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Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Iowa State University

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Quality Of Life In A Rural Community: Perceptions Of The Role And Contributions Of The Small, Rural Community College, Jared William Reed Jan 2019

Quality Of Life In A Rural Community: Perceptions Of The Role And Contributions Of The Small, Rural Community College, Jared William Reed

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Community colleges play a fundamental role in higher education. They are open-access institutions, providing higher education services to individuals from a variety of backgrounds. Community colleges also provide important workforce development and training opportunities to help develop the local economy. Today, states and the federal government are increasing efforts to increase accountability in higher education. As community colleges face the challenge of responding to accountability measures, it is important for institutions to begin reexamining their role within the community.

This dissertation research explored the phenomenon of quality of life and the role of a small, rural community college in contributing ...


“Here We Come:” The Experiences Of Women Enrolled In Male-Dominated Stem Career Technical Pathway Programs At A Midwestern Community College, Rachel Roth Erkkila Jan 2019

“Here We Come:” The Experiences Of Women Enrolled In Male-Dominated Stem Career Technical Pathway Programs At A Midwestern Community College, Rachel Roth Erkkila

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research is an exploratory study that focused on describing the experiences of adult students who identify themselves as women enrolled in male-dominated Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) career pathway programs at a large Midwestern multi-campus community college. The study was undertaken to build on the research of women in community college STEM transfer programs and describe self-efficacy as women in male-dominated STEM career programs at a large Midwestern community college.

An examination of the history of women in STEM helps one to gain an understanding of women in male-dominated STEM career pathway programs in community college programs as ...


Asr As A Tool For Providing Feedback For Vowel Pronunciation Practice, Agata Guskaroska Jan 2019

Asr As A Tool For Providing Feedback For Vowel Pronunciation Practice, Agata Guskaroska

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study is to examine the usefulness of mobile-assisted ASR dictation systems (Gboard, Siri or voice dictation on smartphones) for vowel pronunciation practice by looking at three aspects of its usefulness: pronunciation improvement by using ASR, accuracy of recognition, and the learners’ attitudes towards using this system. A list of 30 words containing minimal pairs of the contrasts /i/, /ɪ/; /æ/, /ɛ/; /u/, /ʊ/; /ɑ/, /ʌ/ and some distractors was given to 21 Macedonian EFL learners, divided into two groups, an experimental (n=11) and a control group (n=10). A mixed methods approach was used in ...


“Speaking Truth To Power And To The People”: Scientist Bloggers Of Color As Public Intellectuals, Lisette E. Torres-Gerald Jan 2019

“Speaking Truth To Power And To The People”: Scientist Bloggers Of Color As Public Intellectuals, Lisette E. Torres-Gerald

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is a virtual ethnography of the lived racialized and gendered experiences of scientist bloggers of color. It looks to extend and complicate the literature in the fields of higher education, science communication, and science education by examining how scientists of color use blogs to speak the truth to power and to the people. The goal of my study was to learn how scientists of color use blogs to share their work; disrupt or promote normalized views of what a scientist should be; advocate for change or maintain the status quo within the scientific community; and encourage other people ...


Investigating Persistence In An Aerospace Engineering Program, Devayan Debashis Bir Jan 2019

Investigating Persistence In An Aerospace Engineering Program, Devayan Debashis Bir

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Recent trends in the Aerospace Engineering (AE) industry point to expansion and growth in the sector while its workforce lacks diversity and has an aging population as compared to other engineering majors. One of the ways this requirement can be fulfilled is to retain engineering students who want to pursue AE as a career. Students usually show intent in pursuing a career in AE by choosing AE as their college major. Multi-institutional research on undergraduate engineering trends (i.e. enrollment and graduation) report that AE has lagged cumulative engineering for the past decade even when minorities and gender were considered ...


