Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Plant Biology

2008

Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 88

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Integrated Management Strategies For Phytophthora Sojae Combining Host Resistance And Seed Treatments, A. E. Dorrance, A. E. Robertson, S. Cianzo, L. J. Giesler, C. R. Grau, M. A. Draper, A. U. Tenuta, T. R. Anderson Dec 2008

Integrated Management Strategies For Phytophthora Sojae Combining Host Resistance And Seed Treatments, A. E. Dorrance, A. E. Robertson, S. Cianzo, L. J. Giesler, C. R. Grau, M. A. Draper, A. U. Tenuta, T. R. Anderson

Papers in Plant Pathology

Phytophthora sojae has re-emerged as a serious soybean pathogen in the past decade. This may be due in part to changes in resistance levels in current cultivars, adoption of P. sojae populations to deployed Rps genes, and highly favorable environments in the past decade. This multilocation study evaluated the effect of seed treatments on the incidence and severity of Phytophthora root and stem rot on soybeans with different combinations of Rps genes and levels of partial resistance. The efficacy of the seed treatments was highly variable across locations. Seed treatments (metalaxyl and mefenoxam) provided protection and increased yields across cultivars ...


Joint Fire Science Program – Lake Mead National Recreation Area: Revegetating Burned Arid Lands: Identifying Successful Native Species Using Trait And Competition Analysis, Quarterly Progress Report, October 1 — December 31, 2008, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2008

Joint Fire Science Program – Lake Mead National Recreation Area: Revegetating Burned Arid Lands: Identifying Successful Native Species Using Trait And Competition Analysis, Quarterly Progress Report, October 1 — December 31, 2008, Margaret N. Rees

Fire Science

• Presented poster at Natural Areas Conference in Nashville, TN

• Initiated granivory study at Goodsprings.

• Outplanted 2376 plants for Experiment 1 at Lake Mead nursery.

• Presented poster at Wildfires and Invasive Plants in American Deserts conference in Reno, NV.

• Submitted manuscript covering our distance from road - microsite invasibility study to Journal of Arid Environments.


A High-Oleic-Acid And Low-Palmitic-Acid Soybean: Agronomic Performance And Evaluation As A Feedstock For Biodiesel, George L. Graef, Bradley J. Lavallee, Patrick Tenopir, Mustafa Tat, Bruce Schweiger, Anthony J. Kinney, Jon H. Van Gerpen, Thomas E. Clemente Dec 2008

A High-Oleic-Acid And Low-Palmitic-Acid Soybean: Agronomic Performance And Evaluation As A Feedstock For Biodiesel, George L. Graef, Bradley J. Lavallee, Patrick Tenopir, Mustafa Tat, Bruce Schweiger, Anthony J. Kinney, Jon H. Van Gerpen, Thomas E. Clemente

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

Phenotypic characterization of soybean event 335-13, which possesses oil with an increased oleic acid content (> 85%) and reduced palmitic acid content (< 5%), was conducted across multiple environments during 2004 and 2005. Under these conditions, the stability of the novel fatty acid profile of the oil was not influenced by environment. Importantly, the novel soybean event 335-13 was not compromised in yield in both irrigated and non-irrigated production schemes. Moreover, seed characteristics, including total oil and protein, as well as amino acid profile, were not altered as a result of the large shift in the fatty acid profile. The novel oil trait was inherited in a simple Mendelian fashion. The event 335-13 was also evaluated as a feedstock for biodiesel. Extruded oil from event 335-13 produced a biodiesel with improved cold flow and enhanced oxidative stability, two critical fuel parameters that can limit the utility of this renewable transportation fuel.


Ecotypic Variation In Elymus Elymoides Subspecies Brevifolius Race C In The Northern Intermountain West, Matthew C. Parsons Dec 2008

Ecotypic Variation In Elymus Elymoides Subspecies Brevifolius Race C In The Northern Intermountain West, Matthew C. Parsons

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Little information is available on the extent of local adaptation for many native grass species. This is the case for squirreltail (Elymus section Sitanion), despite this group's prevalence and importance in rangeland restoration efforts. I evaluated 32 populations of E. elymoides ssp. brevifolius race C, a phylogenetic subdivision of bottlebrush squirreltail (E. elymoides) centered in the northern Intermountain West, for phenotypic variables and neutral genetic markers to measure their association with geographical origin. Phenotypic traits were measured in common field and greenhouse environments, and genetic diversity was assessed using Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism. Three factors were extracted from the ...


