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Full-Text Articles in Education

Community Colleges As A Path To Baccalaureate Degree Attainment And Social Mobility : Are Community Colleges Fulfilling This Role?, Christopher John Button Dec 2009

Community Colleges As A Path To Baccalaureate Degree Attainment And Social Mobility : Are Community Colleges Fulfilling This Role?, Christopher John Button

Theses and Dissertations

There is a significant degree of controversy surrounding the transfer mission of community colleges. Specifically, many researchers have suggested that these institutions divert the educational attainments, and thus social mobility, of disadvantaged groups (Brint & Karabel, 1989; Dougherty, 1987, 1992, 1994; Karabel, 1972). Others suggest that community colleges provide disadvantaged individuals, who would have otherwise failed to consider a postsecondary education, with a viable path by which to attain a four-year degree (Cohen & Brawer, 1996; Hilmer, 1997; Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005). This study sought to determine whether the path to social mobility, via educational attainment, differed for bachelor's degree aspirants who commenced their postsecondary education ...


An Investigation Of Body Image Dissatisfaction Among Jewish American Females: An Application Of The Tripartite Influence Model, Stefanie Teri Greenberg Dec 2009

An Investigation Of Body Image Dissatisfaction Among Jewish American Females: An Application Of The Tripartite Influence Model, Stefanie Teri Greenberg

Theses and Dissertations

Body image dissatisfaction at moderate levels can be a normative experience for many women of current American culture. However, women whose body dissatisfaction exceeds moderate levels are vulnerable to developing an eating disorder. Empirical findings show body dissatisfaction predicts low self-esteem, depression, and overall poor quality of life.

Various theories aim to understand factors involved in the development and maintenance of body dissatisfaction. Sociocultural factors, such as peers, family, and media, have gained the greatest empirical support. The tripartite influence model of body image dissatisfaction and eating disturbance integrates sociocultural factors, and has been empirically tested to evaluate risk factors ...


A Study Of The Experiences Of Black College Female Student Athletes At A Predominantly White Institution, Noël Suzanne Harmon Dec 2009

A Study Of The Experiences Of Black College Female Student Athletes At A Predominantly White Institution, Noël Suzanne Harmon

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to gather descriptive data on the experiences of Black female student athletes. A better understanding of the experiences of Black female student athletes as students, as athletes, and as developing young women may help student affairs practitioners better understand their collegiate experience; provide them with information to make decisions about student affairs programs, policies, services, and practices; and offer a subgroup of students who have historically been underrepresented in research an opportunity to share their stories. The study addressed the following research question: What are the college experiences of Black female student athletes during ...


The Experiences Of Mental Health Professionals Providing Services To Persons Who Are Dying: A Phenomenological Study, Jennifer Marie Hill Dec 2009

The Experiences Of Mental Health Professionals Providing Services To Persons Who Are Dying: A Phenomenological Study, Jennifer Marie Hill

Theses and Dissertations

Trends in lengthening life spans and population growth indicate that psychologists will be increasingly called upon to provide mental health services to persons who are dying. Some persons close to death have specialized needs that psychologists and other mental health professionals must learn to address appropriately. Psychologists need information from the wide variety of professionals who currently provide therapeutic interventions in order to be adequately prepared to do the same. The purpose of this study was to document the lived experience of mental health professionals who provide mental health services to persons who are dying in order to more fully ...


Pattern And Content Of Neuropsychological Referral Questions Across 25 Years Of Outpatient Visits In A Hospital-Based Clinic., Joshua Hopps Dec 2009

Pattern And Content Of Neuropsychological Referral Questions Across 25 Years Of Outpatient Visits In A Hospital-Based Clinic., Joshua Hopps

Theses and Dissertations

Much of the practice is clinical neuropsychology is performed in the role of consultant and although the neuropsychologist is dependent upon referrals made from outside sources, relatively little attention has been devoted to the investigation of the referral process. Surveys of clinicians and referral sources have reported breakdowns of referral sources by discipline and general topics of referral questions based on recollection, but direct analysis of referral patterns across the same period has not been undertaken.

The purpose of the study is to document the advancement of neuropsychology from providing psychological testing to establishing itself as a multifaceted discipline with ...


The Influence Of Korean Counselors' Personal Wellness On Client-Perceived Counseling Effectiveness: The Moderating Effects Of Empathy, Yoo Jin Jang Dec 2009

The Influence Of Korean Counselors' Personal Wellness On Client-Perceived Counseling Effectiveness: The Moderating Effects Of Empathy, Yoo Jin Jang

Theses and Dissertations

Wellness is defined as an individual's lifestyle, choices, and habits as a way to achieve optimal health and well-being. Professional organizations and literature in the counseling field underscored the importance of enhancing personal wellness of professional counselors and counselors-in-training. The assumption underlying this movement was that counselors' personal wellness would be directly translated into their effectiveness with clients in counseling practice. However, this assumption has received little empirical attention. In addition, the review of counselor wellness literature illustrated the need for addressing potential moderators in the relationship of counselor wellness to counseling effectiveness as an attempt to provide an ...


