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Full-Text Articles in Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Impacts Of The Heterogeneity In Consumer Valuation Of Fuel Economy On Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards Compliance, Nawei Liu Dec 2017

Impacts Of The Heterogeneity In Consumer Valuation Of Fuel Economy On Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards Compliance, Nawei Liu

Masters Theses

This study investigated potential impacts of the heterogeneity in consumer valuation of fuel economy on the compliance with fuel economy standards with two analytical approaches. One approach is to provide theoretical analysis of the heterogeneity impacts on the market acceptance of high-efficiency vehicles. The other approach utilizes a consumer choice based simulation method to analyze the heterogeneity impacts on the compliance with the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards for the entire light duty vehicle fleet in the U.S. Our findings suggest two possible conditions which are defined based on relative acceptance of high-efficiency vehicles in the market, and ...


Developing Leading And Lagging Indicators To Enhance Equipment Reliability In A Lean System, Dhanush Agara Mallesh Dec 2017

Developing Leading And Lagging Indicators To Enhance Equipment Reliability In A Lean System, Dhanush Agara Mallesh

Masters Theses

With increasing complexity in equipment, the failure rates are becoming a critical metric due to the unplanned maintenance in a production environment. Unplanned maintenance in manufacturing process is created issues with downtimes and decreasing the reliability of equipment. Failures in equipment have resulted in the loss of revenue to organizations encouraging maintenance practitioners to analyze ways to change unplanned to planned maintenance. Efficient failure prediction models are being developed to learn about the failures in advance. With this information, failures predicted can reduce the downtimes in the system and improve the throughput.

The goal of this thesis is to predict ...


Developing A Platform For Integrating Disability Issues Into City Municipality Decisions; Case Study: City Of Knoxville, Sravanthi Pamu Dec 2017

Developing A Platform For Integrating Disability Issues Into City Municipality Decisions; Case Study: City Of Knoxville, Sravanthi Pamu

Masters Theses

The People with Disabilities (PWD) & Senior Citizen (SC) are isolated from the mainstream society, and they face several barriers in everyday life. There is no communication platform for them to express their concerns, in turn, participate in the city municipality policy decisions related to PWD- & SC-friendly city development. The purpose of this research is to integrate disability and senior citizen issues in the city of Knoxville to the city council decisions. The comprehensive literature search is done to identify the frequently mentioned disability and age-friendly city factors. An effective survey was designed to identify the issues in collaboration with Knoxville ...


A Model For Sustaining New Technology Based On Government Incentives, Girish Upreti Aug 2017

A Model For Sustaining New Technology Based On Government Incentives, Girish Upreti

Doctoral Dissertations

The diffusion of new technology that provides environmental benefits may require government incentives for a duration of time, especially when the technology is expensive. The Center of Systems Research and Education (CASRE) model is developed that analyzes the impact of incentives in sustaining new technologies to allow their social acceptance. The CASRE model includes both demand and supply variables associated with incentive policy to sustain new technology. The key to market dissemination and sustainability is the Investment Tax Credit (ITC) levels provided by the government. The level of ITC is based on the current cost to the customer and the ...


Sustainability Analysis For New Technologies Of Biofuels And Additive Manufacturing, Nelson A. Granda Marulanda Aug 2017

Sustainability Analysis For New Technologies Of Biofuels And Additive Manufacturing, Nelson A. Granda Marulanda

Doctoral Dissertations

This work is a compendium of different sustainability analysis on new technologies. The first chapter performed a Life Cycle Analysis of a biofuel process where pine woodchips are used to create SynGas. The study was done using a 10 tons gasifier, the mass balance of the reaction and an input/output analysis. All the data obtained was input into a freeware LCA software and the results were compared to the use of regular produced natural gas. The second chapter creates a benchmark of energy intensity and presents a case using binder jetting technology. Different Additive Manufacturing technologies energy intensity was ...


Flight Risk Management And Crew Reserve Optimization, Ying Zhang Aug 2017

Flight Risk Management And Crew Reserve Optimization, Ying Zhang

Doctoral Dissertations

There are two key concerns in the development process of aviation. One is safety, and the other is cost. An airline running with high safety and low cost must be the most competitive one in the market. This work investigates two research efforts respectively relevant to these two concerns.

When building support of a real time Flight Risk Assessment and Mitigation System (FRAMS), a sequential multi-stage approach is developed. The whole risk management process is considered in order to improve the safety of each flight by integrating AHP and FTA technique to describe the framework of all levels of risks ...


Model For Prioritization Of High Variation Elements In Discrete Production Systems, Bharadwaj Venkatesan Aug 2017

Model For Prioritization Of High Variation Elements In Discrete Production Systems, Bharadwaj Venkatesan

Doctoral Dissertations

The complexity of the modern manufacturing enterprise has led companies to look for techniques and methodologies for improving production performance. Lean manufacturing techniques have been applied in the US with varying degrees of success, and Theory of Constraints (TOC) has been used to emphasize the flow of production and identify performance improvement projects. One aspect of manufacturing for which there has been limited academic or industrial research till date is the impact of variation on production performance and the identification of improvement projects based on variation. This thesis develops a methodology to incorporate random and simultaneous occurrence of variability in ...


