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Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Ionization

2015

Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Electron-Impact-Ionization Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Ethane, Esam Ali, Kate Nixon, Andrw Murray, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Oct 2015

Comparison Of Experimental And Theoretical Electron-Impact-Ionization Triple-Differential Cross Sections For Ethane, Esam Ali, Kate Nixon, Andrw Murray, Chuangang Ning, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have recently examined electron-impact ionization of molecules that have one large atom at the center, surrounded by H nuclei (H2O, NH3, CH4). All of these molecules have ten electrons; however, they vary in their molecular symmetry. We found that the triple-differential cross sections (TDCSs) for the highest occupied molecular orbitals (HOMOs) were similar, as was the character of the HOMO orbitals which had a p-type "peanut" shape. In this work, we examine ethane (C2H6) which is a molecule that has two large atoms surrounded by H nuclei, so that its HOMO has ...


Low-Energy (E₀ = 65 Ev) Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Triple-Differentical Cross Sections In 3d Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek M. Amami, Oleg I. Zatsarinny, Thomas Pfluger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn Sep 2015

Low-Energy (E₀ = 65 Ev) Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Triple-Differentical Cross Sections In 3d Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek M. Amami, Oleg I. Zatsarinny, Thomas Pfluger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present a combined experimental and theoretical study on the low-energy (E0 = 65 eV) electron- impact ionization of neon. The experimental data are compared to predictions from a hybrid second-order distorted-wave Born plus R-matrix approach (DWB2-RM), the distorted-wave Born approximation with inclusion of post-collision interaction (DWBA-PCI), a three-body distorted-wave approach (3DW), and a B-spline R-matrix (BSR) with pseudostates approach. Excellent agreement is found between experiment and the 3DW and BSR theories. The importance of PCI effects is clearly visible in this low-energy electron-impact ionization process.


Theoretical And Experimental Study Of (E,2e) Ionization Of The Co₂ (1ΠG) Molecule At 250 Ev, Mevlut Dogan, Zehra Nur Ozer, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Boghos B. Joulakian, Esam S M Ali, Chuangang Ning, Don H. Madison Sep 2015

Theoretical And Experimental Study Of (E,2e) Ionization Of The Co₂ (1ΠG) Molecule At 250 Ev, Mevlut Dogan, Zehra Nur Ozer, Murat Yavuz, Osman Alwan, Adnan Naja, Boghos B. Joulakian, Esam S M Ali, Chuangang Ning, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Triple differential cross sections (TDCSs) of the electron-impact ionization of carbon dioxide are measured in the coplanar asymmetric geometry, with incident electron energy value of 250eV, and ejected electron of 37eV. We will report the experimental results in comparison with the theoretical calculations of the M3DW and TCC (type 5) calculations.


First Evidence Of Interference Effects In The Ionization Of N₂ Molecule, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Mevlut Dogan, James Colgan, Don H. Madison Sep 2015

First Evidence Of Interference Effects In The Ionization Of N₂ Molecule, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Mevlut Dogan, James Colgan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We will present an experimental and theoretical investigation of triple differential cross sections for electron- impact ionization of nitrogen molecules at intermediate energies. A discussion of interference effects contained in the theoretical and experimental interference factors will be presented.


Evidence For Unnatural-Parity Contributions To Electron-Impact Ionization Of Laser-Aligned Atoms, G. S. J. Armstrong, J. Colgan, M. S. Pindzola, S. Amami, Don H. Madison, J. Pursehouse, K. L. Nixon, A. J. Murray Sep 2015

Evidence For Unnatural-Parity Contributions To Electron-Impact Ionization Of Laser-Aligned Atoms, G. S. J. Armstrong, J. Colgan, M. S. Pindzola, S. Amami, Don H. Madison, J. Pursehouse, K. L. Nixon, A. J. Murray

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Recent measurements have examined the electron-impact ionization of excited-state laser-aligned Mg atoms. In this work we show that the ionization cross section arising from the geometry where the aligned atom is perpendicular to the scattering plane directly probes the unnatural parity contributions to the ionization amplitude. The contributions from natural parity partial waves cancel exactly in this geometry. Our calculations resolve the discrepancy between the nonzero measured cross sections in this plane and the zero cross section predicted by distorted-wave approaches. We demonstrate that this is a general feature of ionization from p-state targets by additional studies of ionization from ...


Coplanar Asymmetric Angles And Symmetric Energy Sharing Triple Differential Cross Sections For 200 Ev Electron-Impact Ionization Of Ar (3p), Zehra Nur Ozer, Sadek M. Amami, Onur Varol, Murat Yavuz, Mevlut Dogan, Don H. Madison Sep 2015

Coplanar Asymmetric Angles And Symmetric Energy Sharing Triple Differential Cross Sections For 200 Ev Electron-Impact Ionization Of Ar (3p), Zehra Nur Ozer, Sadek M. Amami, Onur Varol, Murat Yavuz, Mevlut Dogan, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have measured triple differential cross sections (TDCSs) for electron-impact ionization of the 3p shell of Ar at 200 eV incident electron energy. The experiments have been performed in coplanar asymmetric energy sharing geometry. The experimental results are compared with the theoretical models of three body distorted wave (3DW) and distorted wave Born approximation (DWBA).


