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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Validity And Test-Retest Reliability Of The Jumpo App For Jump Performance Measurement, Amilton Vieira, Anthony J. Blazevich, Alexandre Souza Da Costa, James J. Tufano, Martim Bottaro May 2021

Validity And Test-Retest Reliability Of The Jumpo App For Jump Performance Measurement, Amilton Vieira, Anthony J. Blazevich, Alexandre Souza Da Costa, James J. Tufano, Martim Bottaro

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(7): 677-686, 2021. The vertical jump test is one of the simplest and most prevalent physical tests used in practice and research. This study investigated the validity and reliability of a new mobile application (Jumpo) for measuring jump performance on Android devices. University-aged students (n = 10; 20 ± 3 years; 176 ± 6 cm; 68 ± 9 kg) reported to the laboratory on three occasions (2-7 days apart): to be familiarized with the jump performance measurements and then for test-retest reliability assessments. Participants performed countermovement jumps (CMJ), squat jumps (SJ), and right and left single-legged jumps in ...


Relationship Of Biological Maturation With Muscle Power In Young Female Athletes, Paulo Francisco De Almeida-Neto, Alexandre Bulhões-Correia, Dihogo De Matos, Phelipe Wilde De Alcântara Varela, Vanessa Carla Monteiro Pinto, Paulo M. Dantas, Felipe Aidar, Breno Guilherme De Araujo Tinoco Cabral May 2021

Relationship Of Biological Maturation With Muscle Power In Young Female Athletes, Paulo Francisco De Almeida-Neto, Alexandre Bulhões-Correia, Dihogo De Matos, Phelipe Wilde De Alcântara Varela, Vanessa Carla Monteiro Pinto, Paulo M. Dantas, Felipe Aidar, Breno Guilherme De Araujo Tinoco Cabral

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(6): 696-706, 2021. There is still no consensus on how biological maturation (BM) affects the muscle power of upper and lower limbs in young people. The objective was to verify associations between BM and muscle power, as well as to compare the muscle power of upper (ULP) and lower limbs (LLP) among young athletes in different stages of BM. The sample consisted of 79 female athletes (10.9 ± 1.11 years old). Regarding BM, the sample was divided into three groups: delayed BM, synchronized BM, and accelerated BM. BM was identified by subtracting chronological ...


Development And Reliability Of A 7×15m Repeated On-Ice Sprint Test For Female Ice Hockey Players, Kier Wilson, Joel Jackson, Gary Snydmiller, Gordon Bell May 2021

Development And Reliability Of A 7×15m Repeated On-Ice Sprint Test For Female Ice Hockey Players, Kier Wilson, Joel Jackson, Gary Snydmiller, Gordon Bell

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(6): 666-676, 2021. The purpose of this investigation was to design and examine the reliability of a 7×15m repeated on-ice skating sprint test for female ice hockey players. Seventeen women ( ± SD age, height and body mass = 21 ± 2 years, 166.2 ± 6.4 cm and 61.9 ± 7.7 kg, respectively) completed 7 consecutive on-ice sprints of 15m repeated every 15s. Two trials of the test were performed on the same day and then repeated on a different day approximately 1 week later for a total of 4 trials. The fastest 15m time ...


Conservative Clothing Effects On Body Composition Assessment By Air Displacement Plethysmography, Shaun L. Orvell, Kasuen Mauldin, John Gieng May 2021

Conservative Clothing Effects On Body Composition Assessment By Air Displacement Plethysmography, Shaun L. Orvell, Kasuen Mauldin, John Gieng

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(4): 687-695, 2021. Form-fitting spandex swimsuits or single-layer compression shorts are recommended during BOD POD® testing to ensure accurate results. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of various outfit types on body composition measurements using the BOD POD®, and self-reported comfort level wearing each outfit. Twenty-one participants, 8 females and 13 males, (age 31.6 ± 9.8 years) wore a spandex swim cap and three different outfits during BOD POD® testing (manufacturer-recommended form-fitting spandex swimsuit, short sleeve spandex, long sleeve spandex). Measured variables include body mass, body fat percentage, body ...