Aminoglycosides And Syringomycin E As Fungicides Against Fusarium Graminearum In Head Blight Disease, Yukie Kawasaki Dec 2008

Aminoglycosides And Syringomycin E As Fungicides Against Fusarium Graminearum In Head Blight Disease, Yukie Kawasaki

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Fusarium graminearum is one of the most problematic phytopathogens in US agriculture. This fungus causes head blight, foot rot, and damping off on wheat and barley. The infection lowers the grain yield and causes contamination of the grain product with mycotoxins. Effective control measures are lacking, and new fungicides that kill F. graminearum but remain safe and economical to use are needed. Newly synthesized aminoglycosides (JL22, JL38, JL39, JL40, NEOF004, NEOF005), classic aminoglycosides (amikacin, gentamicin, kanamycin A, kanamycin B, neomycin, and ribostamycin), and a lipopeptide, syringomycin E (SRE), were studied to determine their antifungal potential to control F. graminearum. Aminoglycosides ...


First Report Of Soybean Rust Caused By Phakopsora Pachyrhizi In Nebraska, S. R. Watson, L. J. Giesler, A. D. Ziems, T. E. Brovont Nov 2008

First Report Of Soybean Rust Caused By Phakopsora Pachyrhizi In Nebraska, S. R. Watson, L. J. Giesler, A. D. Ziems, T. E. Brovont

Papers in Plant Pathology

Soybean rust caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi Sydow was first observed in the continental United States in Louisiana in November 2004 (2). As part of the national soybean rust monitoring effort, samples were collected on 3 October 2007 during the scouting of fields with green leaves in southeastern Nebraska. After incubation at room temperature for 24 h, uredinea and urediniospores were observed with microscopic examination. Urediniospores were obovoid, hyaline to pale brown, and measured 20 to 30 × 18 to 20 μm.


Structural Adaptations In Overwintering Leaves Of Thermonastic And Nonthermonastic Rhododendron Species, Xiang Wang, Rajeev Arora, Harry T. Horner, Stephen L. Krebs Nov 2008

Structural Adaptations In Overwintering Leaves Of Thermonastic And Nonthermonastic Rhododendron Species, Xiang Wang, Rajeev Arora, Harry T. Horner, Stephen L. Krebs

Genetics, Development and Cell Biology Publications

Evergreen rhododendrons (Rhododendron L.) are important woody landscape plants in many temperate zones. During winters, leaves of these plants frequently are exposed to a combination of cold temperatures, high radiation, and reduced photosynthetic activity, conditions that render them vulnerable to photooxidative damage. In addition, these plants are shallow-rooted and thus susceptible to leaf desiccation when soils are frozen. In this study, the potential adaptive significance of leaf morphology and anatomy in two contrasting Rhododendron species was investigated. R. catawbiense Michx. (native to eastern United States) exhibits thermonasty (leaf drooping and curling at subfreezing temperatures) and is more winter-hardy [leaf freezing ...


Web-Based Arabidopsis Functional And Structural Genomics Resources, Yan Lu, Robert Last Oct 2008

Web-Based Arabidopsis Functional And Structural Genomics Resources, Yan Lu, Robert Last

Yan Lu

No abstract provided.


Enhanced Plant Nutrient Use Efficiency With Pgpr And Amf In An Integrated Nutrient Management System, A. O. Adesemoye, H. A. Torbert, J. W. Kloepper Oct 2008

Enhanced Plant Nutrient Use Efficiency With Pgpr And Amf In An Integrated Nutrient Management System, A. O. Adesemoye, H. A. Torbert, J. W. Kloepper

Papers in Plant Pathology

A 3-year field study was conducted with field corn from 2005 to 2007 to test the hypothesis that microbial inoculants that increase plant growth and yield can enhance nutrient uptake, and thereby remove more nutrients—especially N, P, and K—from the field as part of an integrated nutrient management system. The field trial evaluated microbial inoculants, which include a commercially available plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AMF), and their combination across 2 tillage systems (no-till and conventional till) and 2 fertilization regimes (poultry litter and ammonium nitrate). Data were collected on plant height, yield (dry mass of ...


Joint Fire Science Program – Lake Mead National Recreation Area: Revegetating Burned Arid Lands: Identifying Successful Native Species Using Trait And Competition Analysis, Quarterly Progress Report, July 1 — September 30, 2008, Margaret N. Rees Sep 2008

Joint Fire Science Program – Lake Mead National Recreation Area: Revegetating Burned Arid Lands: Identifying Successful Native Species Using Trait And Competition Analysis, Quarterly Progress Report, July 1 — September 30, 2008, Margaret N. Rees

Fire Science

• Cones monitored and reseeded to obtain plants for nursery study.

