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Articles 1 - 22 of 22

Full-Text Articles in Education

In Search Of Terra Firma: Administrative Records On Teachers’ Positional Instability Across Subjects, Grades, And Schools And The Implications For Deploying Randomized Controlled Trials, Robert Boruch, F. Joseph Merlino, Jill Bowdon, John Baker, Jessica Chao, Ji Eun Park, Michael Frisone, Tianpeng Ye, Tom Hooks, Andrew C. Porter Jan 2016

In Search Of Terra Firma: Administrative Records On Teachers’ Positional Instability Across Subjects, Grades, And Schools And The Implications For Deploying Randomized Controlled Trials, Robert Boruch, F. Joseph Merlino, Jill Bowdon, John Baker, Jessica Chao, Ji Eun Park, Michael Frisone, Tianpeng Ye, Tom Hooks, Andrew C. Porter

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


State Of Attainment: Three Ways That States Can Help More Students Access Higher Levels Of Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney Nov 2014

State Of Attainment: Three Ways That States Can Help More Students Access Higher Levels Of Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

Fourteenth place. That's where the United States ranked in the proportion of 25- to 34-year-olds who achieved postsecondary degrees, according to a 2012 report by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. Unless the U.S. increases the share of the population that has completed a college degree, the country will lack the educational skills and training required to meet the workforce demands of a global economy. Sixty-three percent of job researchers predict, will require education beyond high school in 2018. For the U.S. to be competitive on a global scale, it must devote more effort to closing ...


On Not Taking Language Inequality For Granted: Hymesian Traces In Ethnographic Monitoring Of South Africa’S Multilingual Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger Sep 2014

On Not Taking Language Inequality For Granted: Hymesian Traces In Ethnographic Monitoring Of South Africa’S Multilingual Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

South African higher education is at a critical juncture in the implementation of South Africa’s multilingual language policy promoting institutional status for nine African languages, English, and Afrikaans. South African scholars, not content merely to comment from the sidelines on the policy, its promise, and challenges, have also engaged in implementation efforts. This article explores two such initiatives, both focusing on the use of African languages in higher education institutions where English is already established as the medium of instruction, and both undertaken with explicit goals of righting South Africa’s longstanding social injustices. I collaborated with colleagues at ...


An Interview With Laura Perna: Reactions To President Obama's State Of The Union Address, Michael F. Shaughnessy, Laura W. Perna Feb 2013

An Interview With Laura Perna: Reactions To President Obama's State Of The Union Address, Michael F. Shaughnessy, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Understanding The Role Of Research Universities In Improving College Preparation And Access At Local Urban High Schools, Laura W. Perna, Ira Harkavy, Cory Bowman Jan 2012

Understanding The Role Of Research Universities In Improving College Preparation And Access At Local Urban High Schools, Laura W. Perna, Ira Harkavy, Cory Bowman

GSE Publications

Urban colleges and universities not only have a responsibility to engage in activities designed to improve the educational attainment of local urban youth, but also have extensive financial, human, intellectual, and organizational resources that may be directed productively toward this purpose. This article describes the multipronged approach that the University of Pennsylvania is using to improve college opportunities for students attending Philadelphia high schools. We conclude by offering lessons that other institutions may draw from this example.


From Policy To Practice: Implementation Of The Legislative Objectives Of Charter Schools, Katherine M Barghaus, Erling E. Boe Nov 2011

From Policy To Practice: Implementation Of The Legislative Objectives Of Charter Schools, Katherine M Barghaus, Erling E. Boe

GSE Publications

Key legislative objectives of charter schools are to provide more school and classroom options, increase teacher influence over decision making, and increase school autonomy from state and district policy. Using national data from the 2003–4 School and Staffing Survey, we found that charter schools attained these legislative objectives when compared with regular schools, although increases in teacher influence and school autonomy were modest. Although charter schools have been implemented much as intended by legislation, other research has shown that charter schools in general have not improved student achievement—a major objective of charter school legislation. Our results suggest that ...


Working The Crevices: Granting Students Authority In Authoritarian Schools, Joan F. Goodman, Jessica Hoagland, Nadel Pierre-Toussaint, Celeste Rodriguez, Christina Sanabria May 2011

Working The Crevices: Granting Students Authority In Authoritarian Schools, Joan F. Goodman, Jessica Hoagland, Nadel Pierre-Toussaint, Celeste Rodriguez, Christina Sanabria

GSE Publications

Schools are beset with a serious “alienation gap” between teachers and students that is no less a problem than the “achievement gap.” Increasing student voice is thought to be one means to fill the gap, for it activates agency and thereby decreases passivity. The extent of agency ranges from attentive adult listening to strong student leadership. Here we concentrate on distinguishing elements of freedom, power, and authority in the enactment of agency, particularly how these elements can be distributed to students in urban authoritarian schools. In this article, four second-year Teach for America graduate students describe and reflect on their ...


