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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

On The Nature Of The Electrochemically Synthesized Hard Fe-0.96 Mass Pct C Alloy Film Dec 2002

On The Nature Of The Electrochemically Synthesized Hard Fe-0.96 Mass Pct C Alloy Film

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

A hard Fe-0.96 mass pet C alloy with a hardness value of 810 HV has been electrochemically synthesized from a ferrous sulfate bath containing a small amount of citric acid and L-ascorbic acid. The nature of the alloy has been investigated by a number of techniques, including X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Mössbauer spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and magnetic measurements. The decomposition behavior of the alloy is also studied and compared with that of thermally prepared martensite. It has been found that the electrochemically deposited Fe-C alloy exists ...


On The Nature Of The Electrochemically Synthesized Hard Fe-0.96 Mass Pct C Alloy Film Nov 2002

On The Nature Of The Electrochemically Synthesized Hard Fe-0.96 Mass Pct C Alloy Film

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

A hard Fe-0.96 mass pet C alloy with a hardness value of 810 HV has been electrochemically synthesized from a ferrous sulfate bath containing a small amount of citric acid and L-ascorbic acid. The nature of the alloy has been investigated by a number of techniques, including X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Mössbauer spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and magnetic measurements. The decomposition behavior of the alloy is also studied and compared with that of thermally prepared martensite. It has been found that the electrochemically deposited Fe-C alloy exists ...


The Seabed Auv — A Platform For High Resolution Imaging, Hanumant Singh, Ryan Eustice, Christopher Roman, Oscar Pizarro Aug 2002

The Seabed Auv — A Platform For High Resolution Imaging, Hanumant Singh, Ryan Eustice, Christopher Roman, Oscar Pizarro

Christopher N. Roman

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Gas Absorption By A Liquid Aerosol In A Stationary Environment, Wei-Hsin Chen Jul 2002

An Analysis Of Gas Absorption By A Liquid Aerosol In A Stationary Environment, Wei-Hsin Chen

Wei-Hsin Chen

No abstract provided.


Response Of Ti-6al-4v And Ti-24al-11nb Alloys To Dry Sliding Wear Against Hardened Steel Jun 2002

Response Of Ti-6al-4v And Ti-24al-11nb Alloys To Dry Sliding Wear Against Hardened Steel

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Titanium alloys have been of great interest in recent years because of their very attractive combination of high strength, low density and corrosion resistance. Application of these alloys in areas where wear resistance is also of importance calls for thorough investigations of their tribological properties. In this work, Ti-6Al-4V and Ti-24Al-11Nb alloys were subjected to dry sliding wear against hardened-steel counter bodies and their tribological response was investigated. A pin-on-disc type apparatus was used with a normal load of 15-45N and sliding speed of 1.88 ms -1. In the steady state, it was demonstrated that Ti-24Al-11Nb had a substantially ...


Width-Wise Variation Of Magnetic Tape Pack Stresses, Jonathan A. Wickert, Y.M. Lee May 2002

Width-Wise Variation Of Magnetic Tape Pack Stresses, Jonathan A. Wickert, Y.M. Lee

Jonathan A. Wickert

A model is developed for predicting the stress and displacement fields within a magnetic tape pack, where those quantities are allowed to vary in both the pack's radial and transverse (cross-tape) directions. As has been the case in previous analyses based upon one-dimensional wound roll models, the present approach accounts for the anisotropic and nonlinear constitutive properties of the layered tape, and the incremental manner in which the pack is wound. Further, such widthwise variation effects as differential hub compliance and nonuniform winding tension, which can be significant in data cartridge design, are also treated in the model. The ...


Multiscalar, Multisensor Search And Survey With Hovering Auvs, Christopher Roman, Hanumant Singh Apr 2002

Multiscalar, Multisensor Search And Survey With Hovering Auvs, Christopher Roman, Hanumant Singh

Christopher N. Roman

No abstract provided.


Toward Improved Prediction Of Heat Transfer On Turbine Blades, G. Medic, Paul A. Durbin Apr 2002

Toward Improved Prediction Of Heat Transfer On Turbine Blades, G. Medic, Paul A. Durbin

Paul A. Durbin

Reynolds averaged computations of turbulent flow in a transonic turbine passage are presented to illustrate a manner in which widely used turbulence models sometimes provide poor heat transfer predictions. It is shown that simple, physically and mathematically based constraints can substantially improve those predictions.


Toward Improved Film Cooling Prediction, G. Medic, Paul A. Durbin Mar 2002

Toward Improved Film Cooling Prediction, G. Medic, Paul A. Durbin

Paul A. Durbin

Computations of flow and heat transfer for a film-cooled high pressure gas turbine rotor blade geometry are presented with an assessment of several turbulence models. Details of flow and temperature field predictions in the vicinity of cooling holes are examined. It is demonstrated that good predictions can be obtained when spurious turbulence energy production by the turbulence model is prevented.


