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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

A Model Of Art Therapy For Aboriginal Children Within The Preschool, Shiri Hergass Feb 2019

A Model Of Art Therapy For Aboriginal Children Within The Preschool, Shiri Hergass

Theses

This research sets out to formally develop the Seasonal Model of Art Therapy, to observe and test it in action, and to address the research question, which examines ways to support educators working with children who have experienced trauma, using art therapy groups in preschools. Case study methodology was utilised, to systematise the approach and to assist in fully articulating its aims, purposes and procedure, ultimately for dissemination to art therapy teams and educators. In addition, the thesis provides a systematic and somewhat exhaustive survey of contributory theories and related research in the literature, which serves towards providing a rationale ...


Personal And Reported Partner Pornography Viewing By Australian Women, And Association With Mental Health And Body Image, Ingrid L. Laemmle-Ruff, Michelle Raggatt, Cassandra J. C. Wright, Elise Rose Carrotte, Angela C. Davis, Rebecca Jenkinson, Megan Su Cheng Lim Jan 2019

Personal And Reported Partner Pornography Viewing By Australian Women, And Association With Mental Health And Body Image, Ingrid L. Laemmle-Ruff, Michelle Raggatt, Cassandra J. C. Wright, Elise Rose Carrotte, Angela C. Davis, Rebecca Jenkinson, Megan Su Cheng Lim

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Personal and partner pornography viewing may affect health and wellbeing. This study aimed to improve understanding of the effects of pornography on mental health and body image, given emerging evidence of increasing use, particularly among young people. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was implemented, targeting people who had accessed health and fitness content via social media. Convenience sampling was used and participants were recruited via advertising on social media. Results: Overall, 76% (75/99) of women reported having ever viewed pornography, and 21% had viewed pornography frequently (monthly/weekly/daily) in the prior 12 months. The association between frequent viewing ...


Alteration To Hippocampal Volume And Shape Confined To Cannabis Dependence: A Multi-Site Study [Accepted Manuscript], Yann Chye, Valentina Lorenzetti, Chao Suo, Albert Batalla, Janna Cousijn, Anna E. Goudriaan, Mark Jenkinson, Rocio Martin-Santos, Sarah Whittle, Murat Yücel, Nadia Solowij Jan 2019

Alteration To Hippocampal Volume And Shape Confined To Cannabis Dependence: A Multi-Site Study [Accepted Manuscript], Yann Chye, Valentina Lorenzetti, Chao Suo, Albert Batalla, Janna Cousijn, Anna E. Goudriaan, Mark Jenkinson, Rocio Martin-Santos, Sarah Whittle, Murat Yücel, Nadia Solowij

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Cannabis use is highly prevalent and often considered to be relatively harmless. Nonetheless, a subset of regular cannabis users may develop dependence, experiencing poorer quality of life and greater mental health problems relative to non‐dependent users. The neuroanatomy characterizing cannabis use versus dependence is poorly understood. We aimed to delineate the contributing role of cannabis use and dependence on morphology of the hippocampus, one of the most consistently altered brain regions in cannabis users, in a large multi‐site dataset aggregated across four research sites. We compared hippocampal volume and vertex‐level hippocampal shape differences (1) between 121 non ...


More A Marathon Than A Hurdle: Towards Children’S Informed Consent In A Study On Safety [Accepted Manuscript], Tim Moore, Morag Mcarthur, Debbie Noble-Carr Feb 2018

More A Marathon Than A Hurdle: Towards Children’S Informed Consent In A Study On Safety [Accepted Manuscript], Tim Moore, Morag Mcarthur, Debbie Noble-Carr

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Informed consent is critical in research with children. Although much has been written about the need to see consent as an ongoing process, less has considered how to do it in practice. This article reflects on the authors’ experiences of conducting a piece of research focusing on children’s experiences of safety from abuse within institutional contexts. It draws on feedback provided by participants and the guidance of three Children’s Reference Groups. The importance of presenting information in accessible and appropriate ways, of providing opportunities for participants to negotiate their participation and for in-the-moment challenges be dealt with collaboratively ...


