minima. The present experimental and theoretical study of the angular distributions of Xe 4d3/2 and 4d5/2 photoelectrons demonstrates this effect for the first time. The results clearly imply that relativistic effects are likely to be important for intermediate- Z atoms at most energies.


Relativistic Effects On Interchannel Coupling In Atomic Photoionization: The Photoelectron Angular Distribution Of Xe, Oliver Hemmers, S. T. Manson, M. M. Sant'anna, P. Focke, H. Wang, I. A. Sellin, Dennis W. Lindle Jul 2001

Relativistic Effects On Interchannel Coupling In Atomic Photoionization: The Photoelectron Angular Distribution Of Xe, Oliver Hemmers, S. T. Manson, M. M. Sant'anna, P. Focke, H. Wang, I. A. Sellin, Dennis W. Lindle

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Measurements of the photoelectron angular-distribution asymmetry parameter β for Xe 5s photoionization have been performed in the 80–200 eV photon-energy region. The results show a substantial deviation from the nonrelativistic value of β=2 and provide a clear signature of significant relativistic effects in interchannel coupling.


Anionic Photofragmentation Of Co: A Selective Probe Of Core-Level Resonances, Wayne C. Stolte, D. L. Hansen, Maria Novella Piancastelli, I. Dominguez-Lopez, A. Rizvi, Oliver Hemmers, H. Wang, Alfred S. Schlachter, M. S. Lubell, Dennis W. Lindle May 2001

Anionic Photofragmentation Of Co: A Selective Probe Of Core-Level Resonances, Wayne C. Stolte, D. L. Hansen, Maria Novella Piancastelli, I. Dominguez-Lopez, A. Rizvi, Oliver Hemmers, H. Wang, Alfred S. Schlachter, M. S. Lubell, Dennis W. Lindle

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Anion-yield spectroscopy using x rays is shown to be a selective probe of molecular core-level processes, providing unique experimental verification of shape resonances. For CO, partial anion and cation yields are presented for photon energies near the C K edge. The O- yield exhibits features above threshold related only to doubly excited states, in contrast to cation yields which also exhibit pronounced structure due to the well-known σ* shape resonance. Because the shape resonance is completely suppressed for O-, anion spectroscopy thus constitutes a highly selective probe, yielding information unobtainable with absorption or electron spectroscopy.


Interchannel Coupling In The Photoionization Of The M-Shell Of Kr Well Above Threshold: Experiment And Theory, H. S. Chakraborty, D. L. Hansen, Oliver Hemmers, P. C. Deshmukh, P. Focke, I. A. Sellin, Clemens Heske, Dennis W. Lindle, S. T. Manson Apr 2001

Interchannel Coupling In The Photoionization Of The M-Shell Of Kr Well Above Threshold: Experiment And Theory, H. S. Chakraborty, D. L. Hansen, Oliver Hemmers, P. C. Deshmukh, P. Focke, I. A. Sellin, Clemens Heske, Dennis W. Lindle, S. T. Manson

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Photoionization cross sections and asymmetry (β) parameters for Kr 3s, 3p, and 3d subshells have been measured and calculated in the 300–1300-eV photon energy range. Good agreement between experiment and theory is found for both cross-section branching ratios and β parameters. Interchannel coupling among the channels arising from 3s, 3p, and 3d subshells is found to be necessary for quantitative accuracy of the theory. This shows that the interchannel coupling phenomenology far above threshold, found previously for outer shells of Ne and Ar, is also operative for inner atomic shells.


Photoelectron Spectroscopy And The Dipole Approximation, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle Jan 2001

Photoelectron Spectroscopy And The Dipole Approximation, Oliver Hemmers, Dennis W. Lindle

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Over the past three decades, the dipole approximation has facilitated a basic understanding of the photoionization process in atoms and molecules. Advances in gas-phase photoemission experiments using synchrotron radiation have recently highlighted nondipole effects at relatively low photon energies while probing the limits of the dipole approximation. Breakdowns in this approximation are manifested primarily as deviations from dipolar angular distributions of photoelectrons. Detailed new results demonstrate nondipolar angular-distribution effects are easily observable in atomic gases at energies well below 1 keV, and, in molecules, a previously unexpected phenomenon greatly enhances the breakdown of the dipole approximation just above the core-level ...


