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Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Dendritic Cell Development And Function, Vivek Durai May 2020

Dendritic Cell Development And Function, Vivek Durai

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Dendritic cells (DCs) are a group of immune cells that include both classical dendritic cells (cDCs) and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs). cDCs are further comprised of two distinct subsets, cDC1s and cDC2s, which play critical roles in the initiation of innate and adaptive immune responses. Understanding how these lineages develop and function is therefore paramount. All DCs require the receptor tyrosine kinase Flt3 and its ligand Flt3L for their development, but the loss of Flt3L in mice leads to a more severe DC deficiency than does the loss of Flt3. This has led to speculation that Flt3L can bind to ...


Liver Transcriptomic Analysis After Short- And Long-Term Feeding Of Soy Protein Isolate And Its Ability To Reduce Liver Steatosis In Obese Zucker Rats, Melisa Kozaczek May 2020

Liver Transcriptomic Analysis After Short- And Long-Term Feeding Of Soy Protein Isolate And Its Ability To Reduce Liver Steatosis In Obese Zucker Rats, Melisa Kozaczek

Theses and Dissertations

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) the prevalence of obesity in adults in the United States during 2017-2018 was a 42.4%, a high number considering all the risks factors associated with this disorder, such as cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance, diabetes type 2, and fatty liver disease, among others. Fatty liver disease is the accumulation of lipids in the liver that can account for more than 5 to 10% of the liver’s weight. There are two types of fatty liver disease, alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD), and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). AFLD is the ...


Role Of Microrna-483 In Pancreatic Β-Cells, Jackson Waugh Jan 2020

Role Of Microrna-483 In Pancreatic Β-Cells, Jackson Waugh

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Insulin is an essential hormone produced by β-cells in the pancreas. The release of insulin is tightly regulated in healthy people in order to control blood sugar level in our body. However, people with Type 2 Diabetes have insufficient insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells, leaving to high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) and β-cell failure. microRNAs (miRNAs or miR) are newly discovered small regulatory molecules and have emerged as important regulator of cell growth, differentiation, and organ function. Altered miRNA function has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of human disease, including diabetes. In this report, we focus on dissecting ...


Epigenetic Implications In Inorganic Arsenic-Mediated Carcinogenesis, Meredith Eckstein Jan 2020

Epigenetic Implications In Inorganic Arsenic-Mediated Carcinogenesis, Meredith Eckstein

Theses and Dissertations--Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

Chronic, low dose exposure to inorganic arsenic (iAs) is a public health concern throughout the world, contributing to the development of many diseases, including lung cancer. Several mechanisms for iAs-mediated carcinogenesis have been proposed, of which the production of reactive oxygen species and formation of chromosomal aberrations are the most studied. Another equally important, yet less studied mechanism is dysregulation of epigenetic marks. “Epigenetics” refers to changes that occur on the DNA and chromatin that do not alter base pair identity, but alter compaction, expression, and regulation of specific DNA sequences. There are several types of epigenetic marks including histone ...


The Exploration Of Nanotoxicological Copper And Interspecific Saccharomyces Hybrids, Matthew Joseph Winans Phd Jan 2020

The Exploration Of Nanotoxicological Copper And Interspecific Saccharomyces Hybrids, Matthew Joseph Winans Phd

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Nanotechnology takes advantage of cellular biology’s natural nanoscale operations by interacting with biomolecules differently than soluble or bulk materials, often altering normal cellular processes such as metabolism or growth. To gain a better understanding of how copper nanoparticles hybridized on cellulose fibers called carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) affected growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the mechanisms of toxicity were explored. Multiple methodologies covering genetics, proteomics, metallomics, and metabolomics were used during this investigation. The work that lead to this dissertation discovered that these cellulosic copper nanoparticles had a unique toxicity compared to copper. Further investigation suggested a possible ionic or molecular mimicry ...


