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1994

Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Mapping Student Achievement, Geoff Masters, Ray Adams, Jan Lokan Aug 2013

Mapping Student Achievement, Geoff Masters, Ray Adams, Jan Lokan

Prof Ray Adams

The analyses, publications and reports of quantitative data in education and the social sciences usually omit basic information on the construct measured. Probabilistic models for test data make it possible to delineate coherent and richly described measurement continua that facilitate interpretation of student achievement. The potential of conjoint measurement to bring about fundamental advances in educational testing practice lies in part in the opportunities it provides to build useful maps of learning domains and to use those maps in communicating student achievements. This chapter presents two applications of conjoint measurement aimed at constructing and describing achievement variables, developing insights into ...


Using The Partial Credit Model To Identify And Adjust For Differences Among Assessors, Geoff Masters, Siek Khoo Aug 2012

Using The Partial Credit Model To Identify And Adjust For Differences Among Assessors, Geoff Masters, Siek Khoo

Prof Geoff Masters AO

No abstract provided.


Conceptual Understanding In Social Education, Brian Doig, K Piper, Suzanne Mellor, Geoff Masters Aug 2012

Conceptual Understanding In Social Education, Brian Doig, K Piper, Suzanne Mellor, Geoff Masters

Prof Geoff Masters AO

Part of the Victorian Social Education Achievement Study commissioned by the Victorian Ministry of Education.

(Research monograph n.45)


Subject Choice In Years 11 And 12, John Ainley, Lyn Robinson, Adrian Beavis, Gerald Elsworth, M Fleming Feb 2010

Subject Choice In Years 11 And 12, John Ainley, Lyn Robinson, Adrian Beavis, Gerald Elsworth, M Fleming

Dr John Ainley

This report describes patterns of subject enrolments by students in the final two years of secondary school and the relationship of those patterns with a range of personal, social and school characteristics. It examines the combination of subjects which students include in their programs since the package of subjects may be more influential than enrolment in any particular subject.


The Effects Of Using Colored Overlays On The Reading Skills Of Visually Dyslexic Children, Mitzi D. Waller Dec 1994

The Effects Of Using Colored Overlays On The Reading Skills Of Visually Dyslexic Children, Mitzi D. Waller

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

Reading is a critical skill that all students must learn , but for the child with dyslexia it can be a very difficult task to overcome . A tool that may be used to accommodate a student with dyslexia is that of a colored overlay . The following is a study that examined the effects of colored overlays on the reading skills of one fifth-grade student and one sixth-grade student who are dyslexic . The Woodcock Reading Mastery Tests - Revised and an informal reading assessment were used as the measuring instruments . The results of those two tests were examined to find the relationship between ...


A Follow-Up Study Of Students Exiting New Dominion School, Lillian M. Firestone-Johansen Dec 1994

A Follow-Up Study Of Students Exiting New Dominion School, Lillian M. Firestone-Johansen

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

The research of the past two decades has resulted in a proliferation of information regarding the various reasons for dropping out of school and the characteristics of dropouts. Little has been done, however, to examine the life outcomes of those who have dropped out, or of how various treatments effect those outcomes . This is also true for those youth who are still in school, but who have become academically disengaged. The purpose of this study was to gain information regarding the life outcomes of students who attended a wilderness, residential treatment school called New Dominion. Questionnaires were mailed to 350 ...


The Perceptions Of Students With Mild Mental Retardation Regarding Their Present Program And Preparation For Future Employment, Shirl Carwile Dec 1994

The Perceptions Of Students With Mild Mental Retardation Regarding Their Present Program And Preparation For Future Employment, Shirl Carwile

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

Two programs for students with mild mental retardation , a school-based program, and a community ­based instruction program were compared . The purpose of this qualitative study was to discover the perceptions of high school students with mild mental retardation about their present educational experiences and their preparation for future employment. Interviews of four students were obtained and examined to determine common themes among students and across programs .


Students Who Are The First Generation Of Their Family To Attend College: A Comparative Study Of Western Washington University Frosh, Sarah Dittman, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney, Joseph E. Trimble Dec 1994

Students Who Are The First Generation Of Their Family To Attend College: A Comparative Study Of Western Washington University Frosh, Sarah Dittman, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney, Joseph E. Trimble

Office of Survey Research

Executive Summary: Information for this report was obtained from a study conducted to determine the relative level of adjustment to college of first-generation and second-generation freshmen at Western Washington University. The study utilized the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (SACQ), a 67 item self-report adjustment measure. The SACQ is composed of a full-scale and four subscales: academic adjustment, social adjustment, personal-emotional adjustment, and attachment to the school the student is attending. The SACQ was administered to a randomly selected sample of 250 first and second- generation freshman students. Data analysis of survey results indicated that first-generation students do not measure ...


