Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Aquaculture and Fisheries Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Aquaculture and Fisheries

Relation Of Riparian Buffer Strips To In-Stream Habitat, Macroinvertebrates And Fish In A Small Iowa Stream, Jeremy P. Duehr, Michael J. Siepker, Clay L. Pierce, Thomas M. Isenhart Jan 2006

Relation Of Riparian Buffer Strips To In-Stream Habitat, Macroinvertebrates And Fish In A Small Iowa Stream, Jeremy P. Duehr, Michael J. Siepker, Clay L. Pierce, Thomas M. Isenhart

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications

Macroinvertebrate and fish habitat is often degraded as a result of agriculture. Riparian buffer strips are commonly used to counteract the negative effects of agriculture in headwater streams. We assessed the relation of multi-aged riparian buffer strips to in-stream habitat, macroinvertebrate and fish assemblages in an Iowa stream. In-stream habitat, macroinvertebrates, and fish were sampled from two buffered sites and two unbuffered sites, with the greatest substrate, water depth, and velocity heterogeneity occurring in buffered sites. The highest macroinvertebrate richness (11) as well as fish species richness (14), diversity (1.99) and IBI score (37) were found in the site ...


Liver Carcinogenesis In A Non-Migratory Fish: The Association With Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Exposure, W. K. Vogelbein, M. A. Unger Jan 2006

Liver Carcinogenesis In A Non-Migratory Fish: The Association With Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Exposure, W. K. Vogelbein, M. A. Unger

VIMS Articles

Field and laboratory studies indicate a strong positive association between exposure to chemical pollutants in aquatic environments and development of neoplasia in fishes. This brief communication reviews some of the more important North American and European studies that have been conducted on this relationship. We then review work conducted on a small nonmigratory estuarine cyprinodontid teleost fish, the mummichog (Fundulus heteroclitus) in the industrialized Elizabeth River, Virginia USA. Histopathological surveys of mummichogs from variously degraded habitats indicate an association between PAH exposure and development of neoplasia. We have observed non-neoplastic lesions, preneoplasms and hepatic, biliary, exocrine pancreatic and vascular neoplasms ...


The Freshwater Gastropods Of Iowa (1821-1998): Species Composition, Geographic Distributions, And Conservation Concerns, Timothy W. Stewart Jan 2006

The Freshwater Gastropods Of Iowa (1821-1998): Species Composition, Geographic Distributions, And Conservation Concerns, Timothy W. Stewart

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications

Although gastropods are important members of freshwater communities, the geographic range, ecological requirement, and conservation status of most species are poorly known. To advance this understanding, I used survey data from museums and peer-reviewed literature to summarize knowledge of the taxonomic composition and geographic distributions of freshwater gastropods in Iowa, U.S.A. Excluding records likely based on erroneous reports, 49 freshwater gastropod taxa (47 species and 2 genera with unknown numbers of species) inhabited Iowa during all or part of the period when records were collected (1821-1998). The Mississippi River and nearby tributaries of eastern Iowa and the prairie ...


Habitat, Land Use, And Fish Assemblage Relationships In Iowa Streams: Preliminary Assessment In An Agricultural Landscape, Jeremiah D. Heitke, Clay L. Pierce, Gregory T. Gelwicks, Gregory A. Simmons, Gary L. Siegwarth Jan 2006

Habitat, Land Use, And Fish Assemblage Relationships In Iowa Streams: Preliminary Assessment In An Agricultural Landscape, Jeremiah D. Heitke, Clay L. Pierce, Gregory T. Gelwicks, Gregory A. Simmons, Gary L. Siegwarth

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications

Iowa leads the nation in percentage of land area converted to cropland, with a resulting negative impact on streams. We examined physical habitat, land use, and fish assemblage data from 37 second- to sixth-order stream sites, representing 7 of the 10 ecoregions within Iowa. Physical habitat conditions varied widely among sites, with sand dominating substrate composition. A nonmetric multidimensional scaling ordination of physical habitat variables suggested a pattern of among-site similarities defined by a stream size axis, an axis contrasting sites dominated by either woody or rocky fish cover, and an axis characterizing degree of riparian canopy coverage. Bluntnose minnow ...