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1996

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Articles 1 - 30 of 832

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Prediction Of Stress Appraisals From Mastery, Extraversion, Neuroticism, And General Appraisal Tendencies, S. H. Hemenover, Richard A. Dienstbier Dec 1996

Prediction Of Stress Appraisals From Mastery, Extraversion, Neuroticism, And General Appraisal Tendencies, S. H. Hemenover, Richard A. Dienstbier

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

Several personality dimensions (mastery, extraversion, and neuroticism) and a new General Appraisal Measure were used to predict stress appraisals made by college students in specific situations. Using multiple-regression techniques, mastery and general appraisal tendencies predicted appraisals for an intellectual task. Path analysis supported a structural model with general appraisal tendencies as a mediator between mastery and specific appraisal. In the second study mastery, extraversion, neuroticism, and general appraisal tendencies predicted appraisals for an academic stressor. Path analysis again supported the mediational nature of general appraisal tendencies from personality variables to specific appraisal. We discuss a potential causal mechanism between personality ...


What's Happening: December 26, 1996, Maine Medical Center Dec 1996

What's Happening: December 26, 1996, Maine Medical Center

What's Happening

No abstract provided.


Mill Owner Dies In Tractor Rollover, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Dec 1996

Mill Owner Dies In Tractor Rollover, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

A 51-year-old mill owner (the victim) was killed while pulling a 16-foot log from the woods. He had reached the top of a 10-12-degree slope, turned slightly to the left and stopped, when the tractor he was driving turned over. It landed on the victim and then rolled again. The victim's partner, who was with him, ran to a nearby house where he had seen two men working outdoors earlier. He asked them to call 911 and then returned with a backhoe with which to lift the tractor. While he was doing this, emergency medical services (EMS) personnel arrived ...


Ua66/14/3 Nursing Pinning Ceremony, Wku Nursing Dec 1996

Ua66/14/3 Nursing Pinning Ceremony, Wku Nursing

WKU Archives Records

Pinning ceremony program listing graduates of the WKU Nursing program.


What's Happening: December 11, 1996, Maine Medical Center Dec 1996

What's Happening: December 11, 1996, Maine Medical Center

What's Happening

No abstract provided.


Method For Obtaining Antifungal And Herbicidal Compounds That Target The First Committed Step In Shingolipid Long-Chain Base Biosynthesis, Robert C. Dickson, Robert L. Lester Dec 1996

Method For Obtaining Antifungal And Herbicidal Compounds That Target The First Committed Step In Shingolipid Long-Chain Base Biosynthesis, Robert C. Dickson, Robert L. Lester

Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry Faculty Patents

The invention provides the LCB1 and LCB2 genes of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae that encode subunits of the enzyme serine palmitoyltransferase (SPT), the first enzyme leading to synthesis of the long-base component of the sphingolipids. The present specification describes the isolation of the LCB1 and LCB2 genes. The invention further relates to methods of using these genes to either inhibit SPT activity or to inhibit synthesis of the enzyme. Furthermore, the invention relates to methods for constructing strains of S. cerevisiae or other organisms that can be used to select and to test for compounds that either inhibit SPT activity ...


Welder Dies After 30-Foot Fall From Steel Structure, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Dec 1996

Welder Dies After 30-Foot Fall From Steel Structure, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Falls

A 31-year-old welder working at a construction site died after falling 30 feet. The victim, along with two co-workers, was on an I-beam structure preparing to weld handrails when the incident occurred. The victim informed his two co-workers that he was going to talk with another person on the crew and left the area. He was wearing a hard hat, full-body safety harness with two shock-absorbing lanyards, and steel-toed shoes. He went down one level and crossed a roped-off area, stepping onto a steel-grate floor. The unsecured flooring moved, and the victim fell 30 feet to the dirt floor below ...