Stress Field In Finite Width Axisymmetric Wound Rolls, Jonathan A. Wickert, Y.M. Lee Mar 2002

Stress Field In Finite Width Axisymmetric Wound Rolls, Jonathan A. Wickert, Y.M. Lee

Jonathan A. Wickert

A model is developed for predicting the stress field within a wound roll of web material, in which the radial, circumferential, transverse, and shear stresses can vary in both the roll's radial and cross-web (transverse) directions. As has been the case in previous wound roll stress analyses based on one-dimensional models, the present approach accounts for the anisotropic and nonlinear material properties of the layered web material, and the incremental manner in which the roll is wound. In addition, the present development accounts for arbitrary cross-sectional geometry and material of the core, and the presence of nonuniform tension across ...


Low-Pressure Phase Transformation From Rhombohedral To Cubic Bn: Experiment And Theory, Valery I. Levitas, Leonid K. Shvedov Feb 2002

Low-Pressure Phase Transformation From Rhombohedral To Cubic Bn: Experiment And Theory, Valery I. Levitas, Leonid K. Shvedov

Valery I. Levitas

An irreversible phase transformation (PT) from the rhombohedral phase of boron nitride rBN to cubic cBN was recently recorded at the surprisingly low pressure of 5.6 GPa at room temperature. In this paper, a very nontrivial and unexpected explanation of this phenomenon is found, based on our criterion for the PT in plastic materials and approximate solution of corresponding plastic problems. It is found that due to orientational plastic instability and rotational softening in rBN and the higher yield stress of cBN, stresses grow drastically in the transforming region during the PT (despite a volume decrease by a factor ...


Heat Transfer (Y. Cengel), Alireza Zolfaghari Jan 2002

Heat Transfer (Y. Cengel), Alireza Zolfaghari

Dr Alireza Zolfaghari

No abstract provided.


Three-Dimensional Landau Theory For Multivariant Stress-Induced Martensitic Phase Transformations. Ii. Multivariant Phase Transformations And Stress Space Analysis, Valery I. Levitas, Dean L. Preston Jan 2002

Three-Dimensional Landau Theory For Multivariant Stress-Induced Martensitic Phase Transformations. Ii. Multivariant Phase Transformations And Stress Space Analysis, Valery I. Levitas, Dean L. Preston

Valery I. Levitas

In this paper, the three-dimensional Landau model of austenite-martensite transformations constructed in Part I is generalized to include transformations between an arbitrary number of martensitic variants. The model can incorporate all temperature-dependent thermomechanical properties of both phases for arbitrary crystal symmetries, including higher-order elastic constants, and it correctly describes the characteristic features of stress-strain curves for shape-memory alloys and steels, namely, constant transformation strain tensors, constant or weakly temperature dependent stress hysteresis, and transformation at nonzero tangent moduli. Geometric representations of the conditions for phase equilibrium and phase transformations in six-dimensional stress space are developed. For the cubic-tetragonal phase transformation ...


Piezoelectric In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Technique For Direct Observations Of Fatigue Damage Accumulation In Constrained Metallic Thin Films, Xiaoli Tan, T. Du, J.K. Shang Jan 2002

Piezoelectric In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Technique For Direct Observations Of Fatigue Damage Accumulation In Constrained Metallic Thin Films, Xiaoli Tan, T. Du, J.K. Shang

Xiaoli Tan

A piezoelectricin situtransmission electron microscopy(TEM) technique has been developed to observe the damage mechanism in constrained metallic thin films under cyclic loading. The technique was based on the piezoelectric actuation of a multilayered structure in which a metallic thin film was sandwiched between a piezoelectric actuator and a silicon substrate. An alternating electric field with a static offset was applied on the piezoelectric actuator to drive the crack growth in the thin metallic layer while the sample was imaged in TEM. The technique was demonstrated on solder thin films where cavitation was found to be the dominant fatigue damage ...


Three-Dimensional Landau Theory For Multivariant Stress-Induced Martensitic Phase Transformations. I. Austenite↔Martensite, Valery I. Levitas, Dean L. Preston Jan 2002

Three-Dimensional Landau Theory For Multivariant Stress-Induced Martensitic Phase Transformations. I. Austenite↔Martensite, Valery I. Levitas, Dean L. Preston

Valery I. Levitas

A three-dimensional Landau theory of stress-induced martensitic phase transformations is presented. It describes transformations between austenite and martensitic variants and transformations between martensitic variants. The Landau free energy incorporates all temperature-dependent thermomechanical properties of both phases. The theory accounts for the principal features of martensitic transformations in shape memory alloys and steels, namely, stress-strain curves with constant transformation strain and constant, or weakly temperature dependent, stress hysteresis, as well as nonzero tangent elastic moduli at the phase transformation point. In part I, the austenite↔martensite phase transformation is treated, while transformations between martensitic variants are considered in part II.


Brachial Burning And Gasification Split Of A Two-Droplet System, Wei-Hsin Chen Dec 2001

Brachial Burning And Gasification Split Of A Two-Droplet System, Wei-Hsin Chen

Wei-Hsin Chen

No abstract provided.