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Exploring Spanish Heritage Language Learning And Task Design For Virtual Worlds, Brandon J. King Apr 2018

Exploring Spanish Heritage Language Learning And Task Design For Virtual Worlds, Brandon J. King

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this exploratory case study, I take a constant comparative methods type approach to exploring a shift in second language acquisition (SLA) away from approaches built on the assumption that language participants in the U.S. are monolingual English speakers (Block, 2003; Ortega, 2009, 2013; Thompson, 2013; Valdés, 2005), with little initial investment in the language or its culture (Rivera-Mills, 2012; Valdés, Fishman, Chavéz, & Pérez, 2006). This bias has entrenched a monolingual speaker baseline for statistical analysis within many experimental designs (Block, 2003; Ortega, 2009, 2013; Thompson, 2013; Valdés, 2005). Further, I redress this methodological bias by applying sociocultural theoretical (SCT) (Vygotsky, 1986) approaches to investigating Spanish heritage language learners (SHLLs). Heritage Language Acquisition (HLA) has an established tradition ...


Adult College Students' Perceptions About Learning Mathematics Via Developmental Mathematical Xmoocs, Pelagia Alesafis Kilgore Mar 2018

Adult College Students' Perceptions About Learning Mathematics Via Developmental Mathematical Xmoocs, Pelagia Alesafis Kilgore

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Debates over the promising change Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) might offer to traditional online learning now produce significant attention and discourse among the media and higher education. Ample articles discuss the potential benefits of MOOCs from the perspectives of faculty and administration. However, little is known about students’ perceptions of MOOCs. Given the lack of relevant literature and the reality that MOOCs are created to benefit students, it is important to elicit current college students’ perceptions of MOOCs since it is well documented learning mathematics online has its problems (Ashby, Sadera, & McNary, 2011; Frame, 2012; Ho et al., 2010; Hughes et ...


Perceived Distance And Instructional Design In Online Agriculture And Life Science Courses, Yahya S. Alotibi Jan 2018

Perceived Distance And Instructional Design In Online Agriculture And Life Science Courses, Yahya S. Alotibi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to describe relationships between factors that influence perceived transactional distance (course structure, course interaction, and learner autonomy) and instructional design aspects that help to reduce transactional distance from the learner's perspective. Using Transactional Distance Theory. Specifically, the study sought to identify the extent to which learners felt they were distant from their online course and describe relationships between online students’ perceived distance and factors of transactional distance (course structure, interactions, and learner autonomy).

An online survey was disseminated to 271 students who enrolled in online courses in the College of Agriculture and ...


Teaching Structural Analysis With A Mobile Augmented Reality Application, Suhan Yao Jan 2018

Teaching Structural Analysis With A Mobile Augmented Reality Application, Suhan Yao

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Structural analysis is a core course taught in every undergraduate civil engineering program and most architectural and construction engineering programs. Despite the critical role of this subject matter in engineering education, students usually have difficulty in grasping the abstract concepts, visualizing the deformed shape of simple structures, and relating basic structural members to more complex structural systems such as buildings and bridges. To help students to visualize the structural behaviors as well as linking structural representations with physical structures, a mobile augmented reality (AR) application, iStructAR, was developed. Through the application, a real campus building is superimposed with a virtual ...


Community College Second Language Students’ Perspectives Of Online Learning: A Phenomenological Case Study, Li-Lee Tunceren Nov 2017

Community College Second Language Students’ Perspectives Of Online Learning: A Phenomenological Case Study, Li-Lee Tunceren

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this phenomenological case study, I elicited the perspectives of first-year community college second language (L2) students enrolled in an online general education course, Studies in Applied Ethics. Four L2 participants narrated their lived experiences and impressions of distance learning via Skype interviews at early, mid, and end-of-semester junctures. The Distance Education instructional model Community of Inquiry (COI) served as the theoretical framework for the inquiry. The multilingual participants suggested the COI components Teaching Presence (design and facilitation of the course) and Learning Presence (self-regulated learning behaviors) led to Cognitive Presence (the understanding of and ability to demonstrate content knowledge ...