A Worthy Self Is A Caring Self: Examining The Developmental Relations Between Self-Esteem And Self-Compassion In Adolescents [Accepted Manuscript]`, James N. Donald, Joseph Ciarrochi, Philip D. Parker, Baljinder K. Sahdra, Sarah L. Marshall, Jiesi Guo Jan 2018

A Worthy Self Is A Caring Self: Examining The Developmental Relations Between Self-Esteem And Self-Compassion In Adolescents [Accepted Manuscript]`, James N. Donald, Joseph Ciarrochi, Philip D. Parker, Baljinder K. Sahdra, Sarah L. Marshall, Jiesi Guo

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objective: Self‐compassion has been framed as a healthy alternative to self‐esteem, as it is nonevaluative. However, rather than being alternatives, it may be that the two constructs develop in a mutually reinforcing way. The present study tested this possibility among adolescents. Method: A large adolescent sample (N = 2,809; 49.8% female) reported levels of trait self‐esteem and self‐compassion annually for 4 years. Autoregressive cross‐lagged structural equation models were used to estimate the reciprocal longitudinal relations between the two constructs. Results: Self‐esteem consistently predicted changes in self‐compassion across the 4 years of the ...


Social Distance Toward Syrian Refugees: The Role Of Intergroup Anxiety In Facilitating Positive Relations, Yasin Koc, Joel R. Anderson Jan 2018

Social Distance Toward Syrian Refugees: The Role Of Intergroup Anxiety In Facilitating Positive Relations, Yasin Koc, Joel R. Anderson

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

The number of asylum seekers and refugees across the world is rapidly increasing. Negative attitudes toward these groups are globally prevalent and typically hostile because most receiving country citizens perceive them to be a security threat and an economic burden. This paper aims to understand the antecedents of negative attitudes toward a large refugee group currently garnering a great deal of attention—Syrian refugees, and experimentally test ways to ameliorate negative attitudes. In Study 1 (N = 122), we investigated predictors of social distance—as a proxy for prejudice—and found right‐wing authoritarianism and intergroup anxiety to be significant predictors ...


Psychotropic Medications In Older People In Residential Care Facilities And Associations With Quality Of Life: A Cross-Sectional Study, Stephanie L. Harrison, Clare E. Bradley, Rachel Milte, Enwu Liu, Lisa K. O'Donnell, Sarah N. Hilmer, Maria Crotty Jan 2018

Psychotropic Medications In Older People In Residential Care Facilities And Associations With Quality Of Life: A Cross-Sectional Study, Stephanie L. Harrison, Clare E. Bradley, Rachel Milte, Enwu Liu, Lisa K. O'Donnell, Sarah N. Hilmer, Maria Crotty

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Psychotropic medications have been associated with many adverse outcomes in older people living in residential care. Home-like models of residential care may be preferable to traditional models of care and we hypothesized that this model may impact on the prevalence of psychotropic medications. The objectives were to: 1) examine associations between psychotropic medications and quality of life in older adults living in residential care facilities with a high prevalence of cognitive impairment and dementia and 2) determine if there was a difference in prevalence of psychotropic medications in facilities which provide a small group home-like model of residential care ...


Accelerated Intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation In Major Depression Induces Decreases In Modularity: A Connectome Analysis, Karen Caeyenberghs, Romain Duprat, Alexander Leemans, Hadi Hosseini, Peter H. Wilson, Debby Klooster, Chris Baeken Jan 2018

Accelerated Intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation In Major Depression Induces Decreases In Modularity: A Connectome Analysis, Karen Caeyenberghs, Romain Duprat, Alexander Leemans, Hadi Hosseini, Peter H. Wilson, Debby Klooster, Chris Baeken

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Accelerated intermittent theta burst stimulation (aiTBS) is a noninvasive neurostimulation technique that shows promise for improving clinical outcome in patients suffering from treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Although it has been suggested that aiTBS may evoke beneficial neuroplasticity effects in neuronal circuits, the effects of aiTBS on brain networks have not been investigated until now. Fifty TRD patients were enrolled in a randomized double-blind sham-controlled crossover trial involving aiTBS, applied to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Diffusion-weighted MRI data were acquired at each of three time points (T1at baseline; T2 after the first week of real/sham aiTBS stimulation; and T3 after ...


