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Full-Text Articles in Other Computer Engineering

Effect Of Cyber Vulnerabilities On The Adoption Of Self-Driving Vehicles – A Review, Vidhi Shah Jan 2023

Effect Of Cyber Vulnerabilities On The Adoption Of Self-Driving Vehicles – A Review, Vidhi Shah

International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

One of the leading disruptive technologies in the upcoming technological revolution is Self-Driving vehicles. However, the absence of security is the greatest obstacle to adoption. This study looks at how cybersecurity impacts the adoption of driverless cars. The purpose of this paper is to perform a literature review supporting the in-depth analysis of cybersecurity and its impacts on the slower adoption rate of Self-Driving Vehicles. The study's primary goal is to determine the connection between worries about cybersecurity and the rate of adoption of self-driving vehicles. Driverless vehicles are the most effective and cutting-edge technology in the transportation sector, yet …


Completeness Of Nominal Props, Samuel Balco, Alexander Kurz Jan 2023

Completeness Of Nominal Props, Samuel Balco, Alexander Kurz

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

We introduce nominal string diagrams as string diagrams internal in the category of nominal sets. This leads us to define nominal PROPs and nominal monoidal theories. We show that the categories of ordinary PROPs and nominal PROPs are equivalent. This equivalence is then extended to symmetric monoidal theories and nominal monoidal theories, which allows us to transfer completeness results between ordinary and nominal calculi for string diagrams.


Data Integration Based Human Activity Recognition Using Deep Learning Models, Basamma Umesh Patil, D V Ashoka, Ajay Prakash B. V Jan 2023

Data Integration Based Human Activity Recognition Using Deep Learning Models, Basamma Umesh Patil, D V Ashoka, Ajay Prakash B. V

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Regular monitoring of physical activities such as walking, jogging, sitting, and standing will help reduce the risk of many diseases like cardiovascular complications, obesity, and diabetes. Recently, much research showed that the effective development of Human Activity Recognition (HAR) will help in monitoring the physical activities of people and aid in human healthcare. In this concern, deep learning models with a novel automated hyperparameter generator are proposed and implemented to predict human activities such as walking, jogging, walking upstairs, walking downstairs, sitting, and standing more precisely and robustly. Conventional HAR systems are unable to manage real-time changes in the surrounding …


A Literature Review On Agile Methodologies Quality, Extreme Programming And Scrum, Naglaa A. Eldanasory, Engy Yehia, Amira M. Idrees Jan 2023

A Literature Review On Agile Methodologies Quality, Extreme Programming And Scrum, Naglaa A. Eldanasory, Engy Yehia, Amira M. Idrees

Future Computing and Informatics Journal

most applied methods in the software development industry. However, agile methodologies face some challenges such as less documentation and wasting time considering changes. This review presents how the previous studies attempted to cover issues of agile methodologies and the modifications in the performance of agile methodologies. The paper also highlights unresolved issues to get the attention of developers, researchers, and software practitioners.


Improving Developers' Understanding Of Regex Denial Of Service Tools Through Anti-Patterns And Fix Strategies, Sk Adnan Hassan, Zainab Aamir, Dongyoon Lee, James C. Davis, Francisco Servant Jan 2023

Improving Developers' Understanding Of Regex Denial Of Service Tools Through Anti-Patterns And Fix Strategies, Sk Adnan Hassan, Zainab Aamir, Dongyoon Lee, James C. Davis, Francisco Servant

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Regular expressions are used for diverse purposes, including input validation and firewalls. Unfortunately, they can also lead to a security vulnerability called ReDoS (Regular Expression Denial of Service), caused by a super-linear worst-case execution time during regex matching. Due to the severity and prevalence of ReDoS, past work proposed automatic tools to detect and fix regexes. Although these tools were evaluated in automatic experiments, their usability has not yet been studied; usability has not been a focus of prior work. Our insight is that the usability of existing tools to detect and fix regexes will improve if we complement them …


