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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Simultaneous Three-Dimensional Geometry And Color Texture Acquisition Using Single Color Camera, Song Zhang, Shing-Tung Yau Dec 2008

Simultaneous Three-Dimensional Geometry And Color Texture Acquisition Using Single Color Camera, Song Zhang, Shing-Tung Yau

Mechanical Engineering Publications

A novel technique that uses a single color camera to capture high-resolution three-dimensional (3-D) geometry and the perfectly aligned color texture simultaneously is discussed. A projector projects three phase-shifted black-and-white fringe patterns onto the object, and a color camera captures the fringe images reflected by the object. From these three fringe images, both 3-D shape and the color texture are obtained. Moreover, since only three fringe images are required, this proposed technique permits real-time 3-D shape measurement. Experiments are presented to demonstrate the success of this technique.


Approximating A Three-Dimensional Fluidized Bed With Two-Dimensional Simulations, Mirka Deza, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel Oct 2008

Approximating A Three-Dimensional Fluidized Bed With Two-Dimensional Simulations, Mirka Deza, Francine Battaglia, Theodore J. Heindel

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Fluidized beds can be used to gasify biomass in the production of producer gas, a flammable gas that can replace natural gas in process heating. Modeling these reactors with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations is advantageous when performing parametric studies for design and scale-up. From a computational resource point of view, two-dimensional simulations are easier to perform than three-dimensional simulations, but they may not capture the proper physics. This paper will compare two- and three-dimensional simulations in a 10.2 cm diameter fluidized bed with side air injection to determine when two-dimensional simulations are adequate to capture the bed hydrodynamics ...


A Heuristic Scheduling Scheme In Multiuser Ofdma Networks, Zheng Sun, Zhiqiang He, Ruochen Wang, Kai Niu Aug 2008

A Heuristic Scheduling Scheme In Multiuser Ofdma Networks, Zheng Sun, Zhiqiang He, Ruochen Wang, Kai Niu

Zheng Sun

Conventional heterogeneous-traffic scheduling schemes utilize zero-delay constraint for real-time services, which aims to minimize the average packet delay among real-time users. However, in light or moderate load networks this strategy is unnecessary and leads to low data throughput for non-real-time users. In this paper, we propose a heuristic scheduling scheme to solve this problem. The scheme measures and assigns scheduling priorities to both real-time and non-real-time users, and schedules the radio resources for the two user classes simultaneously. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme efficiently handles the heterogeneous-traffic scheduling with diverse QoS requirements and alleviates the unfairness between real-time ...


High Dynamic Range Scanning Technique, Song Zhang, Shing-Tung Yau Aug 2008

High Dynamic Range Scanning Technique, Song Zhang, Shing-Tung Yau

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Measuring objects with high surface reflectivity variations (i.e., high dynamic range) is challenging for any optical method. This paper addresses a high dynamic range scanning (HDRS) technique that can measure this type of objects. It takes advantage of one merit of a phase-shifting algorithm: pixel-by-pixel phase retrieval. For each measurement, multiple shots of fringe images with different exposures are taken. And a sequence of fringe images with different overall brightness are captured: the brightest fringe images have good fringe quality for darker areas although the brighter areas may be saturated; while the darkest fringe images have good fringe quality ...


Virtual Reality Based Multi-Modal Teleoperation Using Mixed Autonomy, Muthukkumar S. Kadavasal, Abhishek Seth, James H. Oliver Aug 2008

Virtual Reality Based Multi-Modal Teleoperation Using Mixed Autonomy, Muthukkumar S. Kadavasal, Abhishek Seth, James H. Oliver

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

A multi modal teleoperation interface is introduced featuring an integrated virtual reality based simulation augmented by sensors and image processing capabilities on-board the remotely operated vehicle. The proposed virtual reality interface fuses an existing VR model with live video feed and prediction states, thereby creating a multi modal control interface. Virtual reality addresses the typical limitations of video-based teleoperation caused by signal lag and limited field of view thereby allowing the operator to navigate in a continuous fashion. The vehicle incorporates an on-board computer and a stereo vision system to facilitate obstacle detection. A vehicle adaptation system with a priori ...