Electric-Octupole And Pure-Electric-Quadrupole Effects In Soft X-Ray Photoemission, Andrei Derevianko, Oliver Hemmers, S. Oblad, P. Glans, H. Wang, S. B. Whitfield, R. Wehlitz, I. A. Sellin, W. R. Johnson, Dennis W. Lindle Mar 2000

Electric-Octupole And Pure-Electric-Quadrupole Effects In Soft X-Ray Photoemission, Andrei Derevianko, Oliver Hemmers, S. Oblad, P. Glans, H. Wang, S. B. Whitfield, R. Wehlitz, I. A. Sellin, W. R. Johnson, Dennis W. Lindle

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Second-order [ O(k2), k = ω/c] nondipole effects in soft-x-ray photoemission are demonstrated via an experimental and a theoretical study of angular distributions of neon valence photoelectrons in the 100–1200 eV photon-energy range. A newly derived theoretical expression for nondipolar angular distributions characterizes the second-order effects using four new parameters with primary contributions from pure-quadrupole and octupole-dipole interference terms. Independent-particle calculations of these parameters account for a significant portion of the existing discrepancy between experiment and theory for Ne 2p first-order nondipole parameters.


Lifetime Effects On The Dissociation Of Core-Excited N2 And Co Molecules, N. Saito, A. Hempelmann, F. Heiserq, Oliver Hemmers, K. Wieliczek, J. Viefhaus, U. Becker Feb 2000

Lifetime Effects On The Dissociation Of Core-Excited N2 And Co Molecules, N. Saito, A. Hempelmann, F. Heiserq, Oliver Hemmers, K. Wieliczek, J. Viefhaus, U. Becker

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Vibrational-resolved ion and ion-pair yield spectra of N2 and CO taken at their 1s⃗π* resonance excitations reveal decay-channel-dependent core hole lifetimes. The linewidths of the yield spectra tend to be shortened when the number of electrons ejected in the deexcitation process increases, finally becoming narrower than the total ion yield or absorption natural lifetime width of the core-excited states of N2 and CO, respectively. In contrast to this, the linewidths of the yield spectra for the singly charged molecular ions, N2+ and CO+, are shown to be broader than their corresponding natural linewidths. This linewidth shortening ...


Beyond The Dipole Approximation: Angular-Distribution Effects In The 1s Photoemission From Small Molecules, Dennis W. Lindle, Oliver Hemmers, H. Wang, P. Focke, I. A. Sellin, J. D. Mills, J. A. Sheehy, P. W. Langhoff Jan 2000

Beyond The Dipole Approximation: Angular-Distribution Effects In The 1s Photoemission From Small Molecules, Dennis W. Lindle, Oliver Hemmers, H. Wang, P. Focke, I. A. Sellin, J. D. Mills, J. A. Sheehy, P. W. Langhoff

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Over the past two decades, the dipole approximation has facilitated a basic understanding of the photoionization process in atoms and molecules. Recent experiments on the 1s inner shells of small molecules at relatively low photon energies (⩽ 1000 eV) show strong nondipole effects. They are significant and measurable at energies close to threshold, in conflict with a common assumption that the dipole approximation is valid for photon energies below 1 keV.


Validity Of The Independent-Particle Approximation In X-Ray Photoemission: The Exception, Not The Rule, D. Hansen, Oliver Hemmers, H. Wang, Dennis W. Lindle, P. Focke, I. A. Sellin, Clemens Heske, H. S. Chakraborty, P. C. Deshmukh, S. T. Manson Oct 1999

Validity Of The Independent-Particle Approximation In X-Ray Photoemission: The Exception, Not The Rule, D. Hansen, Oliver Hemmers, H. Wang, Dennis W. Lindle, P. Focke, I. A. Sellin, Clemens Heske, H. S. Chakraborty, P. C. Deshmukh, S. T. Manson

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

A combined experimental and theoretical study of argon valence photoionization illustrates the discovery of the broad lack of validity of the independent-particle approximation (IPA) for x-ray photoemission. In addition to previously known breakdowns of the IPA, which are limited to high photon energies and regions very near threshold, the observed breakdown in photoionization at intermediate energies demonstrates generally that the IPA is valid only in very restricted domains. These restrictions are expected to be relevant throughout the periodic table, with consequences for a wide variety of applications.