Peroxiredoxin 6 And Inflammation In Alzheimer's Disease, Jared Ferrell-Penniman Dec 2019

Peroxiredoxin 6 And Inflammation In Alzheimer's Disease, Jared Ferrell-Penniman

Biological Sciences Theses and Dissertations

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is known for its debilitating symptoms and poor prognosis. However, despite intense research into neurodegenerative diseases, there are few therapies targeted at the underlying mechanisms of the disease. Oxidative stress (OS) and inflammation are cellular phenomena thought to be key to the progression of the disease. Critically, peroxiredoxin 6 (Prx6), an antioxidant protein with multiple functions, has been identified from mammalian studies as a potential regulator of both OS and inflammation that may have a specific effect on AD. This project seeks to elucidate the role of Prx6 in AD as well as the underlying mechanisms ...


A Noncanonical Function Of The Telomerase Rna Component In Human Embryonic Stem Cells, Kirsten Ann Brenner Dec 2019

A Noncanonical Function Of The Telomerase Rna Component In Human Embryonic Stem Cells, Kirsten Ann Brenner

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Telomeres are stretches of TTAGGG nucleotide repeats located at the ends of linear chromosomes that shorten with progressive cell division and prevent genomic instability at the cost of limiting a cell’s capacity to proliferate. This limitation can be overcome by telomerase, a ribonucleoprotein complex that elongates telomeres via reverse-transcription of the template telomerase RNA component (TERC). Recent studies have reported potential functions of TERC outside of its role in telomere maintenance. These noncanonical functions of TERC are however poorly defined, and the molecular mechanisms and biological relevance behind such functions remain elusive. Here, we generated conditional TERC knock-out human ...


Elucidating Enhancer Function In Epidermal Development And Filaggrin Loss-Of-Function Variants In African American Atopic Dermatitis, Mary Elizabeth Mathyer Dec 2019

Elucidating Enhancer Function In Epidermal Development And Filaggrin Loss-Of-Function Variants In African American Atopic Dermatitis, Mary Elizabeth Mathyer

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The epidermis is the outermost tissue of the skin and provides the body’s first line of defense against external assaults. The epidermis is primarily composed of keratinocytes that terminally differentiate and rise apically toward the surface to form the semipermeable barrier of the skin. A hallmark of keratinocyte terminal differentiation is the expression of genes from the Epidermal Differentiation Complex (EDC) locus. Many of the EDC protein products contribute to the structural integrity of the skin barrier, evidenced by several gene knockouts such as loricrin, and even genetic variation within gene coding sequences, that modulate the integrity of the ...


Mechanisms And Consequences Of Myb Gene Activation In Salivary Gland Tumors, Candace Frerich Dec 2019

Mechanisms And Consequences Of Myb Gene Activation In Salivary Gland Tumors, Candace Frerich

Biomedical Sciences ETDs

Salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is an aggressive tumor with a tendency to infiltrate surrounding nerves and metastasize to distant sites. The standard treatment often fails to control local tumor recurrence and distant metastases and no approved targeted therapeutic options exist for these tumors. The goal of our studies was to reveal the molecular mechanisms driving ACC tumor development and novel drug targets to improve patient morbidity and mortality.

We first analyzed clinical and RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) data for 68 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) ACC tumor samples and described previously unappreciated molecular heterogeneity that predicts patient outcome. The poor outcome subgroup ...


Investigating Growth Performance And Intestinal Barrier Integrity In Heat-Stressed Modern Broilers And Their Ancestor Jungle Fowl, Travis Tabler Dec 2019

Investigating Growth Performance And Intestinal Barrier Integrity In Heat-Stressed Modern Broilers And Their Ancestor Jungle Fowl, Travis Tabler

Theses and Dissertations

Heat stress (HS) has a negative effect on poultry production sustainability due to its adverse consequence on bird welfare, health, growth, and mortality. Although modern broilers have greater gut mass and higher energy use efficiency than unselected birds, they are more vulnerable to HS that induces “leaky gut syndrome,” or increased intestinal permeability. The aim of the current study was to determine the effect of HS on growth performance and gut barrier integrity in three modern broiler lines and their ancestor the Jungle Fowl. Four chicken populations including Giant Jungle Fowl (JF), Athens Canadian Random Bred (ACRB), 1995 Arkansas Random ...


