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Selected Works

2011

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Articles 1 - 30 of 178

Full-Text Articles in Mechanical Engineering

Simulated Annealing Technique To Design Minimum Cost Exchanger, Nadeem Muhammed Khalfe, Sandip K. Lahiri, Shiv K. Wadhwa Dec 2011

Simulated Annealing Technique To Design Minimum Cost Exchanger, Nadeem Muhammed Khalfe, Sandip K. Lahiri, Shiv K. Wadhwa

Nadeem Khalfe

Owing to the wide utilization of heat exchangers in industrial processes, their cost minimization is an important target for both designers and users. Traditional design approaches are based on iterative procedures which gradually change the design and geometric parameters to satisfy a given heat duty and constraints. Although well proven, this kind of approach is time consuming and may not lead to cost effective design as no cost criteria are explicitly accounted for. The present study explores the use of non-traditional optimization technique called simulated annealing (SA), for design optimization of shell and tube heat exchangers from an economic point ...


Thermodynamic Analysis And Evaluation Of Heat Recovery Through A Canopus Heat Exchanger For Vapour Compression Refrigeration (Vcr) System., Kaushik Sc, Panwar Nl, Siva Reddy V Dec 2011

Thermodynamic Analysis And Evaluation Of Heat Recovery Through A Canopus Heat Exchanger For Vapour Compression Refrigeration (Vcr) System., Kaushik Sc, Panwar Nl, Siva Reddy V

Dr. V. Siva Reddy

This communication deals with the waste heat recovery from the industrial refrigeration and air-conditioning system by introducing Canopus heat exchanger. There is a considerable amount of low-grade heat available in large-capacity systems. To recover this low-grade heat, a Canopus heat exchanger is introduced between compressor and condenser components. The system feasibility is studied with various operating parameters and its effect on heat recovery factor and overall COP of the system. The parametric results obtained for different eco-friendly working fluids, such as R-134a and R-507a, have been presented. It is found that, in general, overall COP of the system is improved ...


Sustainable Development With Renewable Energy Resources: A Review, Panwar Nl, Siva Reddy V, Ranjan Kr Dec 2011

Sustainable Development With Renewable Energy Resources: A Review, Panwar Nl, Siva Reddy V, Ranjan Kr

Dr. V. Siva Reddy

No abstract provided.


A Review Of Baobab (Adansonia Digitata) Products: Effect Of Processing Techniques, Medicinal Properties And Uses, Donatien Kabore, Hagrétou Sawadogo-Lingani, Bréhima Diawara, Clarise Compaoré, Mamoudou H. Dicko Prof., Mogens Jacobsen Dec 2011

A Review Of Baobab (Adansonia Digitata) Products: Effect Of Processing Techniques, Medicinal Properties And Uses, Donatien Kabore, Hagrétou Sawadogo-Lingani, Bréhima Diawara, Clarise Compaoré, Mamoudou H. Dicko Prof., Mogens Jacobsen

Pr. Mamoudou H. DICKO, PhD

A general literature review including the effect of processing techniques, medicinal value and uses of baobab tree is reported in this manuscript. Baobab tree has multi-purpose uses, as it produces food and non-food products such as medicines, fuel, timber, fodder. Every part of the baobab tree is reported to be useful. The seeds, leaves, roots, flowers, fruit pulp and bark of baobab are edible. Baobab leaves are used in the preparation of soup. Seeds are used as a thickening agent in soups, but they can be fermented and used as a flavouring agent or roasted and eaten as snacks. The ...


