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Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Education

Community Colleges As A Path To Baccalaureate Degree Attainment And Social Mobility : Are Community Colleges Fulfilling This Role?, Christopher John Button Dec 2009

Community Colleges As A Path To Baccalaureate Degree Attainment And Social Mobility : Are Community Colleges Fulfilling This Role?, Christopher John Button

Theses and Dissertations

There is a significant degree of controversy surrounding the transfer mission of community colleges. Specifically, many researchers have suggested that these institutions divert the educational attainments, and thus social mobility, of disadvantaged groups (Brint & Karabel, 1989; Dougherty, 1987, 1992, 1994; Karabel, 1972). Others suggest that community colleges provide disadvantaged individuals, who would have otherwise failed to consider a postsecondary education, with a viable path by which to attain a four-year degree (Cohen & Brawer, 1996; Hilmer, 1997; Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005). This study sought to determine whether the path to social mobility, via educational attainment, differed for bachelor's degree aspirants who commenced their postsecondary education ...


An Investigation Of Body Image Dissatisfaction Among Jewish American Females: An Application Of The Tripartite Influence Model, Stefanie Teri Greenberg Dec 2009

An Investigation Of Body Image Dissatisfaction Among Jewish American Females: An Application Of The Tripartite Influence Model, Stefanie Teri Greenberg

Theses and Dissertations

Body image dissatisfaction at moderate levels can be a normative experience for many women of current American culture. However, women whose body dissatisfaction exceeds moderate levels are vulnerable to developing an eating disorder. Empirical findings show body dissatisfaction predicts low self-esteem, depression, and overall poor quality of life.

Various theories aim to understand factors involved in the development and maintenance of body dissatisfaction. Sociocultural factors, such as peers, family, and media, have gained the greatest empirical support. The tripartite influence model of body image dissatisfaction and eating disturbance integrates sociocultural factors, and has been empirically tested to evaluate risk factors ...


The Experiences Of Mental Health Professionals Providing Services To Persons Who Are Dying: A Phenomenological Study, Jennifer Marie Hill Dec 2009

The Experiences Of Mental Health Professionals Providing Services To Persons Who Are Dying: A Phenomenological Study, Jennifer Marie Hill

Theses and Dissertations

Trends in lengthening life spans and population growth indicate that psychologists will be increasingly called upon to provide mental health services to persons who are dying. Some persons close to death have specialized needs that psychologists and other mental health professionals must learn to address appropriately. Psychologists need information from the wide variety of professionals who currently provide therapeutic interventions in order to be adequately prepared to do the same. The purpose of this study was to document the lived experience of mental health professionals who provide mental health services to persons who are dying in order to more fully ...


Pattern And Content Of Neuropsychological Referral Questions Across 25 Years Of Outpatient Visits In A Hospital-Based Clinic., Joshua Hopps Dec 2009

Pattern And Content Of Neuropsychological Referral Questions Across 25 Years Of Outpatient Visits In A Hospital-Based Clinic., Joshua Hopps

Theses and Dissertations

Much of the practice is clinical neuropsychology is performed in the role of consultant and although the neuropsychologist is dependent upon referrals made from outside sources, relatively little attention has been devoted to the investigation of the referral process. Surveys of clinicians and referral sources have reported breakdowns of referral sources by discipline and general topics of referral questions based on recollection, but direct analysis of referral patterns across the same period has not been undertaken.

The purpose of the study is to document the advancement of neuropsychology from providing psychological testing to establishing itself as a multifaceted discipline with ...


Health Locus Of Control, Self-Efficacy, And Multidisciplinary Intervention For Chronic Back Pain, Nicole Hochhausen Keedy Dec 2009

Health Locus Of Control, Self-Efficacy, And Multidisciplinary Intervention For Chronic Back Pain, Nicole Hochhausen Keedy

Theses and Dissertations

Chronic back pain is costly and potentially disabling, with low response to medical procedures. Poor physical and mental health demonstrate correlation with chronic back pain. The current study investigated the value of using health-related locus of control and pain-related self-efficacy to predict physical and mental health outcomes following multidisciplinary intervention for chronic back pain. Form C of the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control scales and the Chronic Pain Self Efficacy scale were administered to 28 males and 33 females ages 28 to 72 completing chronic back pain rehabilitation. Locus of control, self-efficacy, and physical and mental health demonstrated treatment-related changes ...


Interim Assessment Use In Iowa Elementary Schools, Emily Rose Lai Dec 2009

Interim Assessment Use In Iowa Elementary Schools, Emily Rose Lai

Theses and Dissertations

In response to test-based accountability (No Child Left Behind, 2001), schools and districts across the country are adopting a variety of supplemental assessments aimed at improving student performance. These interim assessments are administered more than once during the school year for the following purposes: 1) predicting student performance on summative accountability tests, 2) identifying student strengths and weaknesses, 3) tracking student progress toward "proficiency," or 4) identifying students for remedial instruction. Vendors claim these assessments can improve teaching and learning, although critics contend they do not possess a number of attributes theorized to facilitate formative use of results, including particular ...