Simultaneous Geometry And Color Texture Acquisition Using A Single-Chip Color Camera, Song Zhang, Shing-Tung Yau Aug 2008

Simultaneous Geometry And Color Texture Acquisition Using A Single-Chip Color Camera, Song Zhang, Shing-Tung Yau

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Capturing 3-D geometry and the perfectly aligned color texture simultaneously is crucial for diverse fields including entertainment, target recognition, and computer graphics. However, it is very challenging for a conventional technique because of a number of problems related to color. Previous researchers rely heavily on using two cameras: a black-and-white(B/W) camera to measure the geometry, and a color camera to capture the color texture. However, aligning the color image with the 3-D geometry point by point remains difficult. In this research, we propose a novel technique that uses a single-chip color camera to capture both geometry and color ...


A General Architecture For Distributed Vr Interfaces, Thomas Batkiewicz, Abhishek Seth, Bryan Walter, Jared Knutzon, James H. Oliver Aug 2008

A General Architecture For Distributed Vr Interfaces, Thomas Batkiewicz, Abhishek Seth, Bryan Walter, Jared Knutzon, James H. Oliver

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

This paper describes a software architecture useful in creating new virtual reality interfaces across a clustered network of computers. The architecture takes advantage of a concept common to desktop application development, the event loop, and provides a method by which it can be shared effectively between nodes in a cluster. This method improves upon the common replication approach to cluster synchronization by creating a single, simple object to share, as well as by supporting node specialization in a generic cluster. The method is designed to be easily added to existing applications as well as speed the development of virtual reality ...


Predicting The Longevity Of Dvdr Media By Periodic Analysis Of Parity, Jitter, And Ecc Performance Parameters, Daniel Patrick Wells Jul 2008

Predicting The Longevity Of Dvdr Media By Periodic Analysis Of Parity, Jitter, And Ecc Performance Parameters, Daniel Patrick Wells

Theses and Dissertations

For the last ten years, DVD-R media have played an important role in the storage of large amounts of digital data throughout the world. During this time it was assumed that the DVD-R was as long-lasting and stable as its predecessor, the CD-R. Several reports have surfaced over the last few years questioning the DVD-R's ability to maintain many of its claims regarding archival quality life spans. These reports have shown a wide range of longevity between the different brands. While some DVD-Rs may last a while, others may result in an early and unexpected failure. Compounding this problem ...


Incorporation Of Evidences Into An Intelligent Computational Argumentation Network For A Web-Based Collaborative Engineering Design System, Xiaoqing Frank Liu, Ekta Khudkhudia, Ming-Chuan Leu May 2008

Incorporation Of Evidences Into An Intelligent Computational Argumentation Network For A Web-Based Collaborative Engineering Design System, Xiaoqing Frank Liu, Ekta Khudkhudia, Ming-Chuan Leu

Computer Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

Conflicts among the stakeholders are unavoidable in the process of collaborative engineering design. Resolution of these conflicts is a challenging task. In our previous research, a web based intelligent collaborative system was developed which provides decision-making support, using computational argumentation techniques. Enhancements were done to this system to incorporate the priorities of the stakeholders and to detect arguments that self conflict. As an effort to make this system more effective and more objective in the process of decision making, we develop a method to assess the effect of evidences in the argumentation network, using Dempster-Shafer theory of evidence and fuzzy ...


Criteria On Utility Designing Of Convex Optimization In Fdma Networks, Zheng Sun, Wenjun Xu, Zhiqiang He, Kai Niu Apr 2008

Criteria On Utility Designing Of Convex Optimization In Fdma Networks, Zheng Sun, Wenjun Xu, Zhiqiang He, Kai Niu

Zheng Sun

In this paper, we investigate the network utility maximization problem in FDMA systems. We summarize with a suite of criteria on designing utility functions so as to achieve the global optimization convex. After proposing the general form of the utility functions, we present examples of commonly used utility function forms that are consistent with the criteria proposed in this paper, which include the well-known proportional fairness function and the sigmoidal-like functions. In the second part of this paper, we use numerical results to demonstrate a case study based on the criteria mentioned above, which deals with the subcarrier scheduling problem ...


