Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 312

Full-Text Articles in Education

U.S. Higher Education Performance-Based Funding Policy Diffusion And Its Association With State Political Ideologies And State Budgeting Taxonomies, Christopher Neary Jan 2019

U.S. Higher Education Performance-Based Funding Policy Diffusion And Its Association With State Political Ideologies And State Budgeting Taxonomies, Christopher Neary

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Performance-based funding (PBF) is an important component of many states’ higher education funding policies. A majority of U.S. states hold their public colleges accountable through the establishment of PBF indicators designed to boost student success. Recent national pushes for college student success, like the College Completion Agenda and the Complete College America Alliance, inspire a collective analysis of U.S. state PBF policies. I use document analysis and develop policy diffusion proxy models that explain commonality in various forms. My research inspires institutional leaders and state legislators to strategically fund postsecondary programs, faculty, and staff that influence student success ...


How Two Faculty Integrate Equity, Diversity, Inclusion, And Social Justice In Doctoral Education, Michael David Dupont Jan 2019

How Two Faculty Integrate Equity, Diversity, Inclusion, And Social Justice In Doctoral Education, Michael David Dupont

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine how two faculty integrate equity, diversity, inclusion, and social justice (EDISJ) within their work with doctoral education at an AAU institution within two different disciplines. Due to the understanding that doctoral students imitate and emulate behaviors and values of close advisers, mentors, and experienced faculty, examining what faculty do within the work with doctoral education regarding EDISJ remains an important aspect to understanding how social inequalities may be perpetuated or disrupted within and beyond the academy. Two sites selected were initially categorized into the “core and integral value” and “peripheral ...


Effects Of Preseason Concussion Education On Self-Reported Likelihood And Confidence In Concussion Reporting, Dana Edward Cash Jan 2019

Effects Of Preseason Concussion Education On Self-Reported Likelihood And Confidence In Concussion Reporting, Dana Edward Cash

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Around three million concussions happen in the United States from sport and recreational activity alone, and it is estimated 50% of concussions go undiagnosed. Collegiate athletes have been found to not report their symptoms of concussion mainly because they felt their symptoms were not severe enough and they did not think there were any long-term consequences from continuing to play. This study attempts to find if preseason concussion education for collegiate hockey players and club athletes changes their perceptions about concussions, and if these changes are maintained after returning to sport/competition. This study used three identical surveys over three ...


Who I Want You To Be: Three Portraits Of Culturally Competent Teachers Improving The Mental Health Of Students, Jennifer L. Wells Jan 2018

Who I Want You To Be: Three Portraits Of Culturally Competent Teachers Improving The Mental Health Of Students, Jennifer L. Wells

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There is a lack of critical research addressing racism as a dynamic of mental health in schools. In the critical view, US schools mirror a social system built on an ideology of white supremacy; the US school system may perpetuate racial trauma for students of color. Teachers who demonstrate culturally competent identities in practice have important roles to play in counteracting racial trauma and promoting the mental health of students of color.

This qualitative study explores how culturally competent teachers make sense of their identities, how they make sense of their students’ identities to build relationships, and how they understand ...


Exploring The Multicultural Competence, Will, And Multicultural Work Of Student Affairs Educators In Higher Education, Jennifer Lynn Plagman-Galvin Jan 2018

Exploring The Multicultural Competence, Will, And Multicultural Work Of Student Affairs Educators In Higher Education, Jennifer Lynn Plagman-Galvin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Student affairs educators are integral to meet the needs of today’s increasingly diverse student population, especially supporting the student success of underrepresented students and developing the multicultural competence of all students. A significant component of meeting these needs is engaging in multicultural work, which specifically addresses racism and systemic oppression in the higher education environment. Presented in a three-article format, this case study examined the multicultural competence development, will, and multicultural work of student affairs educators engaged in these endeavors.

The goal of multicultural work is to address racism and systems of oppression, and to do so requires multicultural ...


Community College Policies Affecting Undocumented Students, Emily Sara Logan Jan 2018

Community College Policies Affecting Undocumented Students, Emily Sara Logan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined community college policies and practices related to undocumented students in Iowa. Critical race theory’s tenet of interest convergence and the qualitative methods of phenomenological interviewing and document review were utilized to answer the following research questions: (a) What is the legislative and political policy discourse about undocumented students in Iowa? (b) What are the institutional policies and practices regarding undocumented community college students in Iowa? (c) How do institutional policies and practices differ among community colleges in Iowa? Findings indicate that community colleges attempt to respond to changing demographics and workforce needs, but practices regarding undocumented ...


