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Full-Text Articles in Computer Engineering

Secure Large Scale Penetration Of Electric Vehicles In The Power Grid, Abla Hariri Nov 2018

Secure Large Scale Penetration Of Electric Vehicles In The Power Grid, Abla Hariri

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As part of the approaches used to meet climate goals set by international environmental agreements, policies are being applied worldwide for promoting the uptake of Electric Vehicles (EV)s. The resulting increase in EV sales and the accompanying expansion in the EV charging infrastructure carry along many challenges, mostly infrastructure-related. A pressing need arises to strengthen the power grid to handle and better manage the electricity demand by this mobile and geo-distributed load. Because the levels of penetration of EVs in the power grid have recently started increasing with the increase in EV sales, the real-time management of en-route EVs ...


Intelligent Data Mining Techniques For Automatic Service Management, Qing Wang Nov 2018

Intelligent Data Mining Techniques For Automatic Service Management, Qing Wang

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Today, as more and more industries are involved in the artificial intelligence era, all business enterprises constantly explore innovative ways to expand their outreach and fulfill the high requirements from customers, with the purpose of gaining a competitive advantage in the marketplace. However, the success of a business highly relies on its IT service. Value-creating activities of a business cannot be accomplished without solid and continuous delivery of IT services especially in the increasingly intricate and specialized world. Driven by both the growing complexity of IT environments and rapidly changing business needs, service providers are urgently seeking intelligent data mining ...


Hand Motion Tracking System Using Inertial Measurement Units And Infrared Cameras, Nonnarit O-Larnnithipong Nov 2018

Hand Motion Tracking System Using Inertial Measurement Units And Infrared Cameras, Nonnarit O-Larnnithipong

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents a novel approach to develop a system for real-time tracking of the position and orientation of the human hand in three-dimensional space, using MEMS inertial measurement units (IMUs) and infrared cameras. This research focuses on the study and implementation of an algorithm to correct the gyroscope drift, which is a major problem in orientation tracking using commercial-grade IMUs. An algorithm to improve the orientation estimation is proposed. It consists of: 1.) Prediction of the bias offset error while the sensor is static, 2.) Estimation of a quaternion orientation from the unbiased angular velocity, 3.) Correction of the ...


Search Rank Fraud Prevention In Online Systems, Md Mizanur Rahman Oct 2018

Search Rank Fraud Prevention In Online Systems, Md Mizanur Rahman

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The survival of products in online services such as Google Play, Yelp, Facebook and Amazon, is contingent on their search rank. This, along with the social impact of such services, has also turned them into a lucrative medium for fraudulently influencing public opinion. Motivated by the need to aggressively promote products, communities that specialize in social network fraud (e.g., fake opinions and reviews, likes, followers, app installs) have emerged, to create a black market for fraudulent search optimization. Fraudulent product developers exploit these communities to hire teams of workers willing and able to commit fraud collectively, emulating realistic, spontaneous ...


A Neuroimaging Web Interface For Data Acquisition, Processing And Visualization Of Multimodal Brain Images, Gabriel M. Lizarraga Oct 2018

A Neuroimaging Web Interface For Data Acquisition, Processing And Visualization Of Multimodal Brain Images, Gabriel M. Lizarraga

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Structural and functional brain images are generated as essential modalities for medical experts to learn about the different functions of the brain. These images are typically visually inspected by experts. Many software packages are available to process medical images, but they are complex and difficult to use. The software packages are also hardware intensive. As a consequence, this dissertation proposes a novel Neuroimaging Web Services Interface (NWSI) as a series of processing pipelines for a common platform to store, process, visualize and share data. The NWSI system is made up of password-protected interconnected servers accessible through a web interface. The ...


A Simplified Secure Programming Platform For Internet Of Things Devices, Halim Burak Yesilyurt Jun 2018

A Simplified Secure Programming Platform For Internet Of Things Devices, Halim Burak Yesilyurt

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The emerging Internet of Things (IoT) revolution has introduced many useful applications that are utilized in our daily lives. Users can program these devices in order to develop their own IoT applications; however, the platforms and languages that are used during development are abounding, complicated, and time-consuming. The software solution provided in this thesis, PROVIZ+, is a secure sensor application development software suite that helps users create sophisticated and secure IoT applications with little software and hardware experience. Moreover, a simple and efficient domain-specific programming language, namely Panther language, was designed for IoT application development to unify existing programming languages ...


