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Full-Text Articles in Education

Recruitment, Employment, Retention And The Minority Teacher Shortage, Richard M. Ingersoll, Henry May, Gregory Collins Apr 2019

Recruitment, Employment, Retention And The Minority Teacher Shortage, Richard M. Ingersoll, Henry May, Gregory Collins

GSE Publications

This study examines and compares the recruitment, employment, and retention of minority and nonminority school teachers over the quarter century from the late 1980s to 2013. Our objective is to empirically ground the ongoing debate regarding minority teacher shortages and changes in the minority teaching force. The data we analyze are from the National Center for Education Statistics’ nationally representative Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) and its longitudinal supplement, the Teacher Follow-up Survey (TFS). Our data analyses document the persistence of a gap between the percentage of minority students and the percentage of minority teachers in the US. But the ...


The Role And Contribution Of Academic Researchers In Congressional Hearings: A Critical Discourse Analysis, Laura W. Perna, Kata Orosz, Daniel C. Kent Feb 2019

The Role And Contribution Of Academic Researchers In Congressional Hearings: A Critical Discourse Analysis, Laura W. Perna, Kata Orosz, Daniel C. Kent

GSE Publications

This study uses critical discourse analysis to explain how legislators determine the role and contributions of academic researchers in Congressional legislative hearings. The discursive practices that legislators use serve to construct the social identity of academic witnesses, characterize witnesses’ qualifications, solicit information from witnesses, frame comments from witnesses, and amplify and mitigate witness testimony. The findings make visible the ways that legislators use the power of their positions to depict academic witnesses as both experts who offer independent knowledge and experts who validate or confirm a legislator’s preferences and priorities. The results have implications for academics who seek to ...


Assembling “Digital Literacies”: Contingent Pasts, Possible Futures, T. Philip Nichols, Amy Stornaiuolo Jan 2019

Assembling “Digital Literacies”: Contingent Pasts, Possible Futures, T. Philip Nichols, Amy Stornaiuolo

GSE Publications

In this article, we examine the historical emergence of the concept of “digital literacy” in education to consider how key insights from its past might be of use in addressing the ethical and political challenges now being raised by connective media and mobile technologies. While contemporary uses of digital literacy are broadly associated with access, evaluation, curation, and production of information in digital environments, we trace the concept’s genealogy to a time before this tentative agreement was reached—when diverse scholarly lineages (e.g., computer literacy, information literacy, media literacy) were competing to shape the educational agenda for emerging ...


To Randomize Or Not To Randomize? That Is The Question, Robert Boruch Jun 2018

To Randomize Or Not To Randomize? That Is The Question, Robert Boruch

GSE Publications

Women Affirming Motherhood (WAM) recently received substantial support from the Empire Foundation for WAM’s work in assisting pregnant young women. As part of the grant, Empire required WAM to elicit bids for an independent evaluation of WAM’s performance. In what follows, the focus is on evaluating WAM’s effects. In particular, the concern is whether and how a randomized controlled trial (RCT) might be deployed so as to produce a fair estimate WAM’s effects.

The approach to addressing the concern is interrogatory, as the title suggests. The topic’s handling here is more Socratic than it is ...


College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier Jun 2018

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier

GSE Publications

A public compact for postsecondary education in the 21st century must have at its core a commitment to educational opportunity. The demands of the knowledge economy and modern democracy require that most Americans have the opportunity to develop critical thinking, problem solving, communication, and technological knowledge and skills.


College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier Jun 2018

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


China’S Overseas Investment Should Not Neglect Education, Alan Ruby, Asia Li Apr 2018

China’S Overseas Investment Should Not Neglect Education, Alan Ruby, Asia Li

GSE Publications

History shows that the Belt and Road initiative will be successful only if it boosts human capital, as well as physical infrastructure, says Alan Ruby.