Interference Effects For Intermediate Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂ And N₂ Molecules, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Mevlut Dogan Jul 2015

Interference Effects For Intermediate Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of H₂ And N₂ Molecules, Zehra Nur Ozer, Hari Chaluvadi, Don H. Madison, Mevlut Dogan

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We have studied electron impact ionization of H2 and N2 molecules at intermediate energies to look for possible two center interference effects experimentally and theoretically. Here we report a study of the interference factor I for 250 eV electron-impact ionization. The experimental measurements are performed using a crossed-beam-type electron-electron coincidence spectrometer and theoretical calculations are obtained using the Molecular Three Body Distorted Wave Approximation (M3DW). We found that the I-factor demonstrated strong evidence for two-center interference effects for both H2 and N2. We also found that the I-factor is more sensitive to projectile angular scans than ...


Target Electron Ionization In Li²⁺-L-Li Collisions: A Multi-Electron Perspective, Maciej Dominik Piewanowski, Laszlo Gulyas, Marko W. Horbatsch, Johannes Goullon, Natalia Ferreira, Renate Hubele, Vitor L B D De Jesus, H. Lindenblatt, Katharina R. Schneider, Michael Schulz, Michael Schuricke, Z. Song, Shaofeng Zhang, Daniel Fischer, Tom Kirchner Apr 2015

Target Electron Ionization In Li²⁺-L-Li Collisions: A Multi-Electron Perspective, Maciej Dominik Piewanowski, Laszlo Gulyas, Marko W. Horbatsch, Johannes Goullon, Natalia Ferreira, Renate Hubele, Vitor L B D De Jesus, H. Lindenblatt, Katharina R. Schneider, Michael Schulz, Michael Schuricke, Z. Song, Shaofeng Zhang, Daniel Fischer, Tom Kirchner

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Target electron removal in Li2+-Li collisions at 2290 keV/amu is studied experimentally and theoretically for ground and excited lithium target configurations. It is shown that in outer-shell ionization a single-electron process plays the dominant part. However, the K-shell ionization results are more difficult to interpret. According to our calculations, the process is shown to be strongly single-particle like. On one hand, a high resemblance between theoretical single-particle ionization and exclusive inner-shell ionization is demonstrated, and contributions from multi-electron processes are found to be weak. On the other hand, it is indicated by the discrepancy between experimental and ...


Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn Mar 2015

Kinematically Complete Study Of Low-Energy Electron-Impact Ionization Of Neon: Internormalized Cross Sections In Three-Dimensional Kinematics, Xueguang Ren, Sadek Amami, Oleg Zatsarinny, Thomas Pflüger, Marvin Weyland, Woon Yong Baek, Hans Rabus, Klaus Bartschat, Don H. Madison, Alexander Dorn

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Low-energy (E0 0=65eV) electron-impact single ionization of Ne (2p) has been investigated to thoroughly test state-of-the-art theoretical approaches. The experimental data were measured using a reaction microscope, which can cover nearly the entire 4π solid angle for the secondary electron emission energies ranging from 2 to 8 eV, and projectile scattering angles ranging from 8.5⁰ to 20.0⁰. The experimental triple-differential cross sections are internormalized across all measured scattering angles and ejected energies. The experimental data are compared to predictions from a hybrid second-order distorted-wave Born plus R-matrix approach, the distorted-wave Born approximation with the inclusion of ...


Benchmarking Accurate Spectral Phase Retrieval Of Single Attosecond Pulses, Hui Wei, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, Chao Yu, C. D. Lin Feb 2015

Benchmarking Accurate Spectral Phase Retrieval Of Single Attosecond Pulses, Hui Wei, Anh-Thu Le, Toru Morishita, Chao Yu, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

A single extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) attosecond pulse or pulse train in the time domain is fully characterized if its spectral amplitude and phase are both determined. The spectral amplitude can be easily obtained from photoionization of simple atoms where accurate photoionization cross sections have been measured from, e.g., synchrotron radiations. To determine the spectral phase, at present the standard method is to carry out XUV photoionization in the presence of a dressing infrared (IR) laser. In this work, we examine the accuracy of current phase retrieval methods (PROOF and iPROOF) where the dressing IR is relatively weak such that photoelectron ...


Electron- And Photon-Impact Ionization Of Furfural, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, K. L. Nixon, P. Limão-Vieira, M.-J. Hubin-Franskin, J. Delwiche, C. G. Ning, J. Colgan, Andrew J. Murray, Don H. Madison, M .J. Brunger Jan 2015

Electron- And Photon-Impact Ionization Of Furfural, D. B. Jones, E. Ali, K. L. Nixon, P. Limão-Vieira, M.-J. Hubin-Franskin, J. Delwiche, C. G. Ning, J. Colgan, Andrew J. Murray, Don H. Madison, M .J. Brunger

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The He(i) photoelectron spectrum of furfural has been investigated, with its vibrational structure assigned for the first time. The ground and excited ionized states are assigned through ab initio calculations performed at the outer-valence Green's function level. Triple differential cross sections (TDCSs) for electron-impact ionization of the unresolved combination of the 4a" + 21a' highest and next-highest occupied molecular orbitals have also been obtained. Experimental TDCSs are recorded in a combination of asymmetric coplanar and doubly symmetric coplanar kinematics. The experimental TDCSs are compared to theoretical calculations, obtained within a molecular 3-body distorted wave framework that employed either an ...