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Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering Commons

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Virginia Commonwealth University

EEG

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Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Development Of A Compact, Low-Cost Wireless Device For Biopotential Acquisition, Graham Kelly Jan 2014

Development Of A Compact, Low-Cost Wireless Device For Biopotential Acquisition, Graham Kelly

Theses and Dissertations

A low-cost circuit board design is presented, which in one embodiment is smaller than a credit card, for biopotential (EMG, ECG, or EEG) data acquisition, with a focus on EEG for brain-computer interface applications. The device combines signal conditioning, low-noise and high-resolution analog-to-digital conversion of biopotentials, user motion detection via accelerometer and gyroscope, user-programmable digital pre-processing, and data transmission via Bluetooth communications. The full development of the device to date is presented, spanning three embodiments. The device is presented both as a functional data acquisition system and as a template for further development based on its publicly-available schematics and computer-aided ...


Optimization Of Feature Selection In A Brain-Computer Interface Switch Based On Event-Related Desynchronization And Synchronization Detected By Eeg, Mason Montgomery May 2012

Optimization Of Feature Selection In A Brain-Computer Interface Switch Based On Event-Related Desynchronization And Synchronization Detected By Eeg, Mason Montgomery

Theses and Dissertations

There are hundreds of thousands of people who could benefit from a Brain-Computer Interface. However, not all are willing to undergo surgery, so an EEG is the prime candidate for use as a BCI. The features of Event-Related Desynchronization and Synchronization could be used for a switch and have been in the past. A new method of feature selection was proposed to optimize classification of active motor movement vs a non-active idle state. The previous method had pre-selected which frequency and electrode to use as electrode C3 at the 20Hz bin. The new method used SPSS statistical software to determine ...


Development Of An Electroencephalography-Based Brain-Computer Interface Supporting Two-Dimensional Cursor Control, Dandan Huang Jul 2009

Development Of An Electroencephalography-Based Brain-Computer Interface Supporting Two-Dimensional Cursor Control, Dandan Huang

Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to explore whether human intentions to move or cease to move right and left hands can be decoded from spatiotemporal features in non-invasive electroencephalography (EEG) in order to control a discrete two-dimensional cursor movement for a potential multi-dimensional Brain-Computer interface (BCI). Five naïve subjects performed either sustaining or stopping a motor task with time locking to a predefined time window by using motor execution with physical movement or motor imagery. Spatial filtering, temporal filtering, feature selection and classification methods were explored. The performance of the proposed BCI was evaluated by both offline classification and online two-dimensional cursor ...