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Full-Text Articles in Education

Enhancing Early Literacy Subject Matter Knowledge: Using Interval Learning Pedagogy To Develop Content Understandings, Matthew Kierstead Apr 2020

Enhancing Early Literacy Subject Matter Knowledge: Using Interval Learning Pedagogy To Develop Content Understandings, Matthew Kierstead

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There is a significant body of research that identifies a gap in early literacy content knowledge between the teaching profession and that held by the research community. Shulman’s (1986) PCK framework identifies pedagogical knowledge and content knowledge as the two main headings for teacher professional knowledge. The purpose of this study is to investigate the development of early literacy specialized content knowledge using relative teacher strengths in their pedagogical knowledge with in a conceptual professional development framework called Interval Learning. The study involved four Grade 1 teachers in the pilot phase and eight Kindergarten teachers in the main research ...


Instructional Leadership Competencies As Interpreted By New School Principals, Arief Ebrahim Apr 2020

Instructional Leadership Competencies As Interpreted By New School Principals, Arief Ebrahim

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over the years, changes in the complex responsibilities of principals have brought about greater demands to the role. This study examined new principals’ (1 , 2 and 3 year), perceptions relative to Instructional Leadership; an area of practice that due to the additional and complex roles of principals, does not get the attention it requires. Both the quality of the leader’s Instructional knowledge and the capability of the leader employing this knowledge has also raised some questions (Robinson, 2010; Smylie & Bennett, 2005). The participants in this study comprised of a group of 19 principals who lead schools in Alberta, Canada. Six male participants and 13 female participants took part in the study. Four of the participants were in their 1st year. Six of the participants were in their 2nd year. Nine of the participants were in their 3rd year. This quantitative descriptive research included an exploratory analysis of disaggregated groups by conducting a crosswalk with two instruments; the Principal Instructional Management Rating Scale (PIMRS) and Competency 6: Instructional Leadership, from the Leadership Quality Standard (LQS). Descriptive statistics ...


Pathways To The Superintendency: The Experiences Of Albertan Female Superintendents, Susan M. Coates Apr 2020

Pathways To The Superintendency: The Experiences Of Albertan Female Superintendents, Susan M. Coates

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Studies have shown that female superintendents in the United States and Manitoba, Canada are underrepresented compared to their male counterparts (AASA, 2015; Wallin, 2009). This is also the case for Superintendent of Schools in Alberta, Canada. Therefore, to ascertain challenges and supports on the pathways to the superintendency, six female assistant superintendents and three Superintendent of Schools serving in the 2019-2020 school year were interviewed as part of a multi-case study. Participants identified factors that contributed to or challenged them in obtaining the position of superintendent. The results of the interviews conclude that the pathways of female superintendents are most ...


The Journey From Teaching Mindfulness To Being A Mindful Teacher: A Quantitative Analysis Of Factors That Impact Teacher Mindfulness Practices And Teacher Well-Being In Alberta, Leanna Rose Murtha-Toles Apr 2020

The Journey From Teaching Mindfulness To Being A Mindful Teacher: A Quantitative Analysis Of Factors That Impact Teacher Mindfulness Practices And Teacher Well-Being In Alberta, Leanna Rose Murtha-Toles

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Schools and teachers have a tremendous task set before them as they address challenges that are not only academic but are related to the education of soft-skills and dispositions not generally associated with a particular subject or content area. Incorporating mindfulness into education supports the goal of educating the whole child. The purpose of this quantitative study was to investigate whether and to what extent a relationship existed between teaching mindfulness and the self-reported mindfulness practices and well-being of teachers in Alberta, Canada. This study utilized a correlational quantitative approach to explore four research questions: (a) what mindfulness techniques do ...


