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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

3d Printing Robotic Arm On Linear Rails, Thomas T. Steele Apr 2019

3d Printing Robotic Arm On Linear Rails, Thomas T. Steele

Honors Theses

Typical 3D printers are bound by the printing bed volume relative to the printer frame volume. A 3D printing robotic arm set upon sliding linear rails was designed and built. The arm was 3D printed with a traditional 3D printer designed using Autodesk Inventor. This product reduces printer size while increasing bed area and reduces cost with use of 3D printed parts.


Training Set Density Estimation For Trajectory Predictions Using Artificial Neural Networks, Zachary Reinke Apr 2019

Training Set Density Estimation For Trajectory Predictions Using Artificial Neural Networks, Zachary Reinke

Master's Theses

Demand on earth orbiting surveillance systems in increasing as more equipment is put into orbit. These systems rely on predictive techniques to periodically track objects. The demand on these systems may be reduced if object trajectory data to develop scalable training sets used for training artificial neural networks (ANNs) to predict trajectories of a dynamic system. These methods use multi-variable statistics to analyze data energy content to provide the ANN with low density, feature-rich, training data. The developed techniques have been shown to increase ANN prediction accuracy while reducing the size of the training set when applied to a linear ...


Optimal Energy Management For Forward-Looking Serial-Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle Using Rule-Based Control Strategy, Abhijit Bhaskar Jadhav Apr 2019

Optimal Energy Management For Forward-Looking Serial-Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle Using Rule-Based Control Strategy, Abhijit Bhaskar Jadhav

Master's Theses

In today’s sophisticated era of technology, resolving environmental problems is a matter of grave concern. Developing hybrid electric vehicles is a good step towards environmental preservation, since they use less fuel compared to conventional vehicles because of the combination of electric and mechanical energy. A hybrid electric vehicle reduces dependence on fossil fuels and hence lowers emissions. Specifically, a hybrid powertrain that includes a conventional gasoline engine and a brushless DC motor offers great potential to meet stringent CO2 regulations and fuel economy requirements. This thesis focuses on the effects of initial state of charge (SOC) stored in ...


Modeling And Simulation With Optimal Gear Ratio For A Forward-Looking, Velocity-Driven, Power-Split Hybrid Electric Vehicle, Sonal Babasaheb Kanap Apr 2019

Modeling And Simulation With Optimal Gear Ratio For A Forward-Looking, Velocity-Driven, Power-Split Hybrid Electric Vehicle, Sonal Babasaheb Kanap

Master's Theses

Increases in vehicle demand and fossil fuel consumption are major contributors to environmental problems, such as air pollution and climate change. This has led to research on alternative, energy-efficient vehicle technologies. Automobile users are now preferring comfortable vehicles with minimal fuel consumption and with more efficient engines. Hybrid cars are becoming common because of their advantage of running cleaner and with better gas mileage. A hybrid car runs on the power of both an electric motor and a gasoline engine. This mechanism helps cut fuel consumption and conserve energy. An additional advantage is a regenerative braking system that helps recharge ...


Design Of A Portable Biogas Purification And Storage System, Anikumar Kosna, Bade Shrestha Mar 2019

Design Of A Portable Biogas Purification And Storage System, Anikumar Kosna, Bade Shrestha

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Award (FRACAA) Recipients

The objective of this study is to propose and design a commercial portable purification and storage system to commercialize biogas (which mainly consists of 45 - 75 % of methane and 15 - 16% of carbon dioxide), produced from household/non-commercial biogas plants. The selection of purification process is based on the portability of the purification system.


Mechanical And Aerospace Engineering, 2018-2019, College Of Engineering And Applied Sciences Jan 2019

Mechanical And Aerospace Engineering, 2018-2019, College Of Engineering And Applied Sciences

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering News

  • Letter from the Chair
  • Introducing Dr. Zachary D. Asher
  • Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering develops an engineering flight simulator
  • Gear Sliding Loss Prediction
  • Ph.D. student receives the prestigious NASA Earth and Space Science Fellowship
  • NSF grant allows important materials research
  • Student receives scholarship from gear industry
  • Development of low cost/high volume micro/nano sensors and actuators
  • Liou receives $204,000 NSF grant for neurological research
  • Alexander Porter inducted into the Alumni Excellence Academy


Hybrid Processes In Material Removal Of Hard And Brittle Materials, Hossein Mohammadi Dec 2018

Hybrid Processes In Material Removal Of Hard And Brittle Materials, Hossein Mohammadi

Dissertations

New technologies demand new materials with better mechanical, optical, and thermal properties. Materials that are light weight, strong with high resistance to high temperatures, and compatible with a predetermined condition. Such materials usually are challenging to manufacture and process compared to widely available materials such as metals. Ceramics and semiconductors are considered extremely hard and brittle, making them very difficult to cut and manufacture. The other major and fast-growing type of materials are composites (including Ceramic Matrix Composites, CMC) that are also considered very challenging to machine. All these materials have many applications in major industries (i.e. electronics, aerospace ...