Examining The Impact Of Technology-Mediated Oral Communicative Tasks On Students’ Willingness To Communicate And Communicative Performance, Nadia Veronica Jaramillo Cherrez Jan 2019

Examining The Impact Of Technology-Mediated Oral Communicative Tasks On Students’ Willingness To Communicate And Communicative Performance, Nadia Veronica Jaramillo Cherrez

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the impact of technology-mediated pedagogical tasks on students’ willingness to communicate and communicative performance in the intermediate level of Spanish at Iowa State University. Drawing from the framework on technology-mediated tasks by Gonzalez-Lloret & Ortega, 2014, and the World-Readiness Standards for communicative performance of the American Council on the Teaching for Foreign Languages, the technology-mediated pedagogical tasks were designed and implemented over the course a semester on the video platform Flipgrid. A quasi-experimental mixed-methods research with two groups of participants: (1) technology-mediated tasks (FG), and comparison group (CG) was conducted. Quantitative data sources included a pre-post survey on ...


School Consolidation: A Qualitative Case Study On The Importance Of Identity In A Rural Environment, Sue Ellen Burrack Jan 2019

School Consolidation: A Qualitative Case Study On The Importance Of Identity In A Rural Environment, Sue Ellen Burrack

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Though school district consolidation in the United States has been occurring from the early part of the 20th Century to present times, there is still much to be discovered on the best way to approach school consolidation and, specifically, approach the shifting social and cultural identity involved during the school consolidation process. Most of the focus of the body of literature concerning the effects of school consolidation has been on efficiency and financial issues inherent in making the decision to consolidate. This study provided a better understanding on behavioral, cognitive, and affective components involved in social capital and school identity ...


Epigenetic Variation In A Reptile With Temperature-Dependent Sex Determination And Inspiring A Diverse Future For Stem, Daniela Victoria Flores Jan 2019

Epigenetic Variation In A Reptile With Temperature-Dependent Sex Determination And Inspiring A Diverse Future For Stem, Daniela Victoria Flores

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Vertebrates with temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD), a mechanism that relies on incubation temperature to irreversibly determine the sex of developing embryos, are threatened by ongoing changes in climate and local environmental conditions. Previous studies have suggested that behavioral and molecular plasticity in this system may provide opportunities for these species to adapt to these changes. Although decades of research have uncovered key aspects, a complete molecular mechanism of TSD remains elusive. Epigenetic studies have the potential to unlock crucial information previously cryptic in traditional genetic studies. Recent studies have shown that environmental factors and maternal effects can greatly influence an ...


The Religious, Secular And Spiritual Climate Of Higher Education: Exploring Penn State’S Pasquerilla Center Through Case Study, J. Cody Nielsen Jan 2019

The Religious, Secular And Spiritual Climate Of Higher Education: Exploring Penn State’S Pasquerilla Center Through Case Study, J. Cody Nielsen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation study explored the campus climate of Penn State University for religious, secular, and spiritual identities through use of Strange and Banning’s Educating by Design theoretical framework. Specifically, it employed use of case study methodology to qualitatively examine how the Pasquerilla Center, the largest Multifaith Center in North America, as well as the Center for Spiritual and Ethical Development, engaged in providing institutional policies and practices that supported all forms of religious and non-religious identities. The study considered how constructivism affected perceptions of campus climate by students from Muslim, Jewish, Catholic Christian, and Protestant and Evangelical Christian religious ...


U.S. Higher Education Performance-Based Funding Policy Diffusion And Its Association With State Political Ideologies And State Budgeting Taxonomies, Christopher Neary Jan 2019

U.S. Higher Education Performance-Based Funding Policy Diffusion And Its Association With State Political Ideologies And State Budgeting Taxonomies, Christopher Neary

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Performance-based funding (PBF) is an important component of many states’ higher education funding policies. A majority of U.S. states hold their public colleges accountable through the establishment of PBF indicators designed to boost student success. Recent national pushes for college student success, like the College Completion Agenda and the Complete College America Alliance, inspire a collective analysis of U.S. state PBF policies. I use document analysis and develop policy diffusion proxy models that explain commonality in various forms. My research inspires institutional leaders and state legislators to strategically fund postsecondary programs, faculty, and staff that influence student success ...