Max Fit Event Management With Salesforce, Akshay Dagwar Jan 2023

Max Fit Event Management With Salesforce, Akshay Dagwar

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

MAX FIT Gym is looking for an event management software program to help manage activities very efficiently, along with attendees and environmental statistics. The event management program is developed and deployed using the Salesforce platform. MAX FIT can efficiently create, edit, and remove events and send email alerts to clients. This task operated on opportunities captured under MAX FIT, including all clients, and prepared information in the Salesforce cloud. This also includes product inventory with various varieties of protein products, and business owners can also add more products to their inventory. In the event management program, the event addresses within …


The Evolution Of Gendered Software: Products, Scientific Reasoning, Criticism, And Tools, Victoria A. E. Kratel Dec 2022

The Evolution Of Gendered Software: Products, Scientific Reasoning, Criticism, And Tools, Victoria A. E. Kratel

Human-Machine Communication

Over the past 7 decades, gendered software has become globally established. In this theoretical distribution, I outline the evolution of gendered software. The journey of gendered software started with the raw idea fueled by Alan Turing’s imitation game in the 1950s. And only shortly thereafter, in the 1960s and 1970s, the first gendered software products like Joseph Weizenbaum’s ELIZA were developed. Thus, academia took its time to not only explore technological aspects, but to further investigate the matter of gender in the 1990s CASA-paradigm (Nass et al., 1994) and Media Equation (Reeves & Nass, 1996). As these theories reasoned the …


Do People Perceive Alexa As Gendered? A Cross-Cultural Study Of People’S Perceptions, Expectations, And Desires Of Alexa, Leopoldina Fortunati, Autumn P. Edwards, Anna Maria Manganelli, Chad Edwards, Federico De Luca Dec 2022

Do People Perceive Alexa As Gendered? A Cross-Cultural Study Of People’S Perceptions, Expectations, And Desires Of Alexa, Leopoldina Fortunati, Autumn P. Edwards, Anna Maria Manganelli, Chad Edwards, Federico De Luca

Human-Machine Communication

Mainly, the scholarly debate on Alexa has focused on sexist/anti-woman gender representations in the everyday life of many families, on a cluster of themes such as privacy, insecurity, and trust, and on the world of education and health. This paper takes another stance and explores via online survey methodology how university student respondents in two countries (the United States, n = 333; and Italy, n = 322) perceive Alexa’s image and gender, what they expect from this voice-based assistant, and how they would like Alexa to be. Results of a free association exercise showed that Alexa’s image was scarcely embodied …


Machine Learning Approach To Investigate Ev Battery Characteristics, Shayan Falahatdoost Dec 2022

Machine Learning Approach To Investigate Ev Battery Characteristics, Shayan Falahatdoost

Major Papers

The main factor influencing an electric vehicle’s range is its battery. Battery electric vehicles experience driving range reduction in low temperatures. This range reduction results from the heating demand for the cabin and recuperation limits by the braking system. Due to the lack of an internal combustion engine-style heat source, electric vehicles' heating system demands a significant amount of energy. This energy is supplied by the battery and results in driving range reduction. Moreover, Due to the battery's low temperature in cold weather, the charging process through recuperation is limited. This limitation of recuperation is caused by the low reaction …


Behavioral Biometrics-Based Continuous User Authentication, Sanket Vilas Salunke Dec 2022

Behavioral Biometrics-Based Continuous User Authentication, Sanket Vilas Salunke

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The field of cybersecurity is exploring new ways to defend against cyber-attacks, including a technique called continuous user authentication. This method uses keystroke (typing) data to continuously match the user's typing pattern with patterns previously recorded using artificial intelligence (AI) to identify the user. While this approach has the potential to improve security, it also has some challenges, including the time it takes to register a user, the performance of machine learning algorithms on real-world data, and latency within the system. In this study, the researchers proposed solutions to these issues by using transfer learning to reduce user registration time, …


A Comparative Study On Blockchain-Based Electronic Health Record Systems: Performance, Privacy, And Security Between Hyperledger Fabric And Ethereum Frameworks, Md Jobair Hossain Faruk, Hossain Shahriar, Maria Valero, Xia Li Dec 2022