Exploring Teacher Assessment Literacy Through The Process Of Training Teachers To Write Assessment Items, Heather Peltier Wright Mar 2017

Exploring Teacher Assessment Literacy Through The Process Of Training Teachers To Write Assessment Items, Heather Peltier Wright

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the process and impact of assessment training content and delivery mode on the quality of assessment items developed by the teachers in a two-year assessment development project. Teacher characteristics were examined as potential moderating factors. Four types of delivery mode were employed in the project: synchronous online, asynchronous online, in-person workshop, and blended (a combination of online and in-person training). The quality of assessment items developed by participating teachers was measured via: 1) item acceptance rate, 2) number of item reviews (as an indicator of how many times accepted items were rejected ...


The Effects Of Arousal Presented By A Pedagogical Agent On English Language Learners' Situational Interest, Cognitive Load And Reading Comprehension In Online Reading Tasks, Jack Drobisz Feb 2017

The Effects Of Arousal Presented By A Pedagogical Agent On English Language Learners' Situational Interest, Cognitive Load And Reading Comprehension In Online Reading Tasks, Jack Drobisz

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research examined how four different animated pedagogical agent implementations, which focus on perceptual and inquiry arousal conditions of attention as defined in Keller’s ARCS model of motivational design (Keller, 2009), impact English language learners' situational interest, cognitive load, and reading comprehension in online readings tasks. Animated pedagogical agents (APA) are computer characters embodied with speech, gestures, or movement (Sweller, Ayres, & Kalyuga, 2011), which according to cognitive-affective theory of learning with media (CATLM; Moreno, 2005; Moreno & Mayer, 2007), can provide a mechanism for triggering situational interest in reading materials through different arousal conditions. In this study, perceptual arousal and inquiry arousal were implemented in two different levels within four APA conditions: high perceptual arousal and high inquiry arousal condition, high perceptual and low inquiry condition, low perceptual and high inquiry condition, and low perceptual and low inquiry condition. Study outcome variables included situational interest, cognitive load, and reading comprehension. Situational interest is a psychological construct defined as a specific person-to-topic relationship, which is triggered by the instructional environment during the first stage of a 4-phase model of interest development (Hidi & Renninger, 2006; Krapp, 2002). In this study, situational interest was operationally defined as a self-reported degree of attention and an affective reaction to environmental stimuli; situational interest was measured using a 6-item, 5-point Likert-scale instrument adopted from ...


A Game-Based Design Studio: An Exploration Of An Interior Design Studio Environment For Implementing Game-Based Learning, Zina Alaswad Jan 2017

A Game-Based Design Studio: An Exploration Of An Interior Design Studio Environment For Implementing Game-Based Learning, Zina Alaswad

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The design studio is an active, participatory, and experimental learning environment. Since the 19th century, the studio has been a place for learning through doing with a community of peers seeking knowledge, skills, and a space for unleashing creativity. The advancement in teaching and learning has shown to address a variety of instructional issues in a variety of fields using digital technology and innovative pedagogies. The design studio, despite its many affordances, has been criticized over the past decade for multiple reasons. This three-article dissertation focuses on using the game-based learning (GBL) pedagogy to address three instructional issues in interior ...


Modes Of Feedback In Esl Writing: Implications Of Shifting From Text To Screencast, Kelly J. Cunningham Jan 2017

Modes Of Feedback In Esl Writing: Implications Of Shifting From Text To Screencast, Kelly J. Cunningham

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

For second language writing (SLW) instructors, decisions regarding technology-mediated feedback are particularly complex as they must also navigate student language proficiency, which may vary across different areas such as reading or listening. Yet technology-mediated feedback remains an underexplored realm in SLW especially with regard to how modes of technology affect feedback and how students interact with and understand it. With the expanding pervasiveness of video and increased access to screencasting (screen recording), SLW instructors have ever-growing access to video modes for feedback, yet little research to inform their choices. Further, with video potentially requiring substantial investment from institutions through hosting ...