Neighbourhood Disadvantage, Geographic Remoteness And Body Mass Index Among Immigrants To Australia: A National Cohort Study 2006-2014, Karen Menigoz, Andrea Nathan, Kristiann C. Heesch, Gavin Turrell Jan 2018

Neighbourhood Disadvantage, Geographic Remoteness And Body Mass Index Among Immigrants To Australia: A National Cohort Study 2006-2014, Karen Menigoz, Andrea Nathan, Kristiann C. Heesch, Gavin Turrell

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Obesity is socioeconomically, geographically and ethnically patterned. Understanding these elements of disadvantage is vital in understanding population obesity trends and the development of effective and equitable interventions. This study examined the relationship between neighbourhood socioeconomic disadvantage and geographic remoteness with prospective trends in mean body mass index (BMI) among immigrants to Australia. Longitudinal data (2006–2014) from a national panel survey of Australian adults was divided into an immigrant-only sample (n = 4,293, 52.6% women and 19,404 person-year observations). The data were analysed using multi-level random effects linear regression modelling that controlled for individual socioeconomic and demographic factors ...


"It's Like A Drink You'd Have Before You Go To A Party": Analysis Of A Vodka Cruiser Advertising Campaign [Accepted Manuscript], Sandra C. Jones, Kate Louise Francis, Chloe S. Gordon Jan 2018

"It's Like A Drink You'd Have Before You Go To A Party": Analysis Of A Vodka Cruiser Advertising Campaign [Accepted Manuscript], Sandra C. Jones, Kate Louise Francis, Chloe S. Gordon

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Introduction and Aims: The aim of the present study was to explore young women's understandings of, and interactions with, an advertising campaign for a pre-mixed alcohol product that appeared to be promoting pre-drinking. This campaign was the subject of complaints to the Alcohol Advertising Review Board, revealing an inconsistency between the way the company responded to such complaints (arguing that the campaign does not encourage pre-drinking) and the way it described the campaign in trade press (the pre-drink enjoyed by the ‘girls’ while getting ready …). Design and Methods: Twelve focus groups were conducted with 72 young women, aged 15 ...


A Benchmarking Study Of Father Involvement In Australian Child Mental Health Services, Mark R. Dadds, Daniel A. J. Collins, Frances L. Doyle, L. A. Tully, D. Hawes, Rhoshel Lenroot, Vicki Anderson, Paul Frick, C. Moul, Eva R. Kimonis Jan 2018

A Benchmarking Study Of Father Involvement In Australian Child Mental Health Services, Mark R. Dadds, Daniel A. J. Collins, Frances L. Doyle, L. A. Tully, D. Hawes, Rhoshel Lenroot, Vicki Anderson, Paul Frick, C. Moul, Eva R. Kimonis

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

Fathers are underrepresented in interventions focussing on child well-being, yet research suggests their involvement may be critical to enhancing intervention effectiveness. This study aimed to provide the first Australian benchmark of rates of father attendance across several child mental health services. Retrospective casefile reviews were conducted to obtain data on father and mother attendance at 10 Australian child mental health services. A total of 2128 casefile records were retrospectively examined to extract family-level data. The main outcome measures were rates of father and mother attendance at sessions involving parents, and rates of father- and mother-instigated referral to services. Across services ...


Users’ Intrinsic Goals Linked To Alcohol Dependence Risk Level And Engagement With A Health Promotion Website (Hello Sunday Morning): Observational Study, Emma Bradshaw, Baljinder Sahdra, Rafael A. Calvo, Alex Mrvaljevich, Richard Ryan Jan 2018

Users’ Intrinsic Goals Linked To Alcohol Dependence Risk Level And Engagement With A Health Promotion Website (Hello Sunday Morning): Observational Study, Emma Bradshaw, Baljinder Sahdra, Rafael A. Calvo, Alex Mrvaljevich, Richard Ryan

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Hello Sunday Morning (HSM) is a self-guided health promotion website with the aim to improve drinking culture. Members are encouraged to sign up for a 3-month period of alcohol abstention and record and track their progress and goals.
Objective: This study used self-determination theory (SDT) to examine the nature of goals subscribed by HSM users to test the extent to which intrinsic goal pursuit was linked to lower alcohol dependency risk and higher engagement with the HSM website.
Methods: HSM users (N=2216; 59.75%, 1324/2216, females; aged 18-79 years) completed the World Health Organization’s Alcohol Use ...