Farmer Killed When Caught In Hay Baler, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Dec 1996

Farmer Killed When Caught In Hay Baler, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

A 48-year-old part-time farmer was using a roll baler to bale hay on his farm around noon on a Saturday. Although there were no eyewitnesses to the event, it is believed that hay became clogged in the tines of the baler and he got off the tractor to try and force the hay in with his foot. His shoe or his pant leg became entangled in the tines of the baler and he was pulled into the machine.

In order to prevent similar incidents, FACE investigators recommend that

  • machinery always be turned off before the operator dismounts or attempts to ...


Logger Killed By Falling Snag [96ky089], Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Dec 1996

Logger Killed By Falling Snag [96ky089], Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

A 54-year-old logger (the victim) was killed after being struck on the head by a falling snag (dead standing tree). The victim was cutting the last tree to make up a load (3 trees) for the skidder. The driver was about 10-15 feet away, waiting for the last tree. He did not witness the incident. When the victim felled the tree, a nearby dead tree broke at a point approximately 12 feet up. The dead tree fell directly on the victim, striking him on the crown of the head. He was not wearing any type of head protection at the ...


Farmer Killed When Crushed By Tractor, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Dec 1996

Farmer Killed When Crushed By Tractor, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

A 70-year-old farmer (the victim) was killed while mowing his pasture. He had completed mowing around the top of a ridge, and was beginning to mow the sloping sections, when the power take-off (PTO) shaft connecting the rotary mower (bushhog) to the tractor came off. When he attempted to re-attach the shaft, the tractor began to roll down the steep slope; he lost control as it descended into the hollow. Apparently he attempted to jump from the left side of the tractor and his right foot became wedged between the high/low shift lever; as a result his body went ...


Retired Farmer Thrown From And Run Over By Tractor, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Dec 1996

Retired Farmer Thrown From And Run Over By Tractor, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

A 67-year-old retired farmer (the victim) was killed while mowing a field of the family farm. He had made several passes around the field using a rotary mower recently equipped with new blades by his son. At one end of the field was an approximate 20-foot hill of 15-degree slope. The top of this hill was a plateau across which the tractor could be driven in order to ascend at the end which was less steep. The victim had come close to rolling the tractor over in the past, and so it was never his practice to mow across the ...


What's Happening: December 4, 1996, Maine Medical Center Dec 1996

What's Happening: December 4, 1996, Maine Medical Center

What's Happening

No abstract provided.


Training Examiners For A National Epidemiological Survey Of Oral Mucosal Lesions, Rosnah Binti Zain, Razak I. A., Ikeda N., Axéll T., Downer M. C. Dec 1996

Training Examiners For A National Epidemiological Survey Of Oral Mucosal Lesions, Rosnah Binti Zain, Razak I. A., Ikeda N., Axéll T., Downer M. C.

Prof. Dr. Rosnah Binti Zain

Ensuring the validity and reliability of data collected in epidemiological surveys is an important consideration. The purpose of the present report is to describe a training and calibration programme for 16 examiners taking part in a national survey of oral mucosal lesions and to present an evaluation of the results. The programme included the distribution of a pictorial manual to participants and a series of lectures followed by three diagnostic sessions, two using slides and the last involving patients. At the final session, the trainees classified 88 per cent of 16 patients correctly in comparison with the definitive diagnoses of ...


Large Plasmids Of Avian Escherichia Coli Isolates, Dawn M. Doetkott, Lisa K. Nolan, Catherine W. Giddings, David L. Berryhill Dec 1996

Large Plasmids Of Avian Escherichia Coli Isolates, Dawn M. Doetkott, Lisa K. Nolan, Catherine W. Giddings, David L. Berryhill

Lisa K. Nolan

The plasmid DNA of 30 Escherichia coli isolates from chickens was extracted and examined using techniques designed to isolate large plasmids. This plasmid DNA was examined for the presence of certain known virulence-related genes including cvaC, tra7 and some aerobactin-related sequences. Seventeen of the 30 isolates contained from one to four plasmids greater than 50 kb in size. Eleven of these 17 strains possessed plasmids greater than 100 kb in size. Therefore, E. coli isolates of chickens frequently contain large plasmids, and many of these plasmids are likely to contain virulence related sequences.