Student Demographic, Academic, And Financial Characteristics And The Likelihood Of On-Time Credential Completion At A Rural Community College In Iowa, Rachel Lynn Mcguire Jan 2018

Student Demographic, Academic, And Financial Characteristics And The Likelihood Of On-Time Credential Completion At A Rural Community College In Iowa, Rachel Lynn Mcguire

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This institution-specific credential completion study examined student demographic, academic, and financial characteristics and their relationship to on-time credential completion. Working with institutional data from a rural-serving medium size, public community college in Iowa, a cohort of first-time-in-college students were analyzed for the traditional measurement of on-time completion based on the type of program the student enrolled in their first term. The data was analyzed with descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. The variables found to be significant were underrepresented students, first-generation students, dual enrolled students, math placement level, housing arrangement, EFC category as a measurement of socioeconomic status, and financial aid ...


A Sustainable Campus For The Higher Education Institutions In The U.S., Md Imtiajul Alam Jan 2018

A Sustainable Campus For The Higher Education Institutions In The U.S., Md Imtiajul Alam

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The green and sustainable campus concept is not something new to US universities, but well-organized and coherent activities to effectively “green” campuses are not that common, and efforts are minor in comparison to the potential of these universities. This thesis investigates different approaches taken by higher education (HE) institutions that are considered successful in their objectives toward achieving a sustainable campus. It also examines the process of integration of sustainability into the higher education institution’s policy, pedagogy, and research process; approaches taken by HE institutions aim to impact students’ perceptions and their behavior toward the world that they will ...


Grateful/Ungrateful, White/Not-White, Asian/Not-Asian: A Study Of East Asian Transracial-Transnational Adoptees, Justin Paul Winkel Jan 2018

Grateful/Ungrateful, White/Not-White, Asian/Not-Asian: A Study Of East Asian Transracial-Transnational Adoptees, Justin Paul Winkel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Transracial-transnational adoptees represent a marginal, sometimes invisible group within communities of color, including the Asian American community. Their social networks, and the way they forge friendships and relationships represent a complicated navigation of not just common social structures, but also a maze of social identities that many of these adoptees are caught between. The way these adoptees view their own identities influences whom with, and under what context they socialize. Experiences that construct ideas of membership and participation for adoptees are often thought to be unpredictable and inconsistent. This study seeks to better understand these narratives by examining the first ...


Exploring The Multicultural Competence, Will, And Multicultural Work Of Student Affairs Educators In Higher Education, Jennifer Lynn Plagman-Galvin Jan 2018

Exploring The Multicultural Competence, Will, And Multicultural Work Of Student Affairs Educators In Higher Education, Jennifer Lynn Plagman-Galvin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Student affairs educators are integral to meet the needs of today’s increasingly diverse student population, especially supporting the student success of underrepresented students and developing the multicultural competence of all students. A significant component of meeting these needs is engaging in multicultural work, which specifically addresses racism and systemic oppression in the higher education environment. Presented in a three-article format, this case study examined the multicultural competence development, will, and multicultural work of student affairs educators engaged in these endeavors.

The goal of multicultural work is to address racism and systems of oppression, and to do so requires multicultural ...


A Qualitative Study Of Rural Community College White Faculty (Mis)Understanding Of Diversity, Ladrina Nicole Wilson Jan 2018

A Qualitative Study Of Rural Community College White Faculty (Mis)Understanding Of Diversity, Ladrina Nicole Wilson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the perceptions of white faculty teaching in rural community college in hopes of identifying how these faculty understand or appreciate the importance of diversity in their institution’s commitment and in their classroom. Case study methodology was used to examine the perceptions of six white faculty in one rural institution in the Midwest. Using White Racial Consciousness Model and Bronfenbrenner’s Ecology of Human Development Model as the theoretical underpinning, four themes emerging through the participants’ narratives gathered from the data collection and analysis: (1) Feeling Othered; (2) Operationalizing Diversity; (e) Historical and Hypothetical Privilege; and (4 ...


You Want Me To Do What? How Iowa’S Secondary School Principals Are Adjusting To Their New Roles In Light Of The Teacher Leadership Initiative, Lori Phillips Jan 2018

You Want Me To Do What? How Iowa’S Secondary School Principals Are Adjusting To Their New Roles In Light Of The Teacher Leadership Initiative, Lori Phillips

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

In 2013 the Iowa Teacher Leadership and Compensation planning grant (TLC) committed to providing 150 million dollars annually toward rewarding effective teachers with leadership opportunities and higher pay, attracting promising new teachers with competitive starting salaries, and fostering greater collaboration for all teachers to learn from one another. One-quarter of each district’s teaching staff is now assuming a leadership role by assisting their colleagues in collecting meaningful student data, analyzing student achievement results, and utilizing the findings in order to improve teacher instruction (State of Iowa Department of Education, 2013). These leadership responsibilities had typically been attended to ...