The Quality Of Life When A Partner Has Substance Use Problems: A Scoping Review, Bente Birkeland, Kim Foster, Anne S. Selbekk, Magnhild M. Høie, Torleif Ruud, Bente Weimand Jan 2018

The Quality Of Life When A Partner Has Substance Use Problems: A Scoping Review, Bente Birkeland, Kim Foster, Anne S. Selbekk, Magnhild M. Høie, Torleif Ruud, Bente Weimand

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objective: To examine the existing body of knowledge on quality of life (QoL) in partners of people with substance use problems (PP-SUPs) to provide a synthesized summary of the evidence and identify gaps in our knowledge on the QoL of PP-SUPs. Methods: A systematic scoping review was performed. Publications indexed in EMBASE, Medline, PsycINFO, CINAHL, SocINDEX, and CENTRAL were searched for original, empirical, peer-reviewed, full-length research papers that examined QoL in PP-SUPs. Research papers identified through a manual search of key references and known references by co-authors were also included. A total of 3070 abstracts were screened, 41 full-text papers ...


A Qualitative Investigation Of The Perceived Influence Of Adolescents’ Motivation On Relationships Between Domain-Specific Physical Activity And Positive And Negative Affect [Accepted Manuscript], Rhiannon Lee White, Rebecca Olson, Philip D. Parker, Thomas Astell-Burt, Chris Lonsdale Jan 2018

A Qualitative Investigation Of The Perceived Influence Of Adolescents’ Motivation On Relationships Between Domain-Specific Physical Activity And Positive And Negative Affect [Accepted Manuscript], Rhiannon Lee White, Rebecca Olson, Philip D. Parker, Thomas Astell-Burt, Chris Lonsdale

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Evidence shows that the relationship between physical activity and mental wellbeing varies across different life domains. However, little is known about the reasons for such variation. We aimed to explore motivation as a potential underlying factor that may explain some of the variation, by qualitatively examining adolescents’ physical activity experiences and perceived affective outcomes during leisure-time, active travel, and physical education. Method: We conducted computer-assisted-self-interviews with 144 adolescents (M age = 14.42 years) about physical activity experiences they believed led to positive and negative affect. The participants were asked when the activities occurred, their reason for participation, and with ...


The Nature Of The Therapeutic Alliance Between Nurses And Consumers With Anorexia Nervosa In The Inpatient Setting: A Mixed‐Methods Study [Accepted Manuscript], Joel S. Zugai, Jane Stein-Parbury, Michael Roche Jan 2018

The Nature Of The Therapeutic Alliance Between Nurses And Consumers With Anorexia Nervosa In The Inpatient Setting: A Mixed‐Methods Study [Accepted Manuscript], Joel S. Zugai, Jane Stein-Parbury, Michael Roche

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Aims and objectives To develop a greater understanding of the nature of the inpatient therapeutic alliance between nurses and consumers with Anorexia Nervosa (AN). Background Consumers with AN value interpersonal relationships with nurses, finding these relationships meaningful and therapeutic. It is established that the therapeutic alliance enhances outcomes for consumers with AN. However, establishing the therapeutic alliance in the inpatient setting is considered challenging. Design: This study employed a two‐phase mixed‐method explanatory sequential design. An initial quantitative survey, phase one, was followed by the collection and analysis of qualitative data, phase two. Methods: Phase one employed validated survey ...


A Transdiagnostic Dimensional Approach Towards A Neuropsychological Assessment For Addiction: An International Delphi Consensus Study, Murat Yucel, Erin Oldenhof, Serge H. Ahmed, David Belin, Joel Billieux, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Adrian Carter, Samuel R. Chamberlain, Luke Clark, Jason P. Connor, Mark Daglish, Geert Dom, Pinhas Dannon, Theodora Duka, Maria Jose Fernandez-Serrano, Matt Field, Ingmar Franken, Rita Z. Goldstein, Raul Gonzalez, Anna E. Goudriaan, Jon Grant, M. J. Gullo, Robert Hester, David Hodgins, Bernard Le Foll, Rico S. C. Lee, Anne Lingford-Hughes, Valentina Lorenzetti, Scott J. Moeller, Marcus R. Munafò, Brian Odlaug, Marc N. Potenza, Rebecca A. Segrave, Zsuzsika Sjoerds, Nadia Solowij, W. Van Den Brink, Ruth Van Holst, Valerie Voon, R. W. Wiers, Leonardo F. Fontenelle, Antonio Verdejo-Garcia Jan 2018