A Dynamical System Approach For Resource-Constrained Mobile Robotics, Tauhidul Alam Apr 2018

A Dynamical System Approach For Resource-Constrained Mobile Robotics, Tauhidul Alam

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The revolution of autonomous vehicles has led to the development of robots with abundant sensors, actuators with many degrees of freedom, high-performance computing capabilities, and high-speed communication devices. These robots use a large volume of information from sensors to solve diverse problems. However, this usually leads to a significant modeling burden as well as excessive cost and computational requirements. Furthermore, in some scenarios, sophisticated sensors may not work precisely, the real-time processing power of a robot may be inadequate, the communication among robots may be impeded by natural or adversarial conditions, or the actuation control in a robot may be ...


User-Centric Privacy Preservation In Mobile And Location-Aware Applications, Mingming Guo Apr 2018

User-Centric Privacy Preservation In Mobile And Location-Aware Applications, Mingming Guo

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The mobile and wireless community has brought a significant growth of location-aware devices including smart phones, connected vehicles and IoT devices. The combination of location-aware sensing, data processing and wireless communication in these devices leads to the rapid development of mobile and location-aware applications. Meanwhile, user privacy is becoming an indispensable concern. These mobile and location-aware applications, which collect data from mobile sensors carried by users or vehicles, return valuable data collection services (e.g., health condition monitoring, traffic monitoring, and natural disaster forecasting) in real time. The sequential spatial-temporal data queries sent by users provide their location trajectory information ...


Rethinking The I/O Stack For Persistent Memory, Mohammad Ataur Rahman Chowdhury Mar 2018

Rethinking The I/O Stack For Persistent Memory, Mohammad Ataur Rahman Chowdhury

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Modern operating systems have been designed around the hypotheses that (a) memory is both byte-addressable and volatile and (b) storage is block addressable and persistent. The arrival of new Persistent Memory (PM) technologies, has made these assumptions obsolete. Despite much of the recent work in this space, the need for consistently sharing PM data across multiple applications remains an urgent, unsolved problem. Furthermore, the availability of simple yet powerful operating system support remains elusive.

In this dissertation, we propose and build The Region System – a high-performance operating system stack for PM that implements usable consistency and persistence for application data ...


Energy Demand Response For High-Performance Computing Systems, Kishwar Ahmed Mar 2018

Energy Demand Response For High-Performance Computing Systems, Kishwar Ahmed

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The growing computational demand of scientific applications has greatly motivated the development of large-scale high-performance computing (HPC) systems in the past decade. To accommodate the increasing demand of applications, HPC systems have been going through dramatic architectural changes (e.g., introduction of many-core and multi-core systems, rapid growth of complex interconnection network for efficient communication between thousands of nodes), as well as significant increase in size (e.g., modern supercomputers consist of hundreds of thousands of nodes). With such changes in architecture and size, the energy consumption by these systems has increased significantly. With the advent of exascale supercomputers in ...


Memory-Aware Scheduling For Fixed Priority Hard Real-Time Computing Systems, Gustavo A. Chaparro-Baquero Mar 2018

Memory-Aware Scheduling For Fixed Priority Hard Real-Time Computing Systems, Gustavo A. Chaparro-Baquero

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As a major component of a computing system, memory has been a key performance and power consumption bottleneck in computer system design. While processor speeds have been kept rising dramatically, the overall computing performance improvement of the entire system is limited by how fast the memory can feed instructions/data to processing units (i.e. so-called memory wall problem). The increasing transistor density and surging access demands from a rapidly growing number of processing cores also significantly elevated the power consumption of the memory system. In addition, the interference of memory access from different applications and processing cores significantly degrade ...


The Thermal-Constrained Real-Time Systems Design On Multi-Core Platforms -- An Analytical Approach, Shi Sha Mar 2018

The Thermal-Constrained Real-Time Systems Design On Multi-Core Platforms -- An Analytical Approach, Shi Sha

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Over the past decades, the shrinking transistor size enabled more transistors to be integrated into an IC chip, to achieve higher and higher computing performances. However, the semiconductor industry is now reaching a saturation point of Moore’s Law largely due to soaring power consumption and heat dissipation, among other factors. High chip temperature not only significantly increases packing/cooling cost, degrades system performance and reliability, but also increases the energy consumption and even damages the chip permanently. Although designing 2D and even 3D multi-core processors helps to lower the power/thermal barrier for single-core architectures by exploring the thread ...