Engineering In The Elementary Science Classroom: Teachers' Knowledge And Practice Of The Nature Of Engineering, Jacob Pleasants Jan 2018

Engineering In The Elementary Science Classroom: Teachers' Knowledge And Practice Of The Nature Of Engineering, Jacob Pleasants

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the nature of engineering (NOE) as an objective of engineering education efforts within the context of K-12 science education in the United States. The dissertation examines the NOE knowledge and teaching practices of participants in a research project aimed at supporting science and engineering instruction in grades 3-5. The project formed teaching triads of elementary student teachers, their cooperating teachers, and engineering graduate students. The engineers served as content area experts in science and engineering, areas which elementary teachers often have little preparation. Together with the teaching expertise of the student teachers and cooperating teachers, these ...


The Problem With Homesickness: A New Way Of Coming Home, Carolyn Jean Duven Jan 2018

The Problem With Homesickness: A New Way Of Coming Home, Carolyn Jean Duven

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation responds to two aspects of the homesickness literature: its characterization as a mental health concern, and its lack of empirical attention in the United States. The purpose of this study was to develop a theoretical understanding of homesickness oriented to an affirming and sociocultural lens, and to do so in the context of current higher education settings in the U.S. Using grounded theory and arts-based inquiry methodologies, homesickness was explored from multiple perspectives by using participant data. The results challenge previous deficit-oriented theoretical frameworks of homesickness, noting it instead as a natural developmental process the participants underwent ...


Civic Engagement In Young Adulthood: Social Capital And The Mediating Effects Of Postsecondary Educational Attainment, Kevin M. Hemer Jan 2018

Civic Engagement In Young Adulthood: Social Capital And The Mediating Effects Of Postsecondary Educational Attainment, Kevin M. Hemer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Civic Engagement has two purposes in American society. The first is to maintain democracy and democratic institutions; the second is to serve as a pathway for maturation into adulthood. Utilizing data from The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), we investigate how adolescent experiences with schools and families impact young adult’s political (voting) and nonpolitical (volunteering) civic engagement and the mediating role postsecondary educational attainment may have in this process. Utilizing measures of adolescent bonding and bridging social capital, as well as human and financial capital, this investigation takes a life course perspective and relies ...


An Investigation Of Microaggression Frequency And Stress Among Chinese International University Students And The Impacts, Shaohua Pei Jan 2018

An Investigation Of Microaggression Frequency And Stress Among Chinese International University Students And The Impacts, Shaohua Pei

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the microaggression experience of Chinese international college students during their stay in the U.S. The goals of the present study were: First, to explore the types of microaggressions that Chinese international students frequently experience both on and off campus; second, to analyze the stress scales of microaggressions pertaining to Chinese international students; third, to explore how Chinese international students navigate the process of dealing with microaggressions; fourth, to examine how microaggression stress and perceived institutional social support may impact the satisfaction of Chinese international students with their host institutions and their overall academic journey in the ...


Investigating The Sense Of Belonging Of International Students Through A Predictive Model, Anupma Singh Jan 2018

Investigating The Sense Of Belonging Of International Students Through A Predictive Model, Anupma Singh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite the fact that international students face challenges at the United States (U.S.) universities and colleges, little research exits on these student’s sense of belonging. This study investigates the factors of sense of belonging for international students and provides insights on factors like academic adjustment, homesickness, peer connection, etc. either hinder or enhance sense of belonging for international students.

The study uses multi-year of student’s data collected from all the first-year first-time students at a large public research-intensive university in Midwest. The analytical approach employed in this study includes descriptive statistics, ANOVA tests, factor analysis and structural ...


Critical Race Theoretical Composition Pedagogy And Its Effects, Paula Fender Jan 2018

Critical Race Theoretical Composition Pedagogy And Its Effects, Paula Fender

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research study explores the composing practices of several first-year composition students in two English 250 classes offered at Iowa State University. The study examines and analyzes intercultural awareness students have regarding race, diversity, and life, their own and others’. Using the inductive analysis research design, the research establishes a baseline perspective of students as they perceive themselves or not perceive themselves as “raced bodies.” Additionally, the baseline informs concurrent and emerging themes that students portray when exploring their own self-authorship and their persistent beliefs about how race and culture are or are not significant to composition studies. The relevance ...


