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Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

The Utility Of Shewanella Japonica For Microbial Fuel Cells, Justin C. Biffinger, Lisa A. Fitzgerald, Ricky Ray, Brenda J. Little, Stephen E. Lizewski, Emily R. Petersen, Bradley R. Ringeisen, Wesley C. Sanders, Paul E. Sheehan, Jeremy J. Pietron, Jeffrey W. Baldwin, Lloyd J. Nadeau, Glenn R. Johnson, Meghann Ribbens, Steven E. Finkel, Kenneth H. Nealson Jan 2011

The Utility Of Shewanella Japonica For Microbial Fuel Cells, Justin C. Biffinger, Lisa A. Fitzgerald, Ricky Ray, Brenda J. Little, Stephen E. Lizewski, Emily R. Petersen, Bradley R. Ringeisen, Wesley C. Sanders, Paul E. Sheehan, Jeremy J. Pietron, Jeffrey W. Baldwin, Lloyd J. Nadeau, Glenn R. Johnson, Meghann Ribbens, Steven E. Finkel, Kenneth H. Nealson

U.S. Navy Research

Shewanella-containing microbial fuel cells (MFCs) typically use the fresh water wild-type strain Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 due to its metabolic diversity and facultative oxidant tolerance. However, S. oneidensis MR-1 is not capable of metabolizing polysaccharides for extracellular electron transfer. The applicability of Shewanella japonica (an agar-lytic Shewanella strain) for power applications was analyzed using a diverse array of carbon sources for current generation from MFCs, cellular physiological responses at an electrode surface, biofilm formation, and the presence of soluble extracellular mediators for electron transfer to carbon electrodes. Critically, air-exposed S. japonica utilizes biosynthesized extracellular mediators for electron transfer to carbon ...


Bedside Method To Estimate Actual Body Weight In The Emergency Department, Robert G. Buckley, Christine R. Stehman, Frank L. Dos Santos, Robert H. Riggenburgh, Aaron Swenson, Nathan Mjos, Matt Brewer, Sheila Mulligan Jan 2011

Bedside Method To Estimate Actual Body Weight In The Emergency Department, Robert G. Buckley, Christine R. Stehman, Frank L. Dos Santos, Robert H. Riggenburgh, Aaron Swenson, Nathan Mjos, Matt Brewer, Sheila Mulligan

U.S. Navy Research

Background:

Actual body weight (ABW) is important for accurate drug dosing in emergency settings. Oftentimes, patients are unable to stand to be weighed accurately or clearly state their most recent weight.

Objective:

Develop a bedside method to estimate ABW using simple anthropometric measurements.

Methods:

Prospective, blinded, cross-sectional convenience sampling of adult Emergency Department (ED) patients. A multiple linear regression equation from Derivation Phase (n = 208: 121 males, 87 females) found abdominal and thigh circumferences (AC and TC) had the best fit and an inter-rater correlation of 0.99 and 0.96, respectively: Male ABW (kg) = -47.8 + 0.78 * (AC ...


Investigation Of Electrical Transport In Hydrogenated Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes, Adam L. Friedman, Hyunkyung Chun, Don Heiman, Yung Joon Jung, Latika Menon Jan 2011

Investigation Of Electrical Transport In Hydrogenated Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes, Adam L. Friedman, Hyunkyung Chun, Don Heiman, Yung Joon Jung, Latika Menon

U.S. Navy Research

Highly disordered multiwalled carbon nanotubes of large outer diameter (~60 nm) fabricated by means of chemical vapor deposition process inside porous alumina templates exhibit ferromagnetism when annealed in a H2/Ar atmosphere. In the presence of an applied magnetic field, there is a transition from positive to negative magnetoresistance. The transition may be explained in terms of the Bright model for ordered and disordered carbon structures. Additionally, temperature dependent electrical transport experiments exhibit a zero-bias anomaly at low temperature.


Ambient- And High-Temperature Mechanical Properties Of Isochronally Aged Al–0.06sc, Al–0.06zr And Al–0.06sc–0.06zr (At.%) Alloys, Keith E. Knipling, David N. Seidman, David C. Dunand Jan 2011

Ambient- And High-Temperature Mechanical Properties Of Isochronally Aged Al–0.06sc, Al–0.06zr And Al–0.06sc–0.06zr (At.%) Alloys, Keith E. Knipling, David N. Seidman, David C. Dunand

U.S. Navy Research

Ambient- and high-temperature precipitation strengthening are investigated in Al–0.06Sc, Al–0.06Zr and Al–0.06Sc–0.06Zr (at.%) alloys. Following solidification, Sc is concentrated at the dendrite peripheries while Zr is segregated at the dendrite cores. During isochronal aging, precipitation of Al3Sc (L12) commences between 250 and 300 °C for Al–0.06Sc, and reaches a 429 MPa peak microhardness at 325 °C. For Al–0.06Zr, precipitation of Al3Zr (L12) first occurs between 400 and 425 °C and reaches a 295 MPa peak microhardness at 475 °C. A pronounced synergistic effect is observed when ...


Derivation Radical Subspace Arrangements, Will Taves, Max Wakefield Jan 2011

Derivation Radical Subspace Arrangements, Will Taves, Max Wakefield

U.S. Navy Research

In this note we study modules of derivations on collections of linear subspaces in a finite dimensional vector space. The central aim is to generalize the notion of freeness from hyperplane arrangements to subspace arrangements. We call this generalization ‘derivation radical’. We classify all coordinate subspace arrangements that are derivation radical and show that certain subspace arrangements of the Braid arrangement are derivation radical. We conclude by proving that under an algebraic condition the subspace arrangement consisting of all codimension c intersections, where c is fixed, of a free hyperplane arrangement are derivation radical.