The Role And Regulation Of Alternative Polyadenylation In The Dna Damage Response, Michael R. Murphy May 2019

The Role And Regulation Of Alternative Polyadenylation In The Dna Damage Response, Michael R. Murphy

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Cellular homeostasis is achieved by the dynamic flux in gene expression. Post-transcriptional regulation of coding and non-coding RNA offers a fast method of adapting to a changing cellular environment, including deadenylation, microRNA (miRNA) pathway, and alternative polyadenylation (APA). In this dissertation, I explored some of the mechanisms involved in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. The main hypothesis in these studies is that a single APA event after DNA damage is governed by specific conditions and factors outside of current known regulators of APA, and that the resultant transcript has a role in the DNA damage response (DDR). My aims ...


Protein Degradation Regulates Phospholipid Biosynthetic Gene Expression In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Bryan Salas-Santiago Mar 2019

Protein Degradation Regulates Phospholipid Biosynthetic Gene Expression In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Bryan Salas-Santiago

Doctoral Dissertations

Transcriptional regulation of most phospholipid biosynthetic genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is coordinated by inositol and choline. Inositol affects phosphatidic acid (PA) intracellular levels. Opi1p interacts physically with PA and is the main repressor of the phospholipid biosynthetic genes. It is localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) bound to the ER membrane protein Scs2p. When PA levels drop, Opi1p is translocated into the nucleus repressing most phospholipid biosynthetic genes. The OPI1 locus was identified in a screen looking for overproduction and excretion of inositol (Opi-). Opi- mutants are generally associated with a defect in repression of the ...


The Role Of H3k4 Methyltransferases In Drosophila Memory, Nicholas Raun Jan 2019

The Role Of H3k4 Methyltransferases In Drosophila Memory, Nicholas Raun

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Gene transcription required for long-term memory requires the modification of histones. However, there are still many uncertainties about the identity and spatial expression of genes regulated by histone modifications during memory related processes. In this project I examined the role of Drosophila melanogaster methyltransferases Set1 and trx in courtship memory. Genetic knockdown of Set1 and trx in the mushroom body (MB) revealed that Set1 was necessary for short- and long-term memory, while trx was only required for long-term memory. Transcriptional profiling of MBs following trx-knockdown revealed expression changes in MB-enriched genes and genes involved in RNA processing. Among the ...


Unraveling The Beta Cell Translatome: Elucidation Of An Erk/Hnrnpk/Jund Axis, Austin Lewis Good Jan 2019

Unraveling The Beta Cell Translatome: Elucidation Of An Erk/Hnrnpk/Jund Axis, Austin Lewis Good

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

In type 2 diabetes, oxidative stress contributes to the dysfunction and loss of pancreatic β cells. A highly conserved feature of the cellular response to stress is the regulation of mRNA translation, however, the mechanisms underlying this process in β cells are not fully understood. Here we use TRAP-seq to examine changes in the ribosome occupancy of mRNAs during conditions associated with β cell dysfunction, leading us to identify a cohort of translationally regulated genes with 3’UTR enrichment of a cytosine-rich motif. Of particular interest was the gene encoding JUND, a transcription factor with anti-oxidant functions in other cell ...


Nuclear Pore Proteins In Regulation Of Chromatin State And Gene Expression, Terra Kuhn Jan 2019

Nuclear Pore Proteins In Regulation Of Chromatin State And Gene Expression, Terra Kuhn

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Nuclear pore complexes are best known for their regulation of nucleocytoplasmic transport as integral components of the eukaryotic nuclear envelope. Over the years, their importance in regulation of genome function has become apparent. Many of the 30 individual nuclear pore proteins, Nups, have been found to play distinct roles interacting with and regulating various genomic targets, especially in a cell-type specific manner. The mechanism behind this regulation is often unknown. We have developed a method by which to study the roles of Nups on chromatin using an ectopic-tethering system. Drosophila melanogaster provide a powerful tool with which to combine many ...


Systems Biology Of Gene Regulation Across Scales: From Single Molecules To Cellular Identities, Ian Alexander Mellis Jan 2019

Systems Biology Of Gene Regulation Across Scales: From Single Molecules To Cellular Identities, Ian Alexander Mellis

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Gene regulation takes many forms and is responsible for phenotypes at the scale of individual molecules up through the scale of complex tissue functions. At the smallest level, single-base modifications of individual mRNA molecules transcribed from the same gene can lead to functionally different protein products. In the first chapter of this thesis, I develop a new method, inoFISH, and associated analytical tools to visualize and quantify RNA editing with single molecule resolution in single mammalian cells. Using this new method in conjunction with mathematical modeling I show that the heterogeneity of single-cell mRNA editing rates across a population depends ...


