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Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Pre-Methylation Of Lignin To Improve Storage Stability Of Oil Produced By Solvent Liquefaction, Jae-Young Kim, Parinaz Hafezi-Sefat, Sarah D. Cady, Ryan G. Smith, Robert C. Brown Sep 2019

Pre-Methylation Of Lignin To Improve Storage Stability Of Oil Produced By Solvent Liquefaction, Jae-Young Kim, Parinaz Hafezi-Sefat, Sarah D. Cady, Ryan G. Smith, Robert C. Brown

Sarah Cady

In this study, we methylated hydroxyl groups (phenolic hydroxyl: Phe-OH and aliphatic hydroxyl: Aliph-OH) in soda lignin (SL) prior to solvent liquefaction to improve storage stability of the resulting oil. We investigated two methylating reagents, dimethyl sulfate (DMS) and dimethyl carbonate (DMC), for selective Phe-OH and total hydroxyl group (Phe-OH and Aliph-OH) blocking. Samples of SL, DMS-SL, and DMC-SL were depolymerized into oils under supercritical ethanol (350 °C). Both methylated lignins produced higher amounts of oils and smaller amounts of char compared to untreated SL due to suppressed charring reactions. Oil produced from SL had relatively higher functional group contents ...


Thermal Removal Of Carbon Dioxide From The Atmosphere: Energy Requirements And Scaling Issues, Ted Von Hippel Aug 2019

Thermal Removal Of Carbon Dioxide From The Atmosphere: Energy Requirements And Scaling Issues, Ted Von Hippel

Ted von Hippel

I conduct a systems-level study of direct air capture of CO2 using techniques from thermal physics. This system relies on a combination of an efficient heat exchanger, radiative cooling, and refrigeration, all at industrial scale and operated in environments at low ambient temperatures. While technological developments will be required for such a system to operate efficiently, those developments rest on a long history of refrigeration expertise and technology, and they can be developed and tested at modest scale. I estimate that the energy required to remove CO2 via this approach is comparable to direct air capture by other techniques. The ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Dec 2018

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Fluoride-Induced Dynamic Surface Self-Reconstruction Produces Unexpectedly Efficient Oxygen-Evolution Catalyst, Bowei Zhang, Kun Jiang, Haotian Wang, Shan Hu Dec 2018

Fluoride-Induced Dynamic Surface Self-Reconstruction Produces Unexpectedly Efficient Oxygen-Evolution Catalyst, Bowei Zhang, Kun Jiang, Haotian Wang, Shan Hu

Shan Hu

The oxygen-evolution reaction (OER) is a key process in water-splitting systems, fuel cells, and metal–air batteries, but the development of highly active and robust OER catalyst by simple methods is a great challenge. Here, we report an in situ dynamic surface self-reconstruction that can dramatically improve the catalytic activity of electrocatalysts. A fluoride (F)-incorporating NiFe hydroxide (NiFe-OH-F) nanosheet array was initially grown on Ni foam by a one-step hydrothermal method, which requires a 243 mV over-potential (η) to achieve a 10 mA cm–2 current density with a Tafel slope of 42.9 mV dec–1 in alkaline ...


Shape-Based Separation Of Micro-/Nanoparticles In Liquid Phases, Behrouz Behdani, Saman Monjezi, Mason J. Carey, Curtis G. Weldon, Jie Zhang, Cheng Wang, Joontaek Park Nov 2018

Shape-Based Separation Of Micro-/Nanoparticles In Liquid Phases, Behrouz Behdani, Saman Monjezi, Mason J. Carey, Curtis G. Weldon, Jie Zhang, Cheng Wang, Joontaek Park

Joontaek Park

The production of particles with shape-specific properties is reliant upon the separation of micro-/nanoparticles of particular shapes from particle mixtures of similar volumes. However, compared to a large number of size-based particle separation methods, shape-based separation methods have not been adequately explored. We review various up-to-date approaches to shape-based separation of rigid micro-/nanoparticles in liquid phases including size exclusion chromatography, field flow fractionation, deterministic lateral displacement, inertial focusing, electrophoresis, magnetophoresis, self-assembly precipitation, and centrifugation. We discuss separation mechanisms by classifying them as either changes in surface interactions or extensions of size-based separation. The latter includes geometric restrictions and ...


