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Full-Text Articles in Education Law

Lessons For Academic Leaders From Modern Restructuring Practice, Robert K. Rasmussen Jun 2018

Lessons For Academic Leaders From Modern Restructuring Practice, Robert K. Rasmussen

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

Financial distress has hit higher education. More and more universities and colleges are facing existential challenges as the competition for a dwindling number of students has put a strain on revenues. Unlike leaders in other industries, the presidents and chancellors of a financially distressed institutions of higher education cannot explore the possibility of a Chapter 11 filing under the Bankruptcy Code to restructure their obligations so that they align better with their revenues. Federal law prohibits Title IV loans – the lifeblood of virtually every university and college – from being made to students who attend a school that is in an ...


Book Review: Courtrooms And Classrooms: A Legal History Of College Access, 1860-1960, Mark A. Addison Jun 2018

Book Review: Courtrooms And Classrooms: A Legal History Of College Access, 1860-1960, Mark A. Addison

Journal of College Access

Issues of college access are increasingly met with resolutions within social and economic contexts. Models such as cost of production output, and race and socioeconomic-conscious strategies form the basis of such analyses (Jenkins & Rodriguez, 2013; Henriksen, 1995; Treager Huber, 2010; Schmidt, 2012). We can expect retooling and reinventing of such models with increasing college costs and changes in student demographics.


Understanding The Importance Of Ferpa & Data Protection In Higher Education. An Application: Website At La Salle University, Robert Frank, Lynne Wagner May 2018

Understanding The Importance Of Ferpa & Data Protection In Higher Education. An Application: Website At La Salle University, Robert Frank, Lynne Wagner

Mathematics and Computer Science Capstones

Personal data protection is a paramount conversation globally. The higher education industry is abundant in varying types of highly sensitive information; the security of this data is critical, requiring all stakeholders be educated and aware of the standards and best practice securing it. This project’s main outcome is to conduct in-depth research on personal data protection regulations within higher education and the development of an example educational webpage for the La Salle University community relating to policy, practice, and procedures of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA).

The Mission of La Salle University affirms a community commitment ...


Litigating Trauma As Disability In American Schools, Taylor N. Mullaney May 2018

Litigating Trauma As Disability In American Schools, Taylor N. Mullaney

Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy

No abstract provided.


Assessing Students' Civil Rights Claims Against School Resource Officers, Kerrin C. Wolf May 2018

Assessing Students' Civil Rights Claims Against School Resource Officers, Kerrin C. Wolf

Pace Law Review

Police officers stationed in public schools, commonly referred to as school resource officers (SROs), have become commonplace in the United States over the past twenty-five years. Their primary responsibility is to maintain order and safety in schools, but they also serve as counselors and mentors for students, and teach classes related to drug and alcohol abuse, gang avoidance, and other topics. SROs’ presence in schools raises important legal questions because they interact with students on a daily basis and are directly involved in schools’ efforts to control student behavior through school discipline and security. Additionally, a series of Supreme Court ...


Improving Education Through Devotion: A Religious Solution To Eastern Turkey's Gender Gap, Joshua E. Thomas May 2018

Improving Education Through Devotion: A Religious Solution To Eastern Turkey's Gender Gap, Joshua E. Thomas

William & Mary Journal of Women and the Law

Turkey has much room for improvement regarding women’s education opportunities—particularly in eastern Anatolia. Despite the Turkish Republic’s outward secular appearance, Islamic law plays an increasingly important role in society. A potential solution to the government’s sluggish progress on gender equality may lie in the utilization of their religious directorate (Diyanet). The Diyanet could issue fatwas sympathetic to women’s rights, which may more effectively reach the conservative eastern Turkish population.


The Invisible Victims Of The School-To-Prison Pipeline: Understanding Black Girls, School Push-Out, And The Impact Of The Every Student Succeeds Act, Bianca A. White May 2018

The Invisible Victims Of The School-To-Prison Pipeline: Understanding Black Girls, School Push-Out, And The Impact Of The Every Student Succeeds Act, Bianca A. White

William & Mary Journal of Women and the Law

No abstract provided.


The Privacy Of The Public Schools, Emily Suski May 2018

The Privacy Of The Public Schools, Emily Suski

Maryland Law Review

This Article compares the liability of the public schools with that of families for harms to children in their care. Families serve as an apt vehicle for comparative analysis because families’ and schools’ responsibilities for children overlap substantially. Despite these overlapping responsibilities, however, the law allows schools to evade liability for harms to children and penalizes families for the same or similar harms.

Drawing on feminist theory on privacy and the public/private divide, this Article argues that the limits of public school liability mean they have privacy. Feminist theorists identify privacy as freedom from regulation and intrusion into decision-making ...