Modeling The Collagen Fibril Network Of Biological Tissues As A Nonlinearly Elastic Material Using A Continuous Volume Fraction Distribution Function, Reza Shirazi, Pasquale Vena, Robert L. Sah, Stephen M. Klisch Dec 2011

Modeling The Collagen Fibril Network Of Biological Tissues As A Nonlinearly Elastic Material Using A Continuous Volume Fraction Distribution Function, Reza Shirazi, Pasquale Vena, Robert L. Sah, Stephen M. Klisch

Stephen M. Klisch

Despite distinct mechanical functions, biological soft tissues have a common microstructure in which a ground matrix is reinforced by a collagen fibril network. The microstructural properties of the collagen network contribute to continuum mechanical tissue properties that are strongly anisotropic with tensile-compressive asymmetry. In this study, a novel approach based on a continuous distribution of collagen fibril volume fractions is developed to model fibril reinforced soft tissues as nonlinearly elastic and anisotropic material. Compared with other approaches that use a normalized number of fibrils for the definition of the distribution function, this representation is based on a distribution parameter (i ...


Starting Radial Subdiffusion From A Central Point Through A Diverging Medium (A Sphere): Heat-Balance Integral Method, Jordan Hristov Dec 2011

Starting Radial Subdiffusion From A Central Point Through A Diverging Medium (A Sphere): Heat-Balance Integral Method, Jordan Hristov

Jordan Hristov

The work presents an integral solution of the time-fractional subdiffusion equation as alternative approach to those employing hypergeometric functions. The integral solution suggests a preliminary defined profile with unknown coefficients and the concept of penetration (boundary layer) well known from the heat diffusion and hydrodynamics. The profile satisfies the boundary conditions imposed at the boundary of the boundary layer that allows its coefficients to be expressed through the boundary layer depth as unique parameter describing the profile. The technique is demonstrated by a solution of a time fractional radial equation concerning anomalous diffusion from a central point source in a ...


Formation Of Organized Nanostructures From Unstable Bilayers Of Thin Metallic Liquids, Mikhail Khenner, Sagar Yadavali, Ramki Kalyanaraman Dec 2011

Formation Of Organized Nanostructures From Unstable Bilayers Of Thin Metallic Liquids, Mikhail Khenner, Sagar Yadavali, Ramki Kalyanaraman

Mikhail Khenner

Dewetting of pulsed-laser irradiated, thin (< 20 nm), optically reflective metallic bilayers on an optically transparent substrate with a reflective support layer is studied within the lubrication equations model. A steady-state bilayer film thickness (h) dependent temperature profile is derived based on the mean substrate temperature estimated from the elaborate thermal model of transient heating and melting/freezing. Large thermocapillary forces are observed along the plane of the liquid-liquid and liquid-gas interfaces due to this h-dependent temperature, which, in turn, is strongly influenced by the h-dependent laser light reflection and absorption. Consequently the dewetting is a result of the competition between thermocapillary and intermolecular forces. A linear analysis of the dewetting length scales established that the non-isothermal calculations better predict the experimental results as compared to the isothermal case within the bounding Hamaker coefficients. Subsequently, a computational non-linear dynamics study of the dewetting pathway was performed for Ag/Co and Co/Ag bilayer systems to predict the morphology evolution. We found that the systems evolve towards formation of different morphologies, including core-shell, embedded, or stacked nanostructure morphologies.


A Benchmark Study On The Thermal Conductivity Of Nanofluids, Jacopo Buongiorno, David C. Venerus, Naveen Prabhat, Thomas Mckrell, Jessica Townsend, Rebecca J. Christianson, Yuriv V. Tolmachev, Pawel Keblinski, Lin-Wen Hu, Jorge L. Alvarado, In Cheol Bang, Sandra W. Bishnoi, Marco Bonetti, Frank Botz, Anselmo Cecere, Yun Chang, Gang Chen, Haisheng Chen, Sung Jae Chung, Minking K. Chyu, Sarit K. Das, Roberto Di Paola, Yulong Ding, Frank Dubois, Grzegorz Dzido, Jacob Eapen, Werner Escher, Denis Funfschilling, Quentin Galand, Jinwei Gao, Patricia E. Gharagozloo, Kenneth E. Goodson, Jorge Gustavo Gutierrez, Haiping Hong, Mark Horton, Kyo Sik Hwang, Carlo S. Iorio, Seok Pil Jang, Andrzej B. Jarzebski, Yiran Jiang, Stephan Kabelac, Liwen Jin, Aravind Kamath, Mark A. Kedzierski, Lim Geok Kieng, Chongyoup Kim, Ji-Hyun Kim, Seokwon Kim, Seung Hyun Lee, Kai Choong Leong, Indranil Manna, Bruno Michel, Rui Ni, Hrishikesh E. Patel, John Philip, Dimos Poulikakos, Cecil Reynaud, Raffaele Savino, Pawan K. Singh, Pengxiang Song, Thirumalachari Sundararajan, Elena Timofeeva, Todd Tritcak, Aleksandr N. Turanov, Stefan Van Vaerenbergh, Dongsheng Wen, Sanjeeva Witharana, Chun Yang, Wei-Hsun Yeh, Xiao-Zheng Zhao, Sheng-Qi Zhou Dec 2011