Superintendents' Perceptions Of Their Instructional Leadership In The Iowa Teacher Leadership And Compensation System (Tlcs), Douglas Dean Wheeler Jan 2018

Superintendents' Perceptions Of Their Instructional Leadership In The Iowa Teacher Leadership And Compensation System (Tlcs), Douglas Dean Wheeler

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study was to examine superintendent instructional leadership in the context of the Iowa Teacher Leadership and Compensation System (TLCS). The study included interviews of 15 Iowa superintendents who were involved in the application and initial implementation of the Iowa TLCS in their districts. Interviews were designed to collect superintendents’ perceptions related to three areas of their instructional leadership practice: (1) perceived opportunities of TLCS; (2) perceived challenges of TLCS; and (3) perceived influence of TLCS implementation on superintendents’ role as instructional leaders. The study utilized sensemaking as an analytical framework to examine how superintendents ...


An Assessment Tool To Determine The Appropriateness Of Engineering Design Projects For Gender Bias, Ambiguity, And Major Relatedness, Shubham Prashant Khoje Jan 2018

An Assessment Tool To Determine The Appropriateness Of Engineering Design Projects For Gender Bias, Ambiguity, And Major Relatedness, Shubham Prashant Khoje

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Engineering design learning is one of the critical components for an engineering

degree; thus, engineering design projects are commonly included in engineering curricula

to help students cultivate design thinking and creative problem-solving skills. However,

an engineering design project is prone to the following issues if it is not appropriately

provided to engineering students. First, gender bias can occur when the design project is

perceived to be more skewed to one gender in comparison to the other. Second, major

relatedness can occur when the discipline of the design project is not related to the chosen

major and interest areas of a ...


Perceptions Of Middle, High School And Community College Agricultural Teachers In Iowa Regarding Agricultural Awareness Concepts And Activities In The Middle School Curriculum: Grades 7-9, Abisoye Oyeyinka Odubanjo Jan 2018

Perceptions Of Middle, High School And Community College Agricultural Teachers In Iowa Regarding Agricultural Awareness Concepts And Activities In The Middle School Curriculum: Grades 7-9, Abisoye Oyeyinka Odubanjo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Teachers are relied upon to teach basic agricultural knowledge among young learners who are devoid of real-world agricultural experiences. The middle school serves as a tool for achieving this goal because self and environmental awareness, and career choices begin at this educational stage. Since agricultural teachers are the major driver of agricultural education program in the middle school, their perceptions regarding this program are important. The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of agricultural teachers regarding teaching agriculture and selected course content in the middle school. The Theory of Planned Behavior was used as a theoretical framework ...


Value Of U.S. Higher Education Among Students From China And Russia, Inna Kuznetsova Jan 2018

Value Of U.S. Higher Education Among Students From China And Russia, Inna Kuznetsova

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Chinese students are currently the largest group of international students pursuing higher education in the U.S. The number of Chinese students has been steadily increasing in the last decade, but many researchers warn that international student mobility should not be taken for granted. Other countries such as the U.K, Australia, New Zealand, and Russia have established themselves as strong competitors in the unstable international higher education market. While many Russian students pursue higher education abroad, the number of Russian international students in U.S. higher education institutions is low. Given the multiple political, economical, and educational similarities between ...


Community College Faculty Advising: Testing A Model Of Student Interaction And Satisfaction, William B. Robertson Jan 2018

Community College Faculty Advising: Testing A Model Of Student Interaction And Satisfaction, William B. Robertson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Academic advising exists to help students make sound decisions. Regrettably, every semester a number of students neglect to consult their professional or faculty advisor, instead choosing to self-advise or take the advice of peers. Consequently, many of these students flounder and the resulting cost (in terms of academic progress, degree attainment, pride in accomplishment, employability, and contribution to society) to the students, their families, the institution, and society is devastating. For example, a study by American Institutes for Research (2011) estimated an economic impact of $4.5 billion in lost income and federal and state income taxes.

Institutions of higher ...


The Growing Together Project: Understanding Impacts On Field Day Attendees And Iowa Master Gardeners, Laura Irish Jan 2018

The Growing Together Project: Understanding Impacts On Field Day Attendees And Iowa Master Gardeners, Laura Irish

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Citizen science has been shown to be an effective tool for increasing data collection, as well as a great benefit to those who participate in the research project. The rising costs and limited funding for conducting large-scale research projects make citizen science projects valuable assets for researchers. Understanding the impact of citizen science projects on the volunteers must be done to better engage with and retain the volunteers. The Growing Together project, a partnership between the ISU Extension and Outreach Master Gardener program and the Human Sciences Extension, was created to increase food security in Iowa. The two major components ...


