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Full-Text Articles in Education

Toward A Theory Of Engineering Professorial Intentions: The Role Of Research Group Experiences, Brian A. Burt Aug 2018

Toward A Theory Of Engineering Professorial Intentions: The Role Of Research Group Experiences, Brian A. Burt

Education Publications

This article advances the Theoretical Model of Engineering Professorial Intentions to explain why individuals do or do not choose to pursue faculty careers. A 13-month ethnographic study of members of a diverse chemical engineering research group was conducted. The resulting theoretical model accounts for six emergent components that contribute to members’ identification with faculty careers: (1) social identities and personal factors; (2) sociocultural factors; (3) participation, interactions, and learning in research group experiences; (4) faculty prototype; (5) social comparisons; and (6) individual and institutional experiences. The article concludes with implications for further research and recommendations regarding mentoring and design of ...


"They Can't Expect To Be Treated Like Normal Americans So Soon": Reconceptualizing Latinx Immigrants In Social Studies Education, Ramon Vasquez Mar 2018

"They Can't Expect To Be Treated Like Normal Americans So Soon": Reconceptualizing Latinx Immigrants In Social Studies Education, Ramon Vasquez

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This autoethnography examines the experiences of an assistant professor of elementary social studies methods at a predominantly White institution (PWI). Drawing on the Latina/o Critical Race Theory (LatCrit) methodology of testimonio, the assistant professor in this study, who self-identifies as Chicano, intentionally situates Latinx immigration counter-narratives as oppositional stories to the master narrative of “who belongs.” Using a Critical Race Theory (CRT) framework for analysis, this paper argues that counter-narratives serve as necessary correctives for reconceptualizing racist, essentialist, and nativist master narratives. This paper shows how social studies education courses in teacher preparation programs (TEPs) can serve as sites ...


Understanding The Essential Employability Knowledge And Skills Needed For Textile And Apparel College Graduates: A Triangular Design Approach, Ting Chi, Hang Liu, Carol Salusso, Vicki Mccracken Jan 2018

Understanding The Essential Employability Knowledge And Skills Needed For Textile And Apparel College Graduates: A Triangular Design Approach, Ting Chi, Hang Liu, Carol Salusso, Vicki Mccracken

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Curriculum development, knowledge, skills, triangular approach, workforce preparedness


The Problem With Homesickness: A New Way Of Coming Home, Carolyn Jean Duven Jan 2018

The Problem With Homesickness: A New Way Of Coming Home, Carolyn Jean Duven

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation responds to two aspects of the homesickness literature: its characterization as a mental health concern, and its lack of empirical attention in the United States. The purpose of this study was to develop a theoretical understanding of homesickness oriented to an affirming and sociocultural lens, and to do so in the context of current higher education settings in the U.S. Using grounded theory and arts-based inquiry methodologies, homesickness was explored from multiple perspectives by using participant data. The results challenge previous deficit-oriented theoretical frameworks of homesickness, noting it instead as a natural developmental process the participants underwent ...


A Qualitative Study Of Rural Community College White Faculty (Mis)Understanding Of Diversity, Ladrina Nicole Wilson Jan 2018

A Qualitative Study Of Rural Community College White Faculty (Mis)Understanding Of Diversity, Ladrina Nicole Wilson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the perceptions of white faculty teaching in rural community college in hopes of identifying how these faculty understand or appreciate the importance of diversity in their institution’s commitment and in their classroom. Case study methodology was used to examine the perceptions of six white faculty in one rural institution in the Midwest. Using White Racial Consciousness Model and Bronfenbrenner’s Ecology of Human Development Model as the theoretical underpinning, four themes emerging through the participants’ narratives gathered from the data collection and analysis: (1) Feeling Othered; (2) Operationalizing Diversity; (e) Historical and Hypothetical Privilege; and (4 ...