A Benchmark Study On The Thermal Conductivity Of Nanofluids, Jacopo Buongiorno, David C. Venerus, Naveen Prabhat, Thomas Mckrell, Jessica Townsend, Rebecca J. Christianson, Yuriv V. Tolmachev, Pawel Keblinski, Lin-Wen Hu, Jorge L. Alvarado, In Cheol Bang, Sandra W. Bishnoi, Marco Bonetti, Frank Botz, Anselmo Cecere, Yun Chang, Gang Chen, Haisheng Chen, Sung Jae Chung, Minking K. Chyu, Sarit K. Das, Roberto Di Paola, Yulong Ding, Frank Dubois, Grzegorz Dzido, Jacob Eapen, Werner Escher, Denis Funfschilling, Quentin Galand, Jinwei Gao, Patricia E. Gharagozloo, Kenneth E. Goodson, Jorge Gustavo Gutierrez, Haiping Hong, Mark Horton, Kyo Sik Hwang, Carlo S. Iorio, Seok Pil Jang, Andrzej B. Jarzebski, Yiran Jiang, Stephan Kabelac, Liwen Jin, Aravind Kamath, Mark A. Kedzierski, Lim Geok Kieng, Chongyoup Kim, Ji-Hyun Kim, Seokwon Kim, Seung Hyun Lee, Kai Choong Leong, Indranil Manna, Bruno Michel, Rui Ni, Hrishikesh E. Patel, John Philip, Dimos Poulikakos, Cecil Reynaud, Raffaele Savino, Pawan K. Singh, Pengxiang Song, Thirumalachari Sundararajan, Elena Timofeeva, Todd Tritcak, Aleksandr N. Turanov, Stefan Van Vaerenbergh, Dongsheng Wen, Sanjeeva Witharana, Chun Yang, Wei-Hsun Yeh, Xiao-Zheng Zhao, Sheng-Qi Zhou

Jessica Townsend

This article reports on the International Nanofluid Property Benchmark Exercise, or INPBE, in which the thermal conductivity of identical samples of colloidally stable dispersions of nanoparticles or “nanofluids,” was measured by over 30 organizations worldwide, using a variety of experimental approaches, including the transient hot wire method, steady-state methods, and optical methods. The nanofluids tested in the exercise were comprised of aqueous and nonaqueous basefluids, metal and metal oxide particles, near-spherical and elongated particles, at low and high particle concentrations. The data analysis reveals that the data from most organizations lie within a relatively narrow band (±10% or less) about ...