Teachers' Work Practices In Kazakhstan: Some Comparative Insights From Timms 2011 To Guide Curriculum Implementation, Alan Ruby, Colleen Mclaughlin Mar 2018

Teachers' Work Practices In Kazakhstan: Some Comparative Insights From Timms 2011 To Guide Curriculum Implementation, Alan Ruby, Colleen Mclaughlin

GSE Publications

This paper looks at the different norms of practice between mathematics teachers in two countries, Kazakhstan and England. These differences pose challenges and opportunities for the implementation of a new secondary curriculum in Kazakhstan; a curriculum that has been shaped by and is grounded in prevailing practice in English educational system. The paper draws on survey data from the 2011 TIMSS exercise and relates it to our observations of classrooms in Kazakhstan over the last 5 years. The analy­sis draws on various cross­national studies of teachers’ work and studies of subject departments. The paper concludes with a discussion ...


Ethnography Of Language Planning And Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger, Aldo A. Tapia, David H. Hanks, Frances K. Dueñas Mar 2018

Ethnography Of Language Planning And Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger, Aldo A. Tapia, David H. Hanks, Frances K. Dueñas

GSE Publications

A decade ago, Hornberger & Johnson proposed that the ethnography of language planning and policy (ELPP) offers a useful way to understand how people create, interpret, and at times resist language policy and planning (LPP). They envisioned ethnographic investigation of layered LPP ideological and implementational spaces, taking up Hornberger's plea five years earlier for language users, educators, and researchers to fill up and wedge open ideological and implementational spaces for multiple languages, literacies, identities, and practices to flourish and grow rather than dwindle and disappear. With roots going back to the 1980s and 1990s, ethnographic research in LPP had been ...


The Appearance Of Statistical Ideas In Prose, Poetry, And Drama: A Dictionary Of Quotations, Aphorisms, Apothegms, Excerpts And Epigrams, Robert Boruch Feb 2018

The Appearance Of Statistical Ideas In Prose, Poetry, And Drama: A Dictionary Of Quotations, Aphorisms, Apothegms, Excerpts And Epigrams, Robert Boruch

GSE Publications

It is not always easy to understand ideas that are statistical or probabilistic in character. It is even less easy to explain those ideas well.

The quotations in this collection were assembled partly to understand how to understand, at least insofar as words (rather than statistical models) permit, and how writers think and explain.

One of the motives here is also to assure that readers know from where the quotations come. Anybody nowadays can do a Google search and get what is alleged to a quote by someone famous. But the Googler might never know from where the thing came ...


The Status Of Teaching As A Profession, Richard Ingersoll, Gregory J. Collins Jan 2018

The Status Of Teaching As A Profession, Richard Ingersoll, Gregory J. Collins

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Leadership Matters: Teachers' Roles In Decision Making And School Performance, Richard Ingersoll, Philip M Sirinides, Patrick Dougherty Jan 2018

Leadership Matters: Teachers' Roles In Decision Making And School Performance, Richard Ingersoll, Philip M Sirinides, Patrick Dougherty

GSE Publications

Given the prominence of both instructional leadership and teacher leadership in the realms of school reform and policy, not surprisingly, both have also been the focus of extensive empirical research. But there have been limits to this research. It is, for example, unclear which of the many key elements of instructional leadership are more, or less, likely to be adopted in schools across the nation. Similarly, it is unclear which of these elements are more, or less, beneficial for school performance and for student learning and growth. Likewise, though the extent of teacher involvement in school decision making has been ...


A Chinese Branch Campus In Malaysia - Adjusting Fundamentals, Alan Ruby, Bonnie Yingfei Dec 2017

A Chinese Branch Campus In Malaysia - Adjusting Fundamentals, Alan Ruby, Bonnie Yingfei

GSE Publications

The first overseas campus established by a renowned Chinese university - Xiamen University Malaysia is a flagship of China’s international engagement strategy in higher education. How XMUM adjusts and adapts to the local environment will be an exemplar for other Chinese universities.


Portraits Of Three Language Activists In Indigenous Language Reclamation, Nancy H. Hornberger Sep 2017

Portraits Of Three Language Activists In Indigenous Language Reclamation, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

In an approach inspired by portraiture and ‘history in person,’ this paper portrays three women Indigenous language activists engaged in language reclamation, highlighting the mutually constitutive nature of language and the enduring struggles of Indigenous peoples that are crucibles for forging their identities. Neri Mamani breaks down longstanding language and identity compartmentalisations in Peru by assuming a personal language policy of using Quechua and engaging in Indigenous practices in public, urban, and literate spaces. Nobuhle Hlongwa teaches a university course on language planning through isiZulu medium and is a key figure in advocating for, negotiating, and implementing multilingual language policy ...