An Open-Source Quadrature-Based Population Balance Solver For Openfoam, Alberto Passalacqua, Frédérique Laurent, Ehsan Madadi-Kandjani, Jeffrey C. Heylmun, Rodney O. Fox May 2018

An Open-Source Quadrature-Based Population Balance Solver For Openfoam, Alberto Passalacqua, Frédérique Laurent, Ehsan Madadi-Kandjani, Jeffrey C. Heylmun, Rodney O. Fox

Rodney O. Fox

The extended quadrature method of moments (EQMOM) for the solution of population balance equations (PBE) is implemented in the open-source computational fluid dynamic (CFD) toolbox OpenFOAM as part of the OpenQBMM project. The moment inversion procedure was designed (Nguyen et al., 2016) to maximize the number of conserved moments in the transported moment set. The algorithm is implemented in a general structure to allow the addition of other kernel density functions defined on R+, and arbitrary kernels to describe physical phenomena involved in the evolution of the number density function. The implementation is verified with a set of zero-dimensional cases ...


Optimizing Compressed Air Storage For Energy Efficiency, Brian Abels, J. Kelly Kissock Mar 2017

Optimizing Compressed Air Storage For Energy Efficiency, Brian Abels, J. Kelly Kissock

J. Kelly Kissock

Compressed air storage is an important, but often misunderstood, component of compressed air systems. This paper discusses methods to properly size compressed air storage in load-unload systems to avoid short cycling and reduce system energy use. First, key equations relating storage, pressure, and compressed air flow are derived using fundamental thermodynamic relations. Next, these relations are used to calculate the relation between volume of storage and cycle time in load-unload compressors. It is shown that cycle time is minimized when compressed air demand is 50% of compressor capacity. The effect of pressure drop between compressor system and storage on cycle ...


Peridynamic Modeling Of Ruptures In Biomembranes, Michael Taylor, Irep Gözen, Samir Patel, Aldo Jesorka, Katia Bertoldi Nov 2016

Peridynamic Modeling Of Ruptures In Biomembranes, Michael Taylor, Irep Gözen, Samir Patel, Aldo Jesorka, Katia Bertoldi

Michael Taylor

We simulate the formation of spontaneous ruptures in supported phospholipid double bilayer membranes, using peridynamic modeling. Experiments performed on spreading double bilayers typically show two distinct kinds of ruptures, floral and fractal, which form spontaneously in the distal (upper) bilayer at late stages of double bilayer formation on high energy substrates. It is, however, currently unresolved which factors govern the occurrence of either rupture type. Variations in the distance between the two bilayers, and the occurrence of interconnections (“pinning sites”) are suspected of contributing to the process. Our new simulations indicate that the pinned regions which form, presumably due to ...


Narrow-Linewidth Megahertz-Repetition-Rate Optical Parametric Oscillator For High-Speed Flow And Combustion Diagnostics, Naibo Jiang, Walter R. Lempert, Gary L. Switzer, Terrence R. Meyer, James R. Gord Nov 2015

Narrow-Linewidth Megahertz-Repetition-Rate Optical Parametric Oscillator For High-Speed Flow And Combustion Diagnostics, Naibo Jiang, Walter R. Lempert, Gary L. Switzer, Terrence R. Meyer, James R. Gord

Terrence R Meyer

We demonstrate the ability to generate ultra-high-frequency sequences of broadly wavelength-tunable, high-intensity laser pulses using a custom-built optical parametric oscillator pumped by the thirdharmonic output of a "burst-mode" Nd:YAG laser. Burst sequences consisting of 6-10 pulses separated in time by 6-10 Îs are obtained, with average total conversion efficiency from the 355 nm pump to the near-IR signal and idler wavelengths of 33%. Typical individual pulse output energy for the signal and idler beams is in the range of 4-6 mJ, limited by the available pump energy. Line narrowing is demonstrated by means of injection seeding the idler wave ...