A Benchmark Study On The Thermal Conductivity Of Nanofluids, Jacopo Buongiorno, David Venerus, Naveen Prabhat, Thomas Mckrell, Jessica Townsend, Rebecca Christianson, Yuriv Tolmachev, Pawel Keblinski, Lin-Wen Hu, Jorge Alvarado, In Cheol Bang, Sandra Bishnoi, Marco Bonetti, Frank Botz, Anselmo Cecere, Yun Chang, Gang Chen, Haisheng Chen, Sung Jae Chung, Minking Chyu, Sarit Das, Roberto Di Paola, Yulong Ding, Frank Dubois, Grzegorz Dzido, Jacob Eapen, Werner Escher, Denis Funfschilling, Quentin Galand, Jinwei Gao, Patricia Gharagozloo, Kenneth Goodson, Jorge Gutierrez, Haiping Hong, Mark Horton, Kyo Sik Hwang, Carlo Iorio, Seok Pil Jang, Andrzej Jarzebski, Yiran Jiang, Stephan Kabelac, Liwen Jin, Aravind Kamath, Mark Kedzierski, Lim Geok Kieng, Chongyoup Kim, Ji-Hyun Kim, Seokwon Kim, Seung Hyun Lee, Kai Choong Leong, Indranil Manna, Bruno Michel, Rui Ni, Hrishikesh Patel, John Philip, Dimos Poulikakos, Cecil Reynaud, Raffaele Savino, Pawan Singh, Pengxiang Song, Thirumalachari Sundararajan, Elena Timofeeva, Todd Tritcak, Aleksandr Turanov, Stefan Van Vaerenbergh, Dongsheng Wen, Sanjeeva Witharana, Chun Yang, Wei-Hsun Yeh, Xiao-Zheng Zhao, Sheng-Qi Zhou Dec 2011

A Benchmark Study On The Thermal Conductivity Of Nanofluids, Jacopo Buongiorno, David Venerus, Naveen Prabhat, Thomas Mckrell, Jessica Townsend, Rebecca Christianson, Yuriv Tolmachev, Pawel Keblinski, Lin-Wen Hu, Jorge Alvarado, In Cheol Bang, Sandra Bishnoi, Marco Bonetti, Frank Botz, Anselmo Cecere, Yun Chang, Gang Chen, Haisheng Chen, Sung Jae Chung, Minking Chyu, Sarit Das, Roberto Di Paola, Yulong Ding, Frank Dubois, Grzegorz Dzido, Jacob Eapen, Werner Escher, Denis Funfschilling, Quentin Galand, Jinwei Gao, Patricia Gharagozloo, Kenneth Goodson, Jorge Gutierrez, Haiping Hong, Mark Horton, Kyo Sik Hwang, Carlo Iorio, Seok Pil Jang, Andrzej Jarzebski, Yiran Jiang, Stephan Kabelac, Liwen Jin, Aravind Kamath, Mark Kedzierski, Lim Geok Kieng, Chongyoup Kim, Ji-Hyun Kim, Seokwon Kim, Seung Hyun Lee, Kai Choong Leong, Indranil Manna, Bruno Michel, Rui Ni, Hrishikesh Patel, John Philip, Dimos Poulikakos, Cecil Reynaud, Raffaele Savino, Pawan Singh, Pengxiang Song, Thirumalachari Sundararajan, Elena Timofeeva, Todd Tritcak, Aleksandr Turanov, Stefan Van Vaerenbergh, Dongsheng Wen, Sanjeeva Witharana, Chun Yang, Wei-Hsun Yeh, Xiao-Zheng Zhao, Sheng-Qi Zhou

Rebecca J. Christianson

This article reports on the International Nanofluid Property Benchmark Exercise, or INPBE, in which the thermal conductivity of identical samples of colloidally stable dispersions of nanoparticles or “nanofluids,” was measured by over 30 organizations worldwide, using a variety of experimental approaches, including the transient hot wire method, steady-state methods, and optical methods. The nanofluids tested in the exercise were comprised of aqueous and nonaqueous basefluids, metal and metal oxide particles, near-spherical and elongated particles, at low and high particle concentrations. The data analysis reveals that the data from most organizations lie within a relatively narrow band (±10% or less) about ...