Civic Engagement In Young Adulthood: Social Capital And The Mediating Effects Of Postsecondary Educational Attainment, Kevin M. Hemer Jan 2018

Civic Engagement In Young Adulthood: Social Capital And The Mediating Effects Of Postsecondary Educational Attainment, Kevin M. Hemer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Civic Engagement has two purposes in American society. The first is to maintain democracy and democratic institutions; the second is to serve as a pathway for maturation into adulthood. Utilizing data from The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), we investigate how adolescent experiences with schools and families impact young adult’s political (voting) and nonpolitical (volunteering) civic engagement and the mediating role postsecondary educational attainment may have in this process. Utilizing measures of adolescent bonding and bridging social capital, as well as human and financial capital, this investigation takes a life course perspective and relies ...


A Sustainable Campus For The Higher Education Institutions In The U.S., Md Imtiajul Alam Jan 2018

A Sustainable Campus For The Higher Education Institutions In The U.S., Md Imtiajul Alam

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The green and sustainable campus concept is not something new to US universities, but well-organized and coherent activities to effectively “green” campuses are not that common, and efforts are minor in comparison to the potential of these universities. This thesis investigates different approaches taken by higher education (HE) institutions that are considered successful in their objectives toward achieving a sustainable campus. It also examines the process of integration of sustainability into the higher education institution’s policy, pedagogy, and research process; approaches taken by HE institutions aim to impact students’ perceptions and their behavior toward the world that they will ...


An Assessment Tool To Determine The Appropriateness Of Engineering Design Projects For Gender Bias, Ambiguity, And Major Relatedness, Shubham Prashant Khoje Jan 2018

An Assessment Tool To Determine The Appropriateness Of Engineering Design Projects For Gender Bias, Ambiguity, And Major Relatedness, Shubham Prashant Khoje

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Engineering design learning is one of the critical components for an engineering

degree; thus, engineering design projects are commonly included in engineering curricula

to help students cultivate design thinking and creative problem-solving skills. However,

an engineering design project is prone to the following issues if it is not appropriately

provided to engineering students. First, gender bias can occur when the design project is

perceived to be more skewed to one gender in comparison to the other. Second, major

relatedness can occur when the discipline of the design project is not related to the chosen

major and interest areas of a ...


Investigating The Sense Of Belonging Of International Students Through A Predictive Model, Anupma Singh Jan 2018

Investigating The Sense Of Belonging Of International Students Through A Predictive Model, Anupma Singh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite the fact that international students face challenges at the United States (U.S.) universities and colleges, little research exits on these student’s sense of belonging. This study investigates the factors of sense of belonging for international students and provides insights on factors like academic adjustment, homesickness, peer connection, etc. either hinder or enhance sense of belonging for international students.

The study uses multi-year of student’s data collected from all the first-year first-time students at a large public research-intensive university in Midwest. The analytical approach employed in this study includes descriptive statistics, ANOVA tests, factor analysis and structural ...


Grateful/Ungrateful, White/Not-White, Asian/Not-Asian: A Study Of East Asian Transracial-Transnational Adoptees, Justin Paul Winkel Jan 2018

Grateful/Ungrateful, White/Not-White, Asian/Not-Asian: A Study Of East Asian Transracial-Transnational Adoptees, Justin Paul Winkel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Transracial-transnational adoptees represent a marginal, sometimes invisible group within communities of color, including the Asian American community. Their social networks, and the way they forge friendships and relationships represent a complicated navigation of not just common social structures, but also a maze of social identities that many of these adoptees are caught between. The way these adoptees view their own identities influences whom with, and under what context they socialize. Experiences that construct ideas of membership and participation for adoptees are often thought to be unpredictable and inconsistent. This study seeks to better understand these narratives by examining the first ...


Value Of U.S. Higher Education Among Students From China And Russia, Inna Kuznetsova Jan 2018

Value Of U.S. Higher Education Among Students From China And Russia, Inna Kuznetsova

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Chinese students are currently the largest group of international students pursuing higher education in the U.S. The number of Chinese students has been steadily increasing in the last decade, but many researchers warn that international student mobility should not be taken for granted. Other countries such as the U.K, Australia, New Zealand, and Russia have established themselves as strong competitors in the unstable international higher education market. While many Russian students pursue higher education abroad, the number of Russian international students in U.S. higher education institutions is low. Given the multiple political, economical, and educational similarities between ...