Optimization Of Analytical Inverse Heat Transfer Recovery Solution, Nathan Schick Dec 2018

Optimization Of Analytical Inverse Heat Transfer Recovery Solution, Nathan Schick

Master's Theses

This thesis describes the different methods used when trying to solve inverse heat transfer problems, particularly those involving recovering heat flux. There are currently several techniques to measure the temperature history in an object subjected to heat transfer using various temperature sensors, however these types of sensors are gradually being replaced by Temperature Sensitive Paints (TSP), a technique that is more accurate and provides a better spatial resolution. TSP is a polymer that is applied on a base object. Changes in temperature in the polymer result in variations of the luminescence intensity in the paint. These variations can be captured ...


Liquid-To-Liquid Low Grade Waste Heat Recovery Using A Two-Channel Loop, Waleed Farwana Dec 2018

Liquid-To-Liquid Low Grade Waste Heat Recovery Using A Two-Channel Loop, Waleed Farwana

Master's Theses

The use of thermoelectric generators (TEGs) for producing electric energy from low grade “waste heat” has been theorized to provide a sustainable and low-cost energy source for electric power plants. The purpose of this study is to model and experimentally validate a TEG device that takes advantage of low grade waste heat (approximately 100-150 degrees Celsius) in liquid form in order to generate power that can be used for various applications in the surrounding environment. This research aims to demonstrate that optimized TEG designs bear the potential to compete with other methods of low grade waste heat energy harvesting in ...


Decomposition And Ionization Of Ionic Liquids, Forrest Grady Kidd Iii Aug 2018

Decomposition And Ionization Of Ionic Liquids, Forrest Grady Kidd Iii

Dissertations

The United States Air Force is interested in developing a situationally responsive space environment. In order to achieve this, dual-mode-propulsion will be utilized. A new class of propellants is being developed for this application based on energetic ionic liquids. Two ionic liquids of current interest are Hydroxylammonium Nitrate (HAN) and Hydroxyethylhydrazinium Nitrate (HEHN) due to their beneficial performance characteristics. The decomposition and ionization chemistry of these two species is investigated in this work. Using GAUSSIAN09 software, reactions with important radicals are explored through quantum chemistry. The energetics of reactions as well as the identity of key product complexes are given ...


Control-Oriented Automatic Transmission- Based Powertrain Modeling And Simulation With Judder, Harshal B. Kundale Aug 2018

Control-Oriented Automatic Transmission- Based Powertrain Modeling And Simulation With Judder, Harshal B. Kundale

Master's Theses

This work presents automatic transmission-based powertrain modeling. The powertrain consists of an engine, torque converter with lock up clutch, transmission gearbox, propeller shaft, and vehicle body. Simplified powertrain component models are developed for vehicle powertrain dynamic response analysis and future control work. The powertrain components are modeled with algebraic and first order non-linear differential equations. A MATLAB-based powertrain simulation system is developed to investigate the transient characteristics during lock up of torque converter. Simulation results are used in the determination of effects of judder on torque and angular velocity. Clutch judder is a self-excited vibration that occurs during the clutch ...


Experimental Comparison Between Hollow Cathodes With Cermet, Lanthanum Hexaboride, And Barium Oxide Insert Materials, Nagual Simmons Aug 2018

Experimental Comparison Between Hollow Cathodes With Cermet, Lanthanum Hexaboride, And Barium Oxide Insert Materials, Nagual Simmons

Master's Theses

This thesis compares two different hollow cathode assemblies (HCA) using three different insert materials. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) provided the H6 HCA and the Lanthanum Hexaboride (LaB6) insert. A barium oxide (BaO) insert was purchased from Ebeam and used with the H6 HCA. The novel Cermet material was purchased from Plasma Controls, LLC and the HCA was based on the JPL H6 HCA. Plasma properties in the external region of all three inserts and the internal region of the LaB6 were determine using two separate Langmuir probes. Various operating points were tested at a combination of ...