We’Ve Come A Long Way (Baby)! Or Have We? Evolving Intellectual Freedom Issues In The Us And Florida, L. Bryan Cooper, A.D. Beman-Cavallaro May 2018

We’Ve Come A Long Way (Baby)! Or Have We? Evolving Intellectual Freedom Issues In The Us And Florida, L. Bryan Cooper, A.D. Beman-Cavallaro

Works of the FIU Libraries

This paper analyzes a shifting landscape of intellectual freedom (IF) in and outside Florida for children, adolescents, teens and adults. National ideals stand in tension with local and state developments, as new threats are visible in historical, legal, and technological context. Examples include doctrinal shifts, legislative bills, electronic surveillance and recent attempts to censor books, classroom texts, and reading lists.

Privacy rights for minors in Florida are increasingly unstable. New assertions of parental rights are part of a larger conservative animus. Proponents of IF can identify a lessening of ideals and standards that began after doctrinal fruition in the 1960s ...


Removing Camouflaged Barriers To Equality: Overcoming Systemic Sexual Assault And Harassment At The Military Academies, Rebecca Weiant May 2018

Removing Camouflaged Barriers To Equality: Overcoming Systemic Sexual Assault And Harassment At The Military Academies, Rebecca Weiant

Michigan Journal of Gender and Law

The Education Amendments of 1972 introduced requirements to protect female students from discriminatory policies at post-secondary institutions. A portion of those amendments, commonly known as Title IX, require that no students be subjected to discrimination based on their sex by any educational institution or activity receiving federal financial assistance. An exemption under § 1681(a)(4), however, explicitly prohibits application of Title IX to any educational institution whose primary purpose is to train individuals for military service or the merchant marine. Although those students are still subject to stringent conduct standards, the service academies themselves are tethered to sex discrimination policies ...


Higher Education Savings And Planning: Tax And Nontax Considerations, F. Philip Manns Jr., Timothy M. Todd May 2018

Higher Education Savings And Planning: Tax And Nontax Considerations, F. Philip Manns Jr., Timothy M. Todd

Texas A&M Law Review

Funding higher education is among the critical financial decisions made by individuals and families. There are myriad options. Yet, the conventional wisdom—namely using Section 529 Plans—may not be the optimal vehicle to effectuate this goal. Therefore, this Article discusses various strategies to plan, save, and pay for higher education. It compares various savings methods including gifts, UTMA accounts, Section 529 Plans, trusts, and other vehicles. The analysis explores both tax and non-tax considerations, including the effect of different strategies on financial aid, transaction costs, investor control, income taxes, gift and estate taxes, flexibility, and creditor protection. This Article ...


University Regulation Of Student Speech: In Search Of A Unified Mode Of Analysis, Patrick Miller May 2018

University Regulation Of Student Speech: In Search Of A Unified Mode Of Analysis, Patrick Miller

Michigan Law Review

Universities are meant to be open marketplaces of ideas. This requires a commitment to both freedom of expression and inclusivity, two values that may conflict. When public universities seek to promote inclusivity by prohibiting or punishing speech that is protected by the First Amendment, courts must intervene to vindicate students’ rights. Currently, courts are split over the appropriate mode of analysis for reviewing public university regulation of student speech. This Note seeks to aid judicial review by clarifying the three existing approaches—public forum analysis, traditional categorical analysis, and a modified version of the Supreme Court’s education-specific speech doctrine ...


A Nevada Lottery: Improving The Odds For Nevada's Public Education System, Michael Linton May 2018

A Nevada Lottery: Improving The Odds For Nevada's Public Education System, Michael Linton

UNLV Gaming Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Arrested Development: Rethinking Fourth Amendment Standards For Seizures And Uses Of Force In Schools, Alexis Karteron May 2018

Arrested Development: Rethinking Fourth Amendment Standards For Seizures And Uses Of Force In Schools, Alexis Karteron

Nevada Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Title Ix Violations Arising From Title Ix Investigations: The Snake Is Eating Its Own Tail, Joe Dryden, David Stader, Jeanne L. Surface Apr 2018

Title Ix Violations Arising From Title Ix Investigations: The Snake Is Eating Its Own Tail, Joe Dryden, David Stader, Jeanne L. Surface

Idaho Law Review

In 2011, the Department of Education Office of Civil Rights published a Dear Colleague Letter (DCL) detailing the department’s views on the roles and responsibilities of colleges and universities under Title IX specifically as they relate to allegations of sexual assault. Numerous studies conclude that close to 1 in 5 college women are sexually assaulted while enrolled in institutions of higher education. Many of these studies are flawed yet they are being used as the justification for administrative overreach. Despite not having the legal authority, the DCL changed the legal standard to be applied when conducting sexual assault investigations ...