Characterization Of Biochars Produced From Cornstovers For Soil Amendment, James W. Leeq, Michelle Kidder, Barbara R. Evans, Sokwon Paik, A.C. Buchanan Iii, Charles T. Garten, Robert C. Brown Sep 2015

Characterization Of Biochars Produced From Cornstovers For Soil Amendment, James W. Leeq, Michelle Kidder, Barbara R. Evans, Sokwon Paik, A.C. Buchanan Iii, Charles T. Garten, Robert C. Brown

Robert C. Brown

Through cation exchange capacity assay, nitrogen adsorption−desorption surface area measurements, scanning electron microscopic imaging, infrared spectra and elemental analyses, we characterized biochar materials produced from cornstover under two different pyrolysis conditions, fast pyrolysis at 450 °C and gasification at 700 °C. Our experimental results showed that the cation exchange capacity (CEC) of the fast-pyrolytic char is about twice as high as that of the gasification char as well as that of a standard soil sample. The CEC values correlate well with the increase in the ratios of the oxygen atoms to the carbon atoms (O:C ratios) in the ...


Three-Dimensional Confocal Microscopy Indentation Method For Hydrogel Elasticity Measurement, Donghee Lee, Md Mahmudur Rahman, You Zhou, Sangjin Ryu Aug 2015

Three-Dimensional Confocal Microscopy Indentation Method For Hydrogel Elasticity Measurement, Donghee Lee, Md Mahmudur Rahman, You Zhou, Sangjin Ryu

Md Mahmudur Rahman

No abstract provided.


Mechanism Of Sulfur Poisoning Of Sr2Fe1.5Mo0.5O6-Δ Perovskite Anode Under Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Conditions, Eric Walker, Salai Ammal, Suwit Suthirakun, Fanglin Chen, Gabriel Terejanu, Andreas Heyden May 2015

Mechanism Of Sulfur Poisoning Of Sr2Fe1.5Mo0.5O6-Δ Perovskite Anode Under Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Conditions, Eric Walker, Salai Ammal, Suwit Suthirakun, Fanglin Chen, Gabriel Terejanu, Andreas Heyden

Salai C. Ammal

No abstract provided.


A Label-Free High Throughput Resistive-Pulse Sensor For Simultaneous Differentiation And Measurement Of Multiple Particle-Laden Analytes, Ashish Jagtiani, Rupesh Sawant, Jiang Zhe Apr 2015

A Label-Free High Throughput Resistive-Pulse Sensor For Simultaneous Differentiation And Measurement Of Multiple Particle-Laden Analytes, Ashish Jagtiani, Rupesh Sawant, Jiang Zhe

Dr. Jiang Zhe

We describe an all-electronic, label-free, resistive-pulse sensor that utilizes multiple microchannels for parallel detection, counting and differentiation of multiple biological particles simultaneously. Four particle solutions, including 20 µm and 40 µm polymethacrylate particles, Juniper Scopulorum (Rocky Mountain Juniper) pollen and Populus deltidoes (Eastern Cottonwood) pollen, were loaded to the four peripheral reservoirs, respectively, and were driven to the central reservoir through four microchannels, all operating simultaneously for particle detection and counting. Experiments demonstrated that this sensor was able to differentiate and count multiple particle solutions simultaneously through its four microchannels fabricated on polymer membranes. Thus the sensing throughput has been ...


Effect Of Processing Conditions On The Development Of Morphology In Clay Nanoparticle Filled Nylon 6 Fibers, Zeynep Ergungor, Mukerrem Cakmak, Celal Batur Apr 2015

Effect Of Processing Conditions On The Development Of Morphology In Clay Nanoparticle Filled Nylon 6 Fibers, Zeynep Ergungor, Mukerrem Cakmak, Celal Batur

Dr. Celal Batur

The effect of melt temperature on the phase behavior and preferential orientation development in Nylon 6/montmorillonite nanocomposites were investigated at melt spinning temperatures ranging from 230° to 250°C. The fibers were found to exhibit mostly γ crystalline form that is typical of Nylon 6 filled with montmorillonite nanoparticles. At higher take-up speeds α-crystals begin to appear in the crystalline phase. The presence of nanoparticles was found to impart substantial chain orientation levels even at low to moderate take up speeds reaching a plateau at moderate take up speeds. This was attributed to the increased spin line stress in ...