Competitive Orientations And Motives Of Adult Sport And Exercise Participants, Diane L. Gill, Lavon Williams, Deborah A. Dowd, Christina M. Beaudoin, Jeffrey J. Martin Dec 1996

Competitive Orientations And Motives Of Adult Sport And Exercise Participants, Diane L. Gill, Lavon Williams, Deborah A. Dowd, Christina M. Beaudoin, Jeffrey J. Martin

Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies

Participants in four different adult sport and exercise programs (running club, exercise classes, cardiac rehabilitation program, senior games) completed measures of competitive orientation and participation motivation. Our samples were older and more diverse than samples of previous research, and their competitive orientations and motives were similarly diverse. Multivariate analyses revealed gender and sample differences. Males were higher than females on competitiveness and win orientation, and runners were less win-oriented than other groups, but overall, all groups were similar to previous college-age samples in competitive orientation. Groups varied on specific motives, with females rating fitness, flexibility, affiliation, and appearance higher than ...


Basement Membrane And Repair Of Injury To Peripheral Nerve: Defining A Potential Role For Macrophages, Matrix Metalloproteinases, And Tissue Inhibitor Of Metalloproteinases-1, Monique La Fleur, Johnnie L. Underwood, Daniel A. Rappolee, Zena Werb Dec 1996

Basement Membrane And Repair Of Injury To Peripheral Nerve: Defining A Potential Role For Macrophages, Matrix Metalloproteinases, And Tissue Inhibitor Of Metalloproteinases-1, Monique La Fleur, Johnnie L. Underwood, Daniel A. Rappolee, Zena Werb

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research Publications

Injury to a peripheral nerve is followed by a remodeling process consisting of axonal degenera- tion and regeneration. It is not known how Schwann cell–derived basement membrane is pre- served after injury or what role matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors play in axonal degeneration and regeneration. We showed that the MMPs gelatinase B (MMP-9), stromelysin-1 (MMP-3), and the tissue inhibitor of MMPs (TIMP)-1 were induced in crush and distal segments of mouse sciatic nerve after injury. TIMP-1 inhibitor activity was present in excess of proteinase activity in extracts of injured nerve. TIMP-1 protected basement mem- brane type ...


Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume Xlvi, Number 1, December 1996 Dec 1996

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume Xlvi, Number 1, December 1996

The Bulletin (formerly the Jefferson Medical College Alumni Bulletin)

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume XLVI, Number 1, December 1996

Rational Drug Design, Page 4

Technology Transfer, Page 7

Clinical Trials, Page 9

World-Class Athletes and Drugs, Page 12

The Makings of the Complete Physician, Page 14

Major Alliance Links Jefferson with Mercy Health, Page 17

“Gene Repair” Corrects Mutation Leading to Disease, Page 19

Genetic Discoveries Lead to New Lung Cancer Tests, Page 20

Alumni Can Participate in JeffHOPE, Page 24

Student AMA Organizes Bone Marrow Drive, Page 25


Update - December 1996, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics Dec 1996

Update - December 1996, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics

Update

In this issue:

-- Bioehtics Endowment Honors Jack and Margaret Provonsha
-- Partial Birth Abortion: Ethical Issues
-- Partial Birth Abortion: Mandates, Methods, and Morality
-- Partial Birth Abortion Dialogue


The Right To A Family Environment For Children With Disabilities, Victoria Weisz Dec 1996

The Right To A Family Environment For Children With Disabilities, Victoria Weisz

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

To access services for children with disabilities, the children often have been required to leave their families of origin. However, social science evidence indicates that there are substantial psychological benefits for children to remain with their families whenever possible. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN General Assembly, 1989) supports policies and programs that enable children with disabilities to receive services without leaving their family environment. This article briefly reviews the social science literature and the UN. Convention, and it documents trends in US. law consistent with the implications of the scientific evidence and international consensus. The ...