Minority Teacher Recruitment, Employment, And Retention: 1987 To 2013, Richard M. Ingersoll, Henry May, Greg Collins Sep 2017

Minority Teacher Recruitment, Employment, And Retention: 1987 To 2013, Richard M. Ingersoll, Henry May, Greg Collins

GSE Publications

This study examines and compares the recruitment, employment, and retention of minority and nonminority school teachers over the past quarter century. Our objective is to empirically ground the debate over minority teacher shortages. The data we analyze are from the National Center for Education Statistics' nationally representative Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) and its longitudinal supplement, the Teacher Follow-Up Survey (TFS).1


Information Communication Technologies And Research In Developing Countries, Jessica Gladstone, Robert Boruch Aug 2017

Information Communication Technologies And Research In Developing Countries, Jessica Gladstone, Robert Boruch

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


A Day At A Us Graduation Ceremony: What To Expect, Alan Ruby Jul 2017

A Day At A Us Graduation Ceremony: What To Expect, Alan Ruby

GSE Publications

Ever wondered what happens at a US graduation ceremony? Alan Ruby shares his experiences of attending his nephew's graduation in Oregon.


Washington State Public Teachers' Ambient Positional Instability From A Statistical Approach Of Retrospective Study & Prospective Study, Bowen Cai, Robert Boruch May 2017

Washington State Public Teachers' Ambient Positional Instability From A Statistical Approach Of Retrospective Study & Prospective Study, Bowen Cai, Robert Boruch

GSE Publications

The purpose of this research is to study the movements of teachers’ churn rate in the state of Washington over the past 14 years. The research of teachers’ churn rate is an integrative study, with retrospective part and prospective part. Retrospective study includes the analysis of descriptive statistics (level I), statistical inference (level II) and causal inference (level III) (Berk, R.A. (2016) Statistical Learning from a Regression Perspective. Philadelphia, PA: Springer). Prospective study is mainly about forecasting and statistical inference that generated from the predictions. In this research, we are using longitudinal data analysis. The good point of longitudinal ...


Kazakhstan’S Quest For A World-Class University: The Story So Far, Alan Ruby May 2017

Kazakhstan’S Quest For A World-Class University: The Story So Far, Alan Ruby

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Driven To Perform: Tennessee's Higher Education Policies & Outcomes: A Case Study, Joni E. Finney, Elaine W. Leigh, Roman Ruiz, Wendy Castillo, Edward Smith, Daniel C. Kent Apr 2017

Driven To Perform: Tennessee's Higher Education Policies & Outcomes: A Case Study, Joni E. Finney, Elaine W. Leigh, Roman Ruiz, Wendy Castillo, Edward Smith, Daniel C. Kent

GSE Publications

This report presents a picture of how multiple converging state policies affect higher educaton performance in Tennessee as the state pursues an aggressive plan to improve the educational attainment of its residents. Policy is a powerful lever for advancing—or hindering—a state's higher education attainment agenda. By taking into account Tennessee's particular state context, we can better understand the factors influencing the content, formation, implementation, and ultimate success of higher education policy intended to improve performance and meet state attainment goals (Perna & Finney, 2014).


A Quarter Century Of Changes In The Elementary And Secondary Teaching Force: From 1987 To 2012 - Statistical Analysis Report, Richard M. Ingersoll Apr 2017

A Quarter Century Of Changes In The Elementary And Secondary Teaching Force: From 1987 To 2012 - Statistical Analysis Report, Richard M. Ingersoll

GSE Publications

This report utilizes the nationally representative Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) to examine changes in the elementary and secondary teaching force in the United States over the quarter century from 1987-88 to 2011-12. The report focuses on three key demographic characteristics: the size of the teaching force, the level of teaching experience of the teaching force, and the racial/ethnic composition of the teaching force.