A Versatile Microparticle-Based Immunoaggregation Assay For Macromolecular Biomarker Detection And Quantification, Haiyan Wu, Yu Han, George G. Chase, Qiong Tang, Chen-Jung Lee, Bin Cao, Jiang Zhe, Gang Cheng Apr 2015

A Versatile Microparticle-Based Immunoaggregation Assay For Macromolecular Biomarker Detection And Quantification, Haiyan Wu, Yu Han, George G. Chase, Qiong Tang, Chen-Jung Lee, Bin Cao, Jiang Zhe, Gang Cheng

Dr. Jiang Zhe

The rapid, sensitive and low-cost detection of macromolecular biomarkers is critical in clinical diagnostics, environmental monitoring, research, etc. Conventional assay methods usually require bulky, expensive and designated instruments and relative long assay time. For hospitals and laboratories that lack immediate access to analytical instruments, fast and low-cost assay methods for the detection of macromolecular biomarkers are urgently needed. In this work, we developed a versatile microparticle (MP)-based immunoaggregation method for the detection and quantification of macromolecular biomarkers. Antibodies (Abs) were firstly conjugated to MP through streptavidin-biotin interaction; the addition of macromolecular biomarkers caused the aggregation of Ab-MPs, which were ...


Zwitteration Of Dextran: A Facile Route To Integrate Antifouling, Switchability And Optical Transparency Into Natural Polymers, Bin Cao, Linlin Li, Haiyan Wu, Qiong Tang, Bingbing Sun, He Dong, Jiang Zhe, Gang Cheng Apr 2015

Zwitteration Of Dextran: A Facile Route To Integrate Antifouling, Switchability And Optical Transparency Into Natural Polymers, Bin Cao, Linlin Li, Haiyan Wu, Qiong Tang, Bingbing Sun, He Dong, Jiang Zhe, Gang Cheng

Dr. Jiang Zhe

This communication reports a facile method for zwitteration of dextran with carboxybetaine (CB), which integrates superior antifouling properties, switchability between zwitterionic and cationic forms, as well as enhanced optical transparency into one polysaccharide material. This study provides a new avenue for generating multifunctional zwitterionic CB materials in situ.


Label-Free Biomarker Assay In A Microresistive Pulse Sensor Via Immunoaggregation, Yu Han, Haiyan Wu, Fan Li, Gang Cheng, Jiang Zhe Apr 2015

Label-Free Biomarker Assay In A Microresistive Pulse Sensor Via Immunoaggregation, Yu Han, Haiyan Wu, Fan Li, Gang Cheng, Jiang Zhe

Dr. Jiang Zhe

We present a label-free biomarker detection method based on immunoaggregation and resistive pulse sensing technology. In this approach, target biomarkers and antibody (Ab)-functionalized microparticles are mixed to form biomarker–microparticle aggregates. A resistive pulse sensor is then used to measure the sizes and count the number of aggregates. The measured volume fraction of the aggregates represents the concentration of the targeted biomarker. In our tests, human ferritin, used as a biomarker, triggered the aggregation of antiferritin Ab-functionalized microparticles in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). The volume fraction of aggregates increased with the increased ferritin concentration. We also demonstrated the detection of ...


Single-And Multi-Hole Baffles-A Heat Transfer And Fluid Flow Control For Hydrothermal Growth, Edward Evans, Hongmin Li, Guo-Xiang Wang Apr 2015

Single-And Multi-Hole Baffles-A Heat Transfer And Fluid Flow Control For Hydrothermal Growth, Edward Evans, Hongmin Li, Guo-Xiang Wang

Dr. Guo-Xiang Wang

Hydrothermal solution growth is an important technique to grow high-quality single crystals. An autoclave, a closed cylindrical low-carbon steel vessel, is used to grow the large size crystals. A baffle located at the median height divides an autoclave into two chambers. Previous numerical studies indicate that the buoyancy-driven flow within an autoclave is very sensitive to the temperatures on the wall established by the heating. Baffles are required to establish the conditions for growth of high quality single crystals. This paper presents a numerical study of the effects of various baffles on the fluid flow and temperature fields in an ...


Three-Dimensional Flow Of Solution In An Industry-Size Hydrothermal Autoclave Subjected To Non-Uniform Heating Effects Of A Baffle On Flow And Temperature Separation, Hongmin Li, Guo-Xiang Wang, Edward Evans Apr 2015

Three-Dimensional Flow Of Solution In An Industry-Size Hydrothermal Autoclave Subjected To Non-Uniform Heating Effects Of A Baffle On Flow And Temperature Separation, Hongmin Li, Guo-Xiang Wang, Edward Evans

Dr. Guo-Xiang Wang

Hydrothermal growth takes place in a closed cylindrical container called an autoclave. Natural convection flow of an aqueous solution at a high temperature and a high pressure carries the nutrient. The high temperature growth condition and the natural convection flow are maintained by two independently controlled electrical heaters on the outside of the autoclave. In practice, the heating is circumferentially non-uniform. Many theoretical and numerical studies, however, assume axially symmetric heating conditions. This paper presents a numerical analysis of the three-dimensional heat transfer and fluid flow with a non-uniform heating condition. The analysis is based on an industry-size autoclave with ...