Regulation Of Teacher Certification In Idaho: Proceedings Before Idaho's Professional Standards Commission Concerning The Denial Of An Application For Or Action Against A Teaching Certificate, John E. Rumel Apr 2018

Regulation Of Teacher Certification In Idaho: Proceedings Before Idaho's Professional Standards Commission Concerning The Denial Of An Application For Or Action Against A Teaching Certificate, John E. Rumel

Idaho Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Criminalization Of School Choice: Punishing The Poor For The Inequities Of Geographic School Districting, La Darien Harris Apr 2018

The Criminalization Of School Choice: Punishing The Poor For The Inequities Of Geographic School Districting, La Darien Harris

Journal of Legislation

No abstract provided.


The Predictors Of Juvenile Recidivism: Testimonies Of Adult Students 18 Years And Older Exiting From Alternative Education, La Toshia Palmer Apr 2018

The Predictors Of Juvenile Recidivism: Testimonies Of Adult Students 18 Years And Older Exiting From Alternative Education, La Toshia Palmer

Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this descriptive, qualitative study was to identify and describe the importance of the predictors of juvenile recidivism and the effectiveness of efforts to prevent/avoid juvenile recidivism as perceived by previously detained, arrested, convicted, and/or incarcerated adult students 18 years of age and older exiting from alternative education in Northern California. A second purpose was to explore the types of support provided by alternative schools and the perceived importance of the support to avoid recidivism according to adult students 18 years of age and older exiting from alternative education.

Methodology: This qualitative, descriptive research design ...


Ri Tenant Stabilization Project Aims To Help Eviction And Homelessness Issues For Low-Income Tenants, Michael M. Bowden Apr 2018

Ri Tenant Stabilization Project Aims To Help Eviction And Homelessness Issues For Low-Income Tenants, Michael M. Bowden

Featured News Story

RWU Law students gain legal experience helping low-income tenants avoid eviction, while also forging longer-term solutions to Rhode Island’s ongoing housing crisis.


How Higher Education Ombudsman Systems Can Benefit By Implementing Modified Restorative Justice Practices, Kyle Shiroma Apr 2018

How Higher Education Ombudsman Systems Can Benefit By Implementing Modified Restorative Justice Practices, Kyle Shiroma

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This article will explore both the concerns and the beneficial effects of implementing ombudsman systems in higher education. After a brief background and history of the ombuds office, Section C will explain the significance of why universities should implement ombuds systems. Section D will discuss some of the benefits of the proposed solution, Section E will address some of the concerns raised about this solution, and Section F will explain how ombuds offices can benefit by incorporating restorative justice ideas in its practices. Section G will summarize and conclude this proposal.


Developing The State Interagency Coordinating Council For Maine Child Developmental Services, Olivia Shaw Apr 2018

Developing The State Interagency Coordinating Council For Maine Child Developmental Services, Olivia Shaw

Poster Presentations

Each state is required by the federal Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA), 20 U.S.C. 1441 to have a State Interagency Coordination Council to act as an advising council for their state Early Intervention Program. My leadership project mentor, Roy Fowler, the state director for Maine’s Early Intervention Program, Child Developmental Services (CDS), tasked me with helping him to develop a new and effective SICC for CDS. Doing this required extensive research into the federal requirements for an SICC including, participant requirements, responsibilities of the SICC, and the overall process for applying to be a member. Once the ...


Circumventing Congress's Comprehensive Schemes: The Third Circuit Allows Employees Of Educational Institutions To Bypass Title Vii And Bring Claims Under Title Ix In Doe V. Mercy Catholic Medical Center, Lauren Stewart Mar 2018

Circumventing Congress's Comprehensive Schemes: The Third Circuit Allows Employees Of Educational Institutions To Bypass Title Vii And Bring Claims Under Title Ix In Doe V. Mercy Catholic Medical Center, Lauren Stewart

Boston College Law Review

Five of the U.S. Courts of Appeals are currently split as to whether employees bringing claims of sex-based employment discrimination are able to use either Title VII or Title IX of the Civil Rights Act as avenues of relief where both statutes are concurrently applicable. On March 3, 2017, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, in Doe v. Mercy Catholic Medical Center, became the most recent circuit to address this issue. Joining the First and Fourth Circuits, the Third Circuit held that the concurrent applicability of Title VII and Title IX did not preclude the ...