Immigration Policy As Family Language Policy: Mexican Immigrant Children And Families In Search Of Biliteracy, Sarah Gallo, Nancy H. Hornberger Feb 2017

Immigration Policy As Family Language Policy: Mexican Immigrant Children And Families In Search Of Biliteracy, Sarah Gallo, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

Aims and objectives/purpose/research questions:

In this article we draw upon the ethnography of language planning and policy (LPP) to examine the complexities of how young Latino children with a recently deported parent engage with family language policies within their routine interactions. We explore the following questions. (1) How do US elementary school-aged children engage with, resist, and refashion family language and literacy policies alongside their parents in the face of parental deportations to Mexico? (2) How do children’s and parents’ experiences with monoglossic ideologies of schooling in the USA and Mexico shape family LPP and migratory decisions ...


International Faculty Recruitment In Kazakhstan: The Case Of Nazarbayev University, Alan Ruby, Aliya Kuzhabekova, Jack T. Lee Jan 2017

International Faculty Recruitment In Kazakhstan: The Case Of Nazarbayev University, Alan Ruby, Aliya Kuzhabekova, Jack T. Lee

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Parallel Reforms: Nazarbayev Intellectual Schools And Nazarbayev University, Alan Ruby, Matthew Hartley Jan 2017

Parallel Reforms: Nazarbayev Intellectual Schools And Nazarbayev University, Alan Ruby, Matthew Hartley

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Why, And How, Elite Colleges And Universities Are Joining Forces [Selection], Matthew Hartley, Alan Ruby Jan 2017

Why, And How, Elite Colleges And Universities Are Joining Forces [Selection], Matthew Hartley, Alan Ruby

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


School Leadership Counts, Richard M. Ingersoll, Patrick Dougherty, Philip Sirinides Jan 2017

School Leadership Counts, Richard M. Ingersoll, Patrick Dougherty, Philip Sirinides

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Institutional Governance For A Shared Glocal Engagement Mission, Peter D. Eckel Jan 2017

Institutional Governance For A Shared Glocal Engagement Mission, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

Governing bodies can and should play essential roles in advancing a glocal agenda. Governance is essential because glocal work is strategic, includes an accountability dimension and relies on the talents and perspectives governance participants can bring to the university. Boards should leverage their traditional oversight and accountability functions and their strategic work. However, to be most useful in this work, boards should also add a leadership function, in which they make sense of a dynamic environment and raise key issues for the university to address.


Joshua A. Fishman: A Scholar Of Unfathomable Influence, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2017

Joshua A. Fishman: A Scholar Of Unfathomable Influence, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

In personal tribute to Joshua A. Fishman, I tell a few stories about this remarkable scholar as I got to know him – a glimpse of the person behind the great ideas that have so powerfully shaped our thinking. My many vivid memories of things Fishman said or wrote in my personal encounters with him – often pithy one-liners – are testimony to the power of his mind and voice, his spirit and soul. From my first year of Ph.D. study when I took his course Sociology of Bilingual Education at the 1980 Linguistic Society of America Summer Institute at the University ...


Program Evaluation Policy, Practice, And The Use Of Results, Robert Boruch, Jessica L. Chao, Selene S. Lee Dec 2016

Program Evaluation Policy, Practice, And The Use Of Results, Robert Boruch, Jessica L. Chao, Selene S. Lee

GSE Publications

This scholarly commentary addresses the basic questions that underlie program evaluation policy and practice in education, as well as the conditions that must be met for the evaluation evidence to be used. The evaluation questions concern evidence on the nature and severity of problems, the programs deployed to address the issues, the programs’ relative effects and cost-effectiveness, and the accumulation of evidence. The basic conditions for the use of evidence include potential users’ awareness of the evidence, their understanding of it, as well as their capacity and incentives for its use. Examples are drawn from studies conducted in the United ...


A Failing Safety Net: Declining Community College Affordability, Ben Williams, Joni E. Finney, Sarah Torres Dec 2016

A Failing Safety Net: Declining Community College Affordability, Ben Williams, Joni E. Finney, Sarah Torres

GSE Publications

The nation’s community colleges serve as the educational safety net for millions of students. While the safety net is showing signs of wear, it can be restored within current state and federal policies guiding higher education. Bipartisan support can and should be developed for this agenda because it cuts across the desire within both major political parties to create opportunities for those left behind.