Health Locus Of Control, Self-Efficacy, And Multidisciplinary Intervention For Chronic Back Pain, Nicole Hochhausen Keedy Dec 2009

Health Locus Of Control, Self-Efficacy, And Multidisciplinary Intervention For Chronic Back Pain, Nicole Hochhausen Keedy

Theses and Dissertations

Chronic back pain is costly and potentially disabling, with low response to medical procedures. Poor physical and mental health demonstrate correlation with chronic back pain. The current study investigated the value of using health-related locus of control and pain-related self-efficacy to predict physical and mental health outcomes following multidisciplinary intervention for chronic back pain. Form C of the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control scales and the Chronic Pain Self Efficacy scale were administered to 28 males and 33 females ages 28 to 72 completing chronic back pain rehabilitation. Locus of control, self-efficacy, and physical and mental health demonstrated treatment-related changes ...


Interim Assessment Use In Iowa Elementary Schools, Emily Rose Lai Dec 2009

Interim Assessment Use In Iowa Elementary Schools, Emily Rose Lai

Theses and Dissertations

In response to test-based accountability (No Child Left Behind, 2001), schools and districts across the country are adopting a variety of supplemental assessments aimed at improving student performance. These interim assessments are administered more than once during the school year for the following purposes: 1) predicting student performance on summative accountability tests, 2) identifying student strengths and weaknesses, 3) tracking student progress toward "proficiency," or 4) identifying students for remedial instruction. Vendors claim these assessments can improve teaching and learning, although critics contend they do not possess a number of attributes theorized to facilitate formative use of results, including particular ...


Using Concurrent Operants To Evaluate Perseverative Conversation In Children And Adolescents Diagnosed With Asperger's Disorder, Matthew J O'Brien Dec 2009

Using Concurrent Operants To Evaluate Perseverative Conversation In Children And Adolescents Diagnosed With Asperger's Disorder, Matthew J O'Brien

Theses and Dissertations

Perseverative conversation is a problem vocal behavior that is unique to individuals with Asperger's disorder. It is characterized by long-winded monologues revolving around circumscribed interests. The current research literature suggests that perseverative conversation may exacerbate already poor social relations, impede productivity at work and home, and lead to disruptive behavior when it is restricted. Despite the negative repercussions there is a lack of research related to the assessment and treatment of this behavior. In the field of applied behavior analysis, concurrent operants assessments have been used effectively to identify relative preference for concurrently available reinforcers. In the current study ...


Interparental Conflict And Child Adjustment: The Role Of Child Optimism, Julia Howe Robinson Dec 2009

Interparental Conflict And Child Adjustment: The Role Of Child Optimism, Julia Howe Robinson

Theses and Dissertations

The role of child optimism as a mediator and moderator in the relationship between interparental conflict and child adjustment was examined for 36 children between the ages of 9 and 12 years who resided in a two adult home. Child participants completed self-report measures of dispositional and attributional optimism, as well as a self-report measure of interparental conflict. Mothers of child participants completed measures of child internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Multiple regression analyses found that dispositional optimism mediated the relationship between interparental conflict and both child internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Attributional optimism was found to mediate the relationship between interparental ...


Investigating The Impact Of A Preservice Program On Beliefs About Science Teaching And Learning, Christopher Scott Soldat Dec 2009

Investigating The Impact Of A Preservice Program On Beliefs About Science Teaching And Learning, Christopher Scott Soldat

Theses and Dissertations

There has been much attention about improving the skills and abilities of students in Science. One critical factor is the quality of teacher education programs for preparing science teachers. There has been little research and much debate about what constitutes an effective science teacher education program. Teacher beliefs are thought to be important factors which influence how science teachers teach. This is a three year longitudinal study which explores changes in twelve teachers using a mixed method design. Semi-structured interviews were used to explore the beliefs about teaching, learning, and the Nature of Science. Four cohorts of teachers represented the ...


Student Perceptions About Learning Anatomy, Andrew John Notebaert Jul 2009

Student Perceptions About Learning Anatomy, Andrew John Notebaert

Theses and Dissertations

This research study was conducted to examine student perceptions about learning anatomy and to explore how these perceptions shape the learning experience. This study utilized a mixed-methods design in order to better understand how students approach learning anatomy. Two sets of data were collected at two time periods; one at the beginning and one at the end of the academic semester. Data consisted of results from a survey instrument that contained open-ended questions and a questionnaire and individual student interviews. The questionnaire scored students on a surface approach to learning (relying on rote memorization and knowing factual information) scale and ...