The Influence Of A Female-Centered Figured World On The Stem Identities Of Young Girls, Ashley Delaney Jan 2019

The Influence Of A Female-Centered Figured World On The Stem Identities Of Young Girls, Ashley Delaney

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Children ages five to eight are in a pivotal period for building conceptual understandings of their identities, especially in relation to gender (Glenn, 1999). Thus, the early elementary is a prime time to influence children’s STEM identities. Children’s sense of belonging, self-efficacy, and interest contribute to their learning of STEM content (Bell, Lewenstein, Shouse, & Feder, 2009). Developing a positive STEM identity has long-term implications for females entering STEM fields.

I used the Figured Worlds framework (Holland, Lachicotte, Skinner, and Cain, 1998) to conceptualize STEM identity development and study the phenomenon in young females. In particular, I investigated two ...


Effect Of Social And Cultural Capital And Supportive Programs On Higher Education Aspirations And Transfer Intention Of Community College Hospitality Management Students, Ernest Lew Jan 2019

Effect Of Social And Cultural Capital And Supportive Programs On Higher Education Aspirations And Transfer Intention Of Community College Hospitality Management Students, Ernest Lew

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study used a web-based questionnaire to explore the effects of social and cultural capital, and community college personnel such as faculty, counselors, and other support services on the degree aspirations, transfer intentions, and perceived ability to navigate the upward transfer process of California community college hospitality management students to a four-year educational institution. The questionnaire was sent to a geographically stratified statewide sample of Latino and non-Latino California community college hospitality management students (n=2,300) in eight community college hospitality management programs throughout California.

The social capital variables were significant in explaining students’ degree aspirations and perceived ability ...


Whose Child? The Battle To Legalize Homeschooling In Iowa, Kristen Van Der Weide Jan 2019

Whose Child? The Battle To Legalize Homeschooling In Iowa, Kristen Van Der Weide

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Homeschooling was illegal in the state of Iowa until 1991. The conflict between school officials and homeschooling parents led to several court cases. Homeschooling was finally resolved in the Iowa legislature yet continues to be a challenge for the public school system. Iowa's children are caught in the middle.


Effects Of Preseason Concussion Education On Self-Reported Likelihood And Confidence In Concussion Reporting, Dana Edward Cash Jan 2019

Effects Of Preseason Concussion Education On Self-Reported Likelihood And Confidence In Concussion Reporting, Dana Edward Cash

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Around three million concussions happen in the United States from sport and recreational activity alone, and it is estimated 50% of concussions go undiagnosed. Collegiate athletes have been found to not report their symptoms of concussion mainly because they felt their symptoms were not severe enough and they did not think there were any long-term consequences from continuing to play. This study attempts to find if preseason concussion education for collegiate hockey players and club athletes changes their perceptions about concussions, and if these changes are maintained after returning to sport/competition. This study used three identical surveys over three ...


Developing And Evaluating Corpus-Based Feedback, Mo Chen Jan 2019

Developing And Evaluating Corpus-Based Feedback, Mo Chen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation outlines the development of a system of corpus-based feedback and evaluates its effects on students’ error correction and language learning. The design of the corpus-based feedback used in the study was informed by two SLA theories: the Interactionist Approach and Skill-learning Theory. The dissertation theorizes all aspects of the feedback design and discusses the various features of corpus-based feedback from SLA theoretical perspectives. To evaluate the quality of corpus-based feedback, the study compared it to that of traditional coded feedback. Based on the logical framework for evaluating CALL corrective feedback and Chapelle’s evaluation criteria (2001), five research ...