A Transdiagnostic Dimensional Approach Towards A Neuropsychological Assessment For Addiction: An International Delphi Consensus Study, Murat Yucel, Erin Oldenhof, Serge H. Ahmed, David Belin, Joel Billieux, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Adrian Carter, Samuel R. Chamberlain, Luke Clark, Jason P. Connor, Mark Daglish, Geert Dom, Pinhas Dannon, Theodora Duka, Maria Jose Fernandez-Serrano, Matt Field, Ingmar Franken, Rita Z. Goldstein, Raul Gonzalez, Anna E. Goudriaan, Jon Grant, M. J. Gullo, Robert Hester, David Hodgins, Bernard Le Foll, Rico S. C. Lee, Anne Lingford-Hughes, Valentina Lorenzetti, Scott J. Moeller, Marcus R. Munafò, Brian Odlaug, Marc N. Potenza, Rebecca A. Segrave, Zsuzsika Sjoerds, Nadia Solowij, W. Van Den Brink, Ruth Van Holst, Valerie Voon, R. W. Wiers, Leonardo F. Fontenelle, Antonio Verdejo-Garcia

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background
The US National Institutes of Mental Health Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) seek to stimulate research into biologically validated neuropsychological dimensions across mental illness symptoms and diagnoses. The RDoC framework comprises 39 functional constructs designed to be revised and refined, with the overall goal of improving diagnostic validity and treatments. This study aimed to reach a consensus among experts in the addiction field on the ‘primary’ RDoC constructs most relevant to substance and behavioural addictions.
Methods
Forty‐four addiction experts were recruited from Australia, Asia, Europe and the Americas. The Delphi technique was used to determine a consensus as to ...


Incidence Of Ill-Health Related Job Loss And Related Social And Occupational Factors. The "Unfit For The Job" Study: A One-Year Follow-Up Study Of 51,132 Workers, Francois-Xavier Lesage, Frederic Dutheil, Lode Godderis, Aymeric Divies, Guillaume Choron Jan 2018

Incidence Of Ill-Health Related Job Loss And Related Social And Occupational Factors. The "Unfit For The Job" Study: A One-Year Follow-Up Study Of 51,132 Workers, Francois-Xavier Lesage, Frederic Dutheil, Lode Godderis, Aymeric Divies, Guillaume Choron

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objective
The analysis of ill-health related job loss may be a relevant indicator for the prioritization of actions in the workplace or in the field of public health, as well as a target for health promotion. The aim of this study was to analyze the medical causes, the incidence, and the characteristics of employees medically unfit to do their job.
Methods
This one-year prospective study included all workers followed by occupational physicians in an occupational health service in the south of France. The incidence of unfitness for work have been grouped according to the main medical causes and analyzed. We ...


The Charms Pilot Study: A Multi-Method Assessment Of The Feasibility Of A Sexual Counselling Implementation Intervention In Cardiac Rehabilitation In Ireland, Patrick J. Murphy, Chris Noone, Maureen D'Eath, Dympna Casey, Sally Doherty, Tiny Jaarsma, Andrew W. Murphy, Martin O'Donnell, Noeleen Fallon, Paddy Gillespie, Amirhossein Jalali, Jenny Mcsharry, John Newell, Elaine Toomey, Elaine E. Steinke, Molly Byrne Jan 2018

The Charms Pilot Study: A Multi-Method Assessment Of The Feasibility Of A Sexual Counselling Implementation Intervention In Cardiac Rehabilitation In Ireland, Patrick J. Murphy, Chris Noone, Maureen D'Eath, Dympna Casey, Sally Doherty, Tiny Jaarsma, Andrew W. Murphy, Martin O'Donnell, Noeleen Fallon, Paddy Gillespie, Amirhossein Jalali, Jenny Mcsharry, John Newell, Elaine Toomey, Elaine E. Steinke, Molly Byrne

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Many people living with cardiovascular disease (CVD) are affected by sexual problems associated with the condition. International guidelines recommend all patients with CVD should receive sexual counselling, yet this is rarely provided by health professionals. The current study piloted the Cardiac Health and Relationship Management and Sexuality (CHARMS) intervention, a complex multi-level intervention designed to increase the implementation of sexual counselling guidelines in hospital-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in Ireland. Methods: The CHARMS intervention, consisting of awareness training and skills development for staff, and education and support for patients, was implemented in two CR centres. Following a repeated measures design ...