• Goodsprings revegetation studies monitored.

• Website developed for JFS study.

• Writing short communication for Journal of Arid Environments.

• Working on poster for NAA conference in October.


Protocols For Oral Infection Of Lepidopteran Larvae With Baculovirus, Wendy O. Sparks, Wendy Olissa Sparks, Huarong Li, Bryony C. Bonning Sep 2008

Protocols For Oral Infection Of Lepidopteran Larvae With Baculovirus, Wendy O. Sparks, Wendy Olissa Sparks, Huarong Li, Bryony C. Bonning

Entomology Publications

Baculoviruses are widely used both as protein expression vectors and as insect pest control agents. This video shows how lepidopteran larvae can be infected with polyhedra by droplet feeding and diet plug-based bioassays. This accompanying Springer Protocols section provides an overview of the baculovirus lifecycle and use of baculoviruses as insecticidal agents, including discussion of the pros and cons for use of baculoviruses as insecticides, and progress made in genetic enhancement of baculoviruses for improved insecticidal efficacy.


Shrub-Interspace Dynamics Alter Relationships Between Microbial Community Composition And Belowground Ecosystem Characteristics, Rebecca E. Drenovsky, Z. T. Aanderud, M. I. Shuldman, J. H. Richards Sep 2008

Shrub-Interspace Dynamics Alter Relationships Between Microbial Community Composition And Belowground Ecosystem Characteristics, Rebecca E. Drenovsky, Z. T. Aanderud, M. I. Shuldman, J. H. Richards

Biology

In desert ecosystems, belowground characteristics are influenced chiefly by the formation and persistence of “shrub-islands of fertility” in contrast to barren plant interspaces. If soil microbial communities are exclusively compared between these two biogeochemically distinct soil types, the impact of characteristics altered by shrub species, especially soil C and N, are likely to be overemphasized and overshadow the role of other characteristics in structuring microbial composition. To determine how belowground characteristics influence microbial community composition, and if the relative importance of these characteristics shifts across the landscape (i.e., between and within shrub and interspace soils), changes in microbial communities ...


Protocols For Microapplicator-Assisted Infection Of Lepidopteran Larvae With Baculovirus, Huarong Li, Wendy Olissa Sparks, Bryony C. Bonning Aug 2008

Protocols For Microapplicator-Assisted Infection Of Lepidopteran Larvae With Baculovirus, Huarong Li, Wendy Olissa Sparks, Bryony C. Bonning

Entomology Publications

Baculoviruses are widely used both as protein expression vectors and as insect pest control agents. . This video shows how lepidopteran Drosophila Development and Reproduction, a JoVE Science Education video explaining more about about the context of larvae" >larvae can be infected with microapplicator techniques in the gut with baculovirus polyhedra and in the hemolymph with budded virus. This accompanying Springer Protocols section provides an overview of the baculovirus lifecycle and use of baculoviruses as insecticidal agents. Formulation and application of baculoviruses for pest control purposes are described elsewhere.


Decoding The Protein Interaction Network - An Approach Integrating Biology And Math, Ryan Huang, Lingkun Gu, Qingxi J. Shen Aug 2008

Decoding The Protein Interaction Network - An Approach Integrating Biology And Math, Ryan Huang, Lingkun Gu, Qingxi J. Shen

Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP)

The WRKY super family is known to play a major role during the plant stress response and development. My project focuses on the protein-protein interaction of an Oryzasativa (rice) transcription factor, OsWRKY71 which functions as the repressor of gibberellins signaling pathway. Previous literature revealed that OsWRKY71 can interact with itself or OsWRKY51 to form dimmers by using bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC). To confirm this result, we use yeast two-hybrid system. As our data showed, OsWRKY71 seems to suppress the reporter gene expression of the conventional yeast two-hybrid system, so we use a modified yeast two-hybrid, Mating-based Split Ubiquitin System (MbSUS ...


Gender Variation In The Prezygotic Reproductive Effort Of The Common Silver Moss, Kimberley Horsley, Lloyd Stark Aug 2008

Gender Variation In The Prezygotic Reproductive Effort Of The Common Silver Moss, Kimberley Horsley, Lloyd Stark

Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP)

The bryophyte Bryum argenteum is a vigorous moss with a cosmopolitan distribution and high tolerance to desiccation and temperature stress. Due to its widespread nature, B. argenteum has been highly investigated (e.g., Chopra and Bhatla 1981). However, very little research has been done on the reproductive aspects of this moss with respect to gender differences. This project will address the prefertilization reproductive efforts of the moss, and look for any differences in the rate of growth and sexual expression between the sexes. The hypothesis to be tested is that males actually have a higher prefertilization reproductive effort than females ...