Measurements Of Fluid Structures And Mass Transport In Channel With Fabric Base, Karl David Mcallister Jun 2018

Measurements Of Fluid Structures And Mass Transport In Channel With Fabric Base, Karl David Mcallister

Dissertations

This thesis studies the relationships between flow structures and mass transport (dye concentration) within a Poiseuelle water flow glass chamber using optical flow experimental techniques in turbulent conditions. Through optical flow methods, velocity, vorticity, kinetic energy, Reynolds stress and turbulent production metrics where determined by laser illuminated glass beads and Rhodamine 6G dye removing from three different fabric substrates for multiple horizontal planes and one vertical plane. From the dye intensity, mass concentration metrics were determined providing visualization of velocity and mass transport simultaneously along with kinetic energy, mass flux, and concentration fluctuations.


Design Of Force Versus Displacement Test Stand, Andrew Fritchley Apr 2018

Design Of Force Versus Displacement Test Stand, Andrew Fritchley

Honors Theses

Performing mechanical design around sensors is a critical skill which all engineering students should be familiar with. Of equal importance is gathering and correctly interpreting electrical data from engineering tests. The aim of this project is to design a force versus displacement test stand for applications related to the measurement of spring force-displacement correlation. The design uses a strain gauge load cell, and a magnetic linear encoder to provide accurate, repeatable force and travel measurements. A mechanical design to mount each sensor was created based initial project constraints. Finite element analysis was performed on all critical components to ensure that ...


Structural Reinforcement Of Streamline Tubing, Peter Grohs Apr 2018

Structural Reinforcement Of Streamline Tubing, Peter Grohs

Honors Theses

Structural integrity of suspension components is important to the safety and the longevity of vehicles. Streamline tubing, an aerodynamically shaped material used in high performance vehicle controls, can be prone to failure if not properly analyzed for its asymmetric geometry. The component was redesigned as a composite structure using modern materials to make a highly aerodynamic product stiffer, stronger, and lighter per unit weight than a conventional all steel design. Finite element analysis was conducted and five prototypes using different materials were constructed and tested. This method of maximizing component lightness and stiffness using the beneficial properties of each material ...


Virtual Reality Power Chair Simulator For Human Operator Modeling And Tremor Filtering, Rick Meyer Apr 2018

Virtual Reality Power Chair Simulator For Human Operator Modeling And Tremor Filtering, Rick Meyer

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Award (FRACAA) Recipients

Approximately 180,000 persons who have a need for a powered wheelchair (PWC) suffer from Parkinson's’ hand tremor that makes it difficult, even potentially dangerous, for them to operate it. Persons with hand tremor that attempt to operate a PWC have to try to compensate for their tremor, which may not be realistically possible if the tremor is severe enough. Hand tremor can lead to sudden changes in PWC joystick commands that could result in unsafe PWC movements and collisions resulting in injury and/or property damage. These tremor sufferers are candidates for an assistive PWC. As a step ...


Forward-Looking, Velocity-Driven, Powertrain Modeling And Optimal Control For Continuous Variable Transmission, Paresh Deshmukh Apr 2018

Forward-Looking, Velocity-Driven, Powertrain Modeling And Optimal Control For Continuous Variable Transmission, Paresh Deshmukh

Master's Theses

This thesis is the second part of a two-part study focused on improving Continuous Variable Transmission (CVT) ratio management and control. The objective of the overall project was to develop a methodology for a vehicle with a CVT and a downsized gasoline engine to deliver the maximum vehicle fuel economy within drivability and performance constraints. The first part of this study, as described in [1], focuses on developing a cycle driven model for optimizing the CVT ratio. The study presented in this paper focuses on developing a velocity driven model to simulate the real-time behavior of a vehicle. The results ...


Investigation Of Discrete Element Methods For Stud To Turf Interactions, Justin Rittenhouse Apr 2018

Investigation Of Discrete Element Methods For Stud To Turf Interactions, Justin Rittenhouse

Master's Theses

Artificial turf is frequently used in sports today and attempts to advantageously replicate a natural grass/soil playing surface. Despite numerous advantages, the technology is correlated with an increase in injuries. The concept behind this research is to create and validate a discrete element model (DEM) for the ground/foot interaction through the use of open source software. After validation, the goal is to analyze an arrangement of studs to determine what role stud geometry plays on torque [N-mm] and force [N] generation. The validation data was provided through laboratory experiments. Three football studs attached to a rigid bracket were ...