Pilot Study To Determine The Feasibility Of Early Interventions For Ed Attendees Who Present With Moderate And High Levels Of Psychological Distress, Petra Lawrence Jun 2017

Pilot Study To Determine The Feasibility Of Early Interventions For Ed Attendees Who Present With Moderate And High Levels Of Psychological Distress, Petra Lawrence

Theses

Background

Mental health problems result in high levels of morbidity and mortality and impose high societal costs. Population surveys have not only revealed an increasing prevalence of mental illness and sub threshold levels of psychological distress within the community; but also, relatively consistent and unimproved levels of treatment-seeking behaviours. This unmet need for mental health interventions represents an important public health issue for global health care systems. The Emergency Department (ED) represents an ideal access point for hard to reach individuals and can be seen as a gateway to mental health services, particularly for individuals whom are not seeking treatment ...


Fathers’ Perinatal Mental Health: Impacts, Interventions And Supports, Holly Rominov Mar 2017

Fathers’ Perinatal Mental Health: Impacts, Interventions And Supports, Holly Rominov

Theses

Background. Fathers’ perinatal mental health problems have far reaching implications not only for themselves, but also for their partner, their couple relationship, and their children. The primary objective of this thesis by publication was to generate evidence to inform the development of policy and intervention efforts to promote fathers’ mental health in the perinatal period. The aims of the research were four-fold: first, to determine the extent to which fathers’ experiences of mental health problems impact parenting and their children; second, to undertake a systematic review into interventions targeting fathers’ perinatal mental health; third, to explore fathers’ support needs in ...


The Effect Of Randomised Exposure To Different Types Of Natural Outdoor Environments Compared To Exposure To An Urban Environment On People With Indications Of Psychological Distress In Catalonia, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Christopher Gidlow, David Martínez, Jeroen De Bont, Glòria Carrasco-Turigas, Tania Martinez-Iñiguez, Gemma Hurst, Daniel Masterson, D. Donaire-Gonzalez, Edmund Seto, Marc V. Jones, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen Jan 2017

The Effect Of Randomised Exposure To Different Types Of Natural Outdoor Environments Compared To Exposure To An Urban Environment On People With Indications Of Psychological Distress In Catalonia, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Christopher Gidlow, David Martínez, Jeroen De Bont, Glòria Carrasco-Turigas, Tania Martinez-Iñiguez, Gemma Hurst, Daniel Masterson, D. Donaire-Gonzalez, Edmund Seto, Marc V. Jones, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Introduction Experimental studies have reported associations between short-term exposure to natural outdoor environments (NOE) and health benefits. However, they lack insight into mechanisms, often have low external and ecological validity, and have rarely focused on people with some psycho-physiological affection. The aim of this study was to use a randomized, case-crossover design to investigate: (i) the effects of unconstrained exposure to real natural and urban environments on psycho-physiological indicators of people with indications of psychological distress, (ii) the possible differential effects of 30 and 30+180 minutes exposures, and (iii) the possible mechanisms explaining these effects. Material and methods People ...


The Relationship Between Bicycle Commuting And Perceived Stress: A Cross-Sectional Study, Ione Avila-Palencia, Audrey De Nazelle, Tom Cole-Hunter, D. Donaire-Gonzalez, Michael Jerrett, Daniel A. Rodríguez, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen Jan 2017

The Relationship Between Bicycle Commuting And Perceived Stress: A Cross-Sectional Study, Ione Avila-Palencia, Audrey De Nazelle, Tom Cole-Hunter, D. Donaire-Gonzalez, Michael Jerrett, Daniel A. Rodríguez, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Introduction Active commuting — walking and bicycling for travel to and/or from work or educational addresses — may facilitate daily, routine physical activity. Several studies have investigated the relationship between active commuting and commuting stress; however, there are no studies examining the relationship between solely bicycle commuting and perceived stress, or studies that account for environmental determinants of bicycle commuting and stress. The current study evaluated the relationship between bicycle commuting, among working or studying adults in a dense urban setting, and perceived stress. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed with 788 adults who regularly travelled to work or study locations ...


Domain-Specific Physical Activity And Mental Health: A Meta-Analysis [Accepted Manuscript], Rhiannon Lee White, Mark J. Babic, Philip D. Parker, David R. Lubans, Thomas Astell-Burt, Chris Lonsdale Jan 2017

Domain-Specific Physical Activity And Mental Health: A Meta-Analysis [Accepted Manuscript], Rhiannon Lee White, Mark J. Babic, Philip D. Parker, David R. Lubans, Thomas Astell-Burt, Chris Lonsdale

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Context

The mental health benefits of physical activity are well established. However, less is known about whether the relationship between physical activity and mental health is consistent across different life domains. It is important to understand how context may influence the relationship between physical activity and mental health so that interventions and policy guidelines can be tailored to maximize positive effects.