New Frontiers In Ocean Exploration: The 2011 E/V Nautilus Field Season, K. Bell, R. Ballard, D. Coleman, C. Roman, M. Brennan, T. Turanli, M. Duman, S. Carey, P. Nomikou, M. Marani, M. Rosi, J. Austin, M. Canals, J. Karson, L. Mayer, Y. Makovsky Dec 2011

New Frontiers In Ocean Exploration: The 2011 E/V Nautilus Field Season, K. Bell, R. Ballard, D. Coleman, C. Roman, M. Brennan, T. Turanli, M. Duman, S. Carey, P. Nomikou, M. Marani, M. Rosi, J. Austin, M. Canals, J. Karson, L. Mayer, Y. Makovsky

Christopher N. Roman

In the summer of 2011, the Exploration Vessel NAUTILUS is undertaking a four-month expedition to the Black, Aegean and Mediterranean Seas, and North Atlantic Ocean. The primary goal of the NAUTILUS is to create a focus of international leadership for the development and integration of leading-edge technologies, educational programs, field operations, and public outreach programs for ocean exploration, in partnership with NOAA, National Geographic Society, Office of Naval Research, and other sponsors. To do so, the program uses a complement of deep submergence vehicle systems and “telepresence” technologies to engage scientists, educators and the public, both at sea and ashore ...


High Resolution Sea Floor Bathymetry Using High Frequency Multibeam Sonar And Structured Light Laser Imaging, C. Roman, G. Inglis, C. Smart, I. Vaughn, S. Carey Dec 2011

High Resolution Sea Floor Bathymetry Using High Frequency Multibeam Sonar And Structured Light Laser Imaging, C. Roman, G. Inglis, C. Smart, I. Vaughn, S. Carey

Christopher N. Roman

Detailed bathymetric maps of the sea floor with centimeter level resolution can be produced by underwater vehicles using multibeam sonars and structured light laser imaging. Over spatial scales up to tens of thousands of square meters it is possible to produce maps gridded to sub centimeter levels. This level of accuracy demands detailed treatments of the sensor relative data, the vehicle navigation data and the vehicle to sensor position and rotational offsets. The presented results will show comparisons between these two sensor modalities. Data have a been collected during recent field programs to the Kolumbo volcanic crater and the Southern ...


Remote Analysis Of Grain Size Characteristic In Submarine Pyroclastic Deposits From Kolumbo Volcano, Greece, C. Smart, D. P. Whitesell, C. Roman, S. Carey Dec 2011

Remote Analysis Of Grain Size Characteristic In Submarine Pyroclastic Deposits From Kolumbo Volcano, Greece, C. Smart, D. P. Whitesell, C. Roman, S. Carey

Christopher N. Roman

Grain size characteristics of pyroclastic deposits provide valuable information about source eruption energetics and depositional processes. Maximum size and sorting are often used to discriminate between fallout and sediment gravity flow processes during explosive eruptions. In the submarine environment the collection of such data in thick pyroclastic sequences is extremely challenging and potentially time consuming. A method has been developed to extract grain size information from stereo images collected by a remotely operated vehicle (ROV). In the summer of 2010 the ROV Hercules collected a suite of stereo images from a thick pumice sequence in the caldera walls of Kolumbo ...


Detection Of Diffuse Sea Floor Venting Using Structured Light Imaging, G. Inglis, C. Smart, C. Roman, S. Carey Dec 2011

Detection Of Diffuse Sea Floor Venting Using Structured Light Imaging, G. Inglis, C. Smart, C. Roman, S. Carey

Christopher N. Roman

Efficiently identifying and localizing diffuse sea floor venting at hydrothermal and cold seep sites is often difficult. Actively venting fluids are usually identified by a temperature induced optical shimmering seen during direct visual inspections or in video data collected by vehicles working close to the sea floor. Relying on such direct methods complicates establishing spatial relations between areas within a survey covering a broad area. Our recent work with a structured light laser system has shown that venting can also be detected in the image data in an automated fashion. A structured light laser system consists of a camera and ...


