Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Mechanical Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 8 of 8

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Formation Of Organized Nanostructures From Unstable Bilayers Of Thin Metallic Liquids, Mikhail Khenner, Sagar Yadavali, Ramki Kalyanaraman Dec 2011

Formation Of Organized Nanostructures From Unstable Bilayers Of Thin Metallic Liquids, Mikhail Khenner, Sagar Yadavali, Ramki Kalyanaraman

Mikhail Khenner

Dewetting of pulsed-laser irradiated, thin (< 20 nm), optically reflective metallic bilayers on an optically transparent substrate with a reflective support layer is studied within the lubrication equations model. A steady-state bilayer film thickness (h) dependent temperature profile is derived based on the mean substrate temperature estimated from the elaborate thermal model of transient heating and melting/freezing. Large thermocapillary forces are observed along the plane of the liquid-liquid and liquid-gas interfaces due to this h-dependent temperature, which, in turn, is strongly influenced by the h-dependent laser light reflection and absorption. Consequently the dewetting is a result of the competition between thermocapillary and intermolecular forces. A linear analysis of the dewetting length scales established that the non-isothermal calculations better predict the experimental results as compared to the isothermal case within the bounding Hamaker coefficients. Subsequently, a computational non-linear dynamics study of the dewetting pathway was performed for Ag/Co and Co/Ag bilayer systems to predict the morphology evolution. We found that the systems evolve towards formation of different morphologies, including core-shell, embedded, or stacked nanostructure morphologies.


Stability Of A Strongly Anisotropic Thin Epitaxial Film In A Wetting Interaction With Elastic Substrate, Mikhail Khenner, Wondimu T. Tekalign, Margo S. Levine Dec 2010

Stability Of A Strongly Anisotropic Thin Epitaxial Film In A Wetting Interaction With Elastic Substrate, Mikhail Khenner, Wondimu T. Tekalign, Margo S. Levine

Mikhail Khenner

The linear dispersion relation for longwave surface perturbations, as derived by Levine et al. Phys. Rev. B 75, 205312 (2007) is extended to include a smooth surface energy anisotropy function with a variable anisotropy strength (from weak to strong, such that sharp corners and slightly curved facets occur on the corresponding Wulff shape). Through detailed parametric studies it is shown that a combination of a wetting interaction and strong anisotropy, and even a wetting interaction alone results in complicated linear stability characteristics of strained and unstrained films.


Modeling Diverse Physics Of Nanoparticle Self-Assembly In Pulsed Laser-Irradiated Metallic Films, Mikhail Khenner Dec 2010

Modeling Diverse Physics Of Nanoparticle Self-Assembly In Pulsed Laser-Irradiated Metallic Films, Mikhail Khenner

Mikhail Khenner

Presents physics behind dewetting of thin liquid films and mathematical/computational modeling tools (Educational/Research presentation for senior physics majors).


Voltage Impulse Induced Bistable Magnetization Switching In Multiferroic Heterostructures, Tianxiang Nan Dec 2010

Voltage Impulse Induced Bistable Magnetization Switching In Multiferroic Heterostructures, Tianxiang Nan

Tianxiang Nan

We report on voltage impulse induced reversible bistable magnetization switching in FeGaB/lead zirconate titanate (PZT) multiferroic heterostructures at room temperature. This was realized through strain-mediated magnetoelectric coupling between ferroelectric PZT and ferromagnetic FeGaB layer. Two reversible and stable voltage-impulse induced mechanical strain states were obtained in the PZT by applying an electric field impulse with its amplitude smaller than the electric coercive field, which led to reversible voltage impulse induced bistable magnetization switching. These voltage impulse induced bistable magnetization switching in multiferroic heterostructures provides a promising approach to power efficient bistable magnetization switching that is crucial for information storage.