Authentic Leadership As An Antithesis To Teacher Burnout, Carmen Markowski Apr 2020

Authentic Leadership As An Antithesis To Teacher Burnout, Carmen Markowski

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this quantitative correlational study was to develop a new framework for the burnout equation and to examine the relationships which exist among three key factors; teacher burnout, psychological well-being at work, and authentic leadership. Participants in the study included 335 Canadian teachers, 299 of which were from the province of Alberta. The majority of the participants (81%) were classroom teachers, while the remaining participants held specialized positions like counsellor, learning coach, or administrator. Participants filled out a survey containing three instruments: the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), the Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction at Work (BPNS-W) scale, and the ...


Exploring Pedagogical Leadership In Alberta’S Early Childhood Education And Care, Nancy Thomas Apr 2020

Exploring Pedagogical Leadership In Alberta’S Early Childhood Education And Care, Nancy Thomas

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) focuses on young children’s early learning and well-being, as mighty learners and citizens. Making curriculum decisions that reflect guiding principles that view children as active, co-constructors of knowledge is challenging work. This way of working requires integrating theoretical and practice-based knowledge in pedagogical processes to create meaningful learning opportunities that reflect children’s everyday experiences and encourages children’s theory building. Pedagogical leaders play a vital role in the pedagogical process by creating transformative shifts in EC practice and curriculum decision making. Now seems to be the moment when views of ECEC leadership ...


Academic Digital Badges: Industry, Employment, And Prospects, Terry M. Mcgovern Mar 2020

Academic Digital Badges: Industry, Employment, And Prospects, Terry M. Mcgovern

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Digital badges are becoming more prevalent in the credentialing sector yet there is limited understanding of how the industry is developing or how digital badges influence the hiring process. This study employed an exploratory case method to make known the development of the badging industry. This dynamic new educational technology has a wide range of stakeholders working at establishing standards to ensure consistent and effective application across the badging ecosphere. To understand academic badging further, the researcher conducted a type of field experiment called a résumé audit study. In the late Spring of 2019, the investigator applied to 1,848 ...


Self-Efficacy Development Of Aspiring Principals: The Perceived Impact Of Principal Preparation Programming, Jennifer Ann Allen Jan 2020

Self-Efficacy Development Of Aspiring Principals: The Perceived Impact Of Principal Preparation Programming, Jennifer Ann Allen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Good principals are the foundation of good schools and are important to student achievement. The principalship is becoming more complex due to increased student diversity, changing family dynamics, an increased reliance on technology, economic conditions, accountability measures, and changing cultural factors. At the same time there is an increased demand for principals due to retirement rates and a decreased number of applicants for the role. The purpose of this instrumental case study utilizing a mixed methods approach, was to investigate the impact of a school division’s principal preparation programming on the reported self-efficacy of participants preparing for their first ...


Investigation Of Action Research Within A Professional Learning And Development Model, Megan Joyce St. Croix Jan 2020

Investigation Of Action Research Within A Professional Learning And Development Model, Megan Joyce St. Croix

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There is not a single professional learning and development (PLD) model that is effective for all educators. Student and teacher needs vary from classroom to classroom, and it is essential to consider all these needs when creating a PLD plan. This study examined the extent to which educators perceive action research as having the capacity to facilitate engagement in Teaching Quality Standard (TQS) Competency 2, or engagement in “career-long professional learning and ongoing critical reflection to improve teaching and learning” (Alberta Education, 2018c, p. 4). More specifically, this study sought to understand teacher perceptions of the process of planning, executing ...


Understanding The Self-Efficacy Of Assistant Principals In An Urban School Division: Patterns, Trends, And Challenges To Be Mastered, Timothy P. Cusack Jan 2020

Understanding The Self-Efficacy Of Assistant Principals In An Urban School Division: Patterns, Trends, And Challenges To Be Mastered, Timothy P. Cusack

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to understand the perceived levels of managerial, instructional, and moral self-efficacy of assistant principals (N = 101) serving in an urban Albertan school jurisdiction. Levels of self-efficacy (Bandura, 1986) were measured using the Principal Sense of Efficacy Scale (PSES) (Tschannen-Moran & Gareis, 2004). Additionally, the instructional leadership indicators of the Alberta Leader Quality Standard (LQS) (Alberta Education, 2019) were measured for levels of importance and perceived level of proficiency by participants. Finally, assistant principals were asked to indicate if they held aspirations for principalship, provide rationale for their response, and express what professional learning experiences might be necessary to ...