A Comparative Study On Blockchain-Based Electronic Health Record Systems: Performance, Privacy, And Security Between Hyperledger Fabric And Ethereum Frameworks, Md Jobair Hossain Faruk, Hossain Shahriar, Maria Valero, Xia Li

Master of Science in Software Engineering Theses

Traditional data collection, storage, and processing of Electronic Health Records (EHR) utilize centralized techniques that pose several risks of single point of failure and lean the systems to a number of internal and external data breaches that compromise their reliability and availability. Addressing the challenges of conventional database techniques and improving the overall aspects of EHR application, blockchain technology is being evaluated to find a possible solution. Blockchain refers to an emerging distributed technology and incorruptible database of records or digital events which execute, validate, and maintain by a ledger technology to provide an immutable architecture and prevent records manipulation …


Comparing Importance Of Knowledge And Professional Skill Areas For Engineering Programming Utilizing A Two Group Delphi Survey, John F. Hutton, John F. Hutton Dec 2022

Comparing Importance Of Knowledge And Professional Skill Areas For Engineering Programming Utilizing A Two Group Delphi Survey, John F. Hutton, John F. Hutton

Theses and Dissertations

All engineering careers require some level of programming proficiency. However, beginning programming classes are challenging for many students. Difficulties have been well-documented and contribute to high drop-out rates which prevent students from pursuing engineering. While many approaches have been tried to improve the performance of students and reduce the dropout rate, continued work is needed. This research seeks to re-examine what items are critical for programming education and how those might inform what is taught in introductory programming classes (CS1). Following trends coming from accreditation and academic boards on the importance of professional skills, we desire to rank knowledge and …


A Study Of Heart Disease Diagnosis Using Machine Learning And Data Mining, Intisar Ahmed Dec 2022

A Study Of Heart Disease Diagnosis Using Machine Learning And Data Mining, Intisar Ahmed

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for people around the world today. Diagnosis for various forms of heart disease can be detected with numerous medical tests, however, predicting heart disease without such tests is very difficult. Machine learning can help process medical big data and provide hidden knowledge which otherwise would not be possible with the naked eye. The aim of this project is to explore how machine learning algorithms can be used in predicting heart disease by building an optimized model. The research questions are; 1) What Machine learning algorithms are used in the diagnosis of heart …


Lung Cancer Type Classification, Mohit Ramajibhai Ankoliya Dec 2022

Lung Cancer Type Classification, Mohit Ramajibhai Ankoliya

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Lung cancer is the third most common cancer in the U.S. This research focuses on classifying lung cancer cells based on their tumor cell, shape, and biological traits in images automatically obtained by passing through the

convolutional layers. Additionally, I classify whether the lung cell is adenocarcinoma, large cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, or normal cell carcinoma. The benefit of this classification is an accurate prognosis, leading to patients receiving proper therapy. The Lung Cancer CT(Computed Tomography) image dataset from Kaggle has been drawn with 1000 CT images of various types of lung cancer. Two state-of-the-art convolutional neural networks (CNNs) …


Effects Of Surface Noise On Printing Artifacts: An Artistic Approach To Hiding Print Artifacts, Samuel New Dec 2022

Effects Of Surface Noise On Printing Artifacts: An Artistic Approach To Hiding Print Artifacts, Samuel New

All Theses

This research focuses on improving the quality of Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) 3D printing by using fractal noise to mask certain print artifacts (e.g. layer lines and stair-stepping). The use of textures is quite common in digital sculpting for aesthetic reasons. This study focuses on finding specific textures that minimize visible 3D print artifacts.