A Triangular Three-Dye Dna Switch Capable Of Reconfigurable Molecular Logic, Susan Buckhout-White, Jonathan C. Claussen, Joseph S. Melinger, Zaire Dunningham, Mario G. Ancona, Ellen R. Goldman, Igor L. Medintz Mar 2015

A Triangular Three-Dye Dna Switch Capable Of Reconfigurable Molecular Logic, Susan Buckhout-White, Jonathan C. Claussen, Joseph S. Melinger, Zaire Dunningham, Mario G. Ancona, Ellen R. Goldman, Igor L. Medintz

Jonathan C. Claussen

Structural DNA nanotechnology has developed profoundly in the last several years allowing for the creation of increasingly sophisticated devices capable of discrete sensing, locomotion, and molecular logic. The latter research field is particularly attractive as it provides information processing capabilities that may eventually be applied in situ, for example in cells, with potential for even further coupling to an active response such as drug delivery. Rather than design a new DNA assembly for each intended logic application, it would be useful to have one generalized design that could provide multiple different logic gates or states for a targeted use. In ...


Platinum-Paper Micromotors: An Urchin-Like Nanohybrid Catalyst For Green Monopropellant Bubble-Thrusters, Jonathan C. Claussen, Michael A. Daniele, Jason Geder, Marius Pruessner, Antti J. Makinen, Brian J. Melde, Mark Twigg, Jasenka M. Verbarg, Igor L. Medintz Mar 2015

Platinum-Paper Micromotors: An Urchin-Like Nanohybrid Catalyst For Green Monopropellant Bubble-Thrusters, Jonathan C. Claussen, Michael A. Daniele, Jason Geder, Marius Pruessner, Antti J. Makinen, Brian J. Melde, Mark Twigg, Jasenka M. Verbarg, Igor L. Medintz

Jonathan C. Claussen

Platinum nanourchins supported on microfibrilated cellulose films (MFC) were fabricated and evaluated as hydrogen peroxide catalysts for small-scale, autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) propulsion systems. The catalytic substrate was synthesized through the reduction of chloroplatinic acid to create a thick film of Pt coral-like microstructures coated with Pt urchin-like nanowires that are arrayed in three dimensions on a two-dimensional MFC film. This organic/inorganic nanohybrid displays high catalytic ability (reduced activation energy of 50-63% over conventional materials and 13-19% for similar Pt nanoparticle-based structures) during hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) decomposition as well as sufficient propulsive thrust (>0.5 N) from reagent grade ...


Effects Of Nano Additives On Hydrogen Storage Behavior Of The Multinary Complex Hydride Libh4/Linh2/Mgh2., Sesha Srinivasan, Michael Niemann, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, Kimberly Mcgrath, Prakash Sharma, D. Goswami, Elias Stefanakos Mar 2015

Effects Of Nano Additives On Hydrogen Storage Behavior Of The Multinary Complex Hydride Libh4/Linh2/Mgh2., Sesha Srinivasan, Michael Niemann, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, Kimberly Mcgrath, Prakash Sharma, D. Goswami, Elias Stefanakos

Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers

No abstract provided.


Development Of Combined Optical Cell And Sieverts-Type Apparats For In-Situ Measurement Of Hydrogen Storage Materials, Chun Chiu, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, Edwin Heilweil, Leonid Bendersky Mar 2015

Development Of Combined Optical Cell And Sieverts-Type Apparats For In-Situ Measurement Of Hydrogen Storage Materials, Chun Chiu, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, Edwin Heilweil, Leonid Bendersky

Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers

No abstract provided.


Raman Spectroscopic Observation Of Dehydration In Ball-Milled Linh2-Libh4-Mgh2 Nanoparticles, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, James Maslar, Michael Niemann, Chun Chiu, Sesha Srinivasan, Elias Stefanakos, Leonid Bendersky Mar 2015

Raman Spectroscopic Observation Of Dehydration In Ball-Milled Linh2-Libh4-Mgh2 Nanoparticles, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, James Maslar, Michael Niemann, Chun Chiu, Sesha Srinivasan, Elias Stefanakos, Leonid Bendersky

Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers

No abstract provided.