Teachers’ Experience In Applying Hope Theory In Upper Elementary Educational Practice, Bibi Shameeza Khan Jan 2020

Teachers’ Experience In Applying Hope Theory In Upper Elementary Educational Practice, Bibi Shameeza Khan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The prevalence of issues adversely affecting people’s mental health has become a matter of growing concern in Canada. Unfortunately, only one in four young people affected with mental health problems receive professional help (Sawyer, et al., 2000). However, Gallagher and Lopez, (2009) found that being hopeful is favourably associated with the growth of positive mental well- being. In support, a more recent study found that hope has a unique value in schools that strive to promote their students’ overall well-being (Idan & Margalit, 2013). Thus, the purpose of this qualitative study was to describe educators’ experience on applying Snyder’s ...


Our Place And Power: Testimonios From Latina Senior Student Affairs Officers, Julie A. Leos Nov 2019

Our Place And Power: Testimonios From Latina Senior Student Affairs Officers, Julie A. Leos

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Latina leadership in higher education is more important ever. This study provides an empowering understanding of the experiences of Latina Senior Student Affairs Officers (SSAOs) in higher education in the U.S. and their practices related to wielding the power and influence associated with their roles. Latino Critical Race Theory (LatCrit) (Solorzano & Yosso, 2000), Intersectionality (Crenshaw, 1988), and Borderlands Theory (Anzaldua, 1987) served as a theoretical framework for this study and provides a basis for understanding the Latina experience from a critical perspective.

A testimonio research design was used to explore the following wonderments: (1) What meaning do Latina SSAOs ...


Constituent Partitioning Consensus Docking Models And Application In Drug Discovery, Rainer Metcalf Nov 2019

Constituent Partitioning Consensus Docking Models And Application In Drug Discovery, Rainer Metcalf

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This work expounds on some of the current computational tools and programs available and the best practices associated with their use. A high-level introduction, intended for both novices and the semi-experienced, focusing on the more common programs used in scientific literature is the scope of this topic. Both classical and quantum techniques are described. Classical methodologies include Molecular Dynamics, Monte Carlo, energy minimization methods, molecular docking, low-mode, and homology modeling. Quantum chemistry techniques are also discussed encompassing Hartree-Fock, Post-Hartree-Fock theories, and Density Functional Theory along with associated basis sets.

Along with established methodologies, novel theoretical methods are introduced for furthering ...


Development Of A Voxel-Based Monte Carlo Radiation Dosimetry Methodology For A Targeted Alpha Particle Therapy, Christopher John Tichacek Nov 2019

Development Of A Voxel-Based Monte Carlo Radiation Dosimetry Methodology For A Targeted Alpha Particle Therapy, Christopher John Tichacek

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The use of targeted ligands to deliver radioisotopes directly to tumor cells is a promising therapeutic strategy. Because of the short path length and high LET of alpha particles, targeted alpha particles are ideal for treating metastatic disease while minimizing damage to non-targeted tissues. However, clinical methods for determining 3D radiation dosimetry in patients with multiple metastatic lesions are needed to support clinical translation of novel targeted alpha particle therapies for personalized treatment, especially in patients that have previously received radiotherapy. Recently interest in novel radiopharmaceutical development has grown significantly. However, compared to external beam radiation therapy, progress in customizing ...


Ratios And Proportional Reasoning Representations In Open Educational Resources, Keisha L. Albritton Nov 2019

Ratios And Proportional Reasoning Representations In Open Educational Resources, Keisha L. Albritton

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study analyzed Open Educational Resource (OER) textbooks to determine similarities and differences between the resources in relation to the content addressing ratio and proportional reasoning standards. This study also analyzed whether the selected resources provided opportunities for students to engage with the Standards for Mathematical Practice. Data were collected from tasks within the 6th and 7th-grade textbooks from Engage NY, Open Up Resources and Utah Middle School Math Project. Each task was analyzed according to frameworks from Van de Walle (2007), Lamon (2012), Lesh et al. (1988) Tall and Vinner (1981), and Hunsader et al. (2014). The tasks were ...