Acute Inflammatory Profiles Differ With Sex And Age After Spinal Cord Injury, Andrew N. Stewart, John L. Lowe, Ethan P. Glaser, Caitlin A. Mott, Ryan K. Shahidehpour, Katelyn E. Mcfarlane, William M. Bailey, Bei Zhang, John C. Gensel May 2021

Acute Inflammatory Profiles Differ With Sex And Age After Spinal Cord Injury, Andrew N. Stewart, John L. Lowe, Ethan P. Glaser, Caitlin A. Mott, Ryan K. Shahidehpour, Katelyn E. Mcfarlane, William M. Bailey, Bei Zhang, John C. Gensel

Physiology Faculty Publications

Background

Sex and age are emerging as influential variables that affect spinal cord injury (SCI) recovery. Despite a changing demographic towards older age at the time of SCI, the effects of sex or age on inflammation remain to be elucidated. This study determined the sex- and age-dependency of the innate immune response acutely after SCI.

Methods

Male and female mice of ages 4- and 14-month-old received T9 contusion SCI and the proportion of microglia, monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM), and neutrophils surrounding the lesion were determined at 3- and 7-day post-injury (DPI) using flow cytometry. Cell counts of microglia and MDMs were ...


Effect Of Test Sequence On Maximal Anaerobic And Aerobic Power Achievement In Adults, Luke E. Stong, Luke Haile, Kyle S. Beyer, Joseph L. Andreacci May 2021

Effect Of Test Sequence On Maximal Anaerobic And Aerobic Power Achievement In Adults, Luke E. Stong, Luke Haile, Kyle S. Beyer, Joseph L. Andreacci

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(4): 657-665, 2021. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of test sequence on adults’ ability to achieve maximal aerobic and anaerobic power during a single assessment visit. Forty-one adults (24 men, 17 women; 22.0 ± 1.8 years) completed two baseline visits in randomized order consisting of either a maximal oxygen consumption (V̇O2max) or Wingate anaerobic test (WAnT). The subsequent experimental visit consisted of both V̇O2max and WAnT in randomized order separated by 20 minutes of rest. Mixed-model ANOVAs compared baseline and experimental performance between and ...


Order Of Resistance Training Cycles To Develop Strength And Muscle Thickness In Resistance-Trained Men: A Pilot Study, Julio Benvenutti Bueno De Camargo, Felipe Brigatto, Tiago Volpi Braz, Moisés Diego Germano, Gabriela Silva Nascimento, Raphael Machado Da Conceição, Ivan Teixeira, Tulio Sanches, Marcelo Saldanha Aoki, Charles Ricardo Lopes May 2021

Order Of Resistance Training Cycles To Develop Strength And Muscle Thickness In Resistance-Trained Men: A Pilot Study, Julio Benvenutti Bueno De Camargo, Felipe Brigatto, Tiago Volpi Braz, Moisés Diego Germano, Gabriela Silva Nascimento, Raphael Machado Da Conceição, Ivan Teixeira, Tulio Sanches, Marcelo Saldanha Aoki, Charles Ricardo Lopes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(4): 644-656, 2021. The aim of the present study was to assess the chronic effects of different order of resistance training cycles on strength and muscle thickness of recreationally resistance-trained men. The study sample was composed of 16 healthy men (age: 25.0 ± 3.8 years, height: 1.77 ± 7.6 cm, total body mass: 81.7 ± 10.4 kg, RT experience: 4.6 ± 0.7 years, relative bench press one repetition maximum: 1.2 ± 0.1, relative squat one-repetition maximum: 1.5 ± 0.2). According to baseline maximal strength, participants were allocated in ...


Battery Fitness Testing In Law Enforcement: A Critical Review Of The Literature, Mohammad M. Zulfiqar, Jennifer Wooland, Ben Schram, J. Jay Dawes, Robert G. Lockie, Robin Marc Orr May 2021

Battery Fitness Testing In Law Enforcement: A Critical Review Of The Literature, Mohammad M. Zulfiqar, Jennifer Wooland, Ben Schram, J. Jay Dawes, Robert G. Lockie, Robin Marc Orr

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(4): 613-632, 2021. Police trainees undergoing training to prepare them for the occupational demands of policing are often subjected to fitness testing. The aim of this review was to critically appraise research studies employing police fitness tests. Method: A comprehensive search of four databases (PubMed, EMBASE, and Ebscohost [CINAHL and SportDiscus]) was conducted by two authors independently. After duplicate articles were removed, articles that did not meet the pre-determined inclusion criteria and met the exclusion criteria were removed. The remaining studies were critically appraised by two authors independently using a Downs and Black Checklist ...