Epigenetic Variation In A Reptile With Temperature-Dependent Sex Determination And Inspiring A Diverse Future For Stem, Daniela Victoria Flores Jan 2019

Epigenetic Variation In A Reptile With Temperature-Dependent Sex Determination And Inspiring A Diverse Future For Stem, Daniela Victoria Flores

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Vertebrates with temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD), a mechanism that relies on incubation temperature to irreversibly determine the sex of developing embryos, are threatened by ongoing changes in climate and local environmental conditions. Previous studies have suggested that behavioral and molecular plasticity in this system may provide opportunities for these species to adapt to these changes. Although decades of research have uncovered key aspects, a complete molecular mechanism of TSD remains elusive. Epigenetic studies have the potential to unlock crucial information previously cryptic in traditional genetic studies. Recent studies have shown that environmental factors and maternal effects can greatly influence an ...


Genetic And Epigenetic Modifiers Of C9orf72 Expression In Neurodegenerative Disease, Christopher Cali Jan 2019

Genetic And Epigenetic Modifiers Of C9orf72 Expression In Neurodegenerative Disease, Christopher Cali

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Repeat expansion mutations in the gene C9orf72 are the most common cause of the fatal neurodegenerative diseases amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal degeneration (FTD). The molecular mechanisms that contribute to these diseases are still not fully understood. In this dissertation, we explore mechanisms associated with repeat expansions in C9orf72 that alter gene expression and contribute to disease. In chapter 2, we develop a novel method of targeted DNA methylation in order to study how epigenetic changes in C9orf72 expansion carriers contribute to disease pathways. We find that C9orf72 promoter hypermethylation is sufficient to reduce gene expression and induce heterochromatin ...


Impact Of Seasonal And Host-Related Factors On The Intestinal Microbiome And Cestode Community Of Sorex Cinereus And Sorex Monticola, Katelyn D. Cranmer Jan 2019

Impact Of Seasonal And Host-Related Factors On The Intestinal Microbiome And Cestode Community Of Sorex Cinereus And Sorex Monticola, Katelyn D. Cranmer

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The intestinal microbiome of mammals plays a significant role in host health and response to environmental stimuli and can include both beneficial native bacteria as well as parasitic worms. In this study, I examined the intestinal cestode and bacterial communities of two closely related species of shrew, Sorex monticola and Sorex cinereus, over a six month period in 2016. Specimens were collected approximately every three weeks from May to October from the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in Cowles, New Mexico. A total of 79 shrews were prepared with the gastrointestinal tracts removed and flash-frozen in liquid nitrogen. An additional 9 ...


Analysis And Characterization Of The Choline-Utilizing Microcompartment In Uropathogenic E. Coli 536, Taylor Irene Herring Jan 2019

Analysis And Characterization Of The Choline-Utilizing Microcompartment In Uropathogenic E. Coli 536, Taylor Irene Herring

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Bacterial microcompartments (MCPs) are subcellular organelles that are widespread among bacteria. MCPs consist of metabolic enzymes encapsulated within a protein shell and their function is to increase the efficiency of metabolic processes in part by sequestering toxic and volatile intermediates. MCPs are found in about 20% of bacteria. In several cases, MCP production is correlated to bacterial pathogenesis. In addition, because of their metabolic role in the human gut microbiome, MCPs are linked to cancer and heart disease. Only three of ten MCP types have been well-studied. Recently, a new type of MCP that is used to metabolize choline under ...