Civic Learning For Dissent: College Students’ Activist Orientation, Campus Climates, And Higher Education In The American Democracy, Kevin Michael Hemer Jan 2019

Civic Learning For Dissent: College Students’ Activist Orientation, Campus Climates, And Higher Education In The American Democracy, Kevin Michael Hemer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There are two important premises at the core of the American democracy: inclusion and dissent. Focusing on the premise of democratic dissent, the overarching goal of this study is understanding how colleges may encourage desirable civic outcomes. This dissertation is proceeds in an alternative format, containing three distinct manuscripts. Chapter 1 provides background and framed the subsequent manuscripts. Chapter 2 examines the measurement properties of survey scales, paying specific attention to potential differences by gender, race, and class year, and considering how these differences may affect findings and conclusions. Using confirmatory factor analysis and multi-group confirmatory factor analysis, four latent ...


Stance, Strategies, And Agency: A Collective Case Study Of Three Secondary Ela Teachers’ Critical Disciplinary Literacy Practices, Wendy A. Barlow Jan 2019

Stance, Strategies, And Agency: A Collective Case Study Of Three Secondary Ela Teachers’ Critical Disciplinary Literacy Practices, Wendy A. Barlow

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

During the past decade, literacy education has shifted from generalized reading strategies to instruction that pays particular attention to the ways in which members of disciplinary communities navigate and produce texts. While research around disciplinary literacy (DL) has increased within the past ten years, it is often isolated from critical literacy (CL) scholarship. Borrowing from Moje’s (2015) 4Es teaching heuristic and Stevens and Beans’ (2007) CL tenets, this collective case study examines how three secondary ELA teachers implement critical disciplinary literacies (CDL) (Dyches, 2018a; 2018b; 2018 under review). Data sources include lesson plans, observations, and interviews and coalesce in ...


Patterns Of Philanthropic Gifts Among Student-Athlete Alumni: A Case Study Of A Midwest University, Timothy Tesar Jan 2019

Patterns Of Philanthropic Gifts Among Student-Athlete Alumni: A Case Study Of A Midwest University, Timothy Tesar

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this case study was to describe the experiences of Theodore University (a pseudonym for a Midwest university) student-athlete alumni in deciding whether to give philanthropically. The research questions were as follows: (1) Why do Theodore University alumni who played a sport choose to either give, or not give, philanthropic gifts to Theodore? (2) How do Theodore University alumni who played a sport view philanthropic giving to Theodore? (3) What are their motivations to either give, or not give, to Theodore? A qualitative approach; using data collection methods of interviews, archival records, and written documentation; was used to ...


Parental Reflective Functioning And Mother-Child Interactions – A Preliminary Investigation, Janelle Justine Blanco Carlson Jan 2019

Parental Reflective Functioning And Mother-Child Interactions – A Preliminary Investigation, Janelle Justine Blanco Carlson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Parental reflective functioning (PRF) is a crucial mentalization skill that influences how parents respond to their children (Rutherford, 2013). Reflective functioning, in a general sense, is a mentalizing skill used to understand the emotional states and intentions of others (Slade 2005). The reflective functioning capacity of parents has been shown to predict parent-child attachment and children’s overall developmental outcomes (Fonagy, 1991; Heron-Delaney, 2016; Smaling, 2017). PRF specifically focuses on a parent’s ability to reflect on the internal experience of their child while also attending to their own reactions, thoughts, and feelings about their child. This study was a ...


Creando Una Cultura Universitaria: How An Educational Technology Non-Profit Organization Engages Families Of Elementary Aged Future First-Generation Latin@ College Students, Joan Julisa Jaimes Jan 2019

Creando Una Cultura Universitaria: How An Educational Technology Non-Profit Organization Engages Families Of Elementary Aged Future First-Generation Latin@ College Students, Joan Julisa Jaimes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study explored the experiences of five mothers of future first-generation Latin@ college students in the first grade in a San Antonio area school that participated in the Yes! Our Kids Can® program. The purpose of this study was to learn how the parents or caregivers used technology to engage with the curriculum to help them create a college going culture at home. For this study, only mothers responded to the participant recruitment post with an interest to participate. This study used a qualitative narrative research method, specifically testimonio, and was guided by the learner centric ecology of resources framework ...