The Effects Of Virtual Reality On Mental Health Software User Satisfaction And Retention, William Hooten Dec 2022

The Effects Of Virtual Reality On Mental Health Software User Satisfaction And Retention, William Hooten

Honors Theses

Mental health issues have become increasingly important in today's society. With that being said, researchers and consumers are looking for new ways to manage and treat mental health using new technologies in labs and the consumer space. This innovation has led to the presence of mobile self-help mental health applications, applications for peoples’ phones that are used to manage symptoms of mental health problems, such as depression and anxiety, track goals, meditate, and more. However, mobile mental health applications, and mobile applications in general, have a problem concerning user satisfaction and overall user retention – studies have shown that 95% …


Large Genomes Assembly Using Mapreduce Framework, Yuehua Zhang Dec 2022

Large Genomes Assembly Using Mapreduce Framework, Yuehua Zhang

All Dissertations

Knowing the genome sequence of an organism is the essential step toward understanding its genomic and genetic characteristics. Currently, whole genome shotgun (WGS) sequencing is the most widely used genome sequencing technique to determine the entire DNA sequence of an organism. Recent advances in next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques have enabled biologists to generate large DNA sequences in a high-throughput and low-cost way. However, the assembly of NGS reads faces significant challenges due to short reads and an enormously high volume of data. Despite recent progress in genome assembly, current NGS assemblers cannot generate high-quality results or efficiently handle large genomes …


Device Free Indoor Localization Of Human Target Using Wifi Fingerprinting, Prasanga Neupane Oct 2022

Device Free Indoor Localization Of Human Target Using Wifi Fingerprinting, Prasanga Neupane

LSU Master's Theses

Indoor localization of human objects has many important applications nowadays. Proposed here is a new device free approach where all the transceiver devices are fixed in an indoor environment so that the human target doesn't need to carry any transceiver device with them. This work proposes radio-frequency fingerprinting for the localization of human targets which makes this even more convenient as radio-frequency wireless signals can be easily acquired using an existing wireless network in an indoor environment. This work explores different avenues for optimal and effective placement of transmitter devices for better localization. In this work, an experimental environment is …


An Evaluation Framework For Digital Image Forensics Tools, Zainab Khalid, Sana Qadir Oct 2022

An Evaluation Framework For Digital Image Forensics Tools, Zainab Khalid, Sana Qadir

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

The boom of digital cameras, photography, and social media has drastically changed how humans live their day-to-day, but this normalization is accompanied by malicious agents finding new ways to forge and tamper with images for unlawful monetary (or other) gains. Disinformation in the photographic media realm is an urgent threat. The availability of a myriad of image editing tools renders it almost impossible to differentiate between photo-realistic and original images. The tools available for image forensics require a standard framework against which they can be evaluated. Such a standard framework can aid in evaluating the suitability of an image forensics …


Towards Qos-Based Embedded Machine Learning, Tom Springer, Erik Linstead, Peiyi Zhao, Chelsea Parlett-Pelleriti Oct 2022

Towards Qos-Based Embedded Machine Learning, Tom Springer, Erik Linstead, Peiyi Zhao, Chelsea Parlett-Pelleriti

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

Due to various breakthroughs and advancements in machine learning and computer architectures, machine learning models are beginning to proliferate through embedded platforms. Some of these machine learning models cover a range of applications including computer vision, speech recognition, healthcare efficiency, industrial IoT, robotics and many more. However, there is a critical limitation in implementing ML algorithms efficiently on embedded platforms: the computational and memory expense of many machine learning models can make them unsuitable in resource-constrained environments. Therefore, to efficiently implement these memory-intensive and computationally expensive algorithms in an embedded computing environment, innovative resource management techniques are required at the …


An Empirical Analysis Of Cluster-Based Routing Protocols In Wireless Sensor Network, S K Jawed Alli, Sudhir Kumar Senapati Sep 2022

An Empirical Analysis Of Cluster-Based Routing Protocols In Wireless Sensor Network, S K Jawed Alli, Sudhir Kumar Senapati

International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are utilized for condition monitoring, developing the board, following animals or goods, social protection, transportation, and house frameworks. WSNs are revolutionizing research. A WSN includes a large number of sensor nodes, or bits, in the application. Bits outfitted with the application's sensors acquire nature data and send it to at least one sink center (in like manner called base stations). This article simulates energy-efficient network initialization strategies using simulation models. First, an overview of network initiation and exploration procedures in wireless ad-hoc networks is provided. The clustering-based routing strategy was selected since it's best for ad-hoc …