Mining Creativity: Video Game Creativity Learning Effects, Jorge Alberto Blanco-Herrera Jan 2017

Mining Creativity: Video Game Creativity Learning Effects, Jorge Alberto Blanco-Herrera

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Most psychological studies concerning the learning effects of video games have focused on action video games. These popular games emphasize quick-paced combat, narratives, player agency, and problem solving. Although many studies have focused on aggression or visual-spatial cognition effects from the quick-paced combat, the problem-solving aspects have been largely ignored. The present study seeks to expand the existing literature on video game effects by focusing on a rarely-tested outcome: creative production.

As a game with few rules and a high amount of player freedom, Minecraft exemplifies a game that fosters players’ abilities for creative expression. This experimental study compares the ...


Augmented Reality Reading Support In Higher Education: Exploring Effects On Perceived Motivation And Confidence In Comprehension For Struggling Readers In Higher Education, Laura Anne Huisinga Jan 2017

Augmented Reality Reading Support In Higher Education: Exploring Effects On Perceived Motivation And Confidence In Comprehension For Struggling Readers In Higher Education, Laura Anne Huisinga

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Technology has shown promise to aid struggling readers in higher education, particularly through new and emerging technologies. Augmented reality (AR) has been used successfully in the classroom to motivate and engage struggling learners, yet little research exists on how augmented print might help struggling readers. This study explores this gap, specifically art/design students in higher education and their perceived motivation to read, as well as their engagement with, and comprehension of an augmented design theory text. This study employed an exploratory, mixed methods design. Analysis of the findings indicates most students, including self-identified struggling and typical readers, would use ...


Use Of A Game-Based App As A Learning Tool For Students With Mathematics Learning Disabilities To Increase Fraction Knowledge/Skill, Orhan Simsek Jun 2016

Use Of A Game-Based App As A Learning Tool For Students With Mathematics Learning Disabilities To Increase Fraction Knowledge/Skill, Orhan Simsek

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a game-based app (Motion Math: Fraction) to help students with Mathematics Learning Disabilities (MLD) to gain fraction skills including comparison, estimation, and word problem solving in an after school program. The researcher used multiple baseline design by extending with follow-up phase to determine whether students retained the knowledge they learned while engaging with the app. Even though six students participated to the study, the researcher withdrew two of them and analyzed data came from four students. The result o the study showed that all of the students improved their ...


Identity Theft Education: Comparison Of Text-Based And Game-Based Learning, Susan Helser Jan 2016

Identity Theft Education: Comparison Of Text-Based And Game-Based Learning, Susan Helser

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Identity theft continues to grow. It drains a host of valuable resources from Society. Trust is affected. Identity theft can upend an individual’s life and well-being. In the business sector financial losses consume profit and jeopardize the stability of industry. New and complementary approaches to combat the crime are needed.

This research examines two educational methods, one text-based and the other game-based, designed to present information about identity theft. For this purpose I developed Fight Identity Theft (FIT) software. In addition to collecting demographic information, pre- and post-survey responses and feedback data, FIT provides two educational modules. The program ...


Development Of Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (Tpack) In Prek-6 Teacher Preparation Programs, Wei Wang Jan 2016

Development Of Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (Tpack) In Prek-6 Teacher Preparation Programs, Wei Wang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation investigates whether preservice teachers majoring in elementary education, in the context of a teacher preparation program at a higher education institution, develop technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) with the goal of having the capacity to successfully integrate technology while planning instruction and teaching in PreK-6 classrooms. The dissertation is presented in a non-traditional format including an introduction, three manuscripts prepared for journal publication, and a concluding chapter.

The three journal articles tapped into the essential components surrounding the dissertation’s focus of preK-6 preservice teachers’ TPACK development during their teacher preparation program. The first article provided an extensive ...