Development Of A Compression Test Device For Investigating Interaction Between Diffusion Of Biodiesel And Large Deformation In Rubber Dec 2011

Development Of A Compression Test Device For Investigating Interaction Between Diffusion Of Biodiesel And Large Deformation In Rubber

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Motivated by environmental and economic factors, biodiesel has been introduced to partially replace the diminishing stock of petroleum-based fuel. However, the use of biodiesel such as palm biodiesel is placing additional demands on automotive components, e.g. rubber components, due to a compatibility issue in the fuel system. In engineering applications where hostile environments are involved, the long-term mechanical response of rubber components is affected by interactions existed between diffusion of liquids into the material and fluctuating multiaxial loading. Hence, it is crucial to investigate the durability of rubber components in this aggressive environment. A number of studies on static ...


23 - از بين بردن بافتهاي سرطاني به وسيله امواج فراصوت کانوني با شدت بالا, Roya Samanipour, Mehdi Maerefat, Manizheh Mokhtari-Dizaji, Alireza Zolfaghari Dec 2011

23 - از بين بردن بافتهاي سرطاني به وسيله امواج فراصوت کانوني با شدت بالا, Roya Samanipour, Mehdi Maerefat, Manizheh Mokhtari-Dizaji, Alireza Zolfaghari

Dr Alireza Zolfaghari

No abstract provided.


Designing Carbon Taxation Schemes For Automobiles: A Simulation Exercise For Germany, Adamos Adamou, Sofronis Clerides, Theodoros Zachariadis Dec 2011

Designing Carbon Taxation Schemes For Automobiles: A Simulation Exercise For Germany, Adamos Adamou, Sofronis Clerides, Theodoros Zachariadis

Theodoros Zachariadis

Vehicle taxation based on CO2 emissions is increasingly being adopted worldwide in order to shift consumer purchases to low-carbon cars, yet little is known about the effectiveness and overall economic impact of these schemes. We focus on feebate schemes, which impose a fee on high-carbon vehicles and give a rebate to purchasers of low-carbon automobiles. We estimate a discrete choice model of demand for automobiles in Germany and simulate the impact of alternative feebate schemes on emissions, consumer welfare, public revenues and firm profits. The analysis shows that a well-designed scheme can lead to emission reductions without reducing overall welfare.


Development Of A Compression Test Device For Investigating Interaction Between Diffusion Of Biodiesel And Large Deformation In Rubber, Haseeb Asma Dec 2011

Development Of A Compression Test Device For Investigating Interaction Between Diffusion Of Biodiesel And Large Deformation In Rubber, Haseeb Asma

Haseeb ASMA

Motivated by environmental and economic factors, biodiesel has been introduced to partially replace the diminishing stock of petroleum-based fuel. However, the use of biodiesel such as palm biodiesel is placing additional demands on automotive components, e.g. rubber components, due to a compatibility issue in the fuel system. In engineering applications where hostile environments are involved, the long-term mechanical response of rubber components is affected by interactions existed between diffusion of liquids into the material and fluctuating multiaxial loading. Hence, it is crucial to investigate the durability of rubber components in this aggressive environment. A number of studies on static ...


Lectio Praecursoria, Kari Myöhänen Dec 2011

Lectio Praecursoria, Kari Myöhänen

Kari Myöhänen

Lectio praecursoria: Modelling of combustion and sorbent reactions in three-dimensional flow environment of a circulating fluidized bed furnace


Transient Flow Of A Generalized Second Grade Fluid Due To A Constant Surface Shear Stress: An Approximate Integral-Balance Solution, Jordan Hristov Dec 2011

Transient Flow Of A Generalized Second Grade Fluid Due To A Constant Surface Shear Stress: An Approximate Integral-Balance Solution, Jordan Hristov

Jordan Hristov

Integral balance solution to start-up problem of a second grade viscoelastic fluid caused by a constant surface stress at the surface has been developed by an entire-domain parabolic profile with an unspecified exponent. The closed form solution explicitly defines two dimensionless similarity variables ξ = y ν t and 2 D0 p t= χ = ν β , responsible for the viscous and the elastic responses of the fluid to the step jump at the boundary. Numerical simulations demonstrating the effect of the various operating parameter and fluid properties on the developed flow filed, as well comparison with the existing exact solutions have ...