Aspect Based Sentiment Analysis On Review Data, Wei Xue Dec 2017

Aspect Based Sentiment Analysis On Review Data, Wei Xue

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With proliferation of user-generated reviews, new opportunities and challenges arise. The advance of Web technologies allows people to access a large amount of reviews of products and services online. Knowing what others like and dislike becomes increasingly important for their decision making in online shopping. The retailers also care more than ever about online reviews, because a vast pool of reviews enables them to monitor reputations and collect feedbacks efficiently. However, people often find difficult times in identifying and summarizing fine-grained sentiments buried in the opinion-rich resources. The traditional sentiment analysis, which focuses on the overall sentiments, fails to uncover ...


Client-Vendor Collaboration In Information Technology Development Projects And Its Emerging Outcomes, Mingyu Zhang Apr 2017

Client-Vendor Collaboration In Information Technology Development Projects And Its Emerging Outcomes, Mingyu Zhang

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates the key dimensions of IT project collaboration and its outcomes. We conceptualized key dimensions of client-vendor collaboration, and its emerging outcomes based on literature reviews. Then, we proposed a new research framework that links IT development processes to IT project client-vendor collaboration which in turn affects the outcomes of IT project. We examined the key dimensions of IT project collaboration and their impacts on project outcomes. We identified four critical IT development processes and technologies that contribute to the development of project collaboration. Our results include: (1) Coordination practices and technologies (such as communication quality and coordination ...


Co-Design Of Security Aware Power System Distribution Architecture As Cyber Physical System, Tarek Youssef Apr 2017

Co-Design Of Security Aware Power System Distribution Architecture As Cyber Physical System, Tarek Youssef

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The modern smart grid would involve deep integration between measurement nodes, communication systems, artificial intelligence, power electronics and distributed resources. On one hand, this type of integration can dramatically improve the grid performance and efficiency, but on the other, it can also introduce new types of vulnerabilities to the grid. To obtain the best performance, while minimizing the risk of vulnerabilities, the physical power system must be designed as a security aware system.

In this dissertation, an interoperability and communication framework for microgrid control and Cyber Physical system enhancements is designed and implemented taking into account cyber and physical security ...


Development Of A Remotely Accessible Wireless Testbed For Performance Evaluation Of Ami Related Protocols, Utku Ozgur Mar 2017

Development Of A Remotely Accessible Wireless Testbed For Performance Evaluation Of Ami Related Protocols, Utku Ozgur

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Although smart meters are deployed in many countries, the data collection process from smart meters in Smart Grid (SG) still has some challenges related to consumer privacy that needs to be addressed. Referred to as Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI), the data collected and transmitted through the AMI can leak sensitive information about the consumers if it is sent as a plaintext.

While many solutions have been proposed in the past, the deployment of these solutions in real-life was not possible since the actual AMIs were not accessible to researchers. Therefore, a lot of solutions relied on simulations which may not ...


Toward Distributed At-Scale Hybrid Network Test With Emulation And Simulation Symbiosis, Rong Rong Sep 2016

Toward Distributed At-Scale Hybrid Network Test With Emulation And Simulation Symbiosis, Rong Rong

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In the past decade or so, significant advances were made in the field of Future Internet Architecture (FIA) design. Undoubtedly, the size of Future Internet will increase tremendously, and so will the complexity of its users’ behaviors. This advancement means most of future Internet applications and services can only achieve and demonstrate full potential on a large-scale basis. The development of network testbeds that can validate key design decisions and expose operational issues at scale is essential to FIA research. In conjunction with the development and advancement of FIA, cyber-infrastructure testbeds have also achieved remarkable progress. For meaningful network studies ...


Software Defined Networking For Smart Grid Communications, Abdullah Aydeger Jul 2016

Software Defined Networking For Smart Grid Communications, Abdullah Aydeger

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Emerging Software Defined Networking (SDN) technology has provided excellent flexibility to large-scale networks in terms of control, management, security, and maintenance. On the other hand, recent years witnessed a tremendous growth of the critical infrastructure networks, namely the Smart-Grid, in terms of its underlying communication infrastructure. Such large local networks requires significant effort in terms of network management and security. We explore the potential utilization of the SDN technology over the Smart Grid communication architecture. Specifically, we introduce three novel SDN deployment scenarios in local networks of Smart Grid. Moreover, we also investigate the pertinent security aspects with each deployment ...