A Study Of How Culture, Collaboration, And Advocacy Influence Data-Driven Decision Making At Community Colleges, Marvin Leo Dejear Jan 2016

A Study Of How Culture, Collaboration, And Advocacy Influence Data-Driven Decision Making At Community Colleges, Marvin Leo Dejear

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Data-driven decision making (DDDM), or the use of data to inform educational practices, has become an emerging field of interest over the past decade for educational leaders and researchers (Mandinach and Gummer, 2013). With increased pressure for accountability and improved outcomes by educational institutions, agencies from the federal to the local level have adjusted policies accordingly. National discussions about education reform are replete with calls for more transparency, stronger accountability, improved outcomes, and a more efficient use of public resources (Achieving the Dream, 2012). Advancements in technology have given educators improved access to data, making it easier to retrieve and ...


Developing Interactive Learning For Environmental Issues, Meriesa C. Elliott Jan 2016

Developing Interactive Learning For Environmental Issues, Meriesa C. Elliott

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The environment is being negatively affected by the behavior of human beings. Climate change, while a natural occurrence, is happening at an unnatural pace, sped up by human actions. Even with these things in mind, it seems an impossible task to get people to move toward positive environmental impacts. While many people are aware of environmental issues, they don’t fully understand what actions are contributing to the problems, what alternative options they have, or how they can help alleviate the problem. With that in mind, I examine how effective interactive design can be at creating a learning environment by ...


Challenges Of Accrediting Distance Education Allied Health Programs With Clinical Components, Auburne Kay Deming Hutchins Jan 2016

Challenges Of Accrediting Distance Education Allied Health Programs With Clinical Components, Auburne Kay Deming Hutchins

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study examined the challenges of assessing allied health education programs with clinical components offered in a distance education (DE) format from the perspective of the educational accreditor. As technology continues to expand our virtual horizons of educational opportunity, so does the ability to offer programs of higher education in ways that before may have never been imagined possible. The mark of a high quality education in healthcare is that the student graduates from an accredited program. It is the responsibility of the accrediting body to ensure that these programs meet all of the necessary standards, regardless of the ...


A Teacher Development Program On Call Materials Evaluation: Teachers' Knowledge And Attitudes Toward Technology, Corry Caromawati Jan 2016

A Teacher Development Program On Call Materials Evaluation: Teachers' Knowledge And Attitudes Toward Technology, Corry Caromawati

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Teacher Development Programs (TDPs) in Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) aim to develop teachers' knowledge as well as positive attitudes toward technology. Previous studies (Liu & Kelinsasser, 2015; Tai, 2015, 2013; Rienities, Brouwer, & Lygo-Baker, 2013; Wong & Benson, 2006; Chao, 2006; Hegelheimer, 2006; Yildirim, 2000) show that teachers develop their CALL technical pedagogical knowledge through participation in CALL TDPs. In addition to the development of their knowledge, teachers also increase their positive attitudes toward technology after CALL TDPs as revealed in previous studies such as Tai (2013); Kessler (2007); Hegelheimer (2006); Meskill, Anthony, Hilliker-VanStrander, Tseng, and You (2006), and Yildirim (2000). Regarding teachers' CALL knowledge, it is believed that ...


Digital Badge Adoption: Earner's Perceived Educational Value, Sandra Jean Schwarz Jan 2016

Digital Badge Adoption: Earner's Perceived Educational Value, Sandra Jean Schwarz

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Digital badges are simple tools that have the potential to change the current system of credentialing, creating methods to recognize diverse learning pathways and offer opportunities for both learners and the institutions or entities that offer them. The digital badge movement is still very new, yet is growing as a method to document and communicate what an individual knows or can do. Digital badges highlight skills of the earner, who then displays the badge for someone to view, and can validate anything from mastering a skill to completion of a certain course or documenting the acquirement of a special professional ...


