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Pathogenic Microbiology Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Pathogenic Microbiology

Deletion Mutant Library For Investigation Of Functional Outputs Of Cyclic Diguanylate Metabolism In Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Pa14, Dae-Gon Ha, Megan E. Richman, George A. O'Toole Mar 2014

Deletion Mutant Library For Investigation Of Functional Outputs Of Cyclic Diguanylate Metabolism In Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Pa14, Dae-Gon Ha, Megan E. Richman, George A. O'Toole

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

We constructed a library of in-frame deletion mutants targeting each gene in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA14 predicted to participate in cyclic di-GMP (c-di-GMP) metabolism (biosynthesis or degradation) to provide a toolkit to assist investigators studying c-di-GMP-mediated regulation by this microbe. We present phenotypic assessments of each mutant, including biofilm formation, exopolysaccharide (EPS) production, swimming motility, swarming motility, and twitch motility, as a means to initially characterize these mutants and to demonstrate the potential utility of this library.


Ecology And Genetic Structure Of A Northern Temperate Vibrio Cholerae Population Related To Toxigenic Isolates, Brian M. Schuster, Anna L. Tyzik, Rachel A. Donner, Megan J. Striplin, Salvador Almagro-Moreno Sep 2011

Ecology And Genetic Structure Of A Northern Temperate Vibrio Cholerae Population Related To Toxigenic Isolates, Brian M. Schuster, Anna L. Tyzik, Rachel A. Donner, Megan J. Striplin, Salvador Almagro-Moreno

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Although Vibrio cholerae is an important human pathogen, little is known about its populations in regions where the organism is endemic but where cholera disease is rare. A total of 31 independent isolates confirmed as V. cholerae were collected from water, sediment, and oysters in 2008 and 2009 from the Great Bay Estuary (GBE) in New Hampshire, a location where the organism has never been detected. Environmental analyses suggested that abundance correlates most strongly with rainfall events, as determined from data averaged over several days prior to collection. Phenotyping, genotyping, and multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) revealed a highly diverse endemic ...


Bacteriophage Migration Via Nematode Vectors: Host-Parasite-Consumer Interactions In Laboratory Microcosms, John J. Dennehy, Nicholas A. Friedenberg, Yul W. Yang, Paul E. Turner Mar 2006

Bacteriophage Migration Via Nematode Vectors: Host-Parasite-Consumer Interactions In Laboratory Microcosms, John J. Dennehy, Nicholas A. Friedenberg, Yul W. Yang, Paul E. Turner

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Pathogens vectored by nematodes pose serious agricultural, economic, and health threats; however, little is known of the ecological and evolutionary aspects of pathogen transmission by nematodes. Here we describe a novel model system with two trophic levels, bacteriophages and nematodes, each of which competes for bacteria. We demonstrate for the first time that nematodes are capable of transmitting phages between spatially distinct patches of bacteria. This model system has considerable advantages, including the ease of maintenance and manipulation at the laboratory bench, the ability to observe many generations in short periods, and the capacity to freeze evolved strains for later ...