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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Counselling In Infertility: Scope And Limitations – A Profile Of Counselling Services In Australian Assisted Reproductive Clinics, Morag Mcarthur, Christine Moulet Oct 2004

Counselling In Infertility: Scope And Limitations – A Profile Of Counselling Services In Australian Assisted Reproductive Clinics, Morag Mcarthur, Christine Moulet

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Not having children in what still remains a pro-natalist society causes significant loss and grief. Approximately one in six couples today experience difficulty in conceiving. In response to the increase in the number of people seeking treatment there has been a spectacular increase in the number of fertility clinics established throughout Australia. Clinics are required to provide patients with counselling; however, little is known about counselling in this context. This paper charts the development of Assisted Reproductive Clinics in Australia and the requirement for counselling to be provided. It reports on results from an exploratory study, carried out in 2000 ...


Virtuous Nursing: More Caring Than Science And More Scientific Than Care, Kristine Morrison Aug 2004

Virtuous Nursing: More Caring Than Science And More Scientific Than Care, Kristine Morrison

Theses

Western nursing has been deeply influenced by Christianity and more latterly by the Nightingale ideal of the good nurse. Both views have, as their foundation, the belief that there is an objectively knowable good way to live. This belief presents problems to the modern nurse and has, in large part, been rejected. However, the rejection of this objective moral foundation for nursing has resulted in a crisis of confidence about the best way to articulate what it is to be a good nurse. Two new ways have emerged in recent times. A scientific approach to nursing has elevated the work ...


An Analysis Of Mental Health Care In Australia From A Social Justice And Human Rights Perspective, With Special Reference To The Influences Of England And The United States Of America, 1800-2004, Bernadette Mary Ibell Jul 2004

An Analysis Of Mental Health Care In Australia From A Social Justice And Human Rights Perspective, With Special Reference To The Influences Of England And The United States Of America, 1800-2004, Bernadette Mary Ibell

Theses

The aim of this thesis is to analyze mental health care in Australia from a social justice and human rights perspective, in order to demonstrate that social justice as a philosophical manifestation of justice and fairness, is an essential ingredient in the theory and practice of mental health care. It is contended that the needs of the mentally ill would be most appropriately answered by the utilization of a Natural Law model, based on Finnis's Natural Law theory. The Scope of the Thesis.The needs and care of the mentally ill are discussed, together with the treatment meted out ...


Coping With Cancer: The Adolescent Experience, Tracy Till Feb 2004

Coping With Cancer: The Adolescent Experience, Tracy Till

Theses

Adolescence is the period of physical and emotional development from childhood to adulthood. As an adolescent develops they struggle with many issues including developing independence from their parents, embracing peer culture, an increase in the importance of body image and the development of sexual, vocational, and moral identity. The diagnosis and treatment for cancer can interfere with the adolescent meeting these goals, and subsequently cause the experience of adolescence to be more difficult. The aim of this study was to identify how adolescents with cancer cope with their situation. The objectives were to determine the resources adolescents utilise to cope ...


Adhd, A Social Construct: The Experiences Of Families Who Have A Child Diagnosed With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Koula Neophytou Feb 2004

Adhd, A Social Construct: The Experiences Of Families Who Have A Child Diagnosed With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Koula Neophytou

Theses

The diagnosis of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has increased over the last few years in Australia. ADHD is currently understood largely through a medical perspective, and in that context, the treatment recommended is stimulant medication. ADHD is a mental health label given to children who exhibit challenging behaviour. These children are diagnosed according to the categories stated in the Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM) - IV. To date, there is no medical test children can undertake to show that they 'have' ADHD. This research focuses on an alternative view of ADHD. Focussing upon families' experience of ADHD, and the ...


The Effects Of Contextual Interference And Variability Of Practice On The Acquisition Of A Motor Task And Transfer To A Novel Task, Stephen Wrathall Jan 2004

The Effects Of Contextual Interference And Variability Of Practice On The Acquisition Of A Motor Task And Transfer To A Novel Task, Stephen Wrathall

Theses

AIM The purpose of this experiment is to assess whether the advantages of variable practice are due to schema formation or to enhanced information processing (contextual interference) alone. DESIGN The design involved a 2 (mode; cognitive and motor) x 5 (practice schedule; blocked, random, constant distance one, constant distance two, and constant distance three) between subjects design resulting in ten groups. One hundred participants were randomly chosen from Human Movement students at Australian Catholic University and assigned to each of the ten groups (n=10). The cognitive mode involved the participants having to recognise the appropriate target from three geometrical ...


Physical Activity And Television Viewing In Relation To Risk Of Undiagnosed Abnormal Glucose Metabolism In Adults, David Dunstan, Jo Salmon, Neville Owen, Timothy Armstrong, Paul Zimmet, Timothy Welborn, Adrian Cameron, Terence Dwyer, Damien Jolley, Jonathan Shaw Jan 2004

Physical Activity And Television Viewing In Relation To Risk Of Undiagnosed Abnormal Glucose Metabolism In Adults, David Dunstan, Jo Salmon, Neville Owen, Timothy Armstrong, Paul Zimmet, Timothy Welborn, Adrian Cameron, Terence Dwyer, Damien Jolley, Jonathan Shaw

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objective: The goal of this study was to assess the associations of physical activity time and television (TV) time with risk of “undiagnosed” abnormal glucose metabolism in Australian adults. Research design and methods: This population-based cross-sectional study using a stratified cluster design involving 42 randomly selected Census Collector Districts across Australia included 8,299 adults aged 25 years or older who were free from new type 2 diabetes and self-reported ischemic disease and did not take lipid-lowering or antihypertensive drugs. Abnormal glucose metabolism (impaired fasting glycemia [IFG], impaired glucose tolerance [IGT], or new type 2 diabetes) was based on an ...


Effects Of Different Loading Intensities On Skeletal Adaptation To Exercise In Prepubertal Girls, Peter N. Wiebe Jan 2004

Effects Of Different Loading Intensities On Skeletal Adaptation To Exercise In Prepubertal Girls, Peter N. Wiebe

Theses

This study involved a 28-week school-based exercise trial of single-leg drop-landing exercise with 42 girls (Tanner stage 1; 6-10 yr old) randomly assigned to control (C), low-drop (LD) or high-drop(HD) exercise groups. The latter two groups performed single-leg drop-landings (3 sessions.wk-1 and 50 landings.session-1) from 14cm and 28cm, respectively using the non-dominant leg. Single-leg peak ground-reaction impact forces (PGRIF) in a sub-sample ranged between 2.5 - 4.4 x body-weight (BW). No differences (p>0.05) among groups at baseline for age, stature, lean tissue mass (LTM - DXA - Lunar 3.6-DPX), leisure time physical activity or average ...


An Investigation Into The Use Of Water Immersion Upon The Outcomes And Experience Of Giving Birth, Annie G. Sprague Jan 2004

An Investigation Into The Use Of Water Immersion Upon The Outcomes And Experience Of Giving Birth, Annie G. Sprague

Theses

The use of deep-water immersion during labour and birth is commonplace in many countries including Australia, yet there has been little contemporary Australian data from which to form policies regarding its use during childbirth, or which have included women's experiences using water immersion. The literature reviewed for this study was positive with regard to the effect of water immersion during childbirth and was associated with decreased rates of perineal trauma, low episiotomy rates, low rates of analgesic use, lower operative deliveries coupled with increased maternal satisfaction of the experience of childbirth when compared with births where water immersion was ...