Evidence acquisition

In 2015, systematic searches of four databases identified 13,435 records, of which 98 studies met the inclusion criteria.

Evidence synthesis

Included studies were published between 1988 and 2015 and had a combined sample size of 648 ...


Coping With Unusual Experiences For 12-18 Year Olds (Cues+): A Transdiagnostic Randomised Controlled Trial Of The Effectiveness Of Cognitive Therapy In Reducing Distress Associated With Unusual Experiences In Adolescent Mental Health Services: Study Protocol For A Randomised Controlled Trial, Suzanne Jolley, Sophie Browning, Richard Corrigall, Kristin Laurens, Colette Hirsch, Karen Bracegirdle, Kimberley Gin, F. Muccio, Carine Stewart, Partha Banerjea, Elizabeth Kuipers, Philippa Garety, Majella Byrne, Juliana Onwumere, Evanthia Achilla, Paul Mccrone, Richard Emsley Jan 2017

Coping With Unusual Experiences For 12-18 Year Olds (Cues+): A Transdiagnostic Randomised Controlled Trial Of The Effectiveness Of Cognitive Therapy In Reducing Distress Associated With Unusual Experiences In Adolescent Mental Health Services: Study Protocol For A Randomised Controlled Trial, Suzanne Jolley, Sophie Browning, Richard Corrigall, Kristin Laurens, Colette Hirsch, Karen Bracegirdle, Kimberley Gin, F. Muccio, Carine Stewart, Partha Banerjea, Elizabeth Kuipers, Philippa Garety, Majella Byrne, Juliana Onwumere, Evanthia Achilla, Paul Mccrone, Richard Emsley

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background
Childhood ‘unusual experiences’ (such as hearing voices that others cannot, or suspicions of being followed) are common, but can become more distressing during adolescence, especially for young people in contact with Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS). Unusual experiences that are distressing or have adverse life impact (UEDs) are associated with a range of current and future emotional, behavioural and mental health difficulties. Recommendations for psychological intervention are based on evidence from adult studies, with some support from small, pilot, child-specific evaluations. Research is needed to ensure that the recommendations suit children as well as adults. The CUES ...


Bluehealth: A Study Programme Protocol For Mapping And Quantifying The Potential Benefits To Public Health And Well-Being From Europe's Blue Spaces, James Grellier, Mathew P. White, Maria Albin, Simon Bell, Lewis R. Elliott, Mireia Gascon, Silvio Gualdi, Laura Mancini, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Denis A. Sarigiannis, Matilda Van Den Bosch, Tanja Wolf, Susanne Wuijts, Lora E. Fleming Jan 2017

Bluehealth: A Study Programme Protocol For Mapping And Quantifying The Potential Benefits To Public Health And Well-Being From Europe's Blue Spaces, James Grellier, Mathew P. White, Maria Albin, Simon Bell, Lewis R. Elliott, Mireia Gascon, Silvio Gualdi, Laura Mancini, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Denis A. Sarigiannis, Matilda Van Den Bosch, Tanja Wolf, Susanne Wuijts, Lora E. Fleming

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Introduction
Proximity and access to water have long been central to human culture and accordingly deliver countless societal benefits. Over 200 million people live on Europe's coastline, and aquatic environments are the top recreational destination in the region. In terms of public health, interactions with ‘blue space’ (eg, coasts, rivers, lakes) are often considered solely in terms of risk (eg, drowning, microbial pollution). Exposure to blue space can, however, promote health and well-being and prevent disease, although underlying mechanisms are poorly understood.
Aims and methods
The BlueHealth project aims to understand the relationships between exposure to blue space and ...


The Cedar Project: Using Indigenous-Specific Determinants Of Health To Predict Substance Use Among Young Pregnant-Involved Indigenous Women In Canada, Sana Z. Shahram, Joan L. Bottorff, Nelly D. Oelke, Leanne Dahlgren, Victoria Thomas, Patricia M. Spittal Jan 2017

The Cedar Project: Using Indigenous-Specific Determinants Of Health To Predict Substance Use Among Young Pregnant-Involved Indigenous Women In Canada, Sana Z. Shahram, Joan L. Bottorff, Nelly D. Oelke, Leanne Dahlgren, Victoria Thomas, Patricia M. Spittal

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Indigenous women in Canada have been hyper-visible in research, policy and intervention related to substance use during pregnancy; however, little is known about how the social determinants of health and substance use prior to, during, and after pregnancy intersect. The objectives of this study were to describe the social contexts of pregnant-involved young Indigenous women who use substances and to explore if an Indigenous-Specific Determinants of Health Model can predict substance use among this population. Methods: Using descriptive statistics and hierarchical logistic regression guided by mediation analysis, the social contexts of pregnant-involved young Indigenous women who use illicit drugs ...