Western Washington University Teacher Education Placement Survey, Western Washington University. Office Of Survey Research Dec 1994

Western Washington University Teacher Education Placement Survey, Western Washington University. Office Of Survey Research

Office of Survey Research

Survey of students that have graduated from the teacher education curriculum at Western Washington University.


Interim Outcomes And Change Processes: A Case Study Of School Restructuring, Meg V. Blinkiewicz Dec 1994

Interim Outcomes And Change Processes: A Case Study Of School Restructuring, Meg V. Blinkiewicz

Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative case study was two-fold: (1) to describe interim outcomes that occurred within a restructuring school district and the change processes related to each outcome; and (2) to confirm or expand what is known about educational restructuring. Individual interviews were conducted with fifty-five (55) persons including central office administrators, principals, teachers, support staff, parents, and School Board members. Approximately 120 hours were spent in the field observing meetings, classroom activities, and other events. Existing documentation (meeting minutes, policies, and procedures) also was reviewed.

This study produced detailed descriptions o f six categories of interim outcomes that ...


A Comparison Of Teacher Attitudes Based Upon Their Involvement In Various Levels Of Staff Development, James Lehto Dec 1994

A Comparison Of Teacher Attitudes Based Upon Their Involvement In Various Levels Of Staff Development, James Lehto

Dissertations

This study sought to measure the relationship between teacher attitude and involvement in staff development. It was conducted as a follow-up to a recent implementation and audit of educational standards in the state of Wisconsin and focused upon the results of Standard B for Staff Development. The study compared the attitudes of teachers based upon their involvement in various levels of staff development, which were determined through the audit process.

Previous literature described in the report focused upon the background of state educational standards as well as previous studies which attempted to assess employee attitudes and staff development. In both ...


Academic Self-Esteem Of Michigan High School Students, Dolores J. Howe Dec 1994

Academic Self-Esteem Of Michigan High School Students, Dolores J. Howe

Dissertations

In this study, relationships among academic self-esteem, teacher/student relationships, school climate, students' level of involvement in school activities, and size of school were analyzed.

Sixteen lower Michigan high schools were randomly selected, 12 with a population of 200-500 and 4 with a population of 1,500-2,000. One class each of 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th grades, representing a wide range of ability levels, were chosen from each school, for a total of 64 classrooms containing 1,319 students. Brookover’s (1962) Self-Concept of Ability Scale, the author's Academic Self-Esteem Inventory, and the National Association of Secondary School ...


The Relationship Of Leadership Style Behaviors Of Principals To The Existence Of Effective Schools, Lanny John Tibaldo Dec 1994

The Relationship Of Leadership Style Behaviors Of Principals To The Existence Of Effective Schools, Lanny John Tibaldo

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine if the leadership style behaviors of principals were related to the existence of effective schools. Leadership style behaviors of principals of Wisconsin public schools recognized as effective by the Blue Ribbon Schools Program were compared to a random sample of principals of Wisconsin public schools not identified as effective to determine if principals of effective schools demonstrated more democratic, participative leadership style behaviors. The relationship of elementary and secondary principals' leadership style behaviors to the existence of effective schools was also studied.

A Personal Data Sheet for demographic data and the Self-Scoring ...


A Causal-Comparative Study Of The Relationship Of Mathematics, Science, Athletics And The Career Expectations Of Adolescent Women, Elwood Martin Bowers Dec 1994

A Causal-Comparative Study Of The Relationship Of Mathematics, Science, Athletics And The Career Expectations Of Adolescent Women, Elwood Martin Bowers

Dissertations

The premise of this study is that high school women who complete course work in advanced mathematics and advanced science and participate in organized athletic programs will develop skills, knowledge, and attitudes that facilitate and encourage expanded options in their occupational expectations. It was hypothesized that such women would have occupational expectations that reflect a greater degree of gender integration or nontraditionality than women who do not participate in such activities. Other environmental or attribute variables such as parents' occupation, birth order, and constructs of self concept, were examined for intervening or modifying effects on the major premise.

Participants in ...