Investigating And Comparing Operationalizations Of First-Generation Students: Similarities And Differences In The Characteristics, Experiences, And One-Year Persistence Of Students Across Multiple Levels Of Parental Education, Jennifer Mirabai Beck Jan 2019

Investigating And Comparing Operationalizations Of First-Generation Students: Similarities And Differences In The Characteristics, Experiences, And One-Year Persistence Of Students Across Multiple Levels Of Parental Education, Jennifer Mirabai Beck

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

First-generation students have received considerable attention though the definitions and operationalizations used vary. Prior studies used dichotomous groups, treating students whose parents had little or no college education as homogenous in terms of first-year experiences and persistence. This study sought to determine if the inconsistencies in how first-generation is defined and operationalized influence our understandings of these students and their success.

Findings revealed that the inconsistencies in how first-generation is defined and operationalized limits our understanding of these students and their success. Having at least one parent who completed a bachelor’s degree is an important dividing line for successful ...


How Two Faculty Integrate Equity, Diversity, Inclusion, And Social Justice In Doctoral Education, Michael David Dupont Jan 2019

How Two Faculty Integrate Equity, Diversity, Inclusion, And Social Justice In Doctoral Education, Michael David Dupont

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine how two faculty integrate equity, diversity, inclusion, and social justice (EDISJ) within their work with doctoral education at an AAU institution within two different disciplines. Due to the understanding that doctoral students imitate and emulate behaviors and values of close advisers, mentors, and experienced faculty, examining what faculty do within the work with doctoral education regarding EDISJ remains an important aspect to understanding how social inequalities may be perpetuated or disrupted within and beyond the academy. Two sites selected were initially categorized into the “core and integral value” and “peripheral ...


Civic Engagement In Young Adulthood: Social Capital And The Mediating Effects Of Postsecondary Educational Attainment, Kevin M. Hemer Jan 2018

Civic Engagement In Young Adulthood: Social Capital And The Mediating Effects Of Postsecondary Educational Attainment, Kevin M. Hemer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Civic Engagement has two purposes in American society. The first is to maintain democracy and democratic institutions; the second is to serve as a pathway for maturation into adulthood. Utilizing data from The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), we investigate how adolescent experiences with schools and families impact young adult’s political (voting) and nonpolitical (volunteering) civic engagement and the mediating role postsecondary educational attainment may have in this process. Utilizing measures of adolescent bonding and bridging social capital, as well as human and financial capital, this investigation takes a life course perspective and relies ...


The Effect Of Delivery Mode On L2 Students' Listening Comprehension Skills: Context Versus Animated Videos, Leyla Karatay Jan 2018

The Effect Of Delivery Mode On L2 Students' Listening Comprehension Skills: Context Versus Animated Videos, Leyla Karatay

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effect of different delivery modes on L2 students’ listening

comprehension. A mixed-methods explanatory research design was used to identify whether

animated videos or context videos facilitated better listening comprehension. Fifty-seven ESL undergraduate/graduate students were recruited from an academic speaking and pronunciation course offered at Iowa State University. The effectiveness of the delivery modes was assessed by the participant’s ability to orally summarize the videos. Two trained raters were recruited to rate participants’ audio-recorded summaries. A one-way ANOVA was used to test for a significant difference between mean scores of the two groups. Also, students ...


Value Of U.S. Higher Education Among Students From China And Russia, Inna Kuznetsova Jan 2018

Value Of U.S. Higher Education Among Students From China And Russia, Inna Kuznetsova

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Chinese students are currently the largest group of international students pursuing higher education in the U.S. The number of Chinese students has been steadily increasing in the last decade, but many researchers warn that international student mobility should not be taken for granted. Other countries such as the U.K, Australia, New Zealand, and Russia have established themselves as strong competitors in the unstable international higher education market. While many Russian students pursue higher education abroad, the number of Russian international students in U.S. higher education institutions is low. Given the multiple political, economical, and educational similarities between ...