Transcriptional Responses Of Arabidopsis Thaliana Plants To As (V) Stress, Jason M. Abercrombie, Matthew D. Halfhill, Priya Ranjan, Murali R. Rao, Arnold M. Saxton, Joshua S. Yuan, Neal Stewart Aug 2008

Transcriptional Responses Of Arabidopsis Thaliana Plants To As (V) Stress, Jason M. Abercrombie, Matthew D. Halfhill, Priya Ranjan, Murali R. Rao, Arnold M. Saxton, Joshua S. Yuan, Neal Stewart

Plant Sciences Publications and Other Works

Background

Arsenic is toxic to plants and a common environmental pollutant. There is a strong chemical similarity between arsenate [As (V)] and phosphate (Pi). Whole genome oligonucleotide microarrays were employed to investigate the transcriptional responses of Arabidopsis thaliana plants to As (V) stress.

Results

Antioxidant-related genes (i.e. coding for superoxide dismutases and peroxidases) play prominent roles in response to arsenate. The microarray experiment revealed induction of chloroplast Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) (at2g28190), Cu/Zn SOD (at1g08830), as well as an SOD copper chaperone (at1g12520). On the other hand, Fe SODs were strongly repressed in response to As (V ...


Phytopathogen Type Iii Effector Weaponry And Their Plant Targets, Anna Block, Guangyong Li, Zheng Qing Fu, James R. Alfano Aug 2008

Phytopathogen Type Iii Effector Weaponry And Their Plant Targets, Anna Block, Guangyong Li, Zheng Qing Fu, James R. Alfano

Faculty Publications from the Center for Plant Science Innovation

Phytopathogenic bacteria suppress plant innate immunity and promote pathogenesis by injecting proteins called type III effectors into plant cells using a type III protein secretion system. These type III effectors use at least three major strategies to alter host responses. One strategy is to alter host protein turnover, either by direct cleavage or by modulating ubiquitination and targeting to the 26S proteasome. Another strategy involves alteration of RNA metabolism by transcriptional activation or ADP-ribosylation of RNA-binding proteins. A third major strategy is to inhibit the kinases involved in plant defence signalling, either by removing phosphates or by direct inhibition. The ...


Nectar Secondary Compounds Affect Self-Pollen Transfer: Implications For Female And Male Reproduction, Rebecca E. Irwin, Lynn S. Adler Aug 2008

Nectar Secondary Compounds Affect Self-Pollen Transfer: Implications For Female And Male Reproduction, Rebecca E. Irwin, Lynn S. Adler

Open Dartmouth: Published works by Dartmouth faculty

Pollen movement within and among plants affects inbreeding, plant fitness, and the spatial scale of genetic differentiation. Although a number of studies have assessed how plant and floral traits influence pollen movement via changes in pollinator behavior, few have explored how nectar chemical composition affects pollen transfer. As many as 55% of plants produce secondary compounds in their nectar, which is surprising given that nectar is typically thought to attract pollinators. We tested the hypothesis that nectar with secondary compounds may benefit plants by encouraging pollinators to leave plants after visiting only a few flowers, thus reducing self-pollen transfer. We ...


Genetic Diversity In Native And Invasive Rubus (Rosaceae), Ashley A. Wint Aug 2008

Genetic Diversity In Native And Invasive Rubus (Rosaceae), Ashley A. Wint

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Invasive species are an increasing threat to biological diversity as well as a leading cause of recent species’ extinctions. Invasives spread quickly and efficiently, and the U.S spends millions of dollars annually in the control and eradication of these species. More information is necessary in order to predict which species may become invasive. Rubus (Rosaceae) was chosen for study because this genus includes various ploidy levels, reproductive modes, and species that are invasive as well as native.

Three Rubus species were chosen to represent apomictic and tetraploid invasives (Rubus armeniacus), a sexual and diploid native species (R. occidentalis), and ...