An Exploration Of Students’ And Business Persons’ Ratings Of The Importance Of Writing Skills For Business Success, Miriam P. Coleman Dec 1994

An Exploration Of Students’ And Business Persons’ Ratings Of The Importance Of Writing Skills For Business Success, Miriam P. Coleman

Dissertations

The central question explored in this research was whether the perceptions of undergraduate students and business employers about the importance of writing skills for success in business differ from one another. Related questions were posed about the relationship of certain individual characteristics such as sex, student classification, and student institutional affiliation and their interactions to these perceptions.

Subjects were selected from both public and private institutions of higher education and 11 medium-sized businesses in western Michigan. Data collection was accomplished using two 30-item Likert-type Importance of Business Writing (IBW) questionnaires developed for obtaining information on the perceptions of subjects relative ...


The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Using A Computer- Interactive Format For Music Assessment, Jennifer Bryce, Margaret Wu Nov 1994

The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Using A Computer- Interactive Format For Music Assessment, Jennifer Bryce, Margaret Wu

Dr Jennifer Bryce

This article considers the advantages and disadvantages of using a computer interactive format for assessment. It is written in the light of experiences involving the adaptation of an existing music test designed for use at the beginning of secondary school to a computer interactive format requiring only the basic hardware that is likely to be available in Australian secondary schools.


'N Evaluering Van Die Verklarende Handwoordeboek Van Die Afrikaanse Taal As Standaard Verklarende Woordeboek, Michele Van Der Merwe Nov 1994

'N Evaluering Van Die Verklarende Handwoordeboek Van Die Afrikaanse Taal As Standaard Verklarende Woordeboek, Michele Van Der Merwe

Michele Van Der Merwe

Critical evaluation of the Verklarende Handwoordeboek van die Afrikaanse Taal. Argues that the treatment of multilexical items in the HAT is not satisfactory at present. Offers suggestions to remedy the situation.


Goals 2000: Educate America Act: The Federalization And Legalization Of Educational Policy, Michael Heise Nov 1994

Goals 2000: Educate America Act: The Federalization And Legalization Of Educational Policy, Michael Heise

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Volume 08, Number 01, Richard F. Welch Editor Oct 1994

Volume 08, Number 01, Richard F. Welch Editor

Reaching Through Teaching

Full text of Volume 08, Number 01 of Reaching Through Teaching.


Fact Book 1994, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness Oct 1994

Fact Book 1994, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness

Fact Book

This thirteenth edition of the University of Nebraska at Omaha Fact Book has been designed to present a variety of information and data, about the University, in a concise, easily used format. I hope this provides a profile of UNO that will expand your understanding of our institution.


Enrollment Report - Fall 1994, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness Oct 1994

Enrollment Report - Fall 1994, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness

Enrollment Reports

The Enrollment Report provides administrative and delivery-site information on enrollment headcount and student credit hours, as well as the demographic characteristics of enrolled students. The purpose of this profile is to provide the undergraduate and graduate enrollments and student credit hour information by college or equivalent academic unit, class, gender and ethnicity.


Making The Grade: What Benefits Students?, Thomas R. Guskey Oct 1994

Making The Grade: What Benefits Students?, Thomas R. Guskey

Educational, School, and Counseling Psychology Faculty Publications

Although the debate over grading and reporting practices continues, today we know which practices benefit students and encourage learning.


Supply And Demand For Literacy Instruction In The United States, Richard L. Venezky, Daniel A. Wagner Sep 1994

Supply And Demand For Literacy Instruction In The United States, Richard L. Venezky, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

The supply-demand equations for adult literacy instruction in the United States are complicated by (a) changing demands for basic skils in the workplace, (b) an increased in immigrants who have limited command of English, (c) changing federal welfare policies, and (d) limited awareness on the part of those with low reading and writing ability that their skills are not sufficient for everyday literacy needs. This paper reviews critical features of the supply of literacy instruction, drawing on recent state and national surveys of service providers and of technology; data on the demand for literacy instruction; the recent National Adult Literacy ...


Community Service Activity By Western Washington University Students: Its Extent, Nature, And Impact On The Surrounding Community, Carl Simpson, Linda D. (Linda Darlene) Clark Sep 1994

Community Service Activity By Western Washington University Students: Its Extent, Nature, And Impact On The Surrounding Community, Carl Simpson, Linda D. (Linda Darlene) Clark

Office of Survey Research

Executive Summary: At the request of President Morse and the Student Employment Center's Community Service/Volunteer Program, Western's 1994 alumni survey documented the extent and nature of community service activity by Western students, both as part of their course work and as non-course-based volunteer activities. We refer to these activities as "service learning." We also measured students' impressions concerning the value of their service experiences and estimated the impact of students' community service activities on the Bellingham and Whatcom County communities. Findings are based on responses by 1513 of the 2219 graduates in the Class of '93. Asked ...