Optimizing Main Memory Usage In Modern Computing Systems To Improve Overall System Performance, Daniel Jose Campello Jun 2016

Optimizing Main Memory Usage In Modern Computing Systems To Improve Overall System Performance, Daniel Jose Campello

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Operating Systems use fast, CPU-addressable main memory to maintain an application’s temporary data as anonymous data and to cache copies of persistent data stored in slower block-based storage devices. However, the use of this faster memory comes at a high cost. Therefore, several techniques have been implemented to use main memory more efficiently in the literature. In this dissertation we introduce three distinct approaches to improve overall system performance by optimizing main memory usage.

First, DRAM and host-side caching of file system data are used for speeding up virtual machine performance in today’s virtualized data centers. The clustering ...


Performance Optimization Of Network Protocols For Ieee 802.11s-Based Smart Grid Communications, Nico Saputro Jun 2016

Performance Optimization Of Network Protocols For Ieee 802.11s-Based Smart Grid Communications, Nico Saputro

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The transformation of the legacy electric grid to Smart Grid (SG) poses numerous challenges in the design and development of an efficient SG communications network. While there has been an increasing interest in identifying the SG communications network and possible SG applications, specific research challenges at the network protocol have not been elaborated yet. This dissertation revisited each layer of a TCP/IP protocol stack which basically was designed for a wired network and optimized their performance in IEEE 802.11s-based Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) communications network against the following challenges: security and privacy, AMI data explosion, periodic simultaneous data ...


Sustainable Resource Management For Cloud Data Centers, A. S. M. Hasan Mahmud Jun 2016

Sustainable Resource Management For Cloud Data Centers, A. S. M. Hasan Mahmud

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In recent years, the demand for data center computing has increased significantly due to the growing popularity of cloud applications and Internet-based services. Today's large data centers host hundreds of thousands of servers and the peak power rating of a single data center may even exceed 100MW. The combined electricity consumption of global data centers accounts for about 3% of worldwide production, raising serious concerns about their carbon footprint. The utility providers and governments are consistently pressuring data center operators to reduce their carbon footprint and energy consumption. While these operators (e.g., Apple, Facebook, and Google) have taken ...


An Integrated Framework For Patent Analysis And Mining, Longhui Zhang Apr 2016

An Integrated Framework For Patent Analysis And Mining, Longhui Zhang

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Patent documents are important intellectual resources of protecting interests of individuals, organizations and companies. These patent documents have great research values, beneficial to the industry, business, law, and policy-making communities. Patent mining aims at assisting patent analysts in investigating, processing, and analyzing patent documents, which has attracted increasing interest in academia and industry. However, despite recent advances in patent mining, several critical issues in current patent mining systems have not been well explored in previous studies.

These issues include: 1) the query retrieval problem that assists patent analysts finding all relevant patent documents for a given patent application; 2) the ...


Building An Ontology For Health Dialogs With Virtual Health Agents, Geeticka Chauhan Mar 2016

Building An Ontology For Health Dialogs With Virtual Health Agents, Geeticka Chauhan

Conference for Undergraduate Research at FIU

Virtual Health Agents (VHA) are human-like autonomous intelligent agents built using articial intelligence techniques, specically designed to deliver health interventions that assist patients. By asking the patient questions about their lifestyle, they can infer whether the individual at risk, and if so, provide them with potential plans to choose from in order to change. Virtual health agents promise to revolutionize the way healthcare is delivered and provide access to health interventions for the underserved population. Download file for full abstract


Application Of Gamification In Education, Eric Abreut Mar 2016

Application Of Gamification In Education, Eric Abreut

Conference for Undergraduate Research at FIU

Gamification is a technique that incorporates game elements into everyday activities in order to increase the efficiency and engagement of users. This technique is usually used in businesses in order to increase productivity and create a more enjoyable environment for the workers. It is believed that since gamification is used to improve engagement and productivity, if games and game elements can positively impact a user’s ability to acquire, process, and retain information, then gamification has a huge role to fill in the educational system which involves engaging the students with the material being taught, facilitating the learning in each ...


A High Performance Advanced Encryption Standard (Aes) Encrypted On-Chip Bus Architecture For Internet-Of-Things (Iot) System-On-Chips (Soc), Xiaokun Yang Mar 2016

A High Performance Advanced Encryption Standard (Aes) Encrypted On-Chip Bus Architecture For Internet-Of-Things (Iot) System-On-Chips (Soc), Xiaokun Yang

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With industry expectations of billions of Internet-connected things, commonly referred to as the IoT, we see a growing demand for high-performance on-chip bus architectures with the following attributes: small scale, low energy, high security, and highly configurable structures for integration, verification, and performance estimation.