La Educación Multilingüe, Política Y Práctica: Diez Certezas, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2009

La Educación Multilingüe, Política Y Práctica: Diez Certezas, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


High School Students' Perceptions Of Local, National, And Institutional Scholarships, Laura W. Perna Jul 2008

High School Students' Perceptions Of Local, National, And Institutional Scholarships, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

This study uses data from 15 descriptive case studies to explore high school students’ perceptions of scholarships and the forces that contribute to these perceptions. The findings describe six themes that emerged from the data analyses: (a) awareness of scholarships; (b) perceptions of institutional scholarships; (c) motivations for pursuing scholarships; (d) barriers to pursuing scholarships; (e) sources of information about scholarships; and (f) potential strategies for encouraging more students to pursue scholarships. The article concludes by identifying implications for policy, practice, and future research.


Improving Educational Opportunities For Students Who Work, Laura W. Perna, Michelle Asha Cooper, Chunyan Li Jan 2007

Improving Educational Opportunities For Students Who Work, Laura W. Perna, Michelle Asha Cooper, Chunyan Li

GSE Publications

College students who cannot pay the price of attendance from some combination of personal financial resources and grants typically have three options: do not attend college, borrow money using public and private loans, and/or work. Data show that increasing shares of students are utilizing both loans and work to pay for college-related expenses (Baum, 2005). Much attention has focused on growth in borrowing (e.g., Baum, 2005; Perna, 2001), as well as potential consequences of borrowing for various aspects of students’ educational experiences, including persistence and degree completion (DesJardins, Ahlburg, & McCall, 2002; St. John, 2003) and graduate school enrollment (Choy & Carroll, 2000; Ehrenberg ...


Discursive Approaches To Understanding Teacher Collaboration: Policy Into Practice, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2006

Discursive Approaches To Understanding Teacher Collaboration: Policy Into Practice, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


No Child Left Behind: Repealing And “Unpeeling” Federal Language Education Policy In The United States, Bruce A. Evans, Nancy H. Hornberger Mar 2005

No Child Left Behind: Repealing And “Unpeeling” Federal Language Education Policy In The United States, Bruce A. Evans, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

For more than three decades U.S. language education policy was realized through the Bilingual Education Act (BEA), enacted in 1968 to meet the educational needs of language minority students. The BEA emphasized bilingual education and provided options for the development of students’ native language as well as their English language proficiency and academic achievement. In 2002 the BEA was replaced with the English Language Acquisition, Language Enhancement, and Academic Achievement Act. Current policy implicitly repeals the BEA and emphasizes the need for schools to quickly develop students' English language proficiency and move them to English only classrooms. Drawing on ...


Opening And Filling Up Implementational And Ideological Spaces In Heritage Language Education, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2005

Opening And Filling Up Implementational And Ideological Spaces In Heritage Language Education, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Quechua Language Shift, Maintenance, And Revitalization In The Andes: The Case For Language Planning, Nancy H. Hornberger, Serafin M. Coronel-Molina Apr 2004

Quechua Language Shift, Maintenance, And Revitalization In The Andes: The Case For Language Planning, Nancy H. Hornberger, Serafin M. Coronel-Molina

GSE Publications

Although Quechua is spoken by eight to twelve million people across six South American countries, by most measures, Quechua is an endangered language. This article provides an overview of the current situation of Quechua language shift, maintenance, and revitalization, and makes a case for the importance of language planning for the survival and development of the language. We use Fishman’s notion of physical/demographic, social, and cultural dislocations as an organizing rubric for discussing Quechua’s current situation (Fishman 1991: 55–65), and the typology of status, corpus, and acquisition planning to discuss the role of language planning in ...


La EducacióN BilingüE Intercultural, La Escrituralidad, Y Los, Derechos Humanos LingüÍSticos, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2003

La EducacióN BilingüE Intercultural, La Escrituralidad, Y Los, Derechos Humanos LingüÍSticos, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

Em muitos casos dispersos pelo mundo – incluindo grupos étnicos da Amazônia Brasileira, os guaranis bolivianos, grupos indígenas andinos e amazônicos dentre outros – a educação intercultural bilíngüe torna-se o veículo não somente para o desenvolvimento da escrita nas línguas indígenas e para o desenvolvimento acadêmico dos seus falantes, mas também para a mobilização dos povos indígenas e a manutenção, revitalização e incremento de suas línguas, se assim o desejarem. A questão não é tanto se ou como o letramento na língua indígena e a educação intercultural bilíngüe promovem os direitos lingüísticos, antes sim que tipos de letramento e direitos lingüísticos serão ...