Using Collateral Information In The Estimation Of Sub-Scores --- A Fully Bayesian Approach, Shuqin Tao Jul 2009

Using Collateral Information In The Estimation Of Sub-Scores --- A Fully Bayesian Approach, Shuqin Tao

Theses and Dissertations

Educators and administrators often use sub-scores derived from state accountability assessments to diagnose learning/instruction and inform curriculum planning. However, there are several psychometric limitations of observed sub-scores, two of which were the focus of the present study: (1) limited reliabilities due to short lengths, and (2) little distinct information in sub-scores for most existing assessments.

The present study was conducted to evaluate the extent to which these limitations might be overcome by incorporating collateral information into sub-score estimation. The three sources of collateral information under investigation included (1) information from other sub-scores, (2) schools that students attended, and (3 ...


Alternativeness In Art Education: Case Studies Of Art Instruction In Three Non-Traditional Schools, Karin Lee Tollefson-Hall Jul 2009

Alternativeness In Art Education: Case Studies Of Art Instruction In Three Non-Traditional Schools, Karin Lee Tollefson-Hall

Theses and Dissertations

In this study I present case studies of the art classes at three private schools in the Midwest. The schools include a Catholic school, a Mennonite school and a Transcendental Meditation school. In the study I spent time observing art classes at each school for eighteen weeks totaling an average of thirty hours in each school. At the schools I observed the art classes and interviewed the art teachers, administrators and students in order to be able to describe the history and philosophy of each school as well as the art teaching and learning that occur in the art classes ...


Gender And Infidelity: A Study Of The Relationship Between Conformity To Masculine Norms And Extrarelational Involvement, Christopher Daniel Chuick Jul 2009

Gender And Infidelity: A Study Of The Relationship Between Conformity To Masculine Norms And Extrarelational Involvement, Christopher Daniel Chuick

Theses and Dissertations

While a great deal of research has been completed on the relationship between biological sex and infidelity, no research currently exists that examines the relationship between masculine gender norms and infidelity. In this study, 202 men and 486 women were recruited from a Midwestern university, the surrounding community, and nationallyon line. Their Conformity to Masculine Norms (CMNI) scores were compared to threeinfidelity measures: a modified version of the Attitudes Toward Marital Exclusivity Scale(ATME), the Justification for Extramarital Infidelity Questionnaire (JEIQ) sexual justifications subscale, and the JEIQ emotional intimacy justifications subscale. Participants' CMNI total score was hypothesized to be correlated ...


The Impact Of Twice-Exceptionality On Self-Perceptions, Jennifer Keely Kauder Jul 2009

The Impact Of Twice-Exceptionality On Self-Perceptions, Jennifer Keely Kauder

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the present study was to examine the self-perceptions of gifted individuals who have a disability that impacts their ability to learn and/or express knowledge, a population known as "twice-exceptional." Twice-exceptional participants were compared to gifted participants without disabilities to determine whether they differed in their self-perceptions. The self-perceptions that were measured in this study were self-esteem, global self-concept, academic self-concept, and sense of inadequacy.

Scores from the Behavior Assessment Scale for Children--2nd Edition (BASC-2) and the Piers Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale--2nd Edition (Piers-Harris 2) from school-age youth (n = 97) between ages 7 and 17 were ...


Structured Reflecting Teams In Group Supervision: A Qualitative Study With School Counseling Interns, Kathleen Erin Hartney Kellum Jul 2009

Structured Reflecting Teams In Group Supervision: A Qualitative Study With School Counseling Interns, Kathleen Erin Hartney Kellum

Theses and Dissertations

As school counseling interns graduate and transition to a professional school counseling work world, there are issues which may affect their personal and professional development, such as ongoing skill acquisition, keeping current in the field, and reflective awareness of professional counselor growth. Counselor educators continually seek approaches and methods of training school counseling interns with potential for transference to the world of practicing school counselors. However, translating ongoing supervision of school counselors to the real world setting can prove problematic. First, there is a lack of clinical supervision after graduation, and then any supervision received tends to be provided by ...


Task-Based Instruction: The Effect Of Motivational And Cognitive Pre-Tasks On Second Language Oral French Production, Svetlana Borisovna Dembovskaya May 2009

Task-Based Instruction: The Effect Of Motivational And Cognitive Pre-Tasks On Second Language Oral French Production, Svetlana Borisovna Dembovskaya

Theses and Dissertations

The study investigated the effects of a motivational and cognitive pre-tasks on oral task production by intermediate and low advanced college learners of French at a large public university in the United States. The motivation and cognitive groups engaged in an information-gap group discussion task in French following brief motivationally and strategically oriented pre-tasks conducted in the participants' native language, while the control group completed the discussion task without a pre-task. In addition, all groups completed a dictation as a measure of proficiency and a post-task motivation survey.

