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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

A Delayed Detached Eddy Simulation Model With Low Reynolds Number Correction For Transitional Swirling Flow In A Multi-Inlet Vortex Nanoprecipitation Reactor, Zhenping Liu, James C. Hill, Rodney O. Fox, Alberto Passalacqua, Michael G. Olsen Aug 2018

A Delayed Detached Eddy Simulation Model With Low Reynolds Number Correction For Transitional Swirling Flow In A Multi-Inlet Vortex Nanoprecipitation Reactor, Zhenping Liu, James C. Hill, Rodney O. Fox, Alberto Passalacqua, Michael G. Olsen

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

The objective of the presented work is to verify a delayed detached eddy simulation (DDES) model for simulating transitional swirling flow in a micro-scale multi-inlet vortex reactor (MIVR). The DDES model is a k-w based turbulence model with a low Reynolds number correction applied to the standard k-w model such that the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) component of the DDES model is able to account for low Reynolds number flow. By limiting the dissipation rate in the k-equation, the large-eddy simulation (LES) part of the DDES model behaves similarly to a one-equation sub-grid model. The turbulent Reynolds number is redefined to ...


Experimental And Numerical Investigation Of Heat Transfer In Cnt Nanofluids May 2015

Experimental And Numerical Investigation Of Heat Transfer In Cnt Nanofluids

Faculty of Engineering University of Malaya

Nanofluids with their enhanced thermal conductivity are believed to be a promising coolant in heat transfer applications. In this study, carbon nanotube (CNT) nanofluids of 0.01wt%, stabilised by 1.0wt% gum arabic were used as a cooling liquid in a concentric tube laminar flow heat exchanger. The flow rate of cold fluid varied from 10 to 50g/s. Both experimental and numerical simulations were carried out to determine the heat transfer enhancement using CNT nanofluids. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were carried out using Fluent v 6.3 by assuming single-phase approximation. Thermal conductivity, density and rheology of the ...


Optimization Of Mixing In A Simulated Biomass Bed Reactor With A Center Feeding Tube, Michael T. Blatnik Jan 2013

Optimization Of Mixing In A Simulated Biomass Bed Reactor With A Center Feeding Tube, Michael T. Blatnik

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Producing gasoline-type fuels from lignocellulosic biomass has two advantages over producing alcohol-type fuels from plant sugars: gasoline has superior fuel characteristics and plant lignin/cellulose does not compete with human food supplies. A promising technology for converting lignocellulose to fuel is catalytic fast pyrolysis (CFP). The process involves injecting finely ground biomass into a fluidized bed reactor (FBR) at high temperatures, which reduce the biomass to gases that react inside the catalyst particles. This entails complex hydrodynamics to efficiently mix a stream of biomass into a catalyst bed that is fluidized by a separate stream of inert gas. Understanding the ...


Modeling A Biomass Fluidizing Bed With Side Port Air Injection, Mirka Deza, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel Aug 2009

Modeling A Biomass Fluidizing Bed With Side Port Air Injection, Mirka Deza, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Fluidized beds are used to gasify materials such as coal or biomass in the production of producer gas. Modeling these reactors using computational fluid dynamics is advantageous when performing parametric studies for design and scale-up. While two-dimensional simulations are easier to perform than three-dimensional simulations, they may not capture the proper physics. This paper compares two- and three-dimensional simulations with experiments for a reactor geometry with side port air injection. The side port is located within the bed region so that the injected air can help promote mixing. Of interest in this study is validating the hydrodynamics of fluidizing biomass ...


Modeling Of Dispersed Phase By Lagrangian Approach In Fluent - 2d Exercise, Kari Myöhänen Jan 2008

Modeling Of Dispersed Phase By Lagrangian Approach In Fluent - 2d Exercise, Kari Myöhänen

Kari Myöhänen

This shows an example calculation applying DPM model in Fluent. This is related to the other DPM presentation and was prepared for the course 'Theory and simulation of dispersed-phase multiphase flows" by Dr. Payman Jalali, Lappeenranta University of Technology.


Modeling Of Dispersed Phase By Lagrangian Approach In Fluent, Kari Myöhänen Jan 2008

Modeling Of Dispersed Phase By Lagrangian Approach In Fluent, Kari Myöhänen

Kari Myöhänen

This is a seminar work prepared for a course 'Theory and simulation of dispersed-phase multiphase flows' by Dr. Payman Jalali, Lappeenranta University of Technology