Port Angeles Area Employer Survey: Demand For Training In Environmental And Resource Management, Carl Simpson, Linda D. (Linda Darlene) Clark Sep 1994

Port Angeles Area Employer Survey: Demand For Training In Environmental And Resource Management, Carl Simpson, Linda D. (Linda Darlene) Clark

Office of Survey Research

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: Telephone interviews were completed with 42 Olympic Peninsula employers doing at least some work in the "environmental and resource management" area, along with much briefer contact with 42 other employers, establishing that they did not have employees in that area. Extrapolating results from our sample to all Olympic Peninsula employers involves a substantial margin of possible error. Even so, the report includes our best estimates of demand for personnel and training in Environmental Studies. We estimate the number of full-time Olympic Peninsula employees in environmental and resource management at 1,256. Another 882 work partially in the area ...


The Masters Degree Program At Western A Follow-Up Survey Of The Masters Class Of 1993, Carl Simpson, Linda D. (Linda Darlene) Clark, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney, Joseph E. Trimble Sep 1994

The Masters Degree Program At Western A Follow-Up Survey Of The Masters Class Of 1993, Carl Simpson, Linda D. (Linda Darlene) Clark, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney, Joseph E. Trimble

Office of Survey Research

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: Between Summer, 1992 and Spring, 1993, 403 Masters degrees were awarded at Western. The first survey of Masters recipients by the Office of Institutional Assessment and Testing, conducted in Spring, 1994, contacted 290 (72.9%) of them. The majority of Western's Masters recipients (58.6%) are women. One in six (18.1%) are not U.S. citizens; fewer (5.8%) are U.S. minority group members. Ages are diverse. The oldest was 63 at graduation; the youngest, 23. One-fourth (28.9%) were over 40. Over half (57.1%) received their undergraduate training in Washington, 28.9% at ...


Past Imperfect: Future Imperative: A Guide To Recent Australian Literature On The Economics Of Vocational Education And Training, Fran Ferrier, Gerald Burke, Phil Mckenzie, Chris Selby Smith, Joy Selby Smith, Damon Anderson Aug 1994

Past Imperfect: Future Imperative: A Guide To Recent Australian Literature On The Economics Of Vocational Education And Training, Fran Ferrier, Gerald Burke, Phil Mckenzie, Chris Selby Smith, Joy Selby Smith, Damon Anderson

Dr Phillip McKenzie

No abstract provided.


Public Information Arrival, Thomas Berry, Keith Howe Aug 1994

Public Information Arrival, Thomas Berry, Keith Howe

Thomas D Berry

The authors develop a measure of public information flow to financial markets and use it to document the patterns of information arrival, with an emphasis on the intraday flows. The measure is the number of news releases by Reuter's News Service per unit of time. The authors find that public information arrival is nonconstant, displaying seasonalities and distinct intraday patterns. Next they relate their measure of public information to aggregate measures of intraday market activity. The authors' results suggest a positive, moderate relationship between public information and trading volume but an insignificant relationship with price volatility. Copyright 1994 by ...


Uep Survey Of Port Angeles Area Employers Re. Environmental Training- 8/94, Western Washington University. Office Of Survey Research Aug 1994

Uep Survey Of Port Angeles Area Employers Re. Environmental Training- 8/94, Western Washington University. Office Of Survey Research

Office of Survey Research

The report includes our best estimates of demand for personnel and training in Environmental Studies.


A Comparative Study Of Self Esteem As It Relates To Alcohol Use Among Inmates With Learning Disabilities And Inmates With No Prior Special Education Services., Lisa Mcvey Reid Aug 1994

A Comparative Study Of Self Esteem As It Relates To Alcohol Use Among Inmates With Learning Disabilities And Inmates With No Prior Special Education Services., Lisa Mcvey Reid

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between learning disabilities and self esteem as it relates to alcohol use in young men at a correctional facility. A standardized alcohol questionnaire was distributed to those men identified as having a learning disability and to nondisabled men. Subjects were matched according to age and sex. Those students who were identified as having a learning disabilitity had a specially coded survey for identification purposes. Names did not appear on the questionnaire in order to maintain strict confidentiality.

Those men who were receiving learning disabilities services were found to have a ...