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Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology
The Association Of Dcc Mrna Alternative Splicing With Colorectal Cancer, Natalie Graham
Undergraduate Honors Theses
In as many as 70% of colorectal cancer cell (CRC) lines, there is a deletion of a chromosomal region, 18q21, which contains the Deleted in Colorectal Carcinoma (DCC) gene (Mehlen & Fearon, 2004). In adult cells, this single transmembrane receptor plays a role in both cell proliferation and cell death, thereby making it a promising candidate gene for the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer. It has been observed that alternative splicing of the DCC can affect its activity and that alternative splicing of DCC can be disrupted in cancer (Leggere et al., 2016; Reale et al., 1994). In this experiment, we sought to determine the association of alternative splicing of the DCC with colorectal cancer in cells without the deletion of the 18q21 region. By extracting RNA from 35 CRC cell lines and performing RT-PCR, we observed levels of the two DCC isoforms compared to normal adult colon cells. In this way, we determined that 29 of 35 CRC cell lines had altered ...