Amyloid Protein Aggregation And Associated Toxicity, Chamani A. Niyangoda Nov 2019

Amyloid Protein Aggregation And Associated Toxicity, Chamani A. Niyangoda

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Amyloidosis is a group of diseases in which amyloid fibrils accumulate and deposit into plaques and intracellular inclusions which lead to disruption of the tissue architecture and function. Most of the amyloid diseases are incurable due to a lack of understanding of the amyloid formation, as well as associated toxicity. My research work is focused on three different aspects of amyloid aggregation.

The aim of the first project is to investigate the potential use of deep-blue autofluorescence (dbAF) as an intrinsic optical probe to study amyloid self-assembly. This novel fluorescence signal is excited at the long wavelength edge of the ...


Relationship Between Membership In Honors College And Participation In High-Impact Activities And Perceived Gains, Clara H. Ohannes Nov 2019

Relationship Between Membership In Honors College And Participation In High-Impact Activities And Perceived Gains, Clara H. Ohannes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research study investigated the relationship between membership in the Honors College and senior-level students’ self-reported involvement in high-impact educational activities and their perceived gains from their college experience. This quantitative study analyzed secondary data from the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE) collected from senior-level students in Spring 2017 at a large, four-year, public research institution in the southeast United States.

A logistic regression analysis was used to explore the relationships between the involvement in high-impact educational activities and Honors College membership. The relationship between Honors College membership and several high-impact activities were found to be significant (p<.05), which included participation in a leadership role, study abroad, research with faculty and a senior capstone experience. Since membership in Honors was found to significantly contribute to participation in four out of the six high-impact practices listed in NSSE, it could be said that generally, at the particular institution in this study, Honors students are more likely than Non-Honors students to participate in high-impact learning activities.

Then ...


Teachers And Administrators Explain How And Why Teachers Change Instructional Methods In A Pre-K Through Eight Catholic School, Judith A. Deeley Nov 2019

Teachers And Administrators Explain How And Why Teachers Change Instructional Methods In A Pre-K Through Eight Catholic School, Judith A. Deeley

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative exploratory study explored how and why teachers at four small Catholic schools in the state of Florida transformed by changing instructional methods to offer full integration of science, technology, religion, engineering, arts and mathematics (STREAM) approaches into learning experiences for grades pre-k through eight. There was a time up until the early 2000s that Catholic school enrollment was at capacity and did not require differentiation based upon unique student learning needs. However, students of current times reflect a higher need for educational approaches that are both differentiated and engaging.

“Teachers are required to teach more content and subjects ...


Student Attitudes And Behaviors Regarding Academic Dishonesty, Kelly A. Pearson Nov 2019

Student Attitudes And Behaviors Regarding Academic Dishonesty, Kelly A. Pearson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research study investigated the relationship between students’ attitudes toward academic dishonesty and their self-reported cheating behaviors. Additionally, the study investigated the potential differences between gender and the academic variables class level and cumulative GPA and both students’ attitudes toward academic dishonesty and their self-reported cheating behaviors. This quantitative study analyzed secondary data from a Spring 2014 administration of the Academic Integrity Student Survey (AISS) to examine the attitudes and behaviors of undergraduate level students (N = 574) at a large, four-year, public, research intensive institution in West-Central Florida.

Results indicated a statistically significant correlation between students’ attitudes toward academic dishonesty ...


Exploring Teacher Candidates' Facilitation Of Common Core Mathematical Practice Three, Andrea Scalzo Willson Nov 2019

Exploring Teacher Candidates' Facilitation Of Common Core Mathematical Practice Three, Andrea Scalzo Willson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Common Core State Standards in Mathematics (CCSSM, 2010), refer to eight distinct Mathematical Practices describing what students should be doing for optimal learning during mathematics lessons. Specifically, Mathematical Practice 3 (MP3), “construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others” (CCSSM, 2010, para 4), posits students who are proficient in mathematics are able to compare different solutions, distinguish correct and logically sound answers from those that are incorrect and then explain why the solution is incorrect (CCSSM, 2010). MP3 requires teachers to provide opportunities for students to engage in discussions beyond just “show and tell” talk to develop a ...