Genetic And Epigenetic Investigations On Pulmonary Hypertension Syndrome In Meat Type- Chickens, Khaloud Alzahrani Dec 2018

Genetic And Epigenetic Investigations On Pulmonary Hypertension Syndrome In Meat Type- Chickens, Khaloud Alzahrani

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents a collection of studies that investigate the genetic and epigenetic associations to ascites phenotype in broiler chickens. Ascites is a significant metabolic disease associated with fast-growing meat-type chickens (broilers) and is a terminal result of pulmonary hypertension syndrome PHS. It is a multi-factorial syndrome caused by interactions between genetic, physiological, environmental, and managemental factors. It was estimated that ascites accounts for losses of about US$1 billion annually worldwide and for over 25% of broilers mortality. Although traditional and molecular genetic methods in the selection and in performance improvements, has greatly reduced ascites frequency, yet it has ...


Investigating Autophagy Dysfunction Induced By A Parkinson's Disease-Causing Mutation In Vps35, Abir Ashfakur Rahman Dec 2018

Investigating Autophagy Dysfunction Induced By A Parkinson's Disease-Causing Mutation In Vps35, Abir Ashfakur Rahman

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Parkinson’s Disease (PD) is an idiopathic disorder with no known cure. With number of cases steadily rising around the world, it is imperative to turn to the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms of the disease manifestation and neurodegeneration to craft novel modes of therapy. VPS35 is one of the few genes that have identified and definitively linked to familial PD. The particular mutation that has been associated is known to cause dysfunction of a key cellular process known as autophagy. This process is primarily responsible for clearance of unwanted, damaged or misfolded proteins, among other things. Our study reveals ...


Identification Of Deubiquitinating Enzymes That Control The Cell Cycle In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Claudine E. Mapa Nov 2018

Identification Of Deubiquitinating Enzymes That Control The Cell Cycle In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Claudine E. Mapa

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

A large fraction of the proteome displays cell cycle-dependent expression, which is important for cells to accurately grow and divide. Cyclical protein expression requires protein degradation via the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS), and several ubiquitin ligases (E3) have established roles in this regulation. Less is understood about the roles of deubiquitinating enzymes (DUB), which antagonize E3 activity. A few DUBs have been shown to interact with and deubiquitinate cell cycle-regulatory E3s and their protein substrates, suggesting DUBs play key roles in cell cycle control. However, in vitro studies and characterization of individual DUB deletion strains in yeast suggest that these ...


Thermal And Microbial Effects On Brown Macroalgae: Heat Acclimation And The Biodiversity Of The Microbiome, Charlotte Tc Quigley Nov 2018

Thermal And Microbial Effects On Brown Macroalgae: Heat Acclimation And The Biodiversity Of The Microbiome, Charlotte Tc Quigley

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines effects of stress on brown algal biology from a macroscopic scale by examining the whole aquaculture crops, and at a microscopic level by examining the macroalgal microbiome, across the vertical stress gradient of the intertidal zone and across the latitudes of their biogeographic ranges. Thermal stress negatively affected seedstock gametophytes of the kelp Alaria esculenta isolated from northern and southern locations in Maine. However, previous thermal stress had a positive effect on growth of the next-generation sporophytes. Alaria esculenta has potential as a kelp crop in Maine’s sea vegetable aquaculture sector and implementing this protocol may ...


Myc Distant Enhancers Underlie Ovarian Cancer Susceptibility At The 8q24.21 Locus, Anxhela Gjyshi Gustafson Oct 2018

Myc Distant Enhancers Underlie Ovarian Cancer Susceptibility At The 8q24.21 Locus, Anxhela Gjyshi Gustafson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Ovarian cancer is a leading cause of death among women diagnosed with cancer. Mortality rate is high because an overwhelming majority of new cases are diagnosed with late-stage disease when the survival statistics are very poor with an overall 5-year survival rate of less than 40%. Despite the large burden of disease, the etiology of ovarian cancer is not well understood. In addition to linkage studies that have identified highly penetrant cancer susceptibility genes such as BRCA1 and BRCA2, the emergence of Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) in the last decade has facilitated the identification of common genetic variants with ...