Title Vii Is Not The Only Cure For Employment Discrimination: The Implications Of Doe V. Mercy Catholic Medical Center In Expanding Claims For Medical Residents Under Title Ix, Amy-Lee Goodman Mar 2018

Title Vii Is Not The Only Cure For Employment Discrimination: The Implications Of Doe V. Mercy Catholic Medical Center In Expanding Claims For Medical Residents Under Title Ix, Amy-Lee Goodman

Boston College Law Review

In March 2017, in Doe v. Mercy Catholic Medical Center, the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit established that medical residents, who function as both students and as employees of a hospital, could bring private causes of action for sex discrimination under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. This ruling revived a long-standing split amongst the Circuits, with the Third Circuit parting company from the Fifth and Seventh Circuits and aligning with the First and Fourth Circuits, which hold Title VII’s carefully crafted administrative remedial procedure does not pre-empt claims under Title IX. This ...


Who Decides? The Title Ix Religious Exemption And Administrative Authority Mar 2018

Who Decides? The Title Ix Religious Exemption And Administrative Authority

BYU Law Review

The Title IX religious exemption demonstrates how statutory religious exemptions can help further social change by neutralizing potential conflict with religious dissenters. Part of the reason for its success is that it is narrowly constructed and automatically applies to qualifying institutions. However, the regulations contradict the statutory text by potentially giving the Department of Education discretion to grant or deny exemptions. Were the Department to fully exercise this power, its actions would conflict with both the language of the statute and the Constitution. The Department of Education’s recent scrutiny of the “controlled by” language of the exemption provides an ...


Incorrigible Students: A Criminal Oxymoron?, Shannon Lewry Mar 2018

Incorrigible Students: A Criminal Oxymoron?, Shannon Lewry

Notre Dame Law Review

The Note proceeds in two Parts. The remainder of the Introduction presents a closed door: the Supreme Court’s hesitancy, to date, to find juvenile- life-without-parole sentences unconstitutional under the Eighth Amendment. After exploring the contours of the closed Door, the Introduction turns to an open window: education law. This, I argue, may be wielded to attack the lawfulness of juvenile-life-without-parole sentences on wholly nonconstitutional grounds. The Introduction concludes with remarks regarding this Note’s relevance and timeliness. Part I tracks the Note’s central argument, premise by premise, that state compulsory education laws and juvenilelife- without-parole sentences are wholly ...


Thinking Outside Of The Race Boxes: A Two-Pronged Approach To Further Diversity And Decrease Bias, Samia E. Mccall Mar 2018

Thinking Outside Of The Race Boxes: A Two-Pronged Approach To Further Diversity And Decrease Bias, Samia E. Mccall

Brigham Young University Education and Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Addressing The Bullying And Harassment Of Students With Disabilities Through School Compliance To Avoid Litigation, Bryson King Mar 2018

Addressing The Bullying And Harassment Of Students With Disabilities Through School Compliance To Avoid Litigation, Bryson King

Brigham Young University Education and Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Governance Of Steel And Kryptonite Politics In Contemporary Public Education Reform, James Liebman, Elizabeth Cruikshank Feb 2018

Governance Of Steel And Kryptonite Politics In Contemporary Public Education Reform, James Liebman, Elizabeth Cruikshank

Florida Law Review

Entrenched bureaucracies and special-interest politics hamper public education in the United States. In response, school districts and states have recently adopted or promoted reforms designed to release schools from bureaucratic control and empower them to meet strengthened outcome standards. Despite promising results, the reforms have been widely criticized, including by the educationally disadvantaged families they most appear to help.

To explain this paradox, this Article first considers the governance alternatives to bureaucracy that the education reforms adopt. It concludes that the reforms do not adopt the most commonly cited alternatives to bureaucracy—marketization, managerialism, or professionalism/craft— and that none ...


A Timely Proposal To Eliminate The Student Loan Interest Deduction, Victoria J. Haneman Feb 2018

A Timely Proposal To Eliminate The Student Loan Interest Deduction, Victoria J. Haneman

Victoria J. Haneman

No abstract provided.


Mixed Messages: An Analysis Of The Conflicting Standards Used By The United States Circuit Courts Of Appeals When Awarding The Compensatory Education For A Violation Of The Individuals With Disabilities Education Act, James C. Schwellenbach Feb 2018

Mixed Messages: An Analysis Of The Conflicting Standards Used By The United States Circuit Courts Of Appeals When Awarding The Compensatory Education For A Violation Of The Individuals With Disabilities Education Act, James C. Schwellenbach

Maine Law Review

With the passage of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA) of 1975, now titled the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA or the Act), each child with a disability was guaranteed the right to a free and appropriate public education. It fell to the public schools to provide that free and appropriate education to students with disabilities, many of whom had been denied access to public schools prior to that time. It was inevitable that parents would disagree with their local school district, or the state educational agency, as to whether their child was being provided the kind ...