Promoting Healthy Sleep Practices Among Parents Of Young Children: A Preliminary Randomized Controlled Trial, Kristin Lynn Edwards Nov 2019

Promoting Healthy Sleep Practices Among Parents Of Young Children: A Preliminary Randomized Controlled Trial, Kristin Lynn Edwards

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

One of the most significant and underrecognized public health concerns in young children is related to the consequences of inadequate sleep. Inadequate sleep may result in problems related to behavioral regulation, executive functioning, and academic performance. ‘Sleep hygiene’, a term that describes consistent daytime and nighttime practices that promote healthy sleep, has been found to significantly increase sleep duration and improve sleep quality in the pediatric population. Researchers have found that many parents have a poor understanding of sleep hygiene. The purpose of this study was to determine if an educational intervention increased parental knowledge and practices of sleep hygiene ...


Education In The Settler Colony: Displacement, Inequality, And Disappearance Via Charter Schools, David R. Fisher Nov 2019

Education In The Settler Colony: Displacement, Inequality, And Disappearance Via Charter Schools, David R. Fisher

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The encroachment of market-based practices on public education has resulted in the creation of vouchers, charter schools, virtual schools, home schools, and other forms of educational choice. While there has always been choice in education in the United States for the wealthy and White, the current conception of school choice, in theory, allows equal access to education for all. Undergirding the neoliberal practice of school choice is a connection to a troubling past of capitalist oppression and settler colonialism. Like settler colonialism, the practice of school choice has resulted in the displacement of educators, families, and students, inequality between different ...


Disciplinary D/Discourses: Navigating And Negotiating Disciplinary Paradigms, Michael R. P. Bailey Nov 2019

Disciplinary D/Discourses: Navigating And Negotiating Disciplinary Paradigms, Michael R. P. Bailey

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over the past twenty-five years, in the United States, zero-tolerance policies that were initially implemented to deter gun violence and drugs in schools have expanded to include a wide range of discretionary offenses such as disrespect and defiance. As a result, many students have been denied access to educational opportunities, been excluded from their peers, and had their lives irrevocably changed due to systemic sanctioning of exclusionary practices. Educators, who are caught between competing societal demands, job expectations, and ethical beliefs about their profession are tasked with balancing the instructional and interactional components of their work in an attempt to ...


Life After Graduation: Current Seniors' Perceptions Of Alumni Engagement And Their Expectations Of The Institution Once They Graduate, Jessica Burns Fugate Nov 2019

Life After Graduation: Current Seniors' Perceptions Of Alumni Engagement And Their Expectations Of The Institution Once They Graduate, Jessica Burns Fugate

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Alumni participation in the life of an institution is more important now than ever before as state and federal funding continue to shrink and alumni are called on for financial support and to serve as resources for current students. Institutional leaders are hard-pressed to bring in external revenue to bridge the gap as budgets shrink to successfully balance operational costs (Barr & McClellan, 2011), which is done mostly through fundraising efforts targeted toward parents of students, alumni and often current students before they graduate to establish a culture of philanthropy. This need for external revenue increases the necessity for engaged alumni to assume the increasingly important role of financially supporting their alma maters to maintain financial well-being, both present day and long into the future (Johnson & Eckel, 1998; Monks, 2003; Wunnava & Lauze, 2001). Not all alumni are inclined to remain involved or support their alma maters for a variety of reasons, and alumni relations personnel are tasked with engaging alumni through various opportunities to strengthen their relationship ...