A Sustainable Campus For The Higher Education Institutions In The U.S., Md Imtiajul Alam Jan 2018

A Sustainable Campus For The Higher Education Institutions In The U.S., Md Imtiajul Alam

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The green and sustainable campus concept is not something new to US universities, but well-organized and coherent activities to effectively “green” campuses are not that common, and efforts are minor in comparison to the potential of these universities. This thesis investigates different approaches taken by higher education (HE) institutions that are considered successful in their objectives toward achieving a sustainable campus. It also examines the process of integration of sustainability into the higher education institution’s policy, pedagogy, and research process; approaches taken by HE institutions aim to impact students’ perceptions and their behavior toward the world that they will ...


Native American Children And School Readiness: A Nationally Representative Study Of Individual And Cumulative Risks, Quentin Hoage Riser Jan 2018

Native American Children And School Readiness: A Nationally Representative Study Of Individual And Cumulative Risks, Quentin Hoage Riser

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Using a nationally representative dataset (Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort) and bioecological-cumulative disadvantage framework, the present study examined school readiness among American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) children. It investigated the relations between salient child and family risk experiences (i.e., poverty, preterm/low birth weight, low maternal education, single motherhood, inadequate prenatal care, teen motherhood, and severe maternal depression), and kindergarten academic (i.e., reading and math) and behavioral outcomes (i.e., social competence, approaches to learning, and externalizing behaviors). Descriptive statistics (representative of children born in 2001) revealed 58.5% of AIAN children experienced poverty at least once ...


Grateful/Ungrateful, White/Not-White, Asian/Not-Asian: A Study Of East Asian Transracial-Transnational Adoptees, Justin Paul Winkel Jan 2018

Grateful/Ungrateful, White/Not-White, Asian/Not-Asian: A Study Of East Asian Transracial-Transnational Adoptees, Justin Paul Winkel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Transracial-transnational adoptees represent a marginal, sometimes invisible group within communities of color, including the Asian American community. Their social networks, and the way they forge friendships and relationships represent a complicated navigation of not just common social structures, but also a maze of social identities that many of these adoptees are caught between. The way these adoptees view their own identities influences whom with, and under what context they socialize. Experiences that construct ideas of membership and participation for adoptees are often thought to be unpredictable and inconsistent. This study seeks to better understand these narratives by examining the first ...


Critical Race Theoretical Composition Pedagogy And Its Effects, Paula Fender Jan 2018

Critical Race Theoretical Composition Pedagogy And Its Effects, Paula Fender

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research study explores the composing practices of several first-year composition students in two English 250 classes offered at Iowa State University. The study examines and analyzes intercultural awareness students have regarding race, diversity, and life, their own and others’. Using the inductive analysis research design, the research establishes a baseline perspective of students as they perceive themselves or not perceive themselves as “raced bodies.” Additionally, the baseline informs concurrent and emerging themes that students portray when exploring their own self-authorship and their persistent beliefs about how race and culture are or are not significant to composition studies. The relevance ...


Fathers In Home Visiting: An Examination Of Father Participation In Iowa Miechv, Neil Alan Rowe Jan 2018

Fathers In Home Visiting: An Examination Of Father Participation In Iowa Miechv, Neil Alan Rowe

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, father participation in early childhood home visits was examined using observational data from 50 Maternal Infant Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) home visits where a father figure was present for a visit with a mother receiving services and a target child two years old or younger. The sample included 34 different home visitors. Videos were coded using the HVOF-R and HOVRS A+ observational tools. Fathers were more present and available during home visits than previous research indicates (Holmberg & Olds, 2015; McBride & Peterson, 1997; Raikes, Summers & Roggman, 2005). A father-figure was present in 25.1% of the initial home visit videos with ...