A Theoretical Analysis Of The Capture Of Greenhouse Gases By Single Water Droplet At Atmospheric And Elevated Pressures, Wei-Hsin Chen Nov 2011

A Theoretical Analysis Of The Capture Of Greenhouse Gases By Single Water Droplet At Atmospheric And Elevated Pressures, Wei-Hsin Chen

Wei-Hsin Chen

No abstract provided.


A Simplified Model Of Predicting So2 Absorption By Single Atmospheric Raindrops With Chemical Dissociation And Internal Circulation, Wei-Hsin Chen Nov 2011

A Simplified Model Of Predicting So2 Absorption By Single Atmospheric Raindrops With Chemical Dissociation And Internal Circulation, Wei-Hsin Chen

Wei-Hsin Chen

No abstract provided.


Turbine, Vijaya Krushna Varma Mr Nov 2011

Turbine, Vijaya Krushna Varma Mr

VIJAYA KRUSHNA VARMA Mr

Varma designed ultra modern and high efficiency turbines which can use gas, steam or fuels as feed to produce electricity or mechanical work for wide range of usages and applications in industries or at work sites. Varma turbine engines can be used in all types of vehicles. These turbines can also be used in aircraft, ships, battle tanks, dredgers, mining equipment, earth moving machines etc, Salient features of Varma Turbines. 1. Varma turbines are simple in design, easy to manufacture, easy to operate and maintain. 2. Varma turbines are less expensive. 3. Varma turbines have a great power to weight ...


Dynamic Properties Of Railway Track And Its Components : A State-Of-The-Art Review, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Alexander Remennikov Nov 2011

Dynamic Properties Of Railway Track And Its Components : A State-Of-The-Art Review, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Alexander Remennikov

Alex Remennikov

Recent findings indicate one of major causes of damages, which is attributed to the resonant behaviours, in a railway track and its components. Basically, when a railway track is excited to generalised dynamic loading, the railway track deforms and then vibrates for certain duration. Dynamic responses of the railway track and its components are the key to evaluate the structural capacity of railway track and its components. If a dynamic loading resonates the railway track’s dynamic responses, its components tend to have the significant damage from excessive dynamic stresses. For example, a rail vibration could lead to defects in ...


A Study Of Solder Joint Failure Criteria, Jianbiao Pan, Julie Silk Nov 2011

A Study Of Solder Joint Failure Criteria, Jianbiao Pan, Julie Silk

Jianbiao Pan

One of the challenges in an experimental study of solder joint reliability is to determine when cracks occur in a solder joint or when a solder joint fails. Cracks in a real solder joint are difficult to identify using an X-Ray system. Cross-sectioning and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is a destructive method. A common non-destructive test method is to monitor resistance increase in a solder joint or a daisy-chain. However, no scientific research has been done in establishing the relationship between the crack area of an interconnection and the change in resistance of the interconnection. This paper proposes a method ...


Effect Of Gold Content On The Microstructural Evolution Of Sac305 Solder Joints Under Isothermal Aging, Mike Powers, Jianbiao Pan, Julie Silk, Patrick Hyland Nov 2011

Effect Of Gold Content On The Microstructural Evolution Of Sac305 Solder Joints Under Isothermal Aging, Mike Powers, Jianbiao Pan, Julie Silk, Patrick Hyland

Jianbiao Pan

Au over Ni on Cu is a widely used printed circuit board (PCB) surface finish, under bump metallization (UBM), and component lead metallization. It is generally accepted that less than 3 wt.% Au in Sn-Pb solder joints inhibits formation of detrimental intermetallic compounds (IMC). However, the critical limit for Au content in Pb-free solder joints is not well established. Three surface-mount package platforms, one with a matte Sn surface finish and the others with Ni/Au finish, were soldered to Ni/Au-finished PCB using Sn-3.0Ag- 0.5Cu (SAC305) solder, in a realistic manufacturing setting. The assembled boards were divided ...