Educators' Perceptions Of Students' Academic And Social Growth In A Collegiate High School Program., John Matthew Legg Nov 2019

Educators' Perceptions Of Students' Academic And Social Growth In A Collegiate High School Program., John Matthew Legg

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to examine educators’ perceptions of high school students’ academic and social growth in a collegiate college program. Collegiate high school programs afford opportunities to minorities and the economically disadvantaged, as well as first-generation college students (Aviles-Reyes, 2007). This research used a qualitative case study framework to collect information about educators’ perceptions of the academic and social integration of students in a collegiate college program. Data were collected in phases—educator focus group interviews and individual interviews—and subsequently coded and reviewed using thematic comparative analysis. The guiding question was as follows: What are educators ...


Health-Promoting Behaviors And Subjective Well-Being Among High School Students, Nicholas David W. Smith Nov 2019

Health-Promoting Behaviors And Subjective Well-Being Among High School Students, Nicholas David W. Smith

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In positive psychology, a greater emphasis is placed on the presence of indicators of both physical and mental health. This study examined the relationship between 12 health-promoting behaviors and subjective well-being (SWB; e.g., happiness) in a sample of 450 high school aged youth from five high schools in two states. Participants reported on their dietary habits, physical activity, abstinence from tobacco products, abstinence from alcohol, and sleep hygiene (i.e., 8 unique components) as well as a multidimensional assessment of SWB (i.e., life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect). It was hypothesized that increased engagement in each of ...


Engineering Career Academies: A Comparison Of Middle School Student Academic Performance, Jakub D. Prokop Nov 2019

Engineering Career Academies: A Comparison Of Middle School Student Academic Performance, Jakub D. Prokop

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A quasi-experimental study tested an integrated curriculum design in two career academies with engineering themes at the middle school level. Teachers in the engineering career academies, using the National Standards of Practice, implemented cross curricular units to middle school student cohorts. Participant cohorts ranged in sample sizes (n = 79, 155, 237, and 232) during the four years of analysis. Constructivism was used as a framework for the study and supported by integrated curriculum units. This study examined middle school students’ performance in reading and mathematics on state assessments of students in the engineering career academies to students not enrolled in ...


Reducing Underrepresentation: Promising Practices In Florida, Catherine A. Mullins Nov 2019

Reducing Underrepresentation: Promising Practices In Florida, Catherine A. Mullins

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this study, I examined representation rates of gifted students from diverse backgrounds in Florida county school districts. Florida state legislation governing gifted student education allows for alternative identification methods to be used for students from underrepresented groups if plans for such identification are approved by the Florida Department of Education; however, this option, informally referred to as “Plan B” after subsection B of the legislation governing gifted services, is not a requirement that districts must follow. Consequently, there are large differences in the ways districts identify underrepresented students for gifted services. State legislation identifies underrepresented populations as students with ...


Adolescent Identity Exploration And Civic Identity Development In A U.S. Government Classroom, Sarah Mead Denney Nov 2019

Adolescent Identity Exploration And Civic Identity Development In A U.S. Government Classroom, Sarah Mead Denney

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As technological advances provide minute-by-minute updates of current events and personalized media feeds push the boundaries of political polarization, the task of social studies educators to provide students with the tools to become effective citizens becomes increasingly important. Undergirded by theories of psychosocial identity development, civic identity development, and the promotion of identity exploration in the academic curriculum, this qualitative multiple case study attempts to examine the processes of adolescent identity exploration and civic identity development in relation to the assignments and activities in a twelfth-grade Advanced Placement (AP) U.S. Government classroom. Classroom observations, teacher and student interviews, and ...


The Experiences Of African American Male Computer Science Majors In Two Year Colleges, Simone Brookins Jenkins Nov 2019

The Experiences Of African American Male Computer Science Majors In Two Year Colleges, Simone Brookins Jenkins

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As the field of computer science grows and the computing science workforce demands more qualified workers, the United States workforce will require underrepresented minorities to help meet these demands. African American males are a demographic that can help meet this need but there are few of them pursuing computer science careers and successfully graduating with computer science degrees. The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the experiences of African American male two-year college students who are in pursuit of a degree in computer science. My findings indicated that the study participants’ experiences such as positive interactions with faculty ...