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Iowa State University

Higher Education and Teaching

Professional studies in education

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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Measurement Of Caring Relationships In Associate Degree Nursing Students , Helen T. Roberts Jan 1997

The Measurement Of Caring Relationships In Associate Degree Nursing Students , Helen T. Roberts

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study began with a mailed survey to 180 nursing educators to ascertain whether caring was a curricular component, and to identify a quantitative instrument to measure caring in nursing students. The survey did not produce a suitable instrument, but a literature search located the Professional Caring Behaviors Instrument. Caring was a curricular component in 31% of the 109 respondents' programs;Caring has many meanings. Some nurses view it as affective and/or instrumental behaviors in relationships with patients. It has also been viewed as a moral basis for ethical decision making. These two views have been linked conceptually, but ...


The Relationship Between Personal Epistemology And Accountability On Critical Thinking Disposition , Alice Kathleen Peterson Jan 1995

The Relationship Between Personal Epistemology And Accountability On Critical Thinking Disposition , Alice Kathleen Peterson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The intent of this study was to examine the relationship between personal epistemology, complexity of thought given three different levels of accountability instruction, and critical thinking dispositions. Each of these areas has been examined in the literature separately, but the relationship between them has never been investigated;The participants consisted of 128 undergraduates, 81 female and 47 male, all of whom had earned sixty or more semester credits and were all enrolled in a required interdisciplinary seminar at a small private liberal arts college in the midwest;Personal epistemology was measured by the Learning Environment Preference (Moore, 1987), which is ...


Impact Of The Americans With Disabilities Act Of 1990: Perceptions Of Selected Individuals At Two Major Urban Universities , Maurice Luke Williams Jan 1995

Impact Of The Americans With Disabilities Act Of 1990: Perceptions Of Selected Individuals At Two Major Urban Universities , Maurice Luke Williams

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine how physically disabled students perceive the nature and extent of changes made at the University of Maryland and George Washington University campuses to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. A study of this nature, focusing on students with physical disabilities, is a new one. Therefore, the purpose of this study is important as a pilot study for future research;Telephone interviews were conducted individually with five disabled students form the University of Maryland and with seven disabled students from George Washington University. Because of each student's disability and ...


Development Of A Longitudinal Data Base For Tracking And Analysis Of Attrition Data , Cheryl Lynn Moller-Wong Jan 1995

Development Of A Longitudinal Data Base For Tracking And Analysis Of Attrition Data , Cheryl Lynn Moller-Wong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined factors related to student persistence in college, with particular attention to engineering students. All direct from high school and transfer students who entered a large midwestern university in the engineering college were tracked through fourteen semesters and summer sessions between fall 1990 and spring 1995. The study was conducted for the following goals and purposes: (1) To assemble and design a data base that would allow for the characterization and tracking of all undergraduate engineering students. (2) To examine the relationships between significant variables in a model that could identify students potentially at risk of attrition. (3 ...


A Study Of Factors Associated With Science Persistence In Successful Female Baccalaureate Degree Recipients At Iowa State University , Diane Lynn Doidge Jan 1995

A Study Of Factors Associated With Science Persistence In Successful Female Baccalaureate Degree Recipients At Iowa State University , Diane Lynn Doidge

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study responds to the need to further the understanding of persistence of females in science. By studying college seniors it provides data on a population that previously has not been studied well. By studying successful graduates (3.00-4.00 cumulative GPA) it represents a group of females most likely to persist in science beyond the bachelor's degree. Other criteria for entry into the research population required females to be: American educated; graduates of Iowa State University from 1986-1994; and majors of a laboratory-based science;Surveys were sent to 221 females initially meeting these criteria. The 165 returned surveys ...


Critical Thinking As An Outcome Measure In Baccalaureate Schools Of Nursing , Sheila Lea Videbeck Jan 1995

Critical Thinking As An Outcome Measure In Baccalaureate Schools Of Nursing , Sheila Lea Videbeck

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is widespread agreement on the need for critical thinking abilities in professional nursing. However, there is not agreement on the issues of what constitutes critical thinking and whether or not programs of nursing education further the development of critical thinking. This study reviews the literature on critical thinking in general, as related to nursing practice and education, and measurement or evaluation of critical thinking skills, with the remainder of the dissertation presented in the form of three articles, followed by a general summary and discussion;The first article describes the results of a survey questionnaire of nurse educators in ...