Deception Detection Across Domains, Languages And Modalities, Subhadarshi Panda Sep 2022

Deception Detection Across Domains, Languages And Modalities, Subhadarshi Panda

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

With the increase of deception and misinformation especially in social media, it has become crucial to develop machine learning methods to automatically identify deception. In this dissertation, we identify key challenges underlying text-based deception detection in a cross-domain setting, where we do not have training data in the target domain. We analyze the differences between domains and as a result develop methods to improve cross-domain deception detection. We additionally develop approaches that take advantage of cross-lingual properties to support deception detection across languages. This involves the usage of either multilingual NLP models or translation models. Finally, to better understand multi-modal …


Anonymization & Generation Of Network Packet Datasets Using Deep Learning, Spencer K. Vecile Aug 2022

Anonymization & Generation Of Network Packet Datasets Using Deep Learning, Spencer K. Vecile

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Corporate networks are constantly bombarded by malicious actors trying to gain access. The current state of the art in protecting networks is deep learning-based intrusion detection systems (IDS). However, for an IDS to be effective it needs to be trained on a good dataset. The best datasets for training an IDS are real data captured from large corporate networks. Unfortunately, companies cannot release their network data due to privacy concerns creating a lack of public cybersecurity data. In this thesis I take a novel approach to network dataset anonymization using character-level LSTM models to learn the characteristics of a dataset; …


Internet Of Things Brings Revolution In Ehealth: Achievements And Challenges, Ibanga Kpereobong Friday, Debasish Swapnesh Kumar Nayak, Sashikanta Prusty Aug 2022

Internet Of Things Brings Revolution In Ehealth: Achievements And Challenges, Ibanga Kpereobong Friday, Debasish Swapnesh Kumar Nayak, Sashikanta Prusty

International Journal of Smart Sensor and Adhoc Network

The medical field has benefited greatly from the technological revolution around our world, as well as the introduction of artificial intelligence (AI) and the Internet of Things (IoT). IoT aims to make life easier and more convenient by bridging the various gaps in connecting various devices that people employ. A wide range of applications and technologies, including wearable device development, advanced care services, personalized care packages, and remote patient monitoring, benefit healthcare professionals and patients. These technologies gave rise to new terms such as the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT), the Internet of Health Things (IoHT), e-Health, and telemedicine. With …


Automated Identification Of Astronauts On Board The International Space Station: A Case Study In Space Archaeology, Rao Hamza Ali, Amir Kanan Kashefi, Alice C. Gorman, Justin St. P. Walsh, Erik J. Linstead Aug 2022

Automated Identification Of Astronauts On Board The International Space Station: A Case Study In Space Archaeology, Rao Hamza Ali, Amir Kanan Kashefi, Alice C. Gorman, Justin St. P. Walsh, Erik J. Linstead

Art Faculty Articles and Research

We develop and apply a deep learning-based computer vision pipeline to automatically identify crew members in archival photographic imagery taken on-board the International Space Station. Our approach is able to quickly tag thousands of images from public and private photo repositories without human supervision with high degrees of accuracy, including photographs where crew faces are partially obscured. Using the results of our pipeline, we carry out a large-scale network analysis of the crew, using the imagery data to provide novel insights into the social interactions among crew during their missions.


Educación Transmoderna Y Translocal Desde El Medit. Visión De La Facultad De Ingeniería, Jairo Eduardo Marquez, Arles Prieto Moreno, Misael Fernando Perilla Benítez, Diana Pilar Quitian Bernal, Dayana Catalina Medina Sandoval, José Manuel Higuera Aparicio Aug 2022

Educación Transmoderna Y Translocal Desde El Medit. Visión De La Facultad De Ingeniería, Jairo Eduardo Marquez, Arles Prieto Moreno, Misael Fernando Perilla Benítez, Diana Pilar Quitian Bernal, Dayana Catalina Medina Sandoval, José Manuel Higuera Aparicio