Photofragmentation Of Third-Row Hydrides Following Photoexcitation At Deep-Core Levels, D. Hansen, M. E. Arrasate, J. Cotter, G. R. Fisher, Oliver Hemmers, K. T. Leung, Jon C. Levin, R. Martin, Paul Neill, Rupert C. Perera, I. A. Sellin, Marc Simon, Y. Uehara, B. Vanderford, S. B. Whitfield, Dennis W. Lindle Nov 1998

Photofragmentation Of Third-Row Hydrides Following Photoexcitation At Deep-Core Levels, D. Hansen, M. E. Arrasate, J. Cotter, G. R. Fisher, Oliver Hemmers, K. T. Leung, Jon C. Levin, R. Martin, Paul Neill, Rupert C. Perera, I. A. Sellin, Marc Simon, Y. Uehara, B. Vanderford, S. B. Whitfield, Dennis W. Lindle

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

The relaxation dynamics of HCl, DCl, H2S, and D2S following photoexcitation in the vicinities of the Cl and S K-shell thresholds (∼2.8keV for Cl, ∼2.5 keV for S) were studied by means of ion time-of-flight mass spectroscopy. In all cases, the onset of pre-edge core-shell photoionization precedes the formation on resonance of a significant amount of neutral hydrogen as well as postcollision-interaction effects above threshold. Examination of the width of the H+ peak in spectra taken with the analyzer parallel and perpendicular to the polarization vector of the incident light indicates that on resonance ...


High-Resolution Electron Time-Of-Flight Apparatus For The Soft-X-Ray Region, Oliver Hemmers, S. B. Whitfield, P. Glans, H. Wang, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, I. A. Sellin Nov 1998

High-Resolution Electron Time-Of-Flight Apparatus For The Soft-X-Ray Region, Oliver Hemmers, S. B. Whitfield, P. Glans, H. Wang, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, I. A. Sellin

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

A gas-phase time-of-flight (TOF) apparatus, capable of supporting as many as six electron-TOF analyzers viewing the same interaction region, has been developed to measure energy- and angle-resolved electrons with kinetic energies up to 5 keV. Each analyzer includes a newly designed lens system that can retard electrons to about 2% of their initial kinetic energy without significant loss of transmission; the analyzers can thus achieve a resolving power (EE) greater than 104 over a wide kinetic-energy range. Such high resolving power is comparable to the photon energy resolution of state-of-the-art synchrotron–radiation beamlines in the soft x-ray ...


Breakdown Of The Independent Particle Approximation In High-Energy Photoionization, E. W. B. Dias, H. S. Chakraborty, P. C. Deshmukh, S. T. Manson, Oliver Hemmers, P. Glans, D. Hansen, H. Wang, S. B. Whitfield, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, Jon C. Levin, I. A. Sellin Jun 1997

Breakdown Of The Independent Particle Approximation In High-Energy Photoionization, E. W. B. Dias, H. S. Chakraborty, P. C. Deshmukh, S. T. Manson, Oliver Hemmers, P. Glans, D. Hansen, H. Wang, S. B. Whitfield, Dennis W. Lindle, R. Wehlitz, Jon C. Levin, I. A. Sellin

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

The independent particle approximation is shown to break down for the photoionization of both inner and outer nℓ (ℓ>0) electrons of all atoms, at high enough energy, owing to interchannel interactions with the nearby ns photoionization channels. The effect is illustrated for Ne 2p in the 1 keV photon energy range through a comparison of theory and experiment. The implications for x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of molecules and condensed matter are discussed.


First Results From The High-Brightness X-Ray Spectroscopy Beamline 9.3.1 At Als, W. Ng, G. Jones, Rupert C. Perera, D. Hansen, J. Daniels, Oliver Hemmers, P. Glans, S. B. Whitfield, H. Wang, Dennis W. Lindle Sep 1996

First Results From The High-Brightness X-Ray Spectroscopy Beamline 9.3.1 At Als, W. Ng, G. Jones, Rupert C. Perera, D. Hansen, J. Daniels, Oliver Hemmers, P. Glans, S. B. Whitfield, H. Wang, Dennis W. Lindle

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Beamline 9.3.1 at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) is a windowless beamline, covering the 1–6 keV photon energy range. This beamline is designed to achieve the goal of high brightness at the sample for use in the x‐ray atomic and molecular spectroscopy (XAMS) science, surface and interface science, biology and x‐ray optical development programs at ALS. X‐ray absorption and time‐of‐flight photoemission measurements in 2–5 keV photon energy range along with the flux, resolution, spot size and stability of the beamline will be discussed. Prospects for future XAMS measurements will also be ...