Satisfaction With College Outcomes And Career Services: A Study Of Students Enrolled At Public 2-Year And 4-Year Institutions In The Midwest , Luanne M. Ahrens Jan 1994

Satisfaction With College Outcomes And Career Services: A Study Of Students Enrolled At Public 2-Year And 4-Year Institutions In The Midwest , Luanne M. Ahrens

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine student perception of the importance of attaining skills and to measure college satisfaction as students were about to graduate or leave their current public college. The study utilized American College Testing's (ACT) World-of-Work Map and College Outcomes Survey instrument;Participants in this study, 4,421 college students at 36 public 2- and 4-year institutions in 13 Midwestern states, rated the perceived importance of attaining 26 skills, expressed their level of satisfaction with 39 aspects of college life and identified their occupational choice. In addition, descriptive information was gathered including lifetime educational ...


Evaluation Of Two-Way Interactive Television For Community College Instruction: Development Of An Instrument And Assessment Of Student Attitudes , Christine Knupp Sorensen Jan 1994

Evaluation Of Two-Way Interactive Television For Community College Instruction: Development Of An Instrument And Assessment Of Student Attitudes , Christine Knupp Sorensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is organized in three sections. The first section includes a review of the literature related to distance education covering (1) the history and definition of distance education, (2) a review of evaluation instruments used to assess student perceptions and attitudes, and (3) a summary of research findings in five areas of distance education: student motivation, student persistence, student achievement, student satisfaction, and comparisons of students in distance and traditional education settings. The focus of the literature review is on distance education using telecommunications technologies;Second, an article describing the development of an evaluation instrument for use in an ...


An Evaluation Of The Effects Of A Personal Growth And Development Course On The Self-Esteem Levels Of College Students At A Selected Institution , Carmen Taylor Tillery Jan 1994

An Evaluation Of The Effects Of A Personal Growth And Development Course On The Self-Esteem Levels Of College Students At A Selected Institution , Carmen Taylor Tillery

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a positive change in levels of self-esteem for students who completed a Personal Growth and Development course at Purdue University. The study also examined if there was a greater change in levels of self-esteem for students enrolled in a Personal Growth and Development course compared to students enrolled in an Educational Psychology course;The 102 respondents were fall 1993 enrollees of two selected courses at Purdue University. The instrument employed in the study was the Tennessee Self Concept Scale (TSCS), a 100 item Likert inventory. A 100% response rate ...


Federal Methodology And Financial Need For Farm Families , Charles F. Turner Jan 1994

Federal Methodology And Financial Need For Farm Families , Charles F. Turner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to evaluate specific changes made to the federal need analysis formula between aid years 1992 and 1993. The subjects examined were 1992 dependent student, firm family financial aid applicants at Iowa State University. A random sample of 200 records was drawn from a farm population of 2225 students;Aid applicant data were drawn from the institutions student aid system. These files were then reprocessed using federally approved need analysis calculators. Various computations, with and without assets, were performed using both 1992 and 1993 need analysis. The intent of these calculations was to compare changes ...


Undergraduate Experiences With And Attitudes Toward International Teaching Assistants , Barbara Sweeney Plakans Jan 1994

Undergraduate Experiences With And Attitudes Toward International Teaching Assistants , Barbara Sweeney Plakans

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Since the mid-1980s, controversy has surrounded the issue of undergraduate instruction at large research universities by teaching assistants who are not native speakers of English and who have received their undergraduate training outside the United States. Despite administrative endorsement of the importance of diversity on campus, the interaction between undergraduates and teaching assistants from abroad (now commonly called "international teaching assistants" or "ITAs") is a strained one, often threatened by misunderstandings and miscommunication;The current study used a survey, Questionnaire about International Teaching Assistants (QUITA), developed by Fox (1991), to collect background information about undergraduate students; inquire about their depth ...


Going Against The Grain: Women Student Leaders At Coeducational Institutions , Cecelia Renée Romano Jan 1994

Going Against The Grain: Women Student Leaders At Coeducational Institutions , Cecelia Renée Romano

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Student leadership in higher education is an educational and developmental experience for students. More information about the characteristics and experiences of women student leaders should assist student affairs professionals and faculty in maximizing educational opportunity for female students;This study examined the characteristics of women student presidents of campus-wide, coeducational student organizations at three large institutions of higher education in the midwest;Qualitative research was used in the study, with data being gathered during in depth, semi-structured interviews with 15 respondents at the three institutions. The study found that (a) families were very influential in the lives of these young ...


