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Full-Text Articles in Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering

Phase Imaging: Deep Or Superficial?, Nancy Burnham, O Behrend, L Odoni, J Loubet Oct 1999

Phase Imaging: Deep Or Superficial?, Nancy Burnham, O Behrend, L Odoni, J Loubet

Nancy A. Burnham

Phase images acquired while intermittently contacting a sample surface with the tip of an atomic force microscope cantilever are not easy to relate to material properties. We have simulated dynamic force curves and compared simulated with experimental results. For some cantilever–sample combinations, the interaction remains a surface effect, whereas for others, the tip penetrates the sample significantly. Height artifacts in the “topography” images, and the role of the sample stiffness, work of adhesion, damping, and topography in the cantilever response manifest themselves to different extents depending on the indentation depth.


Phd Thesis (Doctorat De Spécialité): Université De Ouagadougou, 1999. Dr. Mamoudou H. Dicko. Purification Et Propriétés Physico-Chimiques Des Enzymes De Curculigo Pilosa, Gladiolus Klattianus Et Boscia Senegalensis Catalysant L'Hydrolyse Des Polysaccharides (Amidon Et Béta-Glucanes), Mamoudou H. Dicko Prof. Jun 1999

Phd Thesis (Doctorat De Spécialité): Université De Ouagadougou, 1999. Dr. Mamoudou H. Dicko. Purification Et Propriétés Physico-Chimiques Des Enzymes De Curculigo Pilosa, Gladiolus Klattianus Et Boscia Senegalensis Catalysant L'Hydrolyse Des Polysaccharides (Amidon Et Béta-Glucanes), Mamoudou H. Dicko Prof.

Pr. Mamoudou H. DICKO, PhD

The objective of this study was the research of novel and inexpensive sources of polysaccharides degrading enzymes such as amylases and glucanases from local plants in order to justify their biotechnological applications. The isolation of two l3-amylases and an endo-1,3-ß-D-glucanase was reached using common protein purification methods such as buffer extraction, ammonium sulfate fractionation, ionexchange and gel filtration chromatographies. The methods used were simple and easily reproducible, suggesting the possibilfty of large-scale production. ln the crude extract of Curculigo pilosa tuber, only ß-amylase was detected as starch degrading enzyme and its activity was approximately 282 Uig of fresh material ...


Elastic And Shear Moduli Of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Ropes, Nancy Burnham, Jean-Paul Salvetat, G Andrew D Briggs, Jean-Marc Bonard, Revathi Bacsa, Andrzej Kulik, Thomas Stöckli, László Forró Jan 1999

Elastic And Shear Moduli Of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Ropes, Nancy Burnham, Jean-Paul Salvetat, G Andrew D Briggs, Jean-Marc Bonard, Revathi Bacsa, Andrzej Kulik, Thomas Stöckli, László Forró

Nancy A. Burnham

Carbon nanotubes are believed to be the ultimate low-density high-modulus fibers, which makes their characterization at nanometer scale vital for applications. By using an atomic force microscope and a special substrate, the elastic and shear moduli of individual single-walled nanotube (SWNT) ropes were measured to be of the order of 1 TPa and 1 GPa, respectively. In contrast to multiwalled nanotubes, an unexpectedly low intertube shear stiffness dominated the flexural behavior of the SWNT ropes. This suggests that intertube cohesion should be improved for applications of SWNT ropes in high-performance composite materials.


Solid–Liquid Phase Equilibrium For Binary Lennard-Jones Mixtures, Monica H. Lamm, Carol K. Hall Dec 1998

Solid–Liquid Phase Equilibrium For Binary Lennard-Jones Mixtures, Monica H. Lamm, Carol K. Hall

Monica H. Lamm

Solid–liquid phase diagrams are calculated for binary mixtures of Lennard-Jones spheres using Monte Carlo simulation and the Gibbs–Duhem integration technique of Kofke. We calculate solid–liquid phase diagrams for the model Lennard-Jones mixtures: argon–methane, krypton–methane, and argon–krypton, and compare our simulation results with experimental data and with Cottin and Monson’s recent cell theory predictions. The Lennard-Jones model simulation results and the cell theory predictions show qualitative agreement with the experimental phase diagrams. One of the mixtures, argon–krypton, has a different phase diagram than its hard-sphere counterpart, suggesting that attractive interactions are an important ...