Spruce Run News (December 1996), Spruce Run Staff Dec 1996

Spruce Run News (December 1996), Spruce Run Staff

Maine Women's Publications - All

No abstract provided.


Canine Hypoadrenocorticism (Canine Addison's Disease): History, Contemporary Diagnosis By Practicing Veterinarians, And Epidemiology, William James Kelch Dec 1996

Canine Hypoadrenocorticism (Canine Addison's Disease): History, Contemporary Diagnosis By Practicing Veterinarians, And Epidemiology, William James Kelch

Doctoral Dissertations

This study of canine hypoadrenocorticism (canine Addison's disease; adrenal insufficiency) used several techniques to determine the incidence and prevalence of the disease and to identify factors associated with its occurrence. These techniques were historical; statistical, including meta-analysis and logistic regression; and epidemiologic, including both case series and case control data. Data were gathered by: extracting the details of cases reported in the veterinary literature, a rudimentary meta-anaylsis; using data obtained by Ciba Animal Health in the clinical trial of the drug microcrystalline desoxycorticosterone pivalate (DOCP); using data obtained from the Veterinary Medical Data Base (VMDB), a data repository of ...


Use Of Folk Healing Practices By Hiv-Infected Hispanics Living In The United States, Mariana Suarez, Marcela Raffaelli, Ann O'Leary Dec 1996

Use Of Folk Healing Practices By Hiv-Infected Hispanics Living In The United States, Mariana Suarez, Marcela Raffaelli, Ann O'Leary

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

In the absence of a medical cure for AIDS, HIV-infected individuals may seek alternative treatments that are consistent with cultural and social beliefs. This paper examines beliefs about, and use of, folk healing practices by HIV-infected Hispanics receiving care at an HIV/AIDS clinic in inner-city New Jersey. Anonymous individual interviews were conducted with 58 male and 18 female HIV-infected Hispanics aged 23-55, primarily of Puerto Rican origin (61%) or descent (29%). The majority of respondents believed in good and evil spirits (73.7%); among the 56 believers, 48% stated that the spirits had a causal role in their infection ...


Using Information Technology Strategically In Home Care, Jerry A. Benson, Jeffrey E. Michelman, Doreen Radjenovic Dec 1996

Using Information Technology Strategically In Home Care, Jerry A. Benson, Jeffrey E. Michelman, Doreen Radjenovic

Accounting and Finance Faculty Publications

As home healthcare agencies examine new and innovative ways to deliver quality care more efficiently, the historical role of information technology as a way to automate clerical tasks will be significantly broadened to facilitate the true value of technology to home care providers. More importantly, a reduction in time spent on paperwork will allow agency caregivers to spend more time with clients. This article looks beyond the boundaries of desktop computing and examines the costs and benefits of network computing to develop strategic advantages for home healthcare agencies.


Pain Levels And Rating Of Perceived Exertion Of People With Herniated Lumbar Disc While Walking In Two Environments, Brenda L. Cunningham-Boerger Dec 1996

Pain Levels And Rating Of Perceived Exertion Of People With Herniated Lumbar Disc While Walking In Two Environments, Brenda L. Cunningham-Boerger

Masters Theses

The purpose of the study was to investigate if walking in water is an effective substitute for walking on land as an aerobic exercise for people with herniated lumbar disc. The study involved the dependent variables o f perceived pain levels (PPL) and ratings o f perceived exertion (RPE). Independent variables were walking condition and work intensity. Land walking was performed on a treadmill; water walking was performed in an indoor pool 4.5 ft deep and 90*F. Work was set at four different intensities, based on the formula for predicting maximum heart rate (MHR), 220 minus age. The ...