Ductile Regime Single Point Diamond Turning Of Quartz Resulting In An Improved And Damage-Free Surface, John Patten Nov 2011

Ductile Regime Single Point Diamond Turning Of Quartz Resulting In An Improved And Damage-Free Surface, John Patten

john a patten

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Different Corrosion Inhibitors On The Corrosion Of Cast Iron In Palm Biodiesel Nov 2011

Effect Of Different Corrosion Inhibitors On The Corrosion Of Cast Iron In Palm Biodiesel

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Biodiesel is currently in regular use as an alternative fuel over conventional petroleum diesel. However, corrosion of automotive materials is one of the concerns related to biodiesel compatibility issues. In addition, auto-oxidation of biodiesel can also enhance the corrosiveness of biodiesel. The present study aims to investigate inhibition effect of ethylenediamine (EDA), n-butylamine (nBA), tert-butylamine (TBA) against corrosion of cast iron. Static immersion tests in biodiesel in the presence (100 ppm) and absence of different corrosion inhibitors were carried out at room temperature for 1200 hours. At the end of the test, corrosion characteristic was investigated by weight loss measurements ...


Effect Of Different Corrosion Inhibitors On The Corrosion Of Cast Iron In Palm Biodiesel Nov 2011

Effect Of Different Corrosion Inhibitors On The Corrosion Of Cast Iron In Palm Biodiesel

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Biodiesel is currently in regular use as an alternative fuel over conventional petroleum diesel. However, corrosion of automotive materials is one of the concerns related to biodiesel compatibility issues. In addition, auto-oxidation of biodiesel can also enhance the corrosiveness of biodiesel. The present study aims to investigate inhibition effect of ethylenediamine (EDA), n-butylamine (nBA), tert-butylamine (TBA) against corrosion of cast iron. Static immersion tests in biodiesel in the presence (100 ppm) and absence of different corrosion inhibitors were carried out at room temperature for 1200 hours. At the end of the test, corrosion characteristic was investigated by weight loss measurements ...


Effect Of Different Corrosion Inhibitors On The Corrosion Of Cast Iron In Palm Biodiesel, Haseeb Asma Nov 2011

Effect Of Different Corrosion Inhibitors On The Corrosion Of Cast Iron In Palm Biodiesel, Haseeb Asma

Haseeb ASMA

Biodiesel is currently in regular use as an alternative fuel over conventional petroleum diesel. However, corrosion of automotive materials is one of the concerns related to biodiesel compatibility issues. In addition, auto-oxidation of biodiesel can also enhance the corrosiveness of biodiesel. The present study aims to investigate inhibition effect of ethylenediamine (EDA), n-butylamine (nBA), tert-butylamine (TBA) against corrosion of cast iron. Static immersion tests in biodiesel in the presence (100 ppm) and absence of different corrosion inhibitors were carried out at room temperature for 1200 hours. At the end of the test, corrosion characteristic was investigated by weight loss measurements ...


Response Characterization Of Electroactive Polymers As Mechanical Sensors, G. Alici, Geoffrey M. Spinks, J. D. Madden, Y. Wu, G G. Wallace Oct 2011

Response Characterization Of Electroactive Polymers As Mechanical Sensors, G. Alici, Geoffrey M. Spinks, J. D. Madden, Y. Wu, G G. Wallace

Gordon Wallace

The characterization of the dynamic response (including transfer function identification) of trilayer polypyrrole (PPy) type conducting polymer sensors is presented. The sensor was built like a cantilever beam with the free end stimulated through a mechanical lever system, which provided displacement inputs. The voltage generated and current passing between the two outer PPy layers as a result of the input was measured to model the output/input behavior of the sensors based on their experimental current/displacement and voltage/displacement frequency responses. We specifically targeted the low-frequency behavior of the sensor as it is a relatively slowsystem. Experimental transfer function ...