Two Multi-Objective Stochastic Models For Project Team Formation Under Uncertainty In Time Requirements, Fahimeh Rahmanniyay Aug 2017

Two Multi-Objective Stochastic Models For Project Team Formation Under Uncertainty In Time Requirements, Fahimeh Rahmanniyay

Masters Theses

Team formation is one of the key stages in project management. The cost associated with the individuals who form a team and the quality of the tasks completed by the team are two of the main concerns in team formation problems. In this study, two mathematical models to optimize simultaneously cost and quality in a team formation problem are developed. Because team formation problem arises in uncertain environment, different scenarios are defined for the time requirement of the project. Two-stage stochastic programming and multi-stage stochastic programming are applied to solve the first and the second model respectively. The presented models ...


An Optimization Framework For Integrating Variable Capacity And Pavement Thickness Requirements In Highway Cost Allocation, Saurav Kumar Dubey Aug 2017

An Optimization Framework For Integrating Variable Capacity And Pavement Thickness Requirements In Highway Cost Allocation, Saurav Kumar Dubey

Doctoral Dissertations

The objective of Highway Cost Allocation (HCA) is to distribute or allocate in a fair and rational manner the cost of a transportation facility (either a highway or bridge) among all vehicle classes using it. The purpose of this dissertation is to study and enhance a model, known as the least-core model, to include both pavement thickness and traffic capacity requirements for all coalitions formed with a given group of vehicle classes. Considering vehicle classes as players and groups of vehicle classes as coalitions, it is possible to quantify the thickness and width of pavement needed to accommodate the vehicle ...


Electricity And Fuel Consumption In A Lean Energy Supply Chain, Mostafa Ghafoorivarzaneh May 2017

Electricity And Fuel Consumption In A Lean Energy Supply Chain, Mostafa Ghafoorivarzaneh

Doctoral Dissertations

Human activities are the main sources of environmental pollution. Awareness about this fact, motivated us to make changes in different paradigms of our lives including industrial or personal activities. Environmental activities assumed to have conflict with financial objectives, in this study we try to align business requirements with environmental concerns.

Among all human activities, generating energy has the most negative impact on the environment. The major part of the generated energy will be consumed in transportation and industrial demand which makes them the most effective targets for the reduction of greenhouse gas emission. In a lean environment, small batch sizes ...


Reducing Wait Time Prediction In Hospital Emergency Room: Lean Analysis Using A Random Forest Model, Gajanan Arha May 2017

Reducing Wait Time Prediction In Hospital Emergency Room: Lean Analysis Using A Random Forest Model, Gajanan Arha

Masters Theses

Most of the patients visiting emergency departments face long waiting times due to overcrowding which is a major concern across the hospital in the United States. Emergency Department (ED) overcrowding is a common phenomenon across hospitals, which leads to issues for the hospital management, such as increased patient s dissatisfaction and an increase in the number of patients choosing to terminate their ED visit without being attended to by a medical healthcare professional. Patients who have to Leave Without Being Seen (LWBS) by doctors often leads to loss of revenue to hospitals encouraging healthcare professionals to analyze ways to improve ...


Exploring A Semi-Virtual Reality System Impacting Learning Curves Of College Students, Hongbiao Yang May 2017

Exploring A Semi-Virtual Reality System Impacting Learning Curves Of College Students, Hongbiao Yang

Doctoral Dissertations

Virtual reality (VR) is a trending technology used in a broad range of fields including education and has become one of the most promising directions for educators. In this research, the investigation focuses on how the semi-immersive VR application can be used for educational purposes by exploring the VR factors and the interactions between these factors. A theoretical learning framework is also proposed to offer an explanation for the beneficial effects of education brought by VR at a high level.

This research consists of three parts. First, this research will introduce the development of Walk-in-Place Learning System (WIPLS), a semi-immersive ...


Viability Of Additive Manufacturing For Production And Tooling Applications: A Development Of The Business Case, Christopher Charles Griffin May 2017

Viability Of Additive Manufacturing For Production And Tooling Applications: A Development Of The Business Case, Christopher Charles Griffin

Masters Theses

As marketplace competition drives industrial innovation to increase product value and decrease production costs, emerging technologies foster a new era through Industry 4.0. One aspect of the movement, additive manufacturing, or 3D [three-dimensional] printing, contains potential to revolutionize traditional manufacturing techniques and approach to design. However, uncertainties within the processes and high investment costs deter corporations from implementing and developing the technology. While several industries are benefitting from additive manufacturing’s current state, as the technology continues to progress, more companies will need to evaluate it for industrial viability and adoption. As such, there exists a need for a ...


Transition To Electric Vehicles In The California Automobile Industry, Jinglu Song May 2017

Transition To Electric Vehicles In The California Automobile Industry, Jinglu Song

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation presents a comprehensive study on the market adoption of electric vehicle and policy impact of the Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) mandate in the California automotive market. This research is primarily consisting of three parts. The author first built a technology innovation pricing model based on multi-nomial logit modelling method. This studies the dynamics among customer preferences, market acceptance and policy impact on vehicle pricing in the California automotive market. Results show that the ZEV mandate could profoundly enhance the market adoption of electric vehicles. There is a threshold on the magnitude of policy intervention. If the number of ...