Using Concurrent Operants To Evaluate Perseverative Conversation In Children And Adolescents Diagnosed With Asperger's Disorder, Matthew J O'Brien Dec 2009

Using Concurrent Operants To Evaluate Perseverative Conversation In Children And Adolescents Diagnosed With Asperger's Disorder, Matthew J O'Brien

Theses and Dissertations

Perseverative conversation is a problem vocal behavior that is unique to individuals with Asperger's disorder. It is characterized by long-winded monologues revolving around circumscribed interests. The current research literature suggests that perseverative conversation may exacerbate already poor social relations, impede productivity at work and home, and lead to disruptive behavior when it is restricted. Despite the negative repercussions there is a lack of research related to the assessment and treatment of this behavior. In the field of applied behavior analysis, concurrent operants assessments have been used effectively to identify relative preference for concurrently available reinforcers. In the current study ...


Interparental Conflict And Child Adjustment: The Role Of Child Optimism, Julia Howe Robinson Dec 2009

Interparental Conflict And Child Adjustment: The Role Of Child Optimism, Julia Howe Robinson

Theses and Dissertations

The role of child optimism as a mediator and moderator in the relationship between interparental conflict and child adjustment was examined for 36 children between the ages of 9 and 12 years who resided in a two adult home. Child participants completed self-report measures of dispositional and attributional optimism, as well as a self-report measure of interparental conflict. Mothers of child participants completed measures of child internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Multiple regression analyses found that dispositional optimism mediated the relationship between interparental conflict and both child internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Attributional optimism was found to mediate the relationship between interparental ...


Using Collateral Information In The Estimation Of Sub-Scores --- A Fully Bayesian Approach, Shuqin Tao Jul 2009

Using Collateral Information In The Estimation Of Sub-Scores --- A Fully Bayesian Approach, Shuqin Tao

Theses and Dissertations

Educators and administrators often use sub-scores derived from state accountability assessments to diagnose learning/instruction and inform curriculum planning. However, there are several psychometric limitations of observed sub-scores, two of which were the focus of the present study: (1) limited reliabilities due to short lengths, and (2) little distinct information in sub-scores for most existing assessments.

The present study was conducted to evaluate the extent to which these limitations might be overcome by incorporating collateral information into sub-score estimation. The three sources of collateral information under investigation included (1) information from other sub-scores, (2) schools that students attended, and (3 ...


Gender And Infidelity: A Study Of The Relationship Between Conformity To Masculine Norms And Extrarelational Involvement, Christopher Daniel Chuick Jul 2009

Gender And Infidelity: A Study Of The Relationship Between Conformity To Masculine Norms And Extrarelational Involvement, Christopher Daniel Chuick

Theses and Dissertations

While a great deal of research has been completed on the relationship between biological sex and infidelity, no research currently exists that examines the relationship between masculine gender norms and infidelity. In this study, 202 men and 486 women were recruited from a Midwestern university, the surrounding community, and nationallyon line. Their Conformity to Masculine Norms (CMNI) scores were compared to threeinfidelity measures: a modified version of the Attitudes Toward Marital Exclusivity Scale(ATME), the Justification for Extramarital Infidelity Questionnaire (JEIQ) sexual justifications subscale, and the JEIQ emotional intimacy justifications subscale. Participants' CMNI total score was hypothesized to be correlated ...


The Impact Of Twice-Exceptionality On Self-Perceptions, Jennifer Keely Kauder Jul 2009

The Impact Of Twice-Exceptionality On Self-Perceptions, Jennifer Keely Kauder

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the present study was to examine the self-perceptions of gifted individuals who have a disability that impacts their ability to learn and/or express knowledge, a population known as "twice-exceptional." Twice-exceptional participants were compared to gifted participants without disabilities to determine whether they differed in their self-perceptions. The self-perceptions that were measured in this study were self-esteem, global self-concept, academic self-concept, and sense of inadequacy.

Scores from the Behavior Assessment Scale for Children--2nd Edition (BASC-2) and the Piers Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale--2nd Edition (Piers-Harris 2) from school-age youth (n = 97) between ages 7 and 17 were ...


Stuttering, Emotional Expression, And Masculinity: Fighting Out Words, Fighting Back Tears, James Thomas Haley May 2009

Stuttering, Emotional Expression, And Masculinity: Fighting Out Words, Fighting Back Tears, James Thomas Haley

Theses and Dissertations

Stuttering is a developmental disorder which may adversely affect the individual on many functional and emotional levels. Common sequelae of speech disfluency include powerful emotions such as anxiety, shame, and anger, as well as speech-avoidant behaviors. For males, the influence of gender role socialization may present an additional burden. From a traditional perspective of masculinity, emotional expression and exposing one's flaws are strongly discouraged in most forms and contexts and may be seen as signs of weakness. While expression of emotions is a common developmental milestone for many who stutter, it is unclear what impact awareness, repression, and avoidance ...