Indistinct Boundaries And Intersections: The Role Of Threshold Concepts And Disposition In Students With Early College Credit, Kathy Sanders Rose Jan 2017

Indistinct Boundaries And Intersections: The Role Of Threshold Concepts And Disposition In Students With Early College Credit, Kathy Sanders Rose

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study investigates knowledge transfer in college students

whose high school Advanced Placement (AP) or dual credit (DC) English courses

enabled them to opt out of the first level of composition at Iowa State University

(ISU). Although early college credit (ECC) students’ university writing

performances have been studied, writing transfer has not been adequately

studied in this population before. The influence of these students’ lived

experiences require more consideration from scholars because of the growing

number of students who enter advanced university classes by virtue of credits

earned in high school.

Thirteen students from a variety of backgrounds, majors ...


Promotion Of Student Engagement By Online Community College Faculty, Alicia Vance Aguiar Jan 2017

Promotion Of Student Engagement By Online Community College Faculty, Alicia Vance Aguiar

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Online higher education courses continue to attract students across the U.S. However, online student persistence, particularly in community colleges, continues to lag traditional delivery. It is well known that student engagement may lead to improved academic performance and persistence. Previous research has identified how faculty communication and teaching strategies promote student engagement, yet it is not always clear to what extent these strategies are implemented. In virtual education, faculty are often the primary connection online students have with the institution. Additional study was needed to determine to what extent online faculty implement strategies that promote student engagement and how ...


Predicting Student Persistence Of Community College Transfer Students To A Large, Urban, Transfer Destination Four-Year Institution, Megan M. Scherzberg Jan 2017

Predicting Student Persistence Of Community College Transfer Students To A Large, Urban, Transfer Destination Four-Year Institution, Megan M. Scherzberg

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to investigate the predictors of community college transfer student success. Through exploring student demographics and background characteristics (e.g. race/ethnicity, gender, first-generation student status, socioeconomic status, number of transfer credit hours, attempted/completed credits), significant predictors of community college transfer student persistence and completion can be identified and further explored. Specifically, the study examines three goals: a) the demographic and student characteristics of community college transfer students that influence persistence and completion, b) evidence of transfer shock and its longitudinal effect on student persistence and completion, c) and the identification of equity gaps ...


Using Map-Works To Explore Early Credit Enrollment In High School And The Impact On Students’ Academic Self-Efficacy And Academic Resiliency, Linda Jean Garbisch Svenson Jan 2017

Using Map-Works To Explore Early Credit Enrollment In High School And The Impact On Students’ Academic Self-Efficacy And Academic Resiliency, Linda Jean Garbisch Svenson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over the last decade participation of high school students in dual enrollment throughout the United States has grown exponentially. Enrollment in early credit aids student preparedness and/or transition into the collegiate environment, and to prepare a student academically for the academic rigor in college. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between early credits earned by high school students who enrolled full-time and self-reported academic self-efficacy scores and academic resiliency scores during students’ first semester. Additionally, this study descriptively explored characteristics of the sample and the quantity of early credits completed by high school students who ...


Applicability Of Online Education To Large Undergraduate Engineering Courses, Devayan Debashis Bir Jan 2017

Applicability Of Online Education To Large Undergraduate Engineering Courses, Devayan Debashis Bir

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

With the increase in undergraduate engineering enrollment, many universities have chosen to teach introductory engineering courses such as Statics of Engineering and Mechanics of Materials in large classes due to budget limitations. With the overwhelming literature against traditionally taught large classes, this study aims to see the effects of the trending online pedagogy. Online courses are the latest trend in education due to the flexibility they provide to students in terms of schedule and pace of learning with the added advantage of being less expensive for the university over a period. In this research, the effects of online lectures on ...


Mixed Methods Assessment Of Project-Based Learning In A Senior-Level Highway Design Course, Steven Kurtis Younkin Jan 2017

Mixed Methods Assessment Of Project-Based Learning In A Senior-Level Highway Design Course, Steven Kurtis Younkin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The lack of practical real-world applications in a classroom setting has been identified as one factor inhibiting student interest in STEM fields. Project-based learning (PBL) directly addresses this concern by providing an opportunity for students to complete an extensive, semester-long project that mirrors professional practice. In addition, PBL allows students an opportunity to refine related soft skills, such as technical writing and oral communication. This study involved the redevelopment of a senior-level highway design course using a PBL framework that largely reflects professional practice. A questionnaire survey was distributed to public and private road agencies in order to assess the ...