Institutionalizing An “Ethic Of Care” Into The Teaching Of Ethics For Pre-Service Teachers, Michelle Hawks, Thashika Pillay Apr 2017

Institutionalizing An “Ethic Of Care” Into The Teaching Of Ethics For Pre-Service Teachers, Michelle Hawks, Thashika Pillay

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This paper calls for the acknowledgement and institutionalization of an ethic of care into the education of decision-making processes for pre-service teachers. The impetus for this paper came from the author's experiences with teaching a mandatory ethics and law course for pre-service teachers. Over the course of their teaching and as expounded upon in this paper, the authors illustrate how the course goals, aims, objectives and readings ignore discussions on gender in the teaching profession. Using a critical feminist policy analysis, the authors analyse the ethical perspectives taught in the required textbooks. Findings suggest that the absence of the ...


User Data Spectrum Theory: Collecting, Interpreting, And Implementing User Data In Organizations, Andrea J. Peer Jan 2017

User Data Spectrum Theory: Collecting, Interpreting, And Implementing User Data In Organizations, Andrea J. Peer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Organizations interested in increasing their user experience (UX) capacity lack the tools they need to know how to do so. This dissertation addresses this challenge via three major research efforts: 1) the creation of User Data Spectrum theory and a User Data Spectrum survey for helping organizations better invest resources to grow their UX capacity, 2) a new UX method and model for organizations that want to capitalize on spoken words from end users called Rapid Meaningful Scenarios (RMS), and 3) a recommendation for UX education in response to the current ACM SIGCHI education Living Curriculum initiative. The User Data ...


Living The Creed: How Chapters Of Sigma Lambda Beta International Fraternity, Inc., Contribute To Civic Engagement, Manuel Del Real Jan 2017

Living The Creed: How Chapters Of Sigma Lambda Beta International Fraternity, Inc., Contribute To Civic Engagement, Manuel Del Real

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

National associations such as the Association of American Colleges and Universities (AAC&U) and Campus Compact create initiatives that promote service-learning and campus based service programs to improve civic engagement in higher education; they often fail to include Greek-letter organizations, especially Latino Greek-letter organizations, as co-curricular service opportunities. The purpose of this exploratory case study of five chapters of Sigma Lambda Beta International Fraternity Inc. (SLB) in the Midwest region of the United States, was to provide an in-depth understanding of chapters’ service experiences and perceptions of benefits. In this qualitative study, a revised version of Yosso’s (2005) community cultural wealth served as a conceptual framework to illustrate how chapters of SLB contribute to service. Implications for higher education and ...


Applicability Of Online Education To Large Undergraduate Engineering Courses, Devayan Debashis Bir Jan 2017

Applicability Of Online Education To Large Undergraduate Engineering Courses, Devayan Debashis Bir

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

With the increase in undergraduate engineering enrollment, many universities have chosen to teach introductory engineering courses such as Statics of Engineering and Mechanics of Materials in large classes due to budget limitations. With the overwhelming literature against traditionally taught large classes, this study aims to see the effects of the trending online pedagogy. Online courses are the latest trend in education due to the flexibility they provide to students in terms of schedule and pace of learning with the added advantage of being less expensive for the university over a period. In this research, the effects of online lectures on ...


Parents Enrolled In Graduate Programs And Their Experiences With Faculty, Amber Lee Kreischer Jan 2017

Parents Enrolled In Graduate Programs And Their Experiences With Faculty, Amber Lee Kreischer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Parenthood and graduate school require significant investments of time and energy. Those who engage in both roles simultaneously are at risk for increased stress, feelings of guilt, and marginalization, which may impact their ability to succeed as parents and scholars. Faculty behaviors and faculty-student relationships are known to predict student academic and emotional outcomes, yet the influence of faculty on graduate student parents has been unexamined in the literature. Guided by role conflict and role enhancement theories, the current study explores graduate student parents’ experiences, with special attention to the ways in which faculty affect those experiences. Sixteen participants who ...