Identifying Standards Of Quality In Christian Online Theological Education, Ryan Baltrip Nov 2015

Identifying Standards Of Quality In Christian Online Theological Education, Ryan Baltrip

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Changes in computer and communication technology have sparked an educational revolution. For over 20 years, higher education, as a whole, has been adapting to the changing educational landscape. Christian theological education, which is not immune to changing educational realities, has also been adapting to decentralized educational tendencies and experiencing rapid growth in distance and online learning. Christian theological education appears to be a decade or so behind higher education in its contemporary adaptation to online learning,. Questions that higher education began asking over a decade ago about online learning are now part of the contemporary conversation within Christian online theological ...


Investigating Relationships Between Educational Technology Use And Other Instructional Elements Using "Big Data" In Higher Education, Karly Good Jan 2015

Investigating Relationships Between Educational Technology Use And Other Instructional Elements Using "Big Data" In Higher Education, Karly Good

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The use of educational technology in higher education has been growing over the past few years. The focus of this research study is to understand the relationships between college students’ reactions to instruction and those courses that use educational technology, together with other important instructional elements, to facilitate learning. The research took place at a small liberal arts university in the Midwestern United States between August 2012 and December 2014. The research uses Student Ratings of Instruction and Courses from the IDEA Center, otherwise known as student evaluations of teaching. A total of 34,480 survey responses were analyzed for ...


Understanding The Use Of Tablet Devices In The Classroom When Teaching A Group Of Learners Diagnosed With Autism, Andrea Lynn Halabi Jan 2015

Understanding The Use Of Tablet Devices In The Classroom When Teaching A Group Of Learners Diagnosed With Autism, Andrea Lynn Halabi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The increasing number of individuals diagnosed with autism, the shift in educational paradigms, and technology advances that allow affordability and accessibility were the motivation behind this study. Learners with autism have the potential to develop social and emotional skills as well as increasing motivation for learning while using technology, in particular tablet devices (i.e., iPads) as instructional tools. The purpose of this case study was to better understand the use of technology (in particular, tablet devices) to teach mathematics to a group of learners diagnosed with autism. Two research questions guided this study: (1) How do the motivational principles ...


Applications Of Technology And Large Data In Statistics Education And Statistical Graphics, Karsten Tait Maurer Jan 2015

Applications Of Technology And Large Data In Statistics Education And Statistical Graphics, Karsten Tait Maurer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is a composite of research preformed in the fields of statistics education and statistical graphics. The three body chapters stand as the pillars of this work; tied together by the common theme of overcoming challenges and grasping opportunities that are posed by emerging technologies and prodigious data sources. In Chapter 1 a review of the literature is conducted to lay the foundation upon which the work of the main body chapters is built. Chapter 2 is an educational experiment comparing the learning outcomes from simulation-based and traditional statistical inference curricula. Chapter 3 studies the development of a shiny ...


A Systemic Functional Perspective On Automated Writing Evaluation: Formative Feedback On Causal Discourse, Aysel Saricaoglu Jan 2015

A Systemic Functional Perspective On Automated Writing Evaluation: Formative Feedback On Causal Discourse, Aysel Saricaoglu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Making explanations is a very important communicative function in academic literacy; several disciplines including science are dominated by causal explanations (Mohan & Slater, 2004; Slater, 2004; Wellington & Osborne, 2001). For academic success, students need to write about causes and effects well with the help of their instructors, which means that formative assessment of causal discourse is necessary (Slater & Mohan, 2010). However, manual evaluation of causal discourse is time-consuming and impractical for writing instructors. For this reason, automated evaluation of causal discourse, which current automated writing evaluation (AWE) systems cannot perform, is required. Addressing these needs, this dissertation aimed to develop an automated causal ...


Design Research On Systems Thinking Approach In Veterinary Education, Li-Shan Tao Jan 2015

Design Research On Systems Thinking Approach In Veterinary Education, Li-Shan Tao

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the application of a newly designed systems approach to the problem of students' lack of big-picture experience in the College of Veterinary Medicine. To determine whether students' performance on problem-solving for various scenarios improved after intervention , a design research methodology was adopted to develop a systems-approach teaching and learning environment. Three iterations were conducted, with improvements to the instructional approach following each of the first two iterations.