The results of the study did not show any significant differences between ...


Stuttering, Emotional Expression, And Masculinity: Fighting Out Words, Fighting Back Tears, James Thomas Haley May 2009

Stuttering, Emotional Expression, And Masculinity: Fighting Out Words, Fighting Back Tears, James Thomas Haley

Theses and Dissertations

Stuttering is a developmental disorder which may adversely affect the individual on many functional and emotional levels. Common sequelae of speech disfluency include powerful emotions such as anxiety, shame, and anger, as well as speech-avoidant behaviors. For males, the influence of gender role socialization may present an additional burden. From a traditional perspective of masculinity, emotional expression and exposing one's flaws are strongly discouraged in most forms and contexts and may be seen as signs of weakness. While expression of emotions is a common developmental milestone for many who stutter, it is unclear what impact awareness, repression, and avoidance ...


Sponsoring Literacy: Borderland Communities And Student Identities In An Academic Support Program, Aimee Cheree Mapes May 2009

Sponsoring Literacy: Borderland Communities And Student Identities In An Academic Support Program, Aimee Cheree Mapes

Theses and Dissertations

While much has been written about the efficacy of academic support programs for increasing the retention rates of university students deemed academically underprepared, few studies examine how students engage the support classroom with an emphasis on expressions of literacy. This qualitative study responds to recent calls in student development literature for more studies into particular practices of university support programs. Focused on an exemplar support program at a larger, public university in the American Midwest, the study gathered perspectives about the support of academically underprepared students, teasing out the differences in administrators', instructors', and students' voices. Insights from the perspectives ...


The Impact Of Embedding Multiple Modes Of Representation On Student Construction Of Chemistry Knowledge, Mark Andrew Mcdermott May 2009

The Impact Of Embedding Multiple Modes Of Representation On Student Construction Of Chemistry Knowledge, Mark Andrew Mcdermott

Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to examine the impact of embedding multiple modes of representing science information on student conceptual understanding in science. Multiple representations refer to utilizing charts, graphs, diagrams, and other types of representations to communicate scientific information. This study investigated the impact of encouraging students to embed or integrate the multiple modes with text in end of unit writing-to-learn activities. A quasi-experimental design in which four separate sites consisting of intact chemistry classes taught by a separate teacher at each site was utilized. At each site, approximately half of the classes were designated treatment classes and students in ...


The School Official's Ability To Limit Student First Amendment Freedom: Exploring The Boundaries Of Student Speech And Expression In School As Defined By The United States Federal Courts, R Chace Ramey May 2009

The School Official's Ability To Limit Student First Amendment Freedom: Exploring The Boundaries Of Student Speech And Expression In School As Defined By The United States Federal Courts, R Chace Ramey

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify and review the current legal boundaries of student speech and expression rights in public school, as developed and defined by the U.S. federal courts, to better enable educators to make informed decisions regarding student speech and expression when confronted with such situations. The study examined federal court student speech and expression decisions published between January 1, 1983 and December 31, 2008. Four Supreme Court decisions and numerous lower federal court decisions were reviewed and analyzed to identify the current legal boundaries of student speech and expression in school.

The Supreme Court ...


The Emergence And Development Of Preservice Teachers' Professional Belief Systems About Reading And Reading Instruction, Deanna Mariea Floy Stoube May 2009

The Emergence And Development Of Preservice Teachers' Professional Belief Systems About Reading And Reading Instruction, Deanna Mariea Floy Stoube

Theses and Dissertations

Research about preservice teachers' beliefs indicates that the educational beliefs they have developed over time will have an impact on not only how they respond to the various experiences they have while enrolled in a teacher education program, but also their receptiveness to future professional development opportunities. I investigated the developing and emerging beliefs regarding reading and its instruction of four preservice elementary teachers during their participation in two university reading methods courses and the accompanying field-based experiences in the elementary teacher education program that was the site of my study. Two purposes framed the qualitative, longitudinal design of my ...


The Fles Teacher's Voice: A Case Study Examining The Impact Of The No Child Left Behind Act On Elementary School Foreign Language Teachers, Monica Lee Vuksanovich May 2009

The Fles Teacher's Voice: A Case Study Examining The Impact Of The No Child Left Behind Act On Elementary School Foreign Language Teachers, Monica Lee Vuksanovich

Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the perceptions of foreign language elementary school (FLES) teachers under current federal education legislation, specifically the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001. The study data was collected during the fall of 2008, while Congress continued to debate the reauthorization of NCLB and just prior to the U.S. presidential election. The study gives voice a traditionally under-researched group of teachers, elementary school foreign language teachers. Inner-city public FLES teachers at Murray Language Academy, a Chicago (Illinois, U.S.A.) Public School (CPS), shared their beliefs about working under NCLB in order to document the perceived ...