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VIMS Articles

Settlement

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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Settlement Of Crassostrea Ariakensis Larvae: Effects Of Substrate, Biofilms, Sediment And Adult Chemical Cues, Mario N. Tamburri, Mark W. Luckenbach, Denise L. Brietburg, Stephanie M. Bonniwell Jan 2008

Settlement Of Crassostrea Ariakensis Larvae: Effects Of Substrate, Biofilms, Sediment And Adult Chemical Cues, Mario N. Tamburri, Mark W. Luckenbach, Denise L. Brietburg, Stephanie M. Bonniwell

VIMS Articles

The Suminoe oyster (Crassostrea ariakensis) is being considered for introduction into the Chesapeake Bay. However, our current understanding of the biology and ecology of C. ariakensis is insufficient to predict whether an introduction will be successful, provide desired benefits, or have adverse impacts. Behavior of native Eastern oyster (C. virginica) pediveligers has been studied for many years and it is well established that they use a variety of habitat characteristics when selecting a site for colonization. Perhaps the most important of these are chemical cues emitted by adult conspecifics, which can lead to gregarious larval settlement and dense, persistent reef ...


Effect Of Neutral Red Stain On Settlement Ability Of Oyster Pediveligers, Crassostrea Virginica, Patrick Baker Jan 1991

Effect Of Neutral Red Stain On Settlement Ability Of Oyster Pediveligers, Crassostrea Virginica, Patrick Baker

VIMS Articles

The effect of neutral red stain on the settlement of oyster Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin) pediveligers was examined. Larvae were offered two types of substrate: oyster shell and acetate sheets. Settlement was measured as the proportion of pediveligers settled after 24 hours and analyzed with two-factor ANOV A. Staining did not significantly affect settlement, although settlement onto acetate was much lower than onto oyster shell.


Settlement Of Oysters, Crassostrea Virginica (Gmelin, 1791), On Oyster Shell, Expanded Shale And Tire Chips In The James River, Virginia, Roger L. Mann, Bruce J. Barber, James P. Whitcomb, Kenneth S. Walker Jan 1990

Settlement Of Oysters, Crassostrea Virginica (Gmelin, 1791), On Oyster Shell, Expanded Shale And Tire Chips In The James River, Virginia, Roger L. Mann, Bruce J. Barber, James P. Whitcomb, Kenneth S. Walker

VIMS Articles

The effectiveness of oyster shell, expanded shale, and tire chips as substrates for settlement of oysters, Crassostrea virgi11ica (Gmelin), was compared at four locations in the James River, Virginia, over three two-week time intervals in August and September, 1988. Only differences between substrate were significant (P < 0.001). Over all locations and time intervals, a significantly higher (P < 0.001) proportion of total oyster settlement occurred on oyster shell (63.8%) than on either tire chips (22.1 %) or expanded shale (14.2%).


Settlement Patterns Of Crassostrea Virginica (Gmelin, 1791) Larvae In Relation To Tidal Zonation, G. Curtis Roegner, Roger L. Mann Jan 1990

Settlement Patterns Of Crassostrea Virginica (Gmelin, 1791) Larvae In Relation To Tidal Zonation, G. Curtis Roegner, Roger L. Mann

VIMS Articles

Experiments were conducted to determine the settlement distribution of the oyster Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin) in relation to tidal zonation in an area where adult populations are largely confined to the intertidal zone. Hatchery-reared pediveliger larvae were interned in PVC tubes positioned at known tidal heights. The influence of non-tidal factors was limited: mesh covering the ends of the tubes prevented loss of larvae to dispersal or predation, the settling substrate was not colonized by competitors, and the effects of light and horizontal currents were minimized. Settlement was found to occur throughout the intertidal zone but predominated at the bottom of ...


The Location And Topography Of Oyster Reefs In The Rappahannock River Estuary, Virginia., James P. Whitcomb, Dexter S. Haven Jan 1989

The Location And Topography Of Oyster Reefs In The Rappahannock River Estuary, Virginia., James P. Whitcomb, Dexter S. Haven

VIMS Articles

Public oyster grounds in the Rappahannock River, Virginia were charted in 1976 and 1977 using an electronic positioning system to locate oysters, shell, sand, or mud. Hydraulically operated patent tongs were used to sample the bottoms to validate the charts. During this study 17277.6 ha of public bottoms were surveyed; of this total, 3845.3 ha was oyster reef, sand-shell or mud-shell bottoms; the remainder, 13432.3 ha (78%) was sand, mud or buried shell. The location, extent, topography and environment of the oyster producing areas are discussed. Setting of oysters, physiography and productivity were analyzed.