Effects Of Sex And Load Carried Per Kilogram Of Body Mass On Landing Technique, Jacob M. Thomas, Roger O. Kollock, William D. Hale, Alex Long, August Bont, Jay Dawes, Gabe Sanders May 2021

Effects Of Sex And Load Carried Per Kilogram Of Body Mass On Landing Technique, Jacob M. Thomas, Roger O. Kollock, William D. Hale, Alex Long, August Bont, Jay Dawes, Gabe Sanders

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(1): 633-643, 2021. Sex differences and heavy load carriage may contribute to the high rate of musculoskeletal injury in military recruits, particularly within the female population. Thus, the purposes of this study were to determine if load influenced landing quality differently in females compared to males and if load carried per kg body mass was associated to quality of landing. Twenty-eight participants were recruited for this study (males: n = 14; females: n = 14). Participants were grouped by sex. All twenty-eight participants performed three drop-jumps (DJ) under unloaded and loaded conditions. The loaded condition included ...


Effect Of Prenatal Ambient Temperature On The Performance Physiological Parameters, And Oxidative Metabolism Of Japanese Quail (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica) Layers Exposed To Heat Stress During Growth, Thaís Pacheco Santana, Eliane Gasparino, Angélica De Souza Khatlab, Claudson Oliveira Brito, Leandro Teixeira Barbosa, Susan J. Lamont, Ana Paula Del Vesco May 2021

Effect Of Prenatal Ambient Temperature On The Performance Physiological Parameters, And Oxidative Metabolism Of Japanese Quail (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica) Layers Exposed To Heat Stress During Growth, Thaís Pacheco Santana, Eliane Gasparino, Angélica De Souza Khatlab, Claudson Oliveira Brito, Leandro Teixeira Barbosa, Susan J. Lamont, Ana Paula Del Vesco

Animal Science Publications

A strategy to mitigate the negative effects of stress on animals is to enhance their ability to beneficially respond to stressful conditions. This study aimed to assess whether prenatal ambient temperature influences the response of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) chicks to environmental challenges during growth. The experiment was conducted in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement: two temperature conditions for the mothers (thermoneutral and heat stress by continuous exposure to 32 °C) and two offspring ambient temperature conditions (thermoneutral and heat stress by intermittent exposure to 34 °C for 6 h/day from 15 to 35 days of age). Heat ...


The Physiological Effects Of Therapy Dogs During Exercise For Sedentary Adults, Josie Lynne Mazzone May 2021

The Physiological Effects Of Therapy Dogs During Exercise For Sedentary Adults, Josie Lynne Mazzone

All NMU Master's Theses

Previous research has shown therapy dogs may be utilized to attenuate heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) responses during various types of stressors due to an increase in oxytocin (OT) and decrease in cortisol (CL) production. These hormonal changes have also been shown to enhance exercise performance. Purpose: This study aimed to determine if physiological responses to exercise changed in the presence of a therapy dog for sedentary adults. Methods: Seven adult subjects (mean age of 30.86 ± 14.07 years) who self-reported less than 150 min of physical activity per week participated in a graded walking test with ...


Regression Analysis Of Pacing When Running A Marathon, Hawkin Starke May 2021

Regression Analysis Of Pacing When Running A Marathon, Hawkin Starke

Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Regression analysis can be an effective way of examining performance in the marathon event. By splitting up the race into segments or in runner terminology “splits” the significance of each segment as it relates to the total finish time can be explored. Because the idea of splits is already ingrained into the minds of runners, it makes intuitive sense to use these as the metrics to define a race. Additionally, marathons generally make participant age and gender date publicly available which can then be used to find trends within specific demographics. This tailors trends to smaller groups of people, making ...


Celiac Disease, Katerina Anders May 2021

Celiac Disease, Katerina Anders

Human Diseases Graphic Novels

No abstract provided.


Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Haley Rodriguez '22 May 2021

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Haley Rodriguez '22

Human Diseases Graphic Novels

No abstract provided.


Pneumonia, Marcail Mcbride '21 May 2021

Pneumonia, Marcail Mcbride '21

Human Diseases Graphic Novels

No abstract provided.


Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Serena Gacek May 2021

Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Serena Gacek

Human Diseases Graphic Novels

No abstract provided.