Body Size And Shape Misperception And Visual Adaptation: An Overview Of An Emerging Research Paradigm, Kirsten L. Challinor, Jonathan Mond, Ian D. Stephen, Deborah Mitchison, Richard J. Stevenson, Phillipa Hay, Kevin R. Brooks Jan 2017

Body Size And Shape Misperception And Visual Adaptation: An Overview Of An Emerging Research Paradigm, Kirsten L. Challinor, Jonathan Mond, Ian D. Stephen, Deborah Mitchison, Richard J. Stevenson, Phillipa Hay, Kevin R. Brooks

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Although body size and shape misperception (BSSM) is a common feature of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and muscle dysmorphia, little is known about its underlying neural mechanisms. Recently, a new approach has emerged, based on the long-established non-invasive technique of perceptual adaptation, which allows for inferences about the structure of the neural apparatus responsible for alterations in visual appearance. Here, we describe several recent experimental examples of BSSM, wherein exposure to “extreme” body stimuli causes visual aftereffects of biased perception. The implications of these studies for our understanding of the neural and cognitive representation of human bodies, along with their ...


How Preferences For Volume-Based Promotions Differ Between At-Risk And Non-Problem Female Drinkers [Accepted Manuscript], Steven L. Trawley, Navjot Bhular, Sandra C. Jones Jan 2017

How Preferences For Volume-Based Promotions Differ Between At-Risk And Non-Problem Female Drinkers [Accepted Manuscript], Steven L. Trawley, Navjot Bhular, Sandra C. Jones

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background Previous work has indicated that volume-based promotions encourage greater alcohol consumption. We report on a novel experimental approach that examined whether volume-based promotions, such as “Buy 1 Get 1 Free”, were selected more frequently than a simple 50% price discount among a sample of young adults who were differentiated by their levels of alcohol use. Methods 90 female university students took part in an online survey where they were asked to select either a volume- or price-based deal for alcohol or non-alcohol products. All participants were grouped as either non-problem drinkers or at-risk drinkers based on their response to ...


Associations Between Access To Alcohol Outlets And Alcohol Intake And Depressive Symptoms In Women From Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Neighbourhoods In Australia, Karen E. Lamb, Lukar Thornton, Megan Teychenne, Catherine Milte, Ester Cerin, Kylie Ball Jan 2017

Associations Between Access To Alcohol Outlets And Alcohol Intake And Depressive Symptoms In Women From Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Neighbourhoods In Australia, Karen E. Lamb, Lukar Thornton, Megan Teychenne, Catherine Milte, Ester Cerin, Kylie Ball

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: This study examined associations between alcohol outlet access and alcohol intake, depressive symptoms score and risk of depression among women residing in disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Victoria, Australia. Methods: Data on depressive symptoms, alcohol intake and socio-demographic characteristics were obtained from a sample of 995 adult women from Victoria, Australia who were surveyed as part of the Resilience in Eating and Activity Despite Inequality (READI) study. The location of all licensed alcohol outlets in Victoria was obtained from the Victorian Commission for Gambling and Liquor Regulation. Participant and alcohol outlet addresses were geocoded to calculate individual alcohol outlet access, defined ...


Stigma And Self-Stigma In Addiction, Steve Matthews, Robyn Dwyer Jan 2017

Stigma And Self-Stigma In Addiction, Steve Matthews, Robyn Dwyer

Faculty of Theology and Philosophy Publications

Addictions are commonly accompanied by a sense of shame or self-stigmatization. Self-stigmatization results from public stigmatization in a process leading to the internalization of the social opprobrium attaching to the negative stereotypes associated with addiction. We offer an account of how this process works in terms of a range of looping effects, and this leads to our main claim that for a significant range of cases public stigma figures in the social construction of addiction. This rests on a social constructivist account in which those affected by public stigmatization internalize its norms. Stigma figures as part-constituent of the dynamic process ...