Our research thus mainly focuses on addressing these key problems and finding the balance among all these requirements that often work against each other. First of all, we proposed a low-cost and low-power System-on-Chips (SoCs) architecture (IBUS) that can frame data transfers differently. The IBUS protocol provides two novel transfer modes – the block and state modes ...


Storage Management Of Data-Intensive Computing Systems, Yiqi Xu Mar 2016

Storage Management Of Data-Intensive Computing Systems, Yiqi Xu

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Computing systems are becoming increasingly data-intensive because of the explosion of data and the needs for processing the data, and storage management is critical to application performance in such data-intensive computing systems. However, existing resource management frameworks in these systems lack the support for storage management, which causes unpredictable performance degradations when applications are under I/O contention. Storage management of data-intensive systems is a challenging problem because I/O resources cannot be easily partitioned and distributed storage systems require scalable management. This dissertation presents the solutions to address these challenges for typical data-intensive systems including high-performance computing (HPC) systems ...


Flash Caching For Cloud Computing Systems, Dulcardo Ariel Arteaga Clavijo Mar 2016

Flash Caching For Cloud Computing Systems, Dulcardo Ariel Arteaga Clavijo

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As the size of cloud systems and the number of hosted virtual machines (VMs) rapidly grow, the scalability of shared VM storage systems becomes a serious issue. Client-side flash-based caching has the potential to improve the performance of cloud VM storage by employing flash storage available on the VM hosts to exploit the locality inherent in VM IOs. However, there are several challenges to the effective use of flash caching in cloud systems. First, cache configurations such as size, write policy, metadata persistency and RAID level have significant impacts on flash caching. Second, the typical capacity of flash devices is ...


Autonomous Pipeline Monitoring And Maintenance System: A Rfid-Based Approach, Jong-Hoon Kim, Gokarna Sharma, Noureddine Boudriga, S.S. Iyengar, Nagarajan Prabakar Dec 2015

Autonomous Pipeline Monitoring And Maintenance System: A Rfid-Based Approach, Jong-Hoon Kim, Gokarna Sharma, Noureddine Boudriga, S.S. Iyengar, Nagarajan Prabakar

School of Computing and Information Sciences

Pipeline networks are one of the key infrastructures of our modern life. Proactive monitoring and frequent inspection of pipeline networks are very important for sustaining their safe and efficient functionalities. Existing monitoring and maintenance approaches are costly and inefficient because pipelines can be installed in large scale and in an inaccessible and hazardous environment. To overcome these challenges, we propose a novel Radio Frequency IDentification (RFID)-based Autonomous Maintenance system for Pipelines, called RAMP, which combines robotic, sensing, and RFID technologies for efficient and accurate inspection, corrective reparation, and precise geo-location information. RAMP can provide not only economical and scalable ...


Modeling Security And Resource Allocation For Mobile Multi-Hop Wireless Neworks Using Game Theory, Laurent L. Y. Njilla Sep 2015

Modeling Security And Resource Allocation For Mobile Multi-Hop Wireless Neworks Using Game Theory, Laurent L. Y. Njilla

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents novel approaches to modeling and analyzing security and resource allocation in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). The research involves the design, implementation and simulation of different models resulting in resource sharing and security’s strengthening of the network among mobile devices. Because of the mobility, the network topology may change quickly and unpredictably over time. Moreover, data-information sent from a source to a designated destination node, which is not nearby, has to route its information with the need of intermediary mobile nodes. However, not all intermediary nodes in the network are willing to participate in data-packet transfer ...


Exploring Hidden Coherent Feature Groups And Temporal Semantics For Multimedia Big Data Analysis, Yimin Yang Aug 2015

Exploring Hidden Coherent Feature Groups And Temporal Semantics For Multimedia Big Data Analysis, Yimin Yang

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Thanks to the advanced technologies and social networks that allow the data to be widely shared among the Internet, there is an explosion of pervasive multimedia data, generating high demands of multimedia services and applications in various areas for people to easily access and manage multimedia data. Towards such demands, multimedia big data analysis has become an emerging hot topic in both industry and academia, which ranges from basic infrastructure, management, search, and mining to security, privacy, and applications. Within the scope of this dissertation, a multimedia big data analysis framework is proposed for semantic information management and retrieval with ...