A Study Of Faculty Inbreeding At Eleven Land-Grant Universities , Shouan Pan Jan 1993

A Study Of Faculty Inbreeding At Eleven Land-Grant Universities , Shouan Pan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In response to the need for further research on faculty selection and promotion decisions, this study examined the most controversial issue involved in such decision-making: faculty inbreeding. Based on an analysis of the conditions of the current academic labor market and an exhaustive review of relevant literature, the study posed this major research question, "Should selective faculty inbreeding have a legitimate place within the system of higher education"?;This study is important because its findings are of value to several higher education constituents: (1) institutional and governmental policy-makers who are interested in preparing for possible upcoming faculty shortages, (2) deans ...


College Bound/Images: How Students Perceive A Precollege Program To Increase The Pool Of Ethnic Minorities Seeking College Admission At Iowa's Regents Institutions , Sandy Hoagland Jr. Jan 1993

College Bound/Images: How Students Perceive A Precollege Program To Increase The Pool Of Ethnic Minorities Seeking College Admission At Iowa's Regents Institutions , Sandy Hoagland Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine how students who are academically marginal or academically at-risk perceive College Bound/Images as a precollege program to increase the pool of ethnic minorities seeking college admission at Iowa's Regents institutions. The study identifies factors associated with students' perceptions of College Bound/Images as a precollege program to increase the pool of ethnic minorities seeking college admission upon high school completion in Iowa. The research was guided by 17 questions;The second phase of the study involved a mailed questionnaire to 450 ethnic minority students currently enrolled in the College Bound ...


International Undergraduate Student Adjustment In A Community As A Function Of Motivation, Self-Esteem, Interpersonal Relationships, Participation In Activities, And English Language Skills , Mary Felicity Barratt Jan 1993

International Undergraduate Student Adjustment In A Community As A Function Of Motivation, Self-Esteem, Interpersonal Relationships, Participation In Activities, And English Language Skills , Mary Felicity Barratt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the relationships among several variables and the adjustment of international undergraduate students at Iowa State University to the community in which the university is located. Mail surveys were sent to international undergraduates who had been enrolled at Iowa State University for one year or more, and 170 usable surveys were returned;Findings supported certain of the hypotheses. Specifically, adjustment, as measured the evaluation of the experience with the people of community, is positively related to interpersonal relationships with Americans, written and oral/aural English language skills, and region of origin. Adjustment, as measured by the evaluation of ...


Career Maturity Of College Seniors As A Function Of Gender, Sex-Role Identification, And Choice Of Major , Janice Dawson-Threat Jan 1993

Career Maturity Of College Seniors As A Function Of Gender, Sex-Role Identification, And Choice Of Major , Janice Dawson-Threat

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Development of identity was examined as reflected in the ability to establish and clarify purpose and develop academic autonomy, combined as Career Maturity. Each variable was related to gender sex-role identification (androgynous, masculine-identified, feminine-identified, and undifferentiated), choice of major (male-dominated, female-dominated), and sex-appropriateness of major (sex-appropriate, sex-inappropriate);Three-hundred-ninety-six seniors completed the BEM Sex Role Inventory and the Student Developmental Task and Lifestyle Inventory. Students were enrolled in engineering and business (male-dominated), or education and family and consumer sciences (female-dominated);Students clustered in majors that were sex-appropriate for them. Females in sex-appropriate majors described themselves as more feminine than females in ...


Quantity Food Production Text And Cognitive Evaluation Device Development , Don Morgan Paulson Sr. Jan 1993

Quantity Food Production Text And Cognitive Evaluation Device Development , Don Morgan Paulson Sr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research was designed to develop a quantity food preparation study guide of selected topics combining the basic knowledge in the purchasing, production, and storage of foods and the related principles of food science. A 66-item cognitive achievement test was developed to measure cognitive change. Marshall and Merritt's (1985) Learning Style Questionnaire (LSQ) was used to investigate the relationship between respondents' learning styles and cognitive change between pre- and posttest administrations. Statistical analyses were completed to research relationships between and among cognitive change, learning style, and selected demographic data: age, gender, time spent reading the study guide, months of ...