Mechanical And Aerospace Engineering, 2017-2018, College Of Engineering And Applied Sciences Jan 2018

Mechanical And Aerospace Engineering, 2017-2018, College Of Engineering And Applied Sciences

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering News

  • Letter from the Chair
  • Introducing Dr. Jinseok Kim
  • Use of 3D Printing at WMU Helps Borgess Cardiologist Plug Holes in the Heart
  • Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Develops Semi-Virtual Reality Powered Wheelchair Simulator
  • The Western Aerospace Launch Initiative (WALI)
  • 2017 NSF I-Corps Experience of MAE team
  • Matthew Baird's Internship Experiences at JPL and GRC
  • More Department News
  • Faculty Sabbaticals


A Framework Towards Technology Creation In Africa: Focusing On Ghana, Martin Yao Donani, Hannatu Abue Kugblenu, Azindow Bawa Fuseini Dec 2017

A Framework Towards Technology Creation In Africa: Focusing On Ghana, Martin Yao Donani, Hannatu Abue Kugblenu, Azindow Bawa Fuseini

International Journal of African Development

Underdevelopment in Africa has been historical and a global concern coupled with the quest for good governance. Several efforts have been made in academia, national governments, the international community, and other institutional arrangements to reverse the trend. These efforts however are yet to produce a lasting result as Africa is still characterized by low productivity output, poverty and a widening technology gap when compared to other developing regions of the world. Conventional approaches used to address the African problem have consistently been devoid of indigenous technology development. Technology is here seen as paramount to every form of production on which ...


Low-Cost Control Engineering Experiments, Megan Arduin Dec 2017

Low-Cost Control Engineering Experiments, Megan Arduin

Honors Theses

The disciplines found within the area of motion and controls is a vital element of each engineer’s education. The ability to understand and then control dynamic systems is a fundamental skill required for many working engineers today. The aim of this project is to further develop the tools and methods available to teach and prepare engineering students to effectively design control system architecture, and then successfully implement their design into real world systems. The main goal is to design an apparatus that can be used to teach control system methods and has an affordable price. There are few experiments ...


Boat-Lift Design And Analysis, Nathan Schick Dec 2017

Boat-Lift Design And Analysis, Nathan Schick

Honors Theses

A current in production 6000 lb. rated boat-lift is being sold at “Great Lake Lifts”. The lift was tested experimentally and proved to hold at least 8000 lb. The design team successfully modeled the current lift on Ansys to help the customer understand where the weakest points in the design were. Following the creation of the initial lift design, the design team proposed and tested modifications that could be made in order to make the lift more structurally sound. The initial lift had a maximum deflection of 0.43846 inches, a maximum stress of 15880 psi, and a safety factor ...


Model Predictive Power Management Of A Hybrid Electric Propulsion System For Aircraft, Tyler J. Wall Dec 2017

Model Predictive Power Management Of A Hybrid Electric Propulsion System For Aircraft, Tyler J. Wall

Master's Theses

This work presents the switched optimal power flow control for an aircraft with a hybrid electric propulsion system. The propulsion system is a switched system that operates in either of two modes: (i) battery discharging and electric motor propelling and (ii) battery charging and electric motor generating. The aircraft model and components that form the hybrid propulsion system are modeled as either an algebraic power source/sink or as a dynamic model with appropriate power and state interconnections. With the system model defined, a model predictive control power management strategy is set fourth which minimizes a performance index that includes ...


Finite Element Analysis Of Tibiofemoral Contact Mechanics, Erika Fojtik Dec 2017

Finite Element Analysis Of Tibiofemoral Contact Mechanics, Erika Fojtik

Master's Theses

The effects of lateral meniscus posterior root avulsions (LMPRA) have been studied in combination with meniscofemoral ligament (MFL) deficiencies. The purpose of this study is to validate a set of biomechanical finite element analyses against previously reported experimental results to predict the contact area and peak contact pressure in the lateral tibiofemoral compartment of the knee during lateral meniscal root avulsions in combination with MFL deficiencies. Patient specific MRI data was used to develop finite element models for three distinct testing conditions: 1) intact, 2) lateral meniscus posterior root avulsion, and 3) lateral meniscus posterior root avulsion with deficient meniscofemoral ...


