Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Computer Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

User-Centric Privacy Preservation In Mobile And Location-Aware Applications, Mingming Guo Apr 2018

User-Centric Privacy Preservation In Mobile And Location-Aware Applications, Mingming Guo

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The mobile and wireless community has brought a significant growth of location-aware devices including smart phones, connected vehicles and IoT devices. The combination of location-aware sensing, data processing and wireless communication in these devices leads to the rapid development of mobile and location-aware applications. Meanwhile, user privacy is becoming an indispensable concern. These mobile and location-aware applications, which collect data from mobile sensors carried by users or vehicles, return valuable data collection services (e.g., health condition monitoring, traffic monitoring, and natural disaster forecasting) in real time. The sequential spatial-temporal data queries sent by users provide their location trajectory information ...


Energy Demand Response For High-Performance Computing Systems, Kishwar Ahmed Mar 2018

Energy Demand Response For High-Performance Computing Systems, Kishwar Ahmed

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The growing computational demand of scientific applications has greatly motivated the development of large-scale high-performance computing (HPC) systems in the past decade. To accommodate the increasing demand of applications, HPC systems have been going through dramatic architectural changes (e.g., introduction of many-core and multi-core systems, rapid growth of complex interconnection network for efficient communication between thousands of nodes), as well as significant increase in size (e.g., modern supercomputers consist of hundreds of thousands of nodes). With such changes in architecture and size, the energy consumption by these systems has increased significantly. With the advent of exascale supercomputers in ...


Co-Design Of Security Aware Power System Distribution Architecture As Cyber Physical System, Tarek Youssef Apr 2017

Co-Design Of Security Aware Power System Distribution Architecture As Cyber Physical System, Tarek Youssef

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The modern smart grid would involve deep integration between measurement nodes, communication systems, artificial intelligence, power electronics and distributed resources. On one hand, this type of integration can dramatically improve the grid performance and efficiency, but on the other, it can also introduce new types of vulnerabilities to the grid. To obtain the best performance, while minimizing the risk of vulnerabilities, the physical power system must be designed as a security aware system.

In this dissertation, an interoperability and communication framework for microgrid control and Cyber Physical system enhancements is designed and implemented taking into account cyber and physical security ...


Toward Distributed At-Scale Hybrid Network Test With Emulation And Simulation Symbiosis, Rong Rong Sep 2016

Toward Distributed At-Scale Hybrid Network Test With Emulation And Simulation Symbiosis, Rong Rong

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In the past decade or so, significant advances were made in the field of Future Internet Architecture (FIA) design. Undoubtedly, the size of Future Internet will increase tremendously, and so will the complexity of its users’ behaviors. This advancement means most of future Internet applications and services can only achieve and demonstrate full potential on a large-scale basis. The development of network testbeds that can validate key design decisions and expose operational issues at scale is essential to FIA research. In conjunction with the development and advancement of FIA, cyber-infrastructure testbeds have also achieved remarkable progress. For meaningful network studies ...


Performance Optimization Of Network Protocols For Ieee 802.11s-Based Smart Grid Communications, Nico Saputro Jun 2016

Performance Optimization Of Network Protocols For Ieee 802.11s-Based Smart Grid Communications, Nico Saputro

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The transformation of the legacy electric grid to Smart Grid (SG) poses numerous challenges in the design and development of an efficient SG communications network. While there has been an increasing interest in identifying the SG communications network and possible SG applications, specific research challenges at the network protocol have not been elaborated yet. This dissertation revisited each layer of a TCP/IP protocol stack which basically was designed for a wired network and optimized their performance in IEEE 802.11s-based Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) communications network against the following challenges: security and privacy, AMI data explosion, periodic simultaneous data ...


Novel Online Data Cleaning Protocols For Data Streams In Trajectory, Wireless Sensor Networks, Sitthapon Pumpichet Nov 2013

Novel Online Data Cleaning Protocols For Data Streams In Trajectory, Wireless Sensor Networks, Sitthapon Pumpichet

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The promise of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is the autonomous collaboration of a collection of sensors to accomplish some specific goals which a single sensor cannot offer. Basically, sensor networking serves a range of applications by providing the raw data as fundamentals for further analyses and actions. The imprecision of the collected data could tremendously mislead the decision-making process of sensor-based applications, resulting in an ineffectiveness or failure of the application objectives. Due to inherent WSN characteristics normally spoiling the raw sensor readings, many research efforts attempt to improve the accuracy of the corrupted or “dirty” sensor data. The dirty ...


Trajectory Privacy Preservation In Mobile Wireless Sensor Networks, Xinyu Jin Oct 2013

Trajectory Privacy Preservation In Mobile Wireless Sensor Networks, Xinyu Jin

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In recent years, there has been an enormous growth of location-aware devices, such as GPS embedded cell phones, mobile sensors and radio-frequency identification tags. The age of combining sensing, processing and communication in one device, gives rise to a vast number of applications leading to endless possibilities and a realization of mobile Wireless Sensor Network (mWSN) applications. As computing, sensing and communication become more ubiquitous, trajectory privacy becomes a critical piece of information and an important factor for commercial success. While on the move, sensor nodes continuously transmit data streams of sensed values and spatiotemporal information, known as ``trajectory information ...