The Adaptation Of Afrikan Students To Iowa State University , Tina Marshall-Bradley Jan 1992

The Adaptation Of Afrikan Students To Iowa State University , Tina Marshall-Bradley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Within the past two decades there has been a tremendous increase of Afrikan students in the United States (Arubayi, 1981). Afrikan students at Iowa State University are experiencing difficulty in a variety of areas. Economic problems have always been the most severe difficulty experienced by Afrikan students in the United States (Arubayi, 1981). They also experience difficulty in communicating with Americans, (Pruitt, 1978); feelings of homesickness that can often lead to alcohol abuse (Oshodin, 1982); social problems, (Arubayi, 1981; Teferra, 1978; Adelegan & Parks, 1985; Ekaiko, 1981); and food problems (Hossain, 1982), including preparation and consumption of American foods and the procurement of ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Pre-Collegiate Students' College Preparation Determined By Academic Achievement, Achievement Test Performance, And Learning Style Preference , Bobby James Beavers Jan 1992

A Comparative Analysis Of Pre-Collegiate Students' College Preparation Determined By Academic Achievement, Achievement Test Performance, And Learning Style Preference , Bobby James Beavers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The main purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among demographic characteristics, standardized achievement test performance, academic performance in college preparatory courses, and learning style preference of economically and educationally disadvantaged students;The data were collected from 804 high school students in grades 9-12 from eight Upward Bound programs located in the midwest, south, and southwest. Six achievement tests, one learning style inventory, and one study habit survey was utilized to report data along with students' high school grade reports;The research design utilized the ex post facto research design--General Linear Models Procedure (GLM), correlational analysis, analysis of ...


An Investigation Of The Academic Preparation And Performance Of Student-Athletes At Iowa State University , Gary Irving Wade Jan 1992

An Investigation Of The Academic Preparation And Performance Of Student-Athletes At Iowa State University , Gary Irving Wade

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate and describe student-athletes' preparation for and performance in college. Additionally, the study sought to reflect upon the role of the individual institution in support of the student-athlete's pursuit of higher education. Student-athletes from all intercollegiate athletic sport teams entering Iowa State University in the fall terms of 1981 and 1982 were matched to non-athletes by entry date and race;Hypotheses were tested for significant differences (p ≥.05) in the areas of (1) academic preparation (high school rank and American College Testing composite score), (2) academic success (graduation rate and terms to ...


Attitudes Toward Athletics: A Comparison Of Five Groups , Rosemary Clark Kellenberger Jan 1992

Attitudes Toward Athletics: A Comparison Of Five Groups , Rosemary Clark Kellenberger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The intent of this study is to assess and compare the attitudes of five groups directly and indirectly related to Iowa State University, in regard to their attitudes toward athletics. The five groups are: Alumni, Faculty, Parents of Student-Athletes, Students and Student-Athletes. Each group consisted of 300 individuals. No existing questionnaire was considered appropriate for this study; therefore, one was constructed. Using the techniques of grounded theory, six different aspects of attitudes were identified from the literature on attitude theory and athletics: Belief, "Basking-In-Reflected-Glory," Benefit to Females, Benefit to Males, Competition, Facts, and Importance. These clusters were used in constructing ...


The Use Of Noncognitive Variables To Predict The Academic Success Of Student Athletes , Charles William Walker Jan 1992

The Use Of Noncognitive Variables To Predict The Academic Success Of Student Athletes , Charles William Walker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Freshmen and Sophomore student-athletes and a control group of matched students (N = 234) at Iowa State University were administered the Noncognitive Questionnaire (NCQ). The NCQ has been shown to have validity in predicting first semester grade point averages;The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of noncognitive variables as predictors of first semester grade point averages of student-athletes;Results Showed that the three of the eight NCQ constructs (Community service, Support person and knowledge acquired in field) combined to predict first semester grade point averages of student-athletes (R =.38; p <.05). ACT scores had essentially no correlation with athletes grades (R =.05);It was concluded that ACT scores should not be used to prevent athletes from competing in their first year;Suggestions for programs that incorporated NCQ variables are made.


Factors That Contribute To Black Students Retention And Graduation At Iowa State University , Elaine Patterson Walker Jan 1992

Factors That Contribute To Black Students Retention And Graduation At Iowa State University , Elaine Patterson Walker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the retention and graduation rates for 125 black students who had enrolled as freshmen at Iowa State University in 1984. The study examined student history data from the university's data base and information on the college experience at Iowa State, based on telephone interviews with 95 former students. The study identified factors associated with black students who graduated and those who withdrew from Iowa State University;Information obtained from the Iowa State University data base determined that black students who graduated had higher ACT scores, high school rank, and grade point ...


Investigation Of The Status Of International Education In Colleges Of Education At Land-Grant And State Universities , Jing-Qiu Liu Jan 1992

Investigation Of The Status Of International Education In Colleges Of Education At Land-Grant And State Universities , Jing-Qiu Liu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The increasing interdependence among nations in this world has created a growing need for internationally educated citizens. Indeed, international education is becoming an integral part of the complex educational process;The quality of international education at Colleges or at Schools of Education in public higher institutions of learning reflects the understanding of the significance of international education by administrators of these institutions as well as their efforts towards that end. Education provided at universities also has the potential influence upon the quality of international education at elementary and secondary schools. The problem of this study was to investigate the nature ...