Development Of Empirical And Virtual Tools For The Study Of Bicycle Safety, Brent Kostich Aug 2017

Development Of Empirical And Virtual Tools For The Study Of Bicycle Safety, Brent Kostich

Master's Theses

Bicycles have been used as a form of non-motorized transportation for several hundred years. Recently, their use in the transportation realm has been reinvigorated because of growing population densities and efforts to improve environmental sustainability. However, a large deterrent for public use of the bicycle is concern over its level of safety in the transportation environment. The goal of this thesis is to develop two complementary research tools that advance the study of bicycle safety factors.

First, an instrumented probe bicycle (IPB) is constructed from the ground up. The bicycle is outfitted with an array of sensors that are integrated ...


Atmospheric Microbial Community Sampling System For Varying Altitude Collection, Kenneth David Domingue Aug 2017

Atmospheric Microbial Community Sampling System For Varying Altitude Collection, Kenneth David Domingue

Master's Theses

The study of airborne microbial communities in the vertical atmosphere is an area of research in which very little data has been collected and analyzed. Developing a vehicle to house biological sampling equipment that collects, and mitigates contamination is required by a team of biology researchers to perform sampling of atmospheric microbial communities. This study uses a sampler box that is attached to aerostatic vehicles: zero pressure balloons and tethered balloon/kite structures. Zero pressure balloons are used for sampling at altitudes above 150 m above sea level, and tethered balloon/kite structures are used for sampling at 30 m ...


Balancing Of Production Line In A Bearing Industry To Improve Productivity, Sudharsan Sridhar, Balthilak Anandaraj, Santhosh B Jun 2017

Balancing Of Production Line In A Bearing Industry To Improve Productivity, Sudharsan Sridhar, Balthilak Anandaraj, Santhosh B

The Hilltop Review

Line balancing addresses the issues of balancing production or assembly line and it generally minimizes the idle time for all the events and the combinations of workstations. Factors such as lack of materials, design changes in the product, labor position may also be needed for line balancing. We approached the industry and proposed a heuristic solution solving in two different platforms, by rearranging the existing tasks over the work stations, so that the idle time of the machines are reduced to minimum and the other is by using Timer Pro software where grouping of similar kind of activities are to ...


A Meta-Analysis Of Energy Savings From Lighting Programs In Michigan, Teryila Ephraim Amough Jun 2017

A Meta-Analysis Of Energy Savings From Lighting Programs In Michigan, Teryila Ephraim Amough

Dissertations

In order to fill the gap in aggregates savings, the challenges faced by electric utilities for the demand of lighting energy are addressed by lighting efficiency programs. The shrinking capacity and electrical grid reliability call for improved ways to evaluate energy saving programs with evaluation methods that are robust in determining the impact of lighting programs. This study employed meta-analysis as an evaluation method to determine energy savings, impact, emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG), pollutants, and health effects from lighting programs in Michigan. The findings of the study showed the programs impact in Hedges’ g of 0.36 for the ...


A Virtual Reality Based Powered Wheelchair Simulator, Yuliia Sergeeva Jun 2017

A Virtual Reality Based Powered Wheelchair Simulator, Yuliia Sergeeva

Master's Theses

Power wheelchairs provide great assistance for people with locomotion disabilities. However, for those who have tremor, operation of the wheelchair can be challenging and result in a chance to get into an accident. The focus of this research project is to create a semi-virtual reality power wheelchair driving simulator that can be used for testing a notch filter for tremors in a safe laboratory environment and obtain data on human operator movements for future mathematical modeling. The simulator incorporates a realistic and immersive virtual environment and power wheelchair movement into it. For the experiment, a physical PWC joystick was connected ...


Investigation Of Measured Cane Vibrations For Prediction Of Blind Pedestrian Performance In Surface Preview Tasks, Aaron Dean Jun 2017

Investigation Of Measured Cane Vibrations For Prediction Of Blind Pedestrian Performance In Surface Preview Tasks, Aaron Dean

Master's Theses

The white cane is the primary navigation tool used by many blind pedestrians, but the basic design of the cane has not changed since the 1940s. A greater understanding of the factors affecting cane performance is essential in improving the design and performance of these canes. One aspect of performance is surface texture discrimination. A study is performed to determine the effect of cane rigidity and cane swipe speed on the ability of a user to select the rougher of two surfaces with different textures. Two methods are developed to select the rougher surface using only the measured cane vibration ...