Lightweight Middleware For Software Defined Radio (Sdr) Inter-Components Communication, Pasd Putthapipat Apr 2013

Lightweight Middleware For Software Defined Radio (Sdr) Inter-Components Communication, Pasd Putthapipat

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The ability to use Software Defined Radio (SDR) in the civilian mobile applications will make it possible for the next generation of mobile devices to handle multi-standard personal wireless devices and ubiquitous wireless devices. The original military standard created many beneficial characteristics for SDR, but resulted in a number of disadvantages as well. Many challenges in commercializing SDR are still the subject of interest in the software radio research community. Four main issues that have been already addressed are performance, size, weight, and power.

This investigation presents an in-depth study of SDR inter-components communications in terms of total link delay ...


Quasi-Orthogonal Space-Time Block Coding Using Polynomial Phase Modulation, Omar Granados, Jean Andrian Apr 2011

Quasi-Orthogonal Space-Time Block Coding Using Polynomial Phase Modulation, Omar Granados, Jean Andrian

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Recently, polynomial phase modulation (PPM) was shown to be a power- and bandwidth-efficient modulation format. These two characteristics are in high demand nowadays specially in mobile applications, where devices with size, weight, and power (SWaP) constraints are common. In this paper, we propose implementing a full-diversity quasiorthogonal space-time block code (QOSTBC) using polynomial phase signals as modulation format. QOSTBCs along with PPM are used in order to improve the power efficiency of communication systems with four transmit antennas. We obtain the optimal PPM constellations that ensure full diversity and maximize the QOSTBC's minimum coding gain distance. Simulation results show ...


Resource Management And Optimization In Wireless Mesh Networks, Xiaowen Zhang Nov 2009

Resource Management And Optimization In Wireless Mesh Networks, Xiaowen Zhang

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A wireless mesh network is a mesh network implemented over a wireless network system such as wireless LANs. Wireless Mesh Networks(WMNs) are promising for numerous applications such as broadband home networking, enterprise networking, transportation systems, health and medical systems, security surveillance systems, etc. Therefore, it has received considerable attention from both industrial and academic researchers. This dissertation explores schemes for resource management and optimization in WMNs by means of network routing and network coding. In this dissertation, we propose three optimization schemes. (1) First, a triple-tier optimization scheme is proposed for load balancing objective. The first tier mechanism achieves ...


A Grid Computing Network Platform For Enhanced Data Management And Visualization, Javier Delgado Mar 2007

A Grid Computing Network Platform For Enhanced Data Management And Visualization, Javier Delgado

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis presents a novel approach towards providing a collaboration environment by using Grid Computing. The implementation includes the deployment of a cluster attached to a mural display for high performance computing and visualization and a Grid-infrastructure for sharing storage space across a wide area network and easing the remote use of the computing resources. A medical data processing application is implemented on the platform. The outcome is enhanced use of remote storage facilities and quick return time for computationally-intensive problems.

The central issue of this thesis work is thus one that focuses on the development of a secure distributed ...


Energy-Aware Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing Protocol And Optimizing The Blocking Problem Induced In Wireless Ad Hoc Networks, Abdallah El Moutia Mar 2004

Energy-Aware Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing Protocol And Optimizing The Blocking Problem Induced In Wireless Ad Hoc Networks, Abdallah El Moutia

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this thesis was to investigate some of the issues related to routing and medium access control protocol in ad hoc networks. In routing protocol, the goal is to tackle the power consumption problem and to present a case for using new cost energy-aware metric for Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV). The idea of the new cost metric is to be able to avoid routes with a low energy capacity. By using this approach, high efficiency in energy consumption can be achieved in Ad-Hoc networks.

The second goal of this thesis was to investigate the blocking problem ...


Simulation And Analysis Of Network Traffic For Efficient And Reliable Information Transfer, Neelima Boppana Nov 2002

Simulation And Analysis Of Network Traffic For Efficient And Reliable Information Transfer, Neelima Boppana

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With the growing commercial importance of the Internet and the development of new real-time, connection-oriented services like IP-telephony and electronic commerce resilience is becoming a key issue in the design of TP-based networks. Two emerging technologies, which can accomplish the task of efficient information transfer, are Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) and Differentiated Services. A main benefit of MPLS is the ability to introduce traffic-engineering concepts due to its connection-oriented characteristic. With MPLS it is possible to assign different paths for packets through the network. Differentiated services divides traffic into different classes and treat them differently, especially when there is a ...


Fault/Configuration Management For Wireless Ad-Hoc Network, Abhay Doshi Aug 2002

Fault/Configuration Management For Wireless Ad-Hoc Network, Abhay Doshi

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

An ad hoc network is maintained by the combined efforts of all the mobile nodes themselves, who often operate under severe constraints, such as limited battery power, variable link quality, and limited storage capacity. As a result, there is a growing need for enhanced fault and configuration management solutions to help in tracking problems as well as solving them.

Viable network architecture for a wireless ad-hoc environment, which takes advantages of both hierarchical and distributed architectures, has been investigated. A complete design solution is proposed which makes ad-hoc environments less susceptible to faults. Results shows that by applying the proposed ...