Multilingual Language Policies And The Continua Of Biliteracy: An Ecological Approach, Nancy H. Hornberger Mar 2002

Multilingual Language Policies And The Continua Of Biliteracy: An Ecological Approach, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

The one language-one nation ideology of language policy and national identity is no longer the only available one worldwide (if it ever was). Multilingual language policies which recognize ethnic and linguistic pluralism as resources for nation-building are increasingly in evidence. These policies, many of which envision implementation through bilingual intercultural education, open up new worlds of possibility for oppressed indigenous and immigrant languages and their speakers, transforming former homogenizing and assimilationist policy discourses into discourses about diversity and emancipation. This paper uses the metaphor of ecology of language to explore the ideologies underlying multilingual language policies, and the continua of ...


College Preparation In The Middle Grades: It's More Than Sats, Laura W. Perna Sep 2001

College Preparation In The Middle Grades: It's More Than Sats, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Despite more than 30 years of effort by the federal government to increase college enrollment rates for African Americans, Hispanics, and low-income students, these groups continue to be underrepresented in higher education. Although family income and financial resources continue to influence college enrollment decisions, educators now suggest that the traditional focus on reducing financial barriers for the underrepresented groups has been too narrow.


Pre-College Outreach And Early Intervention, Laura W. Perna, W. Scott Swail Jan 2001

Pre-College Outreach And Early Intervention, Laura W. Perna, W. Scott Swail

GSE Publications

Both individuals and society at large benefit when an individual earns a college degree.

The benefits to individuals are short term and long term, economic and non-economic. Short-term benefits include enjoyment of the learning experience, participation in athletic, cultural, and social events, and enhancement of social status. Long-term benefits include higher lifetime earnings, more fulfilling work environment, better health, and longer life.1

Although societal benefits are more difficult to quantify, benefits that spill over beyond the individual cannot be ignored.2 One societal benefit is the economic growth associated with the enhanced productivity of labor resulting from higher levels ...


Authenticity And Unification In Quechua Language Planning, Nancy H. Hornberger, Kendall A. King Jan 1998

Authenticity And Unification In Quechua Language Planning, Nancy H. Hornberger, Kendall A. King

GSE Publications

With more than ten million speakers and numerous local and regional varieties, the unification and standardisation of Quechua/Quichua has been a complicated, politically charged, and lengthy process. In most Andean nations, great strides have been made towards unification of the language in recent decades. However, the process is far from complete, and multiple unresolved issues remain, at both national and local levels. A frequent sticking point in the process is the concern that the authenticity of the language will be lost in the move towards unification. This paper examines the potentially problematic tension between the goals of authenticity and ...


The Contribution Of Financial Aid To The Price Of Four-Year Institution Attended By 1989/90 Freshmen, Laura W. Perna Nov 1996

The Contribution Of Financial Aid To The Price Of Four-Year Institution Attended By 1989/90 Freshmen, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

By examining the effects of financial aid upon students' choice of what type of institution of higher education to attend, this study addressed the effectiveness of current student financial aid programs in achieving the goal of equal educational opportunity. The study evaluated a sample of 1,916 students in the first follow-up (1992) of the Beginning Postsecondary Student Survey of 1989-90 entering freshmen, a subsample of the National Postsecondary Student Aid Study. Students' choice of institution to attend was measured by the institutional characteristic of price after controlling for the effects of other student and institutional characteristics. The study's ...


Cultural Competence: Essential Measurements Of Quality For Managed Care Organizations, Elizabeth Mackenzie, Risa Lavizzo-Mourey May 1996

Cultural Competence: Essential Measurements Of Quality For Managed Care Organizations, Elizabeth Mackenzie, Risa Lavizzo-Mourey

GSE Publications

We are currently witnessing a radical change in the health care system in the United States as a result of the managed care juggernaut. Driven by the imperative to stem increasing health care costs, managed care seeks to save money by “managing” health care utilization and narrowing the choices available to health care consumers. Although both cost-saving strategies are effective, they also present a potential threat to quality of care. As HEDIS and other measures of quality are revised, physicians must establish guidelines for quality of care that support the burgeoning managed health care environment. In developing these guidelines and ...


Sex And Race Differences In Faculty Salaries, Tenure, Rank, And Productivity: Why, On Average, Do Women, African Americans, And Hispanics Have Lower Salaries, Tenure, And Rank?, Michael T. Nettles, Laura W. Perna Nov 1995

Sex And Race Differences In Faculty Salaries, Tenure, Rank, And Productivity: Why, On Average, Do Women, African Americans, And Hispanics Have Lower Salaries, Tenure, And Rank?, Michael T. Nettles, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

This study examined the status and conditions of salaries, tenure, rank attainment, and productivity of men and women college faculty and faculty of each of five racial groups. It is based on a subset of data on 8,114 faculty members drawn from the 1992-93 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty. The results, based on descriptive and multivariate analyses, indicate that, even after controlling for experience, education, productivity, and institutional characteristics, women received 11.3 percent lower salaries than men, had lower probabilities than men of being tenured, and were less likely than men to be full professors. While Hispanic and ...