Understanding Nuage-Mitochondrial Coupling In Drosophila Pirna Biogenesis, Tianfang Ge Aug 2018

Understanding Nuage-Mitochondrial Coupling In Drosophila Pirna Biogenesis, Tianfang Ge

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

In the Drosophilaovary, PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) suppress transposon expression, ensuring female fertility. PIWI proteins Aub and Ago3, loaded with ping-pong piRNAs and reside in perinuclear nuage granules, engage in reciprocal transposon transcript cleavage termed the ping-pong cycle. The other PIWI protein Piwi, loaded with phased piRNAs and resides in the nucleus, silences transposon transcriptionally. Ping-pong piRNAs are made through the ping-pong amplification loop by Aub and Ago3, whereas phased piRNAs are made through consecutive endonucleolytic cleavages that spread in 5′-to-3′ direction, presumably by Zucchini (Zuc), an endonuclease resides on the surface of mitochondria. The ping-pong and phasing biogenesis ...


Characterization Of The Celf6 Rna Binding Protein: Effects On Mouse Vocal Behavior And Biochemical Function, Michael A. Rieger Aug 2018

Characterization Of The Celf6 Rna Binding Protein: Effects On Mouse Vocal Behavior And Biochemical Function, Michael A. Rieger

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Behavior in higher eukaryotes is a complex process which integrates signals in the environment, the genetic makeup of the organism, and connectivity in the nervous system to produce extremely diverse adaptations to the phenomenon of existence. Unraveling the subcellular components that contribute to behavioral output is important for both understanding how behavior occurs in an unperturbed state, as well as understanding how behavior changes when the underlying systems that generate it are altered. Of the numerous molecular species that make up a cell, the regulation of messenger RNAs (mRNAs), the coding template of all proteins, is of key importance to ...


The Role Of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells And Classical Dendritic Cells In The Maintenance And Regulation Of The Bone Marrow Niche, Jingzhu Zhang Aug 2018

The Role Of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells And Classical Dendritic Cells In The Maintenance And Regulation Of The Bone Marrow Niche, Jingzhu Zhang

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The bone marrow niche is an important microenvironment for the regulation of normal and malignant hematopoiesis. The first discovered niche component is mesenchymal stromal cells, which are the major source for the production and secretion of multiple niche factors. Mesenchymal stromal cells are heterogeneous and various transgenes have been used to target non-identical but overlapping subpopulations. To further characterize the heterogeneity of mesenchymal stromal cells, we tested the targeting specificity of three tissue-specific Cre-recombinase transgenes. We show that in addition to osteoblasts, Ocn-Cre targets a majority of Cxcl12-abundant reticular (CAR) cells and arteriolar pericytes. Surprisingly, Dmp1-Cre also targets a subset ...


Production Of A Candidate Recombinant Protein Vaccine For Mannheimia Haemolytica In Lettuce And Tobacco Chloroplasts, Coby K. Martin Jul 2018

Production Of A Candidate Recombinant Protein Vaccine For Mannheimia Haemolytica In Lettuce And Tobacco Chloroplasts, Coby K. Martin

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The cattle industry worldwide is ravaged by bovine respiratory disease (BRD), a bacterial disease caused by Mannheimia haemolytica. Recent efforts to design vaccines against M. haemolytica focus on a virulence factor, leukotoxin, in addition to surface lipoproteins. Plant-based protein production is a safe and inexpensive alternative to traditional methods. Edible vaccines deliver antigens to pharyngeal tissues, which can provide local immunization against M. haemolytica prior to its progression into the lungs. In this project, a chimeric protein containing M. haemolytica antigens was produced in tobacco chloroplasts as a candidate edible vaccine for BRD. Attempts were made to transform lettuce chloroplasts ...


Exploring The Role Of Rna Polymerase Iii Complex Assembly On Ribosomal Dna Silencing In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Kyle Thomas Kern Jun 2018

Exploring The Role Of Rna Polymerase Iii Complex Assembly On Ribosomal Dna Silencing In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Kyle Thomas Kern

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The yeast rDNA region is host to a number of transcriptional regulatory elements, which work in conjunction to generate essential RNA subunits of ribosomes, as well as protecting the region from DNA damage. The role of RNA polymerase III complex binding at the 5S gene on rDNA silencing in the NTS2 region was investigated, both by use of a TY1:MET15 reporter insert and a MET15 gene integration at an endogenous SphI site. It was discovered that Pol III complexes do have an effect on reporter expression in the NTS2 region, though the specific effect was different based on the ...