Parallel Mpi/Fortran Finite Element Symmetrical/Unsymmetrical Domain Decomposition, Siroj Tungkatara Apr 2008

Parallel Mpi/Fortran Finite Element Symmetrical/Unsymmetrical Domain Decomposition, Siroj Tungkatara

Civil & Environmental Engineering Theses & Dissertations

MPI/FORTRAN finite element analysis software based on Domain Decomposition (DD) formulas has been developed in this work. Efficient input data storage/data communication schemes, domain partitioning, fast symbolical and numerical sparse assembly, symmetrical/unsymmetrical sparse solver and robust symmetrical/unsymmetrical iterative solvers algorithms are all incorporated into the developed code. Parallel Precondition Conjugated Gradient (PCG) and Flexible Generalized Minimum Residual (FGMRES) are developed. Efficient computational techniques used in the developed code are explained. Numerical performance and the accuracy of the developed code are conducted on acoustic examples with medium to large grid sizes. The results obtained from ODU Wilbur ...


Three-Dimensional Data Merging Using Holoimage, Song Zhang, Shing-Tung Yau Mar 2008

Three-Dimensional Data Merging Using Holoimage, Song Zhang, Shing-Tung Yau

Song Zhang

Three-dimensional data merging is vital for full-field three-dimensional (3D) shape measurement. All 3D range data patches, acquired from either different sensors or the same sensor in different viewing angles, have to be merged into a single piece to facilitate future data analysis. A novel method for 3D data merging using Holoimage is proposed. Similar to the 3D shape measurement system using a phase-shifting method, Holoimage is a phase-shifting–based computer synthesized fringe image. The 3D information is retrieved from Holoimage using a phase-shifting method. If two patches of 3D data with overlapping areas are rendered by OpenGL, the overlapping areas ...


Output Feedback Controller For Operation Of Spark Ignition Engines At Lean Conditions Using Neural Networks, Jonathan B. Vance, Brian C. Kaul, Jagannathan Sarangapani, J. A. Drallmeier Mar 2008

Output Feedback Controller For Operation Of Spark Ignition Engines At Lean Conditions Using Neural Networks, Jonathan B. Vance, Brian C. Kaul, Jagannathan Sarangapani, J. A. Drallmeier

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Spark ignition (SI) engines operating at very lean conditions demonstrate significant nonlinear behavior by exhibiting cycle-to-cycle bifurcation of heat release. Past literature suggests that operating an engine under such lean conditions can significantly reduce NO emissions by as much as 30% and improve fuel efficiency by as much as 5%-10%. At lean conditions, the heat release per engine cycle is not close to constant, as it is when these engines operate under stoichiometric conditions where the equivalence ratio is 1.0. A neural network controller employing output feedback has shown ability in simulation to reduce the nonlinear cyclic dispersion ...


Three-Dimensional Shape Measurement Using A Structured Light System With Dual Cameras, Song Zhang, Shing-Tung Yau Jan 2008

Three-Dimensional Shape Measurement Using A Structured Light System With Dual Cameras, Song Zhang, Shing-Tung Yau

Song Zhang

A structured light system for three-dimensional shape measurement with single camera has the shortcoming of camera occlusion. To alleviate this problem, this paper introduces a structured light system with dual cameras for three-dimensional shape measurement. We discuss (1) system description, (2) system calibration, (3) three-dimensional data registration using the iterative closest-point (ICP) algorithm, and (4) three-dimensional data merging using holoimage. The principle of the system is introduced, and experiments are presented to verify its performance.


Absolute Phase-Assisted Three-Dimensional Data Registration For A Dual-Camera Structured Light System, Song Zhang, Shing-Tung Yau Jan 2008

Absolute Phase-Assisted Three-Dimensional Data Registration For A Dual-Camera Structured Light System, Song Zhang, Shing-Tung Yau

Song Zhang

For a three-dimensional shape measurement system with a single projector and multiple cameras, registering patches from different cameras is crucial. Registration usually involves a complicated and time-consuming procedure. We propose a new method that can robustly match different patches via absolute phase without significantly increasing its cost. For y and z coordinates, the transformations from one camera to the other are approximated as third-order polynomial functions of the absolute phase. The x coordinates involve only translations and scalings. These functions are calibrated and only need to be determined once. Experiments demonstrated that the alignment error is within RMS 0.7 ...