Exploration Of Magnetoelectric Thin-Film Sensors Using Supperlattice Composition Spreads, K.-S. Chang, M. Aronova, C. Gao, C. Lin, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, M. Murakami, I. Takeuchi Mar 2015

Exploration Of Magnetoelectric Thin-Film Sensors Using Supperlattice Composition Spreads, K.-S. Chang, M. Aronova, C. Gao, C. Lin, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, M. Murakami, I. Takeuchi

Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers

No abstract provided.


Observation Of Phase Transitions In Hydrogenated Yttrium Films Via Normalized Infrared Emissivity, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, Ke Wang, Lei Cao, Chun Chiu, Edwin Heilweil, Robert Downing, Leonid Bendersky Mar 2015

Observation Of Phase Transitions In Hydrogenated Yttrium Films Via Normalized Infrared Emissivity, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, Ke Wang, Lei Cao, Chun Chiu, Edwin Heilweil, Robert Downing, Leonid Bendersky

Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers

No abstract provided.


Optical Cell For Combinatorial In Situ Raman Spectroscopic Measurements Of Hydrogen Storage Materials At High Pressures And Temperatures, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, Wilbur Hurst, Sesha Srinivasan, James Maslar Mar 2015

Optical Cell For Combinatorial In Situ Raman Spectroscopic Measurements Of Hydrogen Storage Materials At High Pressures And Temperatures, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, Wilbur Hurst, Sesha Srinivasan, James Maslar

Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers

An optical cell is described for high-throughput backscattering Raman spectroscopic measurements of hydrogen storagematerials at pressures up to 10 MPa and temperatures up to 823 K. High throughput is obtained by employing a 60 mm diameter × 9 mm thick sapphire window, with a corresponding 50 mm diameter unobstructed optical aperture. To reproducibly seal this relatively large window to the cell body at elevated temperatures and pressures, a gold o-ring is employed. The sample holder-to-window distance is adjustable, making this cell design compatible with optical measurement systems incorporating lenses of significantly different focal lengths, e.g., microscope objectives and single element ...


A Combinatorial Characterization Scheme For High-Throughput Investigations Of Hydrogen Storage Materials, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, Zhuopeng Tan, Hiroyuki Oguchi, Chun Chiu, Edwin Heilweil, James Maslar, Leonid Bendersky Mar 2015

A Combinatorial Characterization Scheme For High-Throughput Investigations Of Hydrogen Storage Materials, Jason Hattrick-Simpers, Zhuopeng Tan, Hiroyuki Oguchi, Chun Chiu, Edwin Heilweil, James Maslar, Leonid Bendersky

Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers

No abstract provided.


Zespół Energii Odnawialnej I Zrównoważonego Rozwoju (Eozr), Wojciech M. Budzianowski Dec 2014

Zespół Energii Odnawialnej I Zrównoważonego Rozwoju (Eozr), Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Probing The Enzymatic Activity Of Alkaline Phosphatase Within Quantum Dot Bioconjugates, Jonathan C. Claussen, Anthony Malanoski, Joyce C. Breger, Eunkeu Oh, Scott A. Walper, Kimihiro Susumu, Ramasis Goswami, Jeffrey R. Deschamps, Igor L. Medintz Dec 2014

Probing The Enzymatic Activity Of Alkaline Phosphatase Within Quantum Dot Bioconjugates, Jonathan C. Claussen, Anthony Malanoski, Joyce C. Breger, Eunkeu Oh, Scott A. Walper, Kimihiro Susumu, Ramasis Goswami, Jeffrey R. Deschamps, Igor L. Medintz

Jonathan C. Claussen

Enzymes provide the critical means by which to catalyze almost all biological reactions in a controlled manner. Methods to harness and exploit their properties are of strong current interest to the growing field of biotechnology. In contrast to depending upon recombinant genetic approaches, a growing body of evidence suggests that apparent enzymatic activity can be enhanced when located at a nanoparticle interface. We use semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) as a well-defined and easily bioconjugated nanoparticle along with Escherichia coli-derived alkaline phosphatase (AP) as a prototypical enzyme to seek evidence for this process in a de novo model system. We began ...