Validation Of A Novel Trpm8 Knockout Mouse Model, Bilan Mohamed Apr 2021

Validation Of A Novel Trpm8 Knockout Mouse Model, Bilan Mohamed

Thinking Matters Symposium

Recent studies suggest that the use of thermoregulatory treatments that affect brown fat may help curb obesity. However it is unknown how these treatments may affect bone homeostasis. Our work has focused on the transient receptor potential melastatin (TRPM8) protein, which is responsible for detecting colder temperatures in sensory neurons. Previous work within the Motyl laboratory has found that Trpm8 plays a role in bone acquisition. Mice with a global deletion of the Trpm8 gene have reduced trabecular bone volume fraction due to reduced bone formation by osteoblasts. However, it is unclear whether sensory neuron or osteoblast-mediated expression of Trpm8 ...


Finite Element Analysis Of Femoral Neck Strains During Stair Ascent And Descent, Chen Deng, Jason C. Gillette, Timothy R. Derrick Apr 2021

Finite Element Analysis Of Femoral Neck Strains During Stair Ascent And Descent, Chen Deng, Jason C. Gillette, Timothy R. Derrick

Kinesiology Publications

For older population, a better understanding of the hip joint loading environment is needed for the prevention of hip pain, and the reduction of the stress fractures and fall risks. Using the motion analysis and inverse dynamics methods, combined with musculoskeletal modelling, static optimization, and finite element (FE) femur model, the difference of femoral neck strains between stair ascent vs. descent, young vs. older populations was compared. A two-way repeated-measures MANOVA was applied to test the effect of age and stair direction on the femoral neck strains. The strains at the femoral neck cross-section were greater for stair descent than ...


Growing The Youth Olympic Games: Comparing Millennial Generation Sport Festival Engagement, Lawrence W. Judge, Jeffrey C. Petersen, David M. Bellar, Leeann M. Lower, Makenzie A. Schoeff, Amy S. Blake, Dagny Zupin, Nick Nordmann Apr 2021

Growing The Youth Olympic Games: Comparing Millennial Generation Sport Festival Engagement, Lawrence W. Judge, Jeffrey C. Petersen, David M. Bellar, Leeann M. Lower, Makenzie A. Schoeff, Amy S. Blake, Dagny Zupin, Nick Nordmann

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(6): 578-593, 2021. Despite the continued growth of the Olympic Games (OG), the Youth Olympic Games (YOG) has received minimal attention from mainstream media since its introduction in 2010. The purpose of this study was to examine and compare event awareness and consumption intention for the 2012 Winter YOG to two international sport events occurring in the same year. A survey instrument was utilized to examine and compare event awareness, consumption intention, and logo identification for three international sport events within a millennial generation sample. The study showed significant differences in personal and public ...


Interlimb Asymmetry Thresholds That Negatively Affect Change Of Direction Performance In Collegiate American Football Players, Nicolas M. Philipp, Derek A. Crawford, Matthew J. Garver, Dustin W. Davis, Josie Hair Apr 2021

Interlimb Asymmetry Thresholds That Negatively Affect Change Of Direction Performance In Collegiate American Football Players, Nicolas M. Philipp, Derek A. Crawford, Matthew J. Garver, Dustin W. Davis, Josie Hair

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(4): 606-612, 2021. Researchers and strength and conditioning practitioners have had an increased interest in the effects of interlimb asymmetries on different aspects of sport performance over the past couple of years. Interlimb asymmetries have been found to negatively affect performance in key performance indicators (KPI) such as jumping, sprinting, and changing directions, within various sports populations. However, there is no consensus about a meaningful threshold at which asymmetries start to negatively affect KPIs or performance. The aim of this study was to investigate a potentially meaningful threshold for three asymmetry metrics (mean peak ...


Lack Of Correlation Between Natural Pelvic Tilt Angle With Hip Range Of Motion, And Hip Muscle Torque Ratio, Maria Cristina Herrera, Tal Amasay, Claire Egret Apr 2021

Lack Of Correlation Between Natural Pelvic Tilt Angle With Hip Range Of Motion, And Hip Muscle Torque Ratio, Maria Cristina Herrera, Tal Amasay, Claire Egret

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(1): 594-605, 2021. Excessive anterior and posterior pelvic tilts (PT) angles are associated with overuse injuries of the lower limbs and of the lumbo-pelvic-hip complex. There is a lack of evidence that correlates anterior and posterior PT angles with limited hip internal rotation (IR) and external rotation (ER), and hip muscles torque ratios. The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between averaged anterior/posterior PT angle in standing position and hip IR and ER range of motion (ROM), hip adductors and abductors (Add/Abd) torque ratio, and hip flexors and extensors ...