Heteromeric Interactions Among Ethylene Receptors Mediate Signaling In Arabidopsis, Brad Binder, Zhiyong Gao, Chi-Kuang Wen, Yi-Feng Chen, Jianhong Chang, Yi-Hsuan Chiang, Robert Kerris, Caren Chang, G. Schaller Jul 2008

Heteromeric Interactions Among Ethylene Receptors Mediate Signaling In Arabidopsis, Brad Binder, Zhiyong Gao, Chi-Kuang Wen, Yi-Feng Chen, Jianhong Chang, Yi-Hsuan Chiang, Robert Kerris, Caren Chang, G. Schaller

Brad M. Binder

The gaseous hormone ethylene is perceived in Arabidopsis by a five member receptor family that consists of the subfamily 1 receptors ETR1 and ERS1 and the subfamily 2 receptors ETR2, ERS2, and EIN4. Previous work has demonstrated that the basic functional unit for the ethylene receptor, ETR1, is a disulfide-linked homodimer. We demonstrate here that ethylene receptors isolated from Arabidopsis also interact with each other through noncovalent interactions. Evidence that ETR1 associates with other ethylene receptors was obtained by co-purification of ETR1 with tagged versions of ERS1, ETR2, ERS2, and EIN4 from Arabidopsis membrane extracts. ETR1 preferentially associated with the ...


"Effect Of Transplant Age, Tobacco Cultivar, Acibenzolar-S-Methyl, And Imidacloprid On Tomato Spotted Wilt Infection In Flue-Cured Tobacco", Claudia Nischwitz Jul 2008

"Effect Of Transplant Age, Tobacco Cultivar, Acibenzolar-S-Methyl, And Imidacloprid On Tomato Spotted Wilt Infection In Flue-Cured Tobacco", Claudia Nischwitz

All Current Publications

No abstract provided.


Spiderworts: Not Just Another Pretty Face For Science, W. John Hayden Jul 2008

Spiderworts: Not Just Another Pretty Face For Science, W. John Hayden

Biology Faculty Publications

Species of Tradescantia, or spiderworts, are handsome plants. Several wild species, including the VNPS wildflower of the Year for 2008 (T. virginiana), can be found in eastern North America and additional species grace gardens, and hothouse conservatories. Spiderworts are not, however, just a bunch of pretty faces. Spiderworts have a long history of service to science, both in terms of teaching and pure research.


Insect-Mediated Cross-Pollination In Soybean [Glycine Max (L.) Merrill]: Ii. Phenotypic Recurrent Selection, Evelyn Ortiz-Perez, Hunt Wiley, Harry T. Horner, William H. Davis, Reid G. Palmer Jul 2008

Insect-Mediated Cross-Pollination In Soybean [Glycine Max (L.) Merrill]: Ii. Phenotypic Recurrent Selection, Evelyn Ortiz-Perez, Hunt Wiley, Harry T. Horner, William H. Davis, Reid G. Palmer

Genetics, Development and Cell Biology Publications

Recurrent selection is a method for population improvement which has been used in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] to modify traits such as grain yield, seed-protein content, seed-oil content, tolerance to iron-deficiency chlorosis, and seed size. Nuclear male-sterility with insect-mediated cross-pollination has been successfully used in recurrent selection schemes in soybean. However, little attention has been given to selection to increase the agronomic performance of male-sterile plants per se. The objective of this study was to evaluate the response of male-sterile lines segregating for male-sterile alleles ms2, ms3, ms6, ms8, and ms9 to phenotypic recurrent selection for increased seed-set after ...


The Ethylene Receptors: Complex Perception For A Simple Gas, Brad Binder Jun 2008

The Ethylene Receptors: Complex Perception For A Simple Gas, Brad Binder

Brad M. Binder

Ethylene is a hormone that regulates a number of physiological and developmental events in plants. This simple olefin is perceived by a family of receptors that have homology to bacterial two-component receptors. Although the ethylene receptors have been the focus of much study over the past several decades, many questions remain concerning their structure, function, and regulation. This review provides an overview on what is known about the ethylene receptors, summarizes recent research on the receptors, and presents models for receptor function and output.


Joint Fire Science Program – Lake Mead National Recreation Area: Revegetating Burned Arid Lands: Identifying Successful Native Species Using Trait And Competition Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, April 1— June 30, 2008, Margaret N. Rees Jun 2008

Joint Fire Science Program – Lake Mead National Recreation Area: Revegetating Burned Arid Lands: Identifying Successful Native Species Using Trait And Competition Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, April 1— June 30, 2008, Margaret N. Rees

Fire Science

• Cones seeded for competition experiment at Lake Mead nursery.

• Cones monitored for seedling establishment.

• Goodsprings revegetation studies monitored.

