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Western Michigan University

1995

Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

An Investigation Of Turbulent Taylor-Couette Flow Using Laser Doppler Velocimetry In A Refractive Index Matched Facility, Joseph C. Parker Dec 1995

An Investigation Of Turbulent Taylor-Couette Flow Using Laser Doppler Velocimetry In A Refractive Index Matched Facility, Joseph C. Parker

Master's Theses

Turbulent Taylor-Couette flow between an annulus formed by two concentric cylinders with dead end walls is comprised of complex patterns of vortices. An experimental apparatus was designed to provide refractive index matching between the annulus and working fluid. Optical access was maintained through three sides of the annulus and one end wall. An aqueous solution of sodium iodide was formulated to match the refractive index of the Plexiglas annulus. Laser Doppler Velocimetry was used to measure the three components of velocity and turbulence intensity throughout a planar section in the annulus. The annulus dimensions were: ƞ= 0.672, d = 15 ...


The Effect Of Rotor Wake/Exit Guide Vane Interaction On The Total Pressure Losses In An Airfoil Cascade, Aaron Mosebach Dec 1995

The Effect Of Rotor Wake/Exit Guide Vane Interaction On The Total Pressure Losses In An Airfoil Cascade, Aaron Mosebach

Master's Theses

Computational simulations have been performed to study the effects of unsteady rotor wakes on the total pressure losses and the boundary layer characteristics in a compressor cascade. In the numerical simulations, transitional and turbulent flow conditions were modeled at design and off-design inlet flow angles, and for varying rotor wake widths and wake velocity deficits.

First, simulations were performed in the absence of rotor wakes at the inlet of the EGV (Exit Guide Vane) cascade. Second, simulations were performed for different wake width and wake velocity deficit values at the inlet of the EGV cascade. The majority of the numerical ...


Dynamic Pulse Buckling Of Columns With Viscous Damping, Murli Kadandale Dec 1995

Dynamic Pulse Buckling Of Columns With Viscous Damping, Murli Kadandale

Master's Theses

This is a study of dynamic pulse buckling of columns with viscous damping. The differential equations of motion were obtained using the Bemoulli-Navier hypothesis. The effects of axial and rotary inertia were included in the analysis. The Voigt-Kelvin model for a viscoelastic material is used. The Finite Difference Method was employed to solve the differential equations of motion. First columns without geometrical imperfections were studied, and a correlation between the damping modulus and the more familiar damping ratio was obtained. Then beams with initial geometrical imperfection were studied. A suitable dynamic buckling criterion was defined. It was observed that viscous ...


A Comparative Study Of The Stress Concentration Factors Arising Between Two Equal, Nearly Intersecting, Perpendicular, Pressurized Holes In An Infinite Solid With Those Arising Due To An Infinite Series Of Such Holes, Paul J. Drogowski Jun 1995

A Comparative Study Of The Stress Concentration Factors Arising Between Two Equal, Nearly Intersecting, Perpendicular, Pressurized Holes In An Infinite Solid With Those Arising Due To An Infinite Series Of Such Holes, Paul J. Drogowski

Master's Theses

Finite element analysis is used to determine the stress concentration factors arising from two equal, perpendicular, nearly intersecting, pressurized holes in an infinite solid while varying the distance and pressure ratios between the holes. The results are compared and contrasted with those previously obtained for an infinite series of such holes. A ratio of the distance between the holes to the diameter of the holes at which the holes can be considered to be single holes in an infinite solid is determined. A study is performed to determine a correlation between the location of the region of maximum stress and ...