Domestic Violence In The World Of Athletics, Abbigayle L. Gesler Apr 2021

Domestic Violence In The World Of Athletics, Abbigayle L. Gesler

ONU Student Research Colloquium

There is an ongoing debate whether athletics is linked to domestic violence in professional athletes or individuals who were athletes for a long period of time. The purpose of this research is to see if being an athlete leads to domestic violence, and if so, to find ways to decrease the numbers. Professional athletes with a history of domestic violence will be researched and this could help determine if there is a link between the two. To get an idea on aggression levels in athletes, the Buss & Perry Survey was sent out via email to all Ohio Northern students, athletes ...


Ecophysiological Responses Of Two Closely Related Epigean And Hypogean Niphargus Species To Hypoxia And Increased Temperature: Do They Differ?, Tatjana Simčič, Boris Sket Apr 2021

Ecophysiological Responses Of Two Closely Related Epigean And Hypogean Niphargus Species To Hypoxia And Increased Temperature: Do They Differ?, Tatjana Simčič, Boris Sket

International Journal of Speleology

Ecological performance of animals depends on physiological and biochemical processes that are adjusted to the environment. The responses to hypoxia or anoxia have been frequently studied in subterranean aquatic organisms in order to find potential adaptations to restrict oxygen conditions occurring in the underground habitats. However, some previous studies have compared phylogenetic distant epigean and hypogean species or the epigean and hypogean populations of the same species due to little chance to compare closely related epigean and hypogean species. Therefore, in this study, we compared the effects of exposure to hypoxia, followed by reoxygenation, and increased temperature on oxygen consumption ...


Evaluating The Intra-Rater And Inter-Rater Reliability Of Fixed Tension Scale Instrumentation For Determining Isometric Neck Strength, Alexander T. Mcdaniel, Lindsey Schroeder, Jessica Freedman, Yishi Wang, Michel J.H. Heijnen Apr 2021

Evaluating The Intra-Rater And Inter-Rater Reliability Of Fixed Tension Scale Instrumentation For Determining Isometric Neck Strength, Alexander T. Mcdaniel, Lindsey Schroeder, Jessica Freedman, Yishi Wang, Michel J.H. Heijnen

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(3): 563-577, 2021. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of a fixed tension scale instrumentation, comparing the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability between seating and standing measurement techniques. Instrumentation developed from this study will be utilized to assess isometric neck strength in future studies comparing neck strengthening protocols. METHODS: Isometric neck strength for eight movements (cervical/capital flexion, cervical/capital extension, left/right lateral flexion, left/right cervical rotation) as well as anthropometric measurements were evaluated for thirty-one participants through the use of a novel neck strength assessment protocol. RESULTS ...


The Effect Of Shin-Torso Alignment On Muscle Activity And Joint Angles Of The Lower Extremity In Collegiate Ice Hockey Players, Noah A. Pring, Stacy L. Solomon, Andy Obrien, Ryan T. Conners, Paul N. Whitehead Apr 2021

The Effect Of Shin-Torso Alignment On Muscle Activity And Joint Angles Of The Lower Extremity In Collegiate Ice Hockey Players, Noah A. Pring, Stacy L. Solomon, Andy Obrien, Ryan T. Conners, Paul N. Whitehead

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(1): 552-562, 2021. Ice hockey is prevalent with injuries due to fatigue-related degradation of mechanics occurring throughout a season. The player’s skating position is vital because it can impact muscle activation patterns of the lower extremity. If too much stress is placed on a muscle, it could lead to muscle fatigue and increased likelihood of injury. The purpose of this study was to measure muscle activation patterns and joint angle changes of the lower extremity in ice hockey players during three different simulated skating positions. Electromyography sensors were placed on muscles of the ...


Lower Limb Force Asymmetries During Landing And Jumping Exercises: A Pilot Study, Simon M. Cone, Sangwoo Lee Apr 2021

Lower Limb Force Asymmetries During Landing And Jumping Exercises: A Pilot Study, Simon M. Cone, Sangwoo Lee

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(1): 544-551, 2021. Significant asymmetries can exist between the lower limbs’ force production during the take-off phase of bilateral jumping exercises. Some studies have indicated that similar asymmetries can also exist during the landing phase. It has not been demonstrated if the magnitude of lower body asymmetry was similar between the landing (L) and take-off (TO) phases of bilateral jumping movements. The main purpose of this study was to compare the asymmetry measured during the L and TO phases of bilateral jumping exercises to determine if there was a difference in asymmetry between the ...