• Invasibility data being entered and analyzed.

• Abstract for NAA conference submitted.

• Joint Fire Science update article submitted to Mojave Applied Ecology Notes newsletter.


The Effect Of Ginseng On Biofilm Formation By Wild Type And Mutant Strains Of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, Premi Shekar Jun 2008

The Effect Of Ginseng On Biofilm Formation By Wild Type And Mutant Strains Of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, Premi Shekar

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the College of Science and Technology at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science by Premi Shekar on June 25, 2008.


Method For Efficient Post Transcriptional Gene Slencing Using Intrinsic Direct Repeat Sequences And Utilization Thereof Infunctional Genomics, Amitava Mitra, Chonglie Ma Jun 2008

Method For Efficient Post Transcriptional Gene Slencing Using Intrinsic Direct Repeat Sequences And Utilization Thereof Infunctional Genomics, Amitava Mitra, Chonglie Ma

Papers in Plant Pathology

It is well documented that transgenes with inverted repeats can efficiently trigger post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS), presumably via a double stranded RNA induced by complementary sequences in their transcripts. We show here that transgenes with intrinsic direct repeats can also induce PTGS at a very high frequency (80-100%). A transgene with three or four repeats induced PTGS in almost 100% of the primary transformants, regardless of whether a strong (en hanced 35S promoter) or a relatively weak (chlorophyll a?b binding protein promoter) promoter was used. The PTGS induced by three or four repeats is consistently inherited in Subsequent generations ...


An Antibiotic Complex From Lysobacter Enzymogenes Strain C3: Antimicrobial Activity And Role In Plant Disease Control, S. Li, C. C. Jochum, F. Yu, K. Zaleta-Rivera, L. Du, Steven D. Harris, Gary Y. Yuen Jun 2008

An Antibiotic Complex From Lysobacter Enzymogenes Strain C3: Antimicrobial Activity And Role In Plant Disease Control, S. Li, C. C. Jochum, F. Yu, K. Zaleta-Rivera, L. Du, Steven D. Harris, Gary Y. Yuen

Papers in Plant Pathology

Lysobacter enzymogenes C3 is a bacterial biological control agent that exhibits antagonism against multiple fungal pathogens. Its antifungal activity was attributed in part to lytic enzymes. In this study, a heat-stable antifungal factor (HSAF), an antibiotic complex consisting of dihydromaltophilin and structurally related macrocyclic lactams, was found to be responsible for antagonism by C3 against fungi and oomycetes in culture. HSAF in purified form exhibited inhibitory activity against a wide range of fungal and oomycetes species in vitro, inhibiting spore germination, and disrupting hyphal polarity in sensitive fungi. When applied to tall fescue leaves as a partially-purified extract, HSAF at ...


Evaluating Vascular Plant Composition And Species Richness On Horn Island, Mississippi, Using Passive And Active Remote Sensing In Conjunction With Ground Based Measurements, Kelly Lynn Lucas May 2008

Evaluating Vascular Plant Composition And Species Richness On Horn Island, Mississippi, Using Passive And Active Remote Sensing In Conjunction With Ground Based Measurements, Kelly Lynn Lucas

Dissertations

Barrier island vegetation is subjected to chronic abiotic stressors combined with periodic storm events that favor species adapted to harsh environments. These islands are the first landforms to be affected by changes in coastal subsidence and sea-level rise. Evaluating changes in vegetation is important for understanding the impact of global climate change on coastal environments.

This study assesses vegetation composition and plant species richness on Horn Island, Mississippi using ground data in conjunction with remotely sensed spectral and LIDAR data. The goals of this research are to: 1) classify and map vegetation composition on Horn Island using hyperspectral and LIDAR ...


The Effect Of Fire Frequency On The Presence Of Native And Nonnative Species In The Santa Monica Mountains, Bobby Boss, Simone Ross, Taryn Thompson May 2008

The Effect Of Fire Frequency On The Presence Of Native And Nonnative Species In The Santa Monica Mountains, Bobby Boss, Simone Ross, Taryn Thompson

Featured Research

We surveyed two sites in the Santa Monica Mountains of Southern California that experienced both high and low fire frequency (Figure 1). Our objective was to find out if increased fire frequency allowed for the invasion of non-native species. We collected data on herbaceous coverage and point to plant distance of woody chaparral species. A series of random points were used, and each area was divided up into four equal quadrants using two meter sticks. The individual nearest to the center in each quadrant was then identified and measured. To measure herbaceous coverage, percentages were took of cover of each ...