Electrochemical Glutamate Biosensing With Nanocube And Nanosphere Augmented Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Networks: A Comparative Study, Jonathan C. Claussen, Mayra S. Artiles, Eric S. Mclamore, Subhashree Mohanty, Jin Shi, Jenna L. Rickus, Timothy S. Fisher, D. Marshall Porterfield Dec 2010

Electrochemical Glutamate Biosensing With Nanocube And Nanosphere Augmented Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Networks: A Comparative Study, Jonathan C. Claussen, Mayra S. Artiles, Eric S. Mclamore, Subhashree Mohanty, Jin Shi, Jenna L. Rickus, Timothy S. Fisher, D. Marshall Porterfield

Jonathan C. Claussen

We describe two hybrid nanomaterial biosensor platforms, based on networks of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) enhanced with Pd nanocubes and Pt nanospheres and grown in situ from a porous anodic alumina (PAA) template. These nanocube and nanosphere SWCNT networks are converted into glutamate biosensors by immobilizing the enzyme glutamate oxidase (cross-linked with gluteraldehyde) onto the electrode surface. The Pt nanosphere/SWCNT biosensor outperformed the Pd nanocube/SWCNT biosensor and previously reported similar nanomaterial-based biosensors by amperometrically monitoring glutamate concentrations with a wide linear sensing range (50 nM to 1.6 mM) and a small detection limit (4.6 nM, 3s ...


A Self Referencing Platinum Nanoparticle Decorated Enzyme-Based Microbiosensor For Real Time Measurement Of Physiological Glucose Transport, Eric S. Mclamore, J. Shi, D. Jaroch, Jonathan C. Claussen, A. Uchida, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. S. Donkin, M. K. Banks, K. K. Buhman, D. Teegarden, Jenna L. Rickus, D. Marshall Porterfield Dec 2010

A Self Referencing Platinum Nanoparticle Decorated Enzyme-Based Microbiosensor For Real Time Measurement Of Physiological Glucose Transport, Eric S. Mclamore, J. Shi, D. Jaroch, Jonathan C. Claussen, A. Uchida, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. S. Donkin, M. K. Banks, K. K. Buhman, D. Teegarden, Jenna L. Rickus, D. Marshall Porterfield

Jonathan C. Claussen

Glucose is the central molecule in many biochemical pathways, and numerous approaches have
been developed for fabricating micro biosensors designed to measure glucose concentration in/
near cells and/or tissues. An inherent problem for microsensors used in physiological studies is a
low signal-to-noise ratio, which is further complicated by concentration drift due to the metabolic
activity of cells. A microsensor technique designed to filter extraneous electrical noise and provide
direct quantification of active membrane transport is known as self-referencing. Self-referencing
involves oscillation of a single microsensor via computer-controlled stepper motors within a stable
gradient formed near cells/tissues (i.e ...


Effects Of Carbon Nanotube-Tethered Nanosphere Density On Amperometric Biosensing: Simulation And Experiment, Jonathan C. Claussen, James B. Hengenius, Monique M. Wickner, Timothy S. Fisher, David M. Umulis, D. Marshall Porterfield Dec 2010

Effects Of Carbon Nanotube-Tethered Nanosphere Density On Amperometric Biosensing: Simulation And Experiment, Jonathan C. Claussen, James B. Hengenius, Monique M. Wickner, Timothy S. Fisher, David M. Umulis, D. Marshall Porterfield

Jonathan C. Claussen

Nascent nanofabrication approaches are being applied to reduce electrode feature dimensions from the microscale to the nanoscale, creating biosensors that are capable of working more efficiently at the biomolecular level. The development of nanoscale biosensors has been driven largely by experimental empiricism to date. Consequently, the precise positioning of nanoscale electrode elements is typically neglected, and its impact on biosensor performance is subsequently overlooked. Herein, we present a bottom-up nanoelectrode array fabrication approach that utilizes low-density and horizontally oriented single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) as a template for the growth and precise positioning of Pt nanospheres. We further develop a computational ...


Microbiosensors Based On Dna Modified Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube And Pt Black Nanocomposites, Jin Shi, Tae-Gon Cha, Jonathan C. Claussen, Alfred R. Diggs, Jong Hyun Choi, D. Marshall Porterfield Dec 2010

Microbiosensors Based On Dna Modified Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube And Pt Black Nanocomposites, Jin Shi, Tae-Gon Cha, Jonathan C. Claussen, Alfred R. Diggs, Jong Hyun Choi, D. Marshall Porterfield

Jonathan C. Claussen

Glucose and ATP biosensors have important applications in diagnostics and research. Biosensors based on conventional materials suffer from low sensitivity and low spatial resolution. Our previous work has shown that combining single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) with Pt nanoparticles can significantly enhance the performance of electrochemical biosensors. The immobilization of SWCNTs on biosensors remains challenging due to the aqueous insolubility originating from van der Waals forces. In this study, we used single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) to modify SWCNTs to increase solubility in water. This allowed us to explore new schemes of combining ssDNA-SWCNT and Pt black in aqueous media systems. The result ...