The results supported the hypothesis that instructional intervention led to modest but statistically significant increases in students' use of system thinking across the three experimental ...


Understanding The Role Of The Modality Principle In Multimedia Learning Environments, Amy Marie Oberfoell Jan 2015

Understanding The Role Of The Modality Principle In Multimedia Learning Environments, Amy Marie Oberfoell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The modality principle was first addressed in 1989 by Mayer and Moreno. The modality principle asserts presenting words as speech, rather than on-screen text, is more effective for the learner. The modality principle states that learners are more successful with understanding information that uses narration than on-screen text because the on-screen text may produce a cognitive overload if it is accompanied by other visual elements. This overload may occur due to the learner needing to give attention to the visual graphic/image as well as provide visual attention to the on-screen text. However, if the on-screen text is narrated, the ...


Igaty: An Archetype-Based Interactive Generative Abstraction System Focusing On Museum Interior Archetypes, Joori Suh Jan 2015

Igaty: An Archetype-Based Interactive Generative Abstraction System Focusing On Museum Interior Archetypes, Joori Suh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Archetype in Greek means an original model that prevails in all later forms of variations, combinations, and transformations. In the field of design, types and archetypes have been used as an analytical tool; unfortunately, archetypes have not been perceived as promising prospects in the search for creative ideas, and the dynamic transformative quality embedded in archetypes has not been fully utilized among students and designers. Despite its inherent potential as sources of ideas for future invention, a number of scholars have criticized the typological approach to design for its exclusive nature primarily due to a misunderstanding of its fundamental structure ...


Teacher Perceptions Of Pedagogical Change In 1:1 Laptop Classrooms, Jessie Marie Christensen Jan 2015

Teacher Perceptions Of Pedagogical Change In 1:1 Laptop Classrooms, Jessie Marie Christensen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research study sought to answer two research questions: 1) How do K-12 teachers perceive that their pedagogical approaches change or remain the same after being involved in a 1:1 program? and 2) What factors do K-12 teachers identify that impact or prevent pedagogical change? The researcher adapted sections of Becker and Anderson (1999)’s Teaching Learning, and Computing Teacher Survey. The instrument was distributed online by email and included 166 responses from teachers who had worked in a school with a 1:1 program for at least one year. Sixty-five percent (65%) of the participants believed that their ...


The Testing Effect In General Chemistry: Effects Of Repeated Testing On Student Performance Across Different Test Modes, Anna Agripina Prisacari Jan 2015

The Testing Effect In General Chemistry: Effects Of Repeated Testing On Student Performance Across Different Test Modes, Anna Agripina Prisacari

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Research on the testing effect shows that practice tests are more effective than additional studying for enhancing learning. However, there has been little research directly addressing the role of additional testing when students take paper-based or computer-based tests in college courses. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to investigate the role of the testing effect and test mode on student performance.

The participants were 664 general chemistry students from two large universities in the Midwest and the Pacific Northwest. After covering the test material in their course, students completed two proctored practice tests that included 17 algorithmic question pairs ...


Development And Validation Of Virtual Interactive Tasks For An Aviation English Assessment, Moonyoung Park Jan 2015

Development And Validation Of Virtual Interactive Tasks For An Aviation English Assessment, Moonyoung Park

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In response to growing concerns over aviation safety stemming from the limited command of aviation English by non-native English speaking practitioners, this study aimed to demonstrate the development process of aviation English test tasks in a virtual environment and investigate the validity for a task-based aviation English performance assessment in the context of Korean Army Aviation. In the current dissertation study, the development and validation of the VITAEA test were based on four inferences – domain description, evaluation, generalization, and explanation – and underlying assumptions in an interpretive argument that developed with reference to argument-based validity, evidence-centered design, target language use situation ...