A Survey Of Nurse Educators' Knowledge, Use, And Perception Of Outcomes Assessment , Beth Marie King Jan 1992

A Survey Of Nurse Educators' Knowledge, Use, And Perception Of Outcomes Assessment , Beth Marie King

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were: (1) to determine nurse educators' level of knowledge regarding the antecedents which have led to the outcomes assessment movement in higher education, (2) to elicit from nurse educators their knowledge of outcomes assessment and their usage of such information, and (3) to acquire insights from nurse educators concerning their methods of assessing caring by nursing students;An outcomes assessment questionnaire was sent to the Deans and Chairpersons of 542 baccalaureate nursing programs, all of whom were National League for Nursing accredited. Completed questionnaires were received from 400 programs, resulting in a response rate of ...


The Impact Of Incoming Student Characteristics And College Environment On Community College Student Success , Susan Croy Norton Jan 1992

The Impact Of Incoming Student Characteristics And College Environment On Community College Student Success , Susan Croy Norton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to identify incoming student characteristics and college environment variables predictive of student success at North Iowa Area Community College (NIACC). Using the I-E-O model developed by Astin, the researcher investigated input variables of prior academic achievement, gender, race, personality type, age, socio-economic status, and educational goal; environmental variables of full or part time attendance, on or off campus classes, commuter or dormitory residence, major area of study, goal congruence, student involvement, and student satisfaction; and student success measured by self-assessment, grade point average, and ratio of number of hours completed to number of ...


Factors Affecting Success Of African-American Male Graduate Students: A Grounded Theory Approach , Virginia Cortez Henderson Jan 1992

Factors Affecting Success Of African-American Male Graduate Students: A Grounded Theory Approach , Virginia Cortez Henderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to assess factors affecting the success of African-American male graduate students utilizing a grounded theory approach. Of major importance was determining which factors were most important in their perseverance during graduate school. Those factors were: (1) personal characteristic profile information; (2) graduate assistantship experiences; (3) classroom and teacher expectations of student achievement and experiences of current graduate program; (4) financial aid resources for undergraduate and graduate education; (5) undergraduate academic preparation and performance; (6) the impact of parent support, religion, mentors, and others during their undergraduate and graduate education; (7) campus environment and institutional ...


Factors That Influence Course Difficulty , George Cleveland Bradley Jan 1992

Factors That Influence Course Difficulty , George Cleveland Bradley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Throughout the academic community it is generally accepted that there are degrees of difficulty among college courses. The source of variability in course difficulty could be related to background knowledge of students, variability in instructional methods, and variability in the characteristics of the subject matter;Some courses may be more difficult than other courses because of the content of the courses. These are the courses that present students with abstract ideas and are based on the assumption that students have the ability to think in abstract terms. The vocabulary presented in many of these courses is often foreign to students ...


An Interpretive Case Study Of Perceptions And Experiences Of Undergraduate Women In Engineering Majors At Iowa State University , Mildred Annette Haggray Jan 1992

An Interpretive Case Study Of Perceptions And Experiences Of Undergraduate Women In Engineering Majors At Iowa State University , Mildred Annette Haggray

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the perceptions and experiences of selected undergraduate women in engineering majors at Iowa State University. Using qualitative research methods, the researcher described and analyzed the effects of selected educational environment factors on the persistence of women in engineering majors. Educational environment factors that provided the focus for the study included: classroom climate, interaction with faculty and peers, and internal support systems. Related factors that were examined included: personal fit with the major, academic preparation, and career aspirations, and preferred teaching and learning styles and methodologies. Primary data sources included semi-structured ...


The Pace (Perceptions, Attitudes, Concerns, And Emotions) Of Selected Doctoral Students At Iowa State University , Daleanne Anderson Jan 1992

The Pace (Perceptions, Attitudes, Concerns, And Emotions) Of Selected Doctoral Students At Iowa State University , Daleanne Anderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents the results of a study of doctoral students from selected departments at a large midwestern research university. Doctoral students from six departments in three colleges were surveyed. The College of Education (Professional Studies and Curriculum and Instruction), the College of Family and Consumer Sciences (Family and Consumer Science Education and Human Development and Family Studies), and the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences (Psychology and Sociology) were the selected colleges and departments;The study was designed to explore doctoral students' perceptions of the institution and of the faculty, their financial and academic concerns, and perceptions of their ...