Ingeniería

La Universidad de Cundinamarca dentro de su quehacer académico e investigativo, busca cambiar el paradigma de la educación superior tradicional a través del Modelo Educativo Digital Transmoderno (MEDIT); el cual está acompañado por diversos elementos que contribuyen a una formación integral del educando, viéndolo como una persona para la vida, inculcando valores democráticos, civilidad y libertad, conjugados con lo que se ha llegado a denominar como campos multidimensionales de aprendizaje; que permiten vislumbrar un sinnúmero de posibilidades formativas para una educación contemporánea vista desde la traslocalidad y transmodernidad. Bajo esta mirada, el presente libro muestra los resultados de la colaboración …


A Digital Healthcare Application For Patient Monitoring And Assessment, Brandon Shumin Aug 2022

A Digital Healthcare Application For Patient Monitoring And Assessment, Brandon Shumin

All Theses

The COVID-19 pandemic strained our healthcare resources and exacerbated the existing issues of primary care shortages and burnout rates for healthcare professionals. Due in part to these factors, telehealth has seen more wide-spread use during this time. However, current asynchronous telehealth applications require stable Internet to function fully. Since many medically underserved populations in the United States lack Internet access in their homes, an application that offers patient monitoring and assessment could extend their access to medical resources. This work proposes such a digital healthcare application for iOS devices and evaluates it based on the system requirements of availability, data …


Classifying Toe Walking Gait Patterns Among Children Diagnosed With Idiopathic Toe Walking Using Wearable Sensors And Machine Learning Algorithms, Rahul Soangra, Yuxin Wen, Hualin Yang, Marybeth Grant-Beuttler Jul 2022

Classifying Toe Walking Gait Patterns Among Children Diagnosed With Idiopathic Toe Walking Using Wearable Sensors And Machine Learning Algorithms, Rahul Soangra, Yuxin Wen, Hualin Yang, Marybeth Grant-Beuttler

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

Idiopathic toe walking (ITW) is a gait abnormality in which children’s toes touch at initial contact and demonstrate limited or no heel contact throughout the gait cycle. Toe walking results in poor balance, increased risk of falling, and developmental delays among children. Identifying toe walking steps during walking can facilitate targeted intervention among children diagnosed with ITW. With recent advances in wearable sensing, communication technologies, and machine learning, new avenues of managing toe walking behavior among children are feasible. In this study, we investigate the capabilities of Machine Learning (ML) algorithms in identifying initial foot contact (heel strike versus toe …


Addressing The "Leaky Pipeline": A Review And Categorisation Of Actions To Recruit And Retain Women In Computing Education, Alina Berry, Susan Mckeever, Brenda Murphy, Sarah Jane Delany Jul 2022

Addressing The "Leaky Pipeline": A Review And Categorisation Of Actions To Recruit And Retain Women In Computing Education, Alina Berry, Susan Mckeever, Brenda Murphy, Sarah Jane Delany

Conference papers

Gender imbalance in computing education is a well-known issue around the world. For example, in the UK and Ireland, less than 20% of the student population in computer science, ICT and related disciplines are women. Similar figures are seen in the labour force in the field across the EU. The term "leaky pipeline"; is often used to describe the lack of retention of women before they progress to senior roles. Numerous initiatives have targeted the problem of the leaky pipeline in recent decades. This paper provides a comprehensive review of initiatives related to techniques used to boost recruitment and improve …


Credit Card Fraud Detection Using Machine Learning Techniques, Nermin Samy Elhusseny, Shimaa Mohamed Ouf, Amira M. Idrees Ami Jul 2022

Credit Card Fraud Detection Using Machine Learning Techniques, Nermin Samy Elhusseny, Shimaa Mohamed Ouf, Amira M. Idrees Ami

Future Computing and Informatics Journal

This is a systematic literature review to reflect the previous studies that dealt with credit card fraud detection and highlight the different machine learning techniques to deal with this problem. Credit cards are now widely utilized daily. The globe has just begun to shift toward financial inclusion, with marginalized people being introduced to the financial sector. As a result of the high volume of e-commerce, there has been a significant increase in credit card fraud. One of the most important parts of today's banking sector is fraud detection. Fraud is one of the most serious concerns in terms of monetary …