Physiological Responses To Active Video Games Compared To Treadmill Walking And Tv Watching In Obese Children And Adolescents, Ramzi Majaj, Trent Scott, Ryan Moran, Dana Kimberly, Tamekia Jones, Webb Smith Apr 2021

Physiological Responses To Active Video Games Compared To Treadmill Walking And Tv Watching In Obese Children And Adolescents, Ramzi Majaj, Trent Scott, Ryan Moran, Dana Kimberly, Tamekia Jones, Webb Smith

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(7): 519-532, 2021. The purpose of this study was to examine the physiological responses to playing different active video games (AVG), as well as document the activity level exerted during AVG in relation to treadmill walking (TM) and watching television (TV). 20 youth (age 11-17 yr) with obesity were recruited from the Healthy Lifestyle Clinic and underwent testing under six randomized conditions: 1) TM, 2) TV, 3) Fitnexx, 4) river rush (RRH), 5) reflex ridge (RFR), and 6) space pop (SP). RRH, RFR, and SP are active video games for the Xbox 360. Fitnexx ...


Biomechanical Differences Between The Bulgarian Split-Squat And Back Squat, Ethan R. Mackey, Bryan L. Riemann Apr 2021

Biomechanical Differences Between The Bulgarian Split-Squat And Back Squat, Ethan R. Mackey, Bryan L. Riemann

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(1): 533-543, 2021. The Bulgarian split squat (BSS) is a unilateral lower extremity strength exercise; however, the mechanical demands have not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to compare ankle, knee, and hip joint net joint moment impulse (NJMI), work (NJW), peak net joint moment (NJM) and peak displacement between the BSS and traditional bilateral back squat (BS). Following a practice and 1-repetition maximum (1-RM) session, 2x3 BS (70% 1-RM) and BSS (35% 1-RM) were completed by twenty resistance trained males (24.20 ± 2.50 yrs, 1.76 ± 0.06m, 85 ...


Patterns And Mechanisms Of Intraspecific Trait Variation Across Thermal Gradients In A Marine Gastropod, Andrew R. Villeneuve Apr 2021

Patterns And Mechanisms Of Intraspecific Trait Variation Across Thermal Gradients In A Marine Gastropod, Andrew R. Villeneuve

Masters Theses

As the earth’s climate changes due to anthropogenic emissions, it has increasingly become an imperative within the ecological community to understand existing species adaptations to climate change. Much focus has been paid to how a species might react to climate change, but the role of locally adapted traits and responsible environmental mechanisms have received less attention. Quantifying how sublethal (e.g. growth rates) and lethal (e.g. thermal tolerance) trait performance vary between populations can thus improve our understanding of how populations, and the entire species, will react to climate change. Here, I quantified the spatial patterns of performance ...


Predictors Of Irritability Symptoms In Mildly Depressed Perimenopausal Women, Anouk E. De Wit, Erik J. Giltay, Marrit K. De Boer, Margo Nathan, Aleta Wiley, Sybil L. Crawford, Hadine Joffe Apr 2021

Predictors Of Irritability Symptoms In Mildly Depressed Perimenopausal Women, Anouk E. De Wit, Erik J. Giltay, Marrit K. De Boer, Margo Nathan, Aleta Wiley, Sybil L. Crawford, Hadine Joffe

Graduate School of Nursing Publications

OBJECTIVE: Irritability is a highly burdensome complaint, commonly, but not universally, linked with depressive symptoms. While increased variability in estradiol has been associated with depressive symptoms during perimenopause, more insight is needed into reproductive hormone dynamics and other factors that predispose perimenopausal women to irritable mood.

METHODS: Among 50 mildly depressed perimenopausal women (mean (SD) age 48.4 (3.9) years), severity of irritability symptoms (on Symptom Questionnaire Hostility subscale, range 0-23) was assessed weekly for eight weeks, concurrent with potential predictors. Associations between these were examined using generalized estimating equating models.

RESULTS: Most women (82.0%) reported having moderate ...