Kinetic-Energy- And Angular-Resolved Fragmentation Of Co In Vibrational-Resolved C 1s Excitation, N. Saito, Franz Heiser, Oliver Hemmers, K. Wieliczek, J. Viefhaus, U. Becker Sep 1996

Kinetic-Energy- And Angular-Resolved Fragmentation Of Co In Vibrational-Resolved C 1s Excitation, N. Saito, Franz Heiser, Oliver Hemmers, K. Wieliczek, J. Viefhaus, U. Becker

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Angular distributions of C++O+ from CO were measured, following vibrationally resolved C 1s excitations into the 2pπ, 3sσ, and 3pπ orbitals as well as into higher unresolved orbitals. A time-of-flight mass spectrometer, with a multihit-type position-sensitive anode, was used for the measurements. The anisotropy parameters (β) of C++O+ approach their theoretically expected values as the released kinetic energy in the fragmentation increases. The value of the β parameters remains constant for all vibrational states within each orbital.


Auger Resonant Raman Spectroscopy Used To Study The Angular Distributions Of The Xe 4d5/2 → 6p Decay Spectrum, B. Langer, N. Berrah, A. Farhat, Oliver Hemmers, J. Bozek Apr 1996

Auger Resonant Raman Spectroscopy Used To Study The Angular Distributions Of The Xe 4d5/2 → 6p Decay Spectrum, B. Langer, N. Berrah, A. Farhat, Oliver Hemmers, J. Bozek

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

The Auger resonant Raman effect can be used as a method to eliminate natural lifetime broadening in resonant Auger spectra. We have coupled this method with high-resolution photons from the Advanced Light Source to study angular distributions and decay rates of the Xe4d5/2→6p resonant Auger lines. The angular distribution parameters β of almost all possible final ionic 5p4(3P, 1D, 1S)6p states have been determined. Our data, which remove the discrepancy between previous lower-resolution experimental results, are compared to different theoretical results.


Angle-Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy Of C60, T. Liebsch, O. Plotzke, Franz Heiser, U. Hergenhahn, Oliver Hemmers, R. Wehlitz, J. Viefhaus, B. Langer, S. B. Whitfield, U. Becker Jul 1995

Angle-Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy Of C60, T. Liebsch, O. Plotzke, Franz Heiser, U. Hergenhahn, Oliver Hemmers, R. Wehlitz, J. Viefhaus, B. Langer, S. B. Whitfield, U. Becker

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Angle-resolved photoelectron spectra of gaseous C60 were recorded in the photon energy regions from 21 to 108 eV and from 295 to 320 eV. Partial cross sections σ and the angular distribution anisotropy parameter β vary significantly with photon energy, particularly in the near-threshold region of the valence and the core ionization regimes. Some of these effects may be attributed to scattering of the outgoing photoelectron by the atoms of the ionized C60 molecule. Our results indicate that the observed satellites of the C(1s) main line are most likely of shake-up character. Low-energy electrons emitted below the ...


Vibrational-State-Dependent Decay Of The Co C(1s) Excitation, N. Saito, Franz Heiser, Oliver Hemmers, A. Hempelmann, K. Wieliczek, J. Viefhaus, U. Becker Jun 1995

Vibrational-State-Dependent Decay Of The Co C(1s) Excitation, N. Saito, Franz Heiser, Oliver Hemmers, A. Hempelmann, K. Wieliczek, J. Viefhaus, U. Becker

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Molecular ionization and ionic fragmentation of core excited CO valence and Rydberg states are studied by partial-ion-yield spectroscopy at vibrational resolution. The vibrational intensities of the Rydberg excitations differ significantly depending on the ionization and/or fragmentation channel. The observed intensity variations are explained by nondissociative excited final ionic states of the subsequent molecular Auger decay. The vibrational levels of these final states become selectively depopulated due to interaction with dissociative decay channels leading to ionic fragmentation.


Observation Of Parity-Unfavored Transitions In The Nonresonant Photoionization Of Argon, B. Langer, J. Viefhaus, Oliver Hemmers, A. Menzel, R. Wehlitz, U. Becker Feb 1995

Observation Of Parity-Unfavored Transitions In The Nonresonant Photoionization Of Argon, B. Langer, J. Viefhaus, Oliver Hemmers, A. Menzel, R. Wehlitz, U. Becker

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Single-photon ionization of an atom or molecule can be subdivided into parity-favored and -unfavored transitions, the latter characterized by electron emission, preferentially perpendicular to the electric vector. The nonresonant existence of these transitions is shown experimentally and studied over an extended energy range for a variety of satellite transitions in atomic argon. The spectra exhibit several clearly resolved satellite lines with strongly negative β values close to -1, independent of the photon energy. The results confirm the corresponding predictions of angular-momentum transfer theory.