Predictors Of Depression Among Workers At The Time Of A Plant Closing, Nancy R. Vosler, Deborah Page-Adams Dec 1996

Predictors Of Depression Among Workers At The Time Of A Plant Closing, Nancy R. Vosler, Deborah Page-Adams

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Using an ecological theoretical perspective, this study of white male UAW workers stressed by a plant closing explored predictors of depression at multiple systems levels. The five best predictors of workers' depression were family strengths, age, economic strain, health, and social support. Additional bivariate predictors included self-esteem and having an alcohol problem at the individual level, marital status and family satisfaction at the family system level, and household income, home ownership, and key relationships at the social-environmental level. Implications for collaboration between direct-service and policy-practice social workers are discussed.


Addressing Spirituality In Occupational Therapy Treatment, Barbara R. Howe Dec 1996

Addressing Spirituality In Occupational Therapy Treatment, Barbara R. Howe

Masters Theses

Literature review identified confusion in the definitions of spirituality with religion. However, there have been attempts to separate the two definitions by professionals who consider holism an important concept of clinical practice. This · study was designed to identify occupational therapists' definitions of spirituality in clinical practice. Also under investigation was the therapist's assessment and use of spirituality for treatment purposes.

A survey was sent to a random sample of occupational therapists in order to gather data about their spiritual activities, their personal definitions of spirituality and their use of spirituality in evaluation and treatment of clients.

Occupational therapists who ...


A Study Of The Emotional Responses And Coping Strategies Of Male And Female Athletes With Moderate And Severe Injuries, Donna S. Eaton Dec 1996

A Study Of The Emotional Responses And Coping Strategies Of Male And Female Athletes With Moderate And Severe Injuries, Donna S. Eaton

Dissertations

Emotional responses and coping strategies of injured athletes was the focus of the study. Several emotions have been identified in injured athletes such as frustration, depression, anger, and shock. Questions remain whether males and females feel similar emotions and engage similar coping strategies and whether severity of injury is a significant factor in responses and coping.

Quantitative data were obtained on emotional responses and coping strategies using the Emotional Response of Athletes in Injury Questionnaire (ERAIQ), the Profile of Mood States (POMS), and the COPE. The study examined whether gender and severity of injury may influence emotional responses and coping ...


Gross And Histological Features Of A Myofascial Trigger Point In The Upper Trapezius, Kathryn E. Levee Dec 1996

Gross And Histological Features Of A Myofascial Trigger Point In The Upper Trapezius, Kathryn E. Levee

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to precisely locate, in living humans, a myofascial trigger point associated with the upper portion of the trapezius muscle (TrP1) that refers pain to the head and neck and to determine if this point is associated with anatomical structures. This study is descriptive and utilizes data from measurements of the location of TrP1 in relation to anatomical landmarks, of pressure sensitivity overlying the trigger point and electromyography recordings in localizing the trigger point. Information obtained from living humans was used to determine anatomical correlation to structures in cadavers. Results indicated there is little variability ...


Work Redesign And Its Influence On Employee Motivation And Job Satisfaction, John Koscielniak Dec 1996

Work Redesign And Its Influence On Employee Motivation And Job Satisfaction, John Koscielniak

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Reengineering and work redesign have become the buzzwords of the healthcare industry giving rise to the unprecedented growth of reengineering / work redesign consultants who offer cookbook methods to make the organization efficient and reduce costs. The unfortunate consequence of this rush to redesign is that the employer accepts recommendations to change the organization without knowing the state of the workforce. The purpose of this research is to test the effects of work redesign as implemented at two for-profit hospitals using a measurement tool developed specifically for work redesign. The intent is to compare the hospitals separately as each work redesign ...


Health Knowledge Of Nigerian College Students, Chinyere Ogbonna-Mcgruder Dec 1996

Health Knowledge Of Nigerian College Students, Chinyere Ogbonna-Mcgruder

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The increase in preventable diseases in many parts of Africa is becoming quite a concern for the African community as well as for epidemiologists all over the world. There is a general consensus among African epidemiologists that a lack of health education and traditional cultures contribute to this trend. The purpose of this thesis is to report the results of a survey of health knowledge among college students in the southern region of Nigeria, specifically, in Enugu and it's surrounding environ. First year students at the two universities in this region completed the health knowledge inventory (HKI). These students ...