An Examination Of Front-Line Student Services Staff’S Experience Transitioning From A Traditional To An Integrated Model Of Student Service, Christopher David Bowser Jan 2017

An Examination Of Front-Line Student Services Staff’S Experience Transitioning From A Traditional To An Integrated Model Of Student Service, Christopher David Bowser

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative comparative case study was to understand how front-line student services staff experience transition from a traditional model of service to an integrated model of service. There were three fundamental questions framing this research study:

1. What strategies and support systems were utilized by staff making the transition from a traditional model of student service to an integrated model of student service?

2. In what ways did staff perceive the control they had over their changing role during the transition?

3. How did the reorganization impact issues of motivation, satisfaction, productivity, and service quality?

Twenty participants ...


First-Generation Community College Students And Their Sense Of Place: An Opportunity To Succeed; An Opportunity To Belong, Cheryl J. Williams Jan 2017

First-Generation Community College Students And Their Sense Of Place: An Opportunity To Succeed; An Opportunity To Belong, Cheryl J. Williams

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over the past decades, community college attendance has continued to be the first stop and school of choice for over half of the college student population, particularly for first-generation students. However, despite their enrollment, degree attainment remains low for first-generation students. It is not enough to get them in the door—it is critical that they belong. A college experience that provides a sense of belonging and sense of place for first-generation students is crucial. Sense of belonging has been shown to contribute to a positive student identity and experience that leads to higher retention and graduation rates. Student belonging ...


If We Build It, Will They Come? Fielding Dreams Of College Access, Katherine R. Bruna, Jennifer Farley, Carla A. Mcnelly, Debra M. Sellers, Roberta L. Johnson Jan 2017

If We Build It, Will They Come? Fielding Dreams Of College Access, Katherine R. Bruna, Jennifer Farley, Carla A. Mcnelly, Debra M. Sellers, Roberta L. Johnson

Iowa State University Articles and Manuscripts

This article describes the ISU 4U Promise, an innovative college access and affordability initiative. Through this early-commitment partnership program between Iowa State University and Des Moines Public Schools, youth from two urban elementary schools are eligible for tuition awards when they enroll as undergraduates at Iowa State University. Drawing on a review of promise programs in the educational scholarly literature, this article identifies what makes the ISU 4U Promise distinctive among promise efforts in terms of contextual antecedents, implementation processes, and potential institutional outcomes. Unique features include its early childhood focus; sole university sponsorship; “wide-net” reach; and collaborative, critical orientation ...


Predicting Student Persistence Of Community College Transfer Students To A Large, Urban, Transfer Destination Four-Year Institution, Megan M. Scherzberg Jan 2017

Predicting Student Persistence Of Community College Transfer Students To A Large, Urban, Transfer Destination Four-Year Institution, Megan M. Scherzberg

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to investigate the predictors of community college transfer student success. Through exploring student demographics and background characteristics (e.g. race/ethnicity, gender, first-generation student status, socioeconomic status, number of transfer credit hours, attempted/completed credits), significant predictors of community college transfer student persistence and completion can be identified and further explored. Specifically, the study examines three goals: a) the demographic and student characteristics of community college transfer students that influence persistence and completion, b) evidence of transfer shock and its longitudinal effect on student persistence and completion, c) and the identification of equity gaps ...


At The Intersection Of Space, Place, And Experience: An Ethnographic Case Study Of Affordances In Architectural Design 1, Melissa Leigh Rands Jan 2017

At The Intersection Of Space, Place, And Experience: An Ethnographic Case Study Of Affordances In Architectural Design 1, Melissa Leigh Rands

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This ethnographic case study explored the learning environment of a studio design course to describe how interactions in the studio environment shape students’ understandings and behaviors as they learn the fundamental elements of design and architectural practice. The purpose of the study was to understand the role of the studio environment in supporting students’ architectural knowledge and identity and provide insight into how individual-environment interactions shape how students make meaning of their learning experiences. I spent a semester as a participant-observer in a beginning architecture course at a large, public university, and gathered data through approximately 106 hours of studio ...


Indistinct Boundaries And Intersections: The Role Of Threshold Concepts And Disposition In Students With Early College Credit, Kathy Sanders Rose Jan 2017

Indistinct Boundaries And Intersections: The Role Of Threshold Concepts And Disposition In Students With Early College Credit, Kathy Sanders Rose

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study investigates knowledge transfer in college students

whose high school Advanced Placement (AP) or dual credit (DC) English courses

enabled them to opt out of the first level of composition at Iowa State University

(ISU). Although early college credit (ECC) students’ university writing

performances have been studied, writing transfer has not been adequately

studied in this population before. The influence of these students’ lived

experiences require more consideration from scholars because of the growing

number of students who enter advanced university classes by virtue of credits

earned in high school.

Thirteen students from a variety of backgrounds, majors ...


The Influence Of College Readiness And Institutional Intervention Upon Intention To Persist Among Ged Credentialed Community College Students, David Carson Jan 2017

The Influence Of College Readiness And Institutional Intervention Upon Intention To Persist Among Ged Credentialed Community College Students, David Carson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study’s purpose is to examine how institutional intervention and college readiness impact GED (General Education Development) credentialed students’ intent to persist at community college. Specifically, the study examines a) differences in background information between students possessing GED credentials vs. traditional high school diploma regarding intent to persist at community college, b) factors influencing persistence, and c) possession of a GED credential’s impact upon intention to persist.

Three theories were foundation of this study’s conceptual framework including 1) Knowles’ (1984) andragogy, Ryan & Deci’s (2000) self-determination, and Ajzen’s (1991) planned behavior. The theory of andragogy informs ...


Exploring International Student Adaptation Through A First-Year Experience Course At Iowa State University, James Dorsett Jan 2017

Exploring International Student Adaptation Through A First-Year Experience Course At Iowa State University, James Dorsett

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Although considerable research has been conducted on the adjustment of international students to U.S universities and culture, as well as research on first-experience courses, little research is available on the impacts of first-year experience courses on international student adjustment. This dissertation focuses on how a first-year experience course affected the student adaptation of new undergraduate international students enrolled at Iowa State University for Fall 2015.

Responses from 115 undergraduate international students in this first-year experience course (serving as the treatment group) were compared against 92 other new international students not enrolled in the course (the control group) using ...


Mixed Methods Assessment Of Project-Based Learning In A Senior-Level Highway Design Course, Steven Kurtis Younkin Jan 2017

Mixed Methods Assessment Of Project-Based Learning In A Senior-Level Highway Design Course, Steven Kurtis Younkin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The lack of practical real-world applications in a classroom setting has been identified as one factor inhibiting student interest in STEM fields. Project-based learning (PBL) directly addresses this concern by providing an opportunity for students to complete an extensive, semester-long project that mirrors professional practice. In addition, PBL allows students an opportunity to refine related soft skills, such as technical writing and oral communication. This study involved the redevelopment of a senior-level highway design course using a PBL framework that largely reflects professional practice. A questionnaire survey was distributed to public and private road agencies in order to assess the ...


Augmented Reality Reading Support In Higher Education: Exploring Effects On Perceived Motivation And Confidence In Comprehension For Struggling Readers In Higher Education, Laura Anne Huisinga Jan 2017

Augmented Reality Reading Support In Higher Education: Exploring Effects On Perceived Motivation And Confidence In Comprehension For Struggling Readers In Higher Education, Laura Anne Huisinga

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Technology has shown promise to aid struggling readers in higher education, particularly through new and emerging technologies. Augmented reality (AR) has been used successfully in the classroom to motivate and engage struggling learners, yet little research exists on how augmented print might help struggling readers. This study explores this gap, specifically art/design students in higher education and their perceived motivation to read, as well as their engagement with, and comprehension of an augmented design theory text. This study employed an exploratory, mixed methods design. Analysis of the findings indicates most students, including self-identified struggling and typical readers, would use ...


Using Map-Works To Explore Early Credit Enrollment In High School And The Impact On Students’ Academic Self-Efficacy And Academic Resiliency, Linda Jean Garbisch Svenson Jan 2017

Using Map-Works To Explore Early Credit Enrollment In High School And The Impact On Students’ Academic Self-Efficacy And Academic Resiliency, Linda Jean Garbisch Svenson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over the last decade participation of high school students in dual enrollment throughout the United States has grown exponentially. Enrollment in early credit aids student preparedness and/or transition into the collegiate environment, and to prepare a student academically for the academic rigor in college. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between early credits earned by high school students who enrolled full-time and self-reported academic self-efficacy scores and academic resiliency scores during students’ first semester. Additionally, this study descriptively explored characteristics of the sample and the quantity of early credits completed by high school students who ...


What A Scientist Looks Like: How Community Colleges Can Utilize And Enhance Science Identity Development As A Means To Improve Success For Women Of Color, Sarah Rodriguez-Jones, Kelly J. Cunningham, Alec Jordan Dec 2016

What A Scientist Looks Like: How Community Colleges Can Utilize And Enhance Science Identity Development As A Means To Improve Success For Women Of Color, Sarah Rodriguez-Jones, Kelly J. Cunningham, Alec Jordan

Education Publications

This article explores the application of science identity development theory for women of color interested in the science disciplines; and it advocates for taking an intersectional approach to understanding how women of color form science identities. The article also challenges community college administrators and scholars to focus on redefining science identity development theory within the community college setting as a means to enhance success for women of color pursuing academic work in scientific disciplines.

Women of color are severely underrepresented in science and engineering occupations; they make up approximately 5% of employed scientists and engineers (2% Black, 2% Hispanic, 1 ...


Whiteness Faq: Responses And Tools For Confronting College Classroom Questions, Naomi W. Nishi, Cheryl E. Matias, Roberto Montoya, Geneva L. Sarcedo Jan 2016

Whiteness Faq: Responses And Tools For Confronting College Classroom Questions, Naomi W. Nishi, Cheryl E. Matias, Roberto Montoya, Geneva L. Sarcedo

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Instructors and students with a critical race perspective are frequently confronted and often marginalized by questions of whiteness in the college classroom. These questions work to reinforce and promote white norms and ultimately white supremacy. This theoretical article and pedagogical tool responds to some frequently asked questions (FAQs) that exude whiteness in the classroom directly, offering critical responses backed by literature, research, and theory. We also respond to the questions subcontextually, naming the assumptions that are embedded in these whiteness questions and deconstructing them. We offer pedagogical strategies for responding to and resisting whiteness in the classroom when whiteness FAQs ...


Peer Evaluations Do Not Improve Ta Self-Efficacy Over Self-Reflection, Brent D. Mortensen, Monica Cox, Sean Satterlee Jan 2016

Peer Evaluations Do Not Improve Ta Self-Efficacy Over Self-Reflection, Brent D. Mortensen, Monica Cox, Sean Satterlee

CIRTL Reports

Graduate teaching assistants (TAs) receive little to no formal training in pedagogy before entering the classroom. Such deficiencies may contribute to increase anxiety and poor self-efficacy for TAs, potentially hindering opportunities to train future faculty. We tested the effects of a previously established, low investment, method of TA training through making and receiving peer-evaluations on TA self-efficacy compared to performing self-assessments and reflection of teaching experiences in three introductory biology courses at a large, Mid-western university. While peer-evaluations did not affect quantitative measures of self-efficacy, we